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745. Share of Aggregate Income Received by Each Fifth and Top 5 Percent of Families

[Families as of March of the following year. Income in current and constant 1998 CPI-U adjusted dollars. Based on Current Population Survey; see Appendix III and summary below]

 
Income at selected positions in current dollars Income at selected positions in constant (1998) dollars Percent distribution of aggregate income
(dollars) (dollars)
Number  
YEAR Upper limit of each fifth Top of Upper limit of each fifth Top
Number 5 families 5 Low- Sec- High-
(1,000) per- per- est ond Third Fourth est Top 5
Lowest Second Third Fourth cent (1,000) Lowest Second Third Fourth cent 5th 5th 5th 5th 5th percent
 
1947 2/.. 37,237 1,584 2,556 3,466 4,918 8,072 37,237 10,669 17,216 23,345 33,125 54,369 5.0 11.9 17.0 23.1 43.0 17.5
1948.. 38,624 1,655 2,721 3,633 5,068 8,253 38,624 10,296 16,928 22,602 31,530 51,345 4.9 12.1 17.3 23.2 42.4 17.1
1949 3/.. 39,303 1,543 2,636 3,556 5,025 8,066 39,303 9,711 16,589 22,379 31,625 50,763 4.5 11.9 17.3 23.5 42.7 16.9
1950.. 39,929 1,661 2,856 3,801 5,283 8,615 39,929 10,334 17,768 23,647 32,868 53,597 4.5 12.0 17.4 23.4 42.7 17.3
1951.. 40,578 1,953 3,184 4,212 5,751 9,013 40,578 11,249 18,339 24,260 33,124 51,912 5.0 12.4 17.6 23.4 41.6 16.8
1952 4/.. 40,832 2,053 3,321 4,493 6,077 9,455 40,832 11,619 18,796 25,429 34,394 53,513 4.9 12.3 17.4 23.4 41.9 17.4
1953.. 41,202 2,139 3,630 4,871 6,560 10,202 41,202 12,023 20,403 27,378 36,872 57,342 4.7 12.5 18.0 23.9 40.9 15.7
1954.. 41,951 2,012 3,539 4,791 6,564 10,402 41,951 11,231 19,755 26,744 36,642 58,066 4.5 12.1 17.7 23.9 41.8 16.3
1955.. 42,889 2,221 3,780 5,082 6,883 10,605 42,889 12,441 21,173 28,466 38,554 59,403 4.8 12.3 17.8 23.7 41.3 16.4
1956.. 43,497 2,438 4,103 5,443 7,380 11,438 43,497 13,425 22,594 29,973 40,640 62,986 5.0 12.5 17.9 23.7 41.0 16.1
1957.. 43,696 2,488 4,234 5,594 7,505 11,494 43,696 13,297 22,628 29,896 40,109 61,427 5.1 12.7 18.1 23.8 40.4 15.6
1958.. 44,232 2,530 4,291 5,720 7,800 12,000 44,232 13,133 22,275 29,693 40,490 62,293 5.0 12.5 18.0 23.9 40.6 15.4
1959.. 45,111 2,677 4,565 6,081 8,380 12,800 45,111 13,809 23,547 31,367 43,226 66,025 4.9 12.3 17.9 23.8 41.1 15.9
1960.. 45,539 2,784 4,800 6,364 8,800 13,536 45,539 14,093 24,298 32,215 44,547 68,521 4.8 12.2 17.8 24.0 41.3 15.9
1961 5/.. 46,418 2,800 4,820 6,560 9,035 14,600 46,418 14,043 24,174 32,901 45,314 73,225 4.7 11.9 17.5 23.8 42.2 16.6
1962 6/.. 47,059 3,000 5,000 6,800 9,500 14,900 47,059 14,909 24,848 33,793 47,210 74,046 5.0 12.1 17.6 24.0 41.3 15.7
1963.. 47,540 3,096 5,200 7,134 9,969 15,144 47,540 15,155 25,453 34,920 48,797 74,128 5.0 12.1 17.7 24.0 41.2 15.8
1964.. 47,956 3,250 5,500 7,500 10,201 15,788 47,956 15,720 26,602 36,276 49,340 76,363 5.1 12.0 17.7 24.0 41.2 15.9
1965 7./. 48,509 3,500 5,863 7,910 10,800 16,695 48,509 16,681 27,944 37,700 51,474 79,570 5.2 12.2 17.8 23.9 40.9 15.5
1966 8/.. 49,214 3,935 6,398 8,563 11,640 18,000 49,214 18,222 29,627 39,653 53,901 83,352 5.6 12.4 17.8 23.8 40.5 15.6
1967 9/.. 49,834 4,109 6,745 9,045 12,400 19,924 49,834 18,451 30,287 40,615 55,680 89,466 5.4 12.2 17.5 23.5 41.4 16.4
1968.. 50,823 4,544 7,300 9,960 13,400 20,590 50,823 19,646 31,562 43,063 57,936 89,023 5.6 12.4 17.7 23.7 40.5 15.6
1969.. 51,237 5,000 8,000 10,800 14,751 22,703 51,237 20,685 33,096 44,680 61,026 93,924 5.6 12.4 17.7 23.7 40.6 15.6
