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744. Money Income of Families--Median Income, by Race and Hispanic Origin, in Current and Constant (1999) Dollars

[Constant dollars based on CPI-U-X1 deflator. Families as of March of following year. Beginning with 1980, based on householder concept and restricted to primary families. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, Sections 1 and 14, and Appendix III. For definition of median, see Guide to Tabular Presentation]

 
Number of families (1,000) Median income in current dollars Median income in constant (1999) dollars
YEAR -
All Asian, His- White, All Asian, His- White, All Asian, His- White, CPI-U-X1 Year
fami- White Black 2 Pacific panic 3 not fami- White Black 2 Pacific panic 3 not fami- White Black 2 Pacific panic 3 not (1982-84=100)
lies 1 Islander Hispanic lies 1 Islander Hispanic lies 1 Islander Hispanic
 
1967 11/....... 50,111 44,814 4,589 (NA) (NA) (NA) 7,933 8,234 4,875 (NA) (NA) (NA) 36,409 37,791 22,373 (NA) (NA) (NA) 36.3 1967
1968........... 50,823 45,437 4,646 (NA) (NA) (NA) 8,632 8,937 5,360 (NA) (NA) (NA) 38,145 39,493 23,687 (NA) (NA) (NA) 37.7 1968
1969........... 51,586 46,022 4,774 (NA) (NA) (NA) 9,433 9,794 5,999 (NA) (NA) (NA) 39,887 41,413 25,366 (NA) (NA) (NA) 39.4 1969
1970........... 52,227 46,535 4,928 (NA) (NA) (NA) 9,867 10,236 6,279 (NA) (NA) (NA) 39,802 41,291 25,329 (NA) (NA) (NA) 41.3 1970
1971 12/....... 53,296 47,641 5,157 (NA) (NA) (NA) 10,285 10,672 6,440 (NA) (NA) (NA) 39,756 41,251 24,893 (NA) (NA) (NA) 43.1 1971
1972........... 54,373 48,477 5,265 (NA) 2,312 46,213 11,116 11,549 6,864 (NA) 8,183 11,694 41,710 43,334 25,756 (NA) 30,704 43,879 44.4 1972
1973........... 55,053 48,919 5,440 (NA) 2,365 46,550 12,051 12,595 7,269 (NA) 8,715 12,659 42,536 44,456 25,657 (NA) 30,761 44,682 47.2 1973
1974 14/ 13/... 55,698 49,440 5,491 (NA) 2,475 47,026 12,902 13,408 8,006 (NA) 9,540 13,648 41,416 43,040 25,699 (NA) 30,624 43,811 51.9 1974
1975 14/....... 56,245 49,873 5,586 (NA) 2,499 47,447 13,719 14,268 8,779 (NA) 9,551 14,513 40,669 42,296 26,024 (NA) 28,313 43,023 56.2 1975
1976 15/....... 56,710 50,083 5,804 (NA) 2,583 47,569 14,958 15,537 9,242 (NA) 10,259 15,824 41,953 43,577 25,921 (NA) 28,774 44,382 59.4 1976
1977........... 57,215 50,530 5,806 (NA) 2,764 47,828 16,009 16,740 9,563 (NA) 11,421 17,048 42,201 44,128 25,209 (NA) 30,107 44,940 63.2 1977
1978........... 57,804 50,910 5,906 (NA) 2,741 48,245 17,640 18,368 10,879 (NA) 12,566 18,738 43,538 45,335 26,851 (NA) 31,015 46,248 67.5 1978
1979 16/....... 59,550 52,243 6,184 (NA) 3,029 49,309 19,587 20,439 11,574 (NA) 14,169 20,797 44,097 46,015 26,057 (NA) 31,899 46,822 74.0 1979
1980........... 60,309 52,710 6,317 (NA) 3,235 49,584 21,023 21,904 12,674 (NA) 14,716 22,336 42,557 44,340 25,656 (NA) 29,790 45,215 82.3 1980