1970.. 51,948 5,100 8,320 11,299 15,531 24,250 51,948 20,128 32,837 44,594 61,297 95,708 5.4 12.2 17.6 23.8 40.9 15.6
1971 10/. 53,296 5,211 8,628 11,826 16,218 25,325 53,296 19,707 32,630 44,725 61,335 95,777 5.5 12.0 17.6 23.8 41.1 15.7
1972.. 54,373 5,612 9,300 12,855 17,760 27,836 54,373 20,603 34,142 47,193 65,200 102,191 5.5 11.9 17.5 23.9 41.4 15.9
1973.. 55,053 6,081 10,034 14,000 19,253 30,015 55,053 21,000 34,651 48,347 66,488 103,654 5.5 11.9 17.5 24.0 41.1 15.5
1974 12/11/. 55,698 6,707 10,958 15,078 20,828 32,714 55,698 21,064 34,415 47,355 65,414 102,743 5.7 12.0 17.6 24.1 40.6 14.8
1975 12/. 56,245 6,987 11,505 16,000 22,153 34,700 56,245 20,265 33,369 46,406 64,252 100,642 5.6 11.9 17.7 24.2 40.7 14.9
1976 13/. 56,710 7,505 12,499 17,386 24,012 37,740 56,710 20,595 34,299 47,709 65,892 103,563 5.6 11.9 17.7 24.2 40.7 14.9
1977.. 57,215 8,000 13,397 18,940 26,096 41,350 57,215 20,633 34,552 48,848 67,305 106,646 5.5 11.7 17.6 24.3 40.9 14.9
1978.. 57,804 8,808 14,800 20,720 28,800 45,660 57,804 21,270 35,739 50,035 69,547 110,260 5.4 11.7 17.6 24.2 41.1 15.1
1979 14/. 59,550 9,861 16,215 22,972 31,632 50,746 59,550 21,721 35,717 50,600 69,676 111,778 5.4 11.6 17.5 24.1 41.4 15.3
1980.. 60,309 10,400 17,510 24,800 34,800 55,000 60,309 20,598 34,680 49,118 68,923 108,931 5.3 11.6 17.6 24.4 41.1 14.6
1981.. 61,019 11,015 18,750 26,758 37,800 59,992 61,019 19,927 33,921 48,408 68,384 108,532 5.3 11.4 17.5 24.6 41.2 14.4
1982.. 61,393 11,399 19,522 27,950 40,102 65,313 61,393 19,436 33,285 47,655 68,375 111,360 5.0 11.3 17.2 24.4 42.2 15.3
1983 15/. 62,015 11,835 20,271 29,475 42,147 69,363 62,015 19,369 33,174 48,237 68,976 113,516 4.9 11.2 17.2 24.5 42.4 15.3
1984.. 62,706 12,575 21,874 31,684 45,563 74,600 62,706 19,728 34,316 49,706 71,480 117,034 4.8 11.1 17.1 24.5 42.5 15.4
1985 16/. 63,558 13,285 22,886 33,152 48,229 78,965 63,558 20,125 34,669 50,221 73,061 119,622 4.8 11.0 16.9 24.3 43.1 16.1
1986.. 64,491 14,000 24,100 35,120 50,570 83,400 64,491 20,821 35,842 52,231 75,209 124,035 4.7 10.9 16.9 24.1 43.4 16.5
1987 17/. 65,204 14,598 25,182 36,801 53,330 86,949 65,204 20,946 36,133 52,804 76,521 124,760 4.6 10.7 16.8 24.0 43.8 17.2
1988.. 65,837 15,102 26,182 38,500 55,906 92,001 65,837 20,808 36,075 53,047 77,030 126,764 4.6 10.7 16.7 24.0 44.0 17.2
1989.. 66,090 16,003 28,000 40,800 59,550 98,963 66,090 21,036 36,806 53,632 78,279 130,088 4.6 10.6 16.5 23.7 44.6 17.9
1990.. 66,322 16,846 29,044 42,040 61,490 102,358 66,322 21,009 36,222 52,429 76,686 127,654 4.6 10.8 16.6 23.8 44.3 17.4
1991.. 67,173 17,000 29,111 43,000 62,991 102,824 67,173 20,345 34,839 51,461 75,386 123,057 4.5 10.7 16.6 24.1 44.2 17.1
1992 18/. 68,216 16,713 29,674 44,000 64,050 106,012 68,216 19,417 34,475 51,119 74,413 123,164 4.3 10.5 16.5 24.0 44.7 17.6
1993 19/. 68,506 16,970 30,000 45,030 66,794 113,182 68,506 19,143 33,841 50,795 75,346 127,672 4.1 9.9 15.7 23.3 47.0 20.3
1994 20/. 69,313 17,940 31,300 47,000 69,998 120,043 69,313 19,732 34,426 51,694 76,988 132,031 4.2 10.0 15.7 23.3 46.9 20.1
1995 21/. 69,597 19,070 32,985 48,985 72,260 123,656 69,597 20,396 35,279 52,392 77,286 132,257 4.4 10.1 15.8 23.2 46.5 20.0
1996. 70,241 19,680 34,315 51,086 75,316 128,000 70,241 20,445 35,649 53,072 78,244 132,976 4.2 10.0 15.8 23.1 46.8 20.3
1997. 70,884 20,586 36,000 53,616 80,000 137,080 70,884 20,907 36,561 54,451 81,246 139,215 4.2 9.9 15.7 23.0 47.2 20.7
1998 71,551 21,600 37,692 56,020 83,693 145,199 71,551 21,600 37,692 56,020 83,693 145,199 4.2 9.9 15.7 23.0 47.3 20.7





1 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
2 Based on 1940 census population controls.
3 Implementation of expanded income questions to show wage and salary, farm self-employment, nonfarm self-employment and all other nonearned income separately.
4 Implementation of 1950 census population controls.
5 Implementation of first hot deck procedure to impute missing income entries (all income data imputed if any missing).
6 Implementation of 1960 census population controls.
7 Implementation of new procedures to impute missing data only.
8 Questionnaire expanded to ask eight income questions.
9 Implementation of a new March CPS processing system.
10 Implementation of 1970 population controls.
11 Implementation of a new March CPS processing system. Questionnaire expanded to ask eleven income questions.
12 These estimates were derived using pareto interpolation and may differ from published data which were derived using linear interpolation.
13 First year medians are derived using both pareto and linear interpolation. Prior to this year all medians were derived using linear interpolation.
14 Implementation of 1980 census population controls. Questionnaire expanded to show 27 possible values from 51 possible sources of income.
15 Implementation of Hispanic population weighting controls.
16 Recording of amounts for earnings from longest job increased to $299,999.
17 Implementation of a new March CPS processing system.
18 Implementation of 1990 census population controls.
19 Data collection method changed from paper and pencil to computer- assisted interviewing. In addition, the March 1994 income supplement was revised to allow for the coding of different income amounts on selected questionnaire items. Limits either increased or decreased in the following categories: earnings increased to $999,999; Social Security increased to $49,999; Supplemental Security Income and Public Assistance increased to $24,999; Veterans' Benefits increased to $99,999; Child Support and Alimony decreased to $49,999.
20 Introduction of new 1990 census sample design.
21 Full implementation of the 1990 census-based sample design and metropolitan definitions, 7,000 household sample reduction, and revised race edits.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Money Income in the United States, P60-206; and (accessed 26 October 1999). (accessed 26 October 1999).

http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/income.html * CURRENT POPULATION SURVEY (MARCH ANNUAL DEMOGRAPHIC SURVEY)

Approximately 62,500 housing units were eligible to receive the 1995 Annual Demographic Survey. The basic monthly CPS sample of 60,000 housing units was supplemented by 2,500 housing units which had at least one Hispanic member the previous November. In addition, members of the Armed Forces, which are excluded from the basic CPS labor force survey, were part of the elibigle population in March. Because of the CPS sample rotation system, approximately one-half of the sample had been interviewed the previous March.