1981........... 61,019 53,269 6,413 (NA) 3,305 50,066 22,388 23,517 13,266 (NA) 16,401 24,052 41,397 43,485 24,530 (NA) 30,326 44,473 90.1 1981
1982........... 61,393 53,407 6,530 (NA) 3,369 50,123 23,433 24,603 13,598 (NA) 16,227 25,174 40,836 42,875 23,697 (NA) 28,278 43,870 95.6 1982
1983........... 62,015 53,890 6,681 (NA) 3,788 50,208 24,580 25,757 14,506 (NA) 16,956 26,508 41,272 43,217 24,356 (NA) 28,319 44,340 99.6 1983
1984 17/....... 62,706 54,400 6,778 (NA) 3,939 50,563 26,433 27,686 15,431 (NA) 18,832 28,452 42,385 44,393 24,743 (NA) 30,197 45,622 103.9 1984
1985 18/....... 63,558 54,991 6,921 (NA) 4,206 50,912 27,735 29,152 16,786 (NA) 19,027 30,057 42,943 45,136 25,991 (NA) 29,460 46,538 107.6 1985
1986........... 64,491 55,676 7,096 (NA) 4,403 51,426 29,458 30,809 17,604 (NA) 19,995 31,669 44,779 46,832 26,759 (NA) 30,394 48,139 109.6 1986
1987 19/....... 65,204 56,086 7,202 (NA) 4,576 51,702 30,970 32,385 18,406 (NA) 20,300 33,509 45,419 47,494 26,993 (NA) 29,771 49,143 113.6 1987
1988........... 65,837 56,492 7,409 1,481 4,823 51,850 32,191 33,915 19,329 36,560 21,769 35,116 45,334 47,762 27,221 51,487 30,656 49,454 118.3 1988
1989........... 66,090 56,590 7,470 1,531 4,840 51,955 34,213 35,975 20,209 40,351 23,446 37,062 45,967 48,334 27,152 54,213 31,501 49,795 124.0 1989
1990........... 66,322 56,803 7,471 1,536 4,981 52,038 35,353 36,915 21,423 42,246 23,431 38,239 45,064 47,055 27,307 53,851 29,867 48,742 130.7 1990
1991........... 67,173 57,224 7,716 1,624 5,177 52,288 35,939 37,783 21,548 40,974 23,895 39,241 43,961 46,217 26,358 50,119 29,229 47,998 136.2 1991
1992 20/........ 68,216 57,669 7,982 1,760 5,733 52,302 36,573 38,670 21,103 42,255 23,555 40,334 43,428 45,919 25,058 50,176 27,970 47,895 140.3 1992
1993 21/........ 68,506 57,881 7,993 1,737 5,946 52,470 36,959 39,300 21,542 44,456 23,654 41,110 42,612 45,310 24,837 51,255 27,271 47,397 144.5 1993
1994 22/........ 69,313 58,444 8,093 1,589 6,202 53,029 38,782 40,884 24,698 46,122 24,318 42,549 43,597 45,960 27,764 51,848 27,338 47,832 148.2 1994
1995 23/........ 69,597 58,872 8,055 2,125 6,287 52,861 40,611 42,646 25,970 46,356 24,570 45,018 44,395 46,619 28,389 50,675 26,859 49,212 152.4 1995
1996 70,241 58,934 8,455 2,247 6,631 52,625 42,300 44,756 26,522 49,105 26,179 47,023 44,916 47,523 28,162 52,141 27,798 49,930 156.9 1996
1997 70,884 59,515 8,408 2,381 6,961 52,875 44,568 46,754 28,602 51,850 28,142 49,636 46,262 48,531 29,690 53,820 29,211 51,522 160.5 1997
1998 71,551 60,077 8,452 2,459 7,273 53,107 46,737 49,023 29,404 52,826 29,608 51,607 47,769 50,106 30,053 53,993 30,262 52,747 163.0 1998
1999 72,031 60,256 8,664 2,506 7,561 53,071 48,950 51,224 31,778 56,316 31,663 54,121 48,950 51,224 31,778 56,316 31,663 54,121 166.6 1999
 
PERCENT CHANGE FROM
PREVIOUS YEAR SHOWN
 
1968........... 1.4 1.4 1.2 (NA) (NA) (NA) 8.8 8.5 9.9 (NA) (NA) (NA) 4.8 4.5 5.9 (NA) (NA) (NA) 3.9 1968
1969........... 1.5 1.3 2.8 (NA) (NA) (NA) 9.3 9.6 11.9 (NA) (NA) (NA) 4.6 4.9 7.1 (NA) (NA) (NA) 4.5 1969
1970........... 1.2 1.1 3.2 (NA) (NA) (NA) 4.6 4.5 4.7 (NA) (NA) (NA) -0.2 -0.3 -0.1 (NA) (NA) (NA) 4.8 1970
1971 12/....... 2.0 2.4 4.6 (NA) (NA) (NA) 4.2 4.3 2.6 (NA) (NA) (NA) -0.1 -0.1 -1.7 (NA) (NA) (NA) 4.4 1971
1972........... 2.0 1.8 2.1 (NA) (NA) (NA) 8.1 8.2 6.6 (NA) (NA) (NA) 4.9 5.0 3.5 (NA) (NA) (NA) 3.0 1972
1973........... 1.3 0.9 3.3 (NA) 2.3 0.7 8.4 9.1 5.9 (NA) 6.5 8.3 2.0 2.6 -0.4 (NA) 0.2 1.8 6.3 1973
1974 14/ 13/... 1.2 1.1 0.9 (NA) 4.7 1.0 7.1 6.5 10.1 (NA) 9.5 7.8 -2.6 -3.2 0.2 (NA) -0.4 -1.9 10.0 1974
1975 14/....... 1.0 0.9 1.7 (NA) 1.0 0.9 6.3 6.4 9.7 (NA) 0.1 6.3 -1.8 -1.7 1.3 (NA) -7.5 -1.8 8.3 1975
1976 15/....... 0.8 0.4 3.9 (NA) 3.4 0.3 9.0 8.9 5.3 (NA) 7.4 9.0 3.2 3.0 -0.4 (NA) 1.6 3.2 5.7 1976
1977........... 0.9 0.9 0.0 (NA) 7.0 0.5 7.0 7.7 3.5 (NA) 11.3 7.7 0.6 1.3 -2.7 (NA) 4.6 1.3 6.4 1977
1978........... 1.0 0.8 1.7 (NA) -0.8 0.9 10.2 9.7 13.8 (NA) 10.0 9.9 3.2 2.7 6.5 (NA) 3.0 2.9 6.8 1978
1979 16/....... 3.0 2.6 4.7 (NA) 10.5 2.2 11.0 11.3 6.4 (NA) 12.8 11.0 1.3 1.5 -3.0 (NA) 2.9 1.2 9.6 1979
1980........... 1.3 0.9 2.2 (NA) 6.8 0.6 7.3 7.2 9.5 (NA) 3.9 7.4 -3.5 -3.6 -1.5 (NA) -6.6 -3.4 11.2 1980
1981........... 1.2 1.1 1.5 (NA) 2.2 1.0 6.5 7.4 4.7 (NA) 11.5 7.7 -2.7 -1.9 -4.4 (NA) 1.8 -1.6 9.5 1981
1982........... 0.6 0.3 1.8 (NA) 1.9 0.1 4.7 4.6 2.5 (NA) -1.1 4.7 -1.4 -1.4 -3.4 (NA) -6.8 -1.4 6.1 1982
1983........... 1.0 0.9 2.3 (NA) 12.4 0.2 4.9 4.7 6.7 (NA) 4.5 5.3 1.1 0.8 2.8 (NA) 0.1 1.1 4.2 1983
1984 17/....... 1.1 0.9 1.5 (NA) 4.0 0.7 7.5 7.5 6.4 (NA) 11.1 7.3 2.7 2.7 1.6 (NA) 6.6 2.9 4.3 1984
1985 18/....... 1.4 1.1 2.1 (NA) 6.8 0.7 4.9 5.3 8.8 (NA) 1.0 5.6 1.3 1.7 5.0 (NA) -2.4 2.0 3.6 1985
1986........... 1.5 1.2 2.5 (NA) 4.7 1.0 6.2 5.7 4.9 (NA) 5.1 5.4 4.3 3.8 3.0 (NA) 3.2 3.4 1.9 1986
1987 19/....... 1.1 0.7 1.5 (NA) 3.9 0.5 5.1 5.1 4.6 (NA) 1.5 5.8 1.4 1.4 0.9 (NA) -2.0 2.1 3.6 1987
1988........... 1.0 0.7 2.9 (NA) 5.4 0.3 3.9 4.7 5.0 (NA) 7.2 4.8 -0.2 0.6 0.8 (NA) 3.0 0.6 4.1 1988
1989........... 0.4 0.2 0.8 3.4 0.4 0.2 6.3 6.1 4.6 10.4 7.7 5.5 1.4 1.2 -0.3 5.3 2.8 0.7 4.8 1989
1990........... 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.3 2.9 0.2 3.3 2.6 6.0 4.7 -0.1 3.2 -2.0 -2.6 0.6 -0.7 -5.2 -2.1 5.4 1990
1991........... 1.3 0.7 3.3 5.7 3.9 0.5 1.7 2.4 0.6 -3.0 2.0 2.6 -2.4 -1.8 -3.5 -6.9 -2.1 -1.5 4.2 1991
1992 20/........ 1.6 0.8 3.4 8.4 10.7 0.0 1.8 2.3 -2.1 3.1 -1.4 2.8 -1.2 -0.6 -4.9 0.1 -4.3 -0.2 3.0 1992
1993 21/........ 0.4 0.4 0.1 -1.3 3.7 0.3 1.1 1.6 2.1 5.2 0.4 1.9 -1.9 -1.3 -0.9 2.2 -2.5 -1.0 3.0 1993
1994 22/........ 1.2 1.0 1.3 -8.5 4.3 1.1 4.9 4.0 14.7 3.7 2.8 3.5 2.3 1.4 11.8 1.2 0.2 0.9 2.6 1994
1995 23/........ 0.4 0.7 -0.5 33.7 1.4 -0.3 4.7 4.3 5.2 0.5 1.0 5.8 1.8 1.4 2.3 -2.3 -1.8 2.9 2.8 1995
1996 0.9 0.1 5.0 5.7 5.5 -0.4 4.2 4.9 2.1 5.9 6.5 4.5 1.2 1.9 -0.8 2.9 3.5 1.5 3.0 1996
1997 0.9 1.0 -0.6 6.0 5.0 0.5 5.4 4.5 7.8 5.6 7.5 5.6 3.0 2.1 5.4 3.2 5.1 3.2 2.3 1997
1998 0.9 0.9 0.5 3.3 4.5 0.4 4.9 4.9 2.8 1.9 5.2 4.0 3.3 3.2 1.2 0.3 3.6 2.4 1.6 1998
1999 0.7 0.3 2.5 1.9 4.0 -0.1 4.7 4.5 8.1 6.6 6.9 4.9 2.5 2.2 5.7 4.3 4.6 2.6 2.2 1999