Interviewers used lap-top computers to administer the interview, asking questions as they appear on the screen and directly entering the responses obtained. With the exception of first and the fifth month-in-sample interviews, when an interviewer usually visited the sample unit, over 90 percent of the interviews were conducted by telephone.

Completed interviews were electronically transmitted to a central processor where the responses were edited for consistency, imputations were made for missing data, and various codes were added. Based on the probability of selection, a weight was added to each supplement-responding household and person record so that estimates of the population by state, race, age, sex, and Hispanic origin matched the population projections made by the Bureau of the Census. Since not every person who provided labor force information completed the supplement and the supplement was asked of members of the Armed Forces, the supplement weights vary from those used for labor force estimation.

* DEFINITIONS

Family

The term "family" refers to a group of two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption who reside together; all such persons are considered as members of one family. For example, if the son of the person who maintains the household and the son's wife are members of the household, they are treated as members of the parent's family. Every family must include a reference person (see definition of householder for primary families); two or more people living in the same household who are related to one another, but are not related to the householder, form an "unrelated subfamily." Beginning with the 1980 CPS, unrelated subfamilies were excluded from the count of families and unrelated subfamily members were excluded from the count of family members.

Family households

Family households are households maintained by a family (as defined above). Members of family households include any unrelated persons (unrelated subfamily members and/or secondary individuals) who may be residing there. The number of family households will not equal the number of families since families living in group quarters are included in the count of families. In addition, the count of family household members differs from the count of family members in that the family household members include all persons living in the household, whereas family members include only the householder and his/her relatives. (See the definition of family).

Income

For each person in the Current Population Survey (CPS) sample 15 years old and over, questions were asked on the amount of money income received in the preceding calendar year from each of the following sources: 1) earnings from longest job (or self- employment); 2) earnings from jobs other than longest job; 3) unemployment compensation; 4) worker's compensation; 5) Social Security; 6) Supplemental Security income; 7) public assistance; 8) veterans' payments; 9) survivor benefits; 10) disability benefits; 11) pension or retirement income; 12) interest; 13) dividends; 14) rents, royalties, and estates and trusts; 15) educational assistance; 16) alimony; 17) child support; 18) financial assistance from outside of the household, and other periodic income. Capital gains and lump-sum or one-time payments are excluded. For definitions of alternative measures of income (definitions 1 through 15 shown in tables 10 through 12), see introductory text.

It should be noted that although the income statistics refer to receipts during the preceding calendar year, the demographic characteristics such as age, labor force status, and family or household composition are as of the survey date. The income of the family/household does not include amounts received by persons who were members during all or part of the income year if these persons no longer resided in the family/household at the time of interview. However, income data are collected for persons who are current residents but did not reside in the household during the income year.

Data on consumer income collected in the CPS by the Bureau of the Census cover money income received (exclusive of certain money receipts such as capital gains) before payments for personal income taxes, Social Security, union dues, Medicare deductions, etc. Therefore, money income does not reflect the fact that some families receive part of their income in the form of noncash benefits such as food stamps, health benefits, noncash benefits in the form of rent-free housing and goods produced and consumed on the farm; or that non-cash benefits are also received by some nonfarm residents which often take the form of the use of business transportation and facilities, full or partial payments by business for retirement programs, medical and educational expenses, etc. These elements should be considered when comparing income levels. Moreover, readers should be aware that for many different reasons there is a tendency in household surveys for respondents to underreport their income. From an analysis of independently derived income estimates, it has been determined that income earned from wages or salaries is much better reported than other sources of income, and is nearly equal to independent estimates of aggregate income.

Median income

Median income is the amount which divides the income distribution into two equal groups, half having incomes above the median, half having incomes below the median. The medians for households, families, and unrelated individuals are based on all households, families, and unrelated individuals. The medians for persons are based on persons 15 years old and over with income.

Mean income

Mean income is the amount obtained by dividing the total aggregate income of a group by the number of units in that group. The means for households, families, and unrelated individuals are based on all households, families, and unrelated individuals. The means for persons are based on persons 15 years old and over with income.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/745_share_of_aggregate_income_received_by.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.