NA Not available.
1 Includes other races not shown separately.
2 Prior to 1967 data are for Black and Other Races.
3 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
11 Implementation of a new March CPS processing system.
12 Implementation of 1970 census population controls.
13 Implementation of a new March CPS processing system. Questionnaire expanded to ask eleven income questions.
14 These estimates were derived using pareto interpolation and may differ from published data which were derived using linear interpolation. 15/ First year medians are derived using both pareto and linear interpolation. Prior to this year all medians were derived using linear interpolation. 16/ Implementation of 1980 census population controls. Questionnaire expanded to show 27 possible values from 51 possible sources of income. 17/ Implementation of Hispanic population weighting controls. 18/ Recording of amounts for earnings from longest job increased to $299,999. 19/ Implementation of a new March CPS processing system. 20/ Implementation of 1990 census population controls. 21/ Data collection method changed from paper and pencil to computer-assisted interviewing. In addition, the March 1994 income supplement was revised to allow for the coding of different income amounts on selected questionnaire items. Limits either increased or decreased in the following categories: increased to $49,999; Supplemental Security Income and Public Assistance increased to $24,999; Veterans' Benefits increased to $99,999; Child Support and Alimony decreased to $49,999. 22/ Introduction of 1990 census sample design. 23/ Full implementation of the 1990 census-based sample design and metropolitan definitions, 7,000 household sample reduction, and revised race edits.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60, No. 200, Money Income in the United States: 1997; and http://WWW.CENSUS.GOV/hhes/income/histinc/f05.html (accessed 17 May 2000). http://WWW.CENSUS.GOV/hhes/income/histinc/f05.html (accessed 21 December 2000).

http://WWW.CENSUS.GOV/hhes/www/income.html

* CURRENT POPULATION SURVEY (MARCH ANNUAL DEMOGRAPHIC SURVEY)

Approximately 62,500 housing units were eligible to receive the 1995 Annual Demographic Survey. The basic monthly CPS sample of 60,000 housing units was supplemented by 2,500 housing units which had at least one Hispanic member the previous November. In addition, members of the Armed Forces, which are excluded from the basic CPS labor force survey, were part of the elibigle population in March. Because of the CPS sample rotation system, approximately one-half of the sample had been interviewed the previous March.

Interviewers used lap-top computers to administer the interview, asking questions as they appear on the screen and directly entering the responses obtained. With the exception of first and the fifth month-in-sample interviews, when an interviewer usually visited the sample unit, over 90 percent of the interviews were conducted by telephone.

Completed interviews were electronically transmitted to a central processor where the responses were edited for consistency, imputations were made for missing data, and various codes were added. Based on the probability of selection, a weight was added to each supplement-responding household and person record so that estimates of the population by state, race, age, sex, and Hispanic origin matched the population projections made by the Bureau of the Census. Since not every person who provided labor force information completed the supplement and the supplement was asked of members of the Armed Forces, the supplement weights vary from those used for labor force estimation.

* DEFINITIONS

Family

The term "family" refers to a group of two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption who reside together; all such persons are considered as members of one family. For example, if the son of the person who maintains the household and the son's wife are members of the household, they are treated as members of the parent's family. Every family must include a reference person (see definition of householder for primary families); two or more people living in the same household who are related to one another, but are not related to the householder, form an "unrelated subfamily." Beginning with the 1980 CPS, unrelated subfamilies were excluded from the count of families and unrelated subfamily members were excluded from the count of family members.

Family households

Family households are households maintained by a family (as defined above). Members of family households include any unrelated persons (unrelated subfamily members and/or secondary individuals) who may be residing there. The number of family households will not equal the number of families since families living in group quarters are included in the count of families. In addition, the count of family household members differs from the count of family members in that the family household members include all persons living in the household, whereas family members include only the householder and his/her relatives. (See the definition of family).

Income

For each person in the Current Population Survey (CPS) sample 15 years old and over, questions were asked on the amount of money income received in the preceding calendar year from each of the following sources: 1) earnings from longest job (or self- employment); 2) earnings from jobs other than longest job; 3) unemployment compensation; 4) worker's compensation; 5) Social Security; 6) Supplemental Security income; 7) public assistance; 8) veterans' payments; 9) survivor benefits; 10) disability benefits; 11) pension or retirement income; 12) interest; 13) dividends; 14) rents, royalties, and estates and trusts; 15) educational assistance; 16) alimony; 17) child support; 18) financial assistance from outside of the household, and other periodic income. Capital gains and lump-sum or one-time payments are excluded. For definitions of alternative measures of income (definitions 1 through 15 shown in tables 10 through 12), see introductory text.

It should be noted that although the income statistics refer to receipts during the preceding calendar year, the demographic characteristics such as age, labor force status, and family or household composition are as of the survey date. The income of the family/household does not include amounts received by persons who were members during all or part of the income year if these persons no longer resided in the family/household at the time of interview. However, income data are collected for persons who are current residents but did not reside in the household during the income year.

Data on consumer income collected in the CPS by the Bureau of the Census cover money income received (exclusive of certain money receipts such as capital gains) before payments for personal income taxes, Social Security, union dues, Medicare deductions, etc. Therefore, money income does not reflect the fact that some families receive part of their income in the form of noncash benefits such as food stamps, health benefits, noncash benefits in the form of rent-free housing and goods produced and consumed on the farm; or that non-cash benefits are also received by some nonfarm residents which often take the form of the use of business transportation and facilities, full or partial payments by business for retirement programs, medical and educational expenses, etc. These elements should be considered when comparing income levels. Moreover, readers should be aware that for many different reasons there is a tendency in household surveys for respondents to underreport their income. From an analysis of independently derived income estimates, it has been determined that income earned from wages or salaries is much better reported than other sources of income, and is nearly equal to independent estimates of aggregate income.

Median income

Median income is the amount which divides the income distribution into two equal groups, half having incomes above the median, half having incomes below the median. The medians for households, families, and unrelated individuals are based on all households, families, and unrelated individuals. The medians for persons are based on persons 15 years old and over with income.

Mean income

Mean income is the amount obtained by dividing the total aggregate income of a group by the number of units in that group. The means for households, families, and unrelated individuals are based on all households, families, and unrelated individuals. The means for persons are based on persons 15 years old and over with income.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/744_money_income_of_families_median_income.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.