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32. 1997 Economic Census





739. Household Income Before and After Taxes in Current and Constant (1996) Dollars

[In dollars, except number of households in thousands. Numbers in thousands. Households as of March of the following year. Income in current and 1997 CPI-U-X1 adjusted dollars]

 
Current dollars Constant (1997) dollars
Number
YEAR of Mean Median Mean Median
households
(1,000) Before After Before After Before After Before After
taxes taxes taxes taxes taxes taxes taxes taxes
 
1980 82,368 21,063 16,272 17,710 14,551 41,077 31,733 34,538 28,377
1981 83,527 22,787 17,495 19,074 15,522 40,592 31,165 33,978 27,650
1982 83,918 24,309 18,926 20,171 16,532 40,812 31,774 33,864 27,755
1983 85,290 25,609 20,147 21,018 17,427 41,268 32,466 33,869 28,083
1984 86,789 27,464 21,564 22,415 18,530 42,425 33,311 34,626 28,624
1985 1 88,458 29,066 22,646 23,618 19,401 43,356 33,780 35,229 28,939
1986 89,479 30,759 23,683 24,897 20,354 45,044 34,682 36,460 29,807
1987 2 91,124 32,410 25,110 26,061 21,540 45,791 35,477 36,820 30,433
1988 92,830 34,017 26,371 27,225 22,431 46,152 35,778 36,937 30,433
1989 93,347 36,520 28,156 28,906 23,774 47,270 36,444 37,415 30,772
1990 94,312 37,403 29,188 29,943 24,546 45,931 35,843 36,770 30,143
1991 95,669 37,922 29,640 30,126 24,955 44,688 34,928 35,501 29,407
1992 3 96,426 38,840 30,425 30,636 25,474 44,432 34,806 35,047 29,142
1993 4 97,107 41,428 32,092 31,241 26,112 46,015 35,645 34,700 29,003
1994 5 98,990 43,133 33,315 32,264 26,973 46,713 36,080 34,942 29,212
1995 6 99,627 44,938 34,592 34,076 28,249 47,326 36,431 35,887 29,750
1996 101,018 47,123 36,008 35,492 29,312 48,204 36,834 36,306 29,985
1997 102,528 49,692 37,656 37,005 30,648 49,692 37,656 37,005 30,648
 
PERCENT CHANGE
FROM PRIOR YEAR
SHOWN
 
1981 1.4 8.2 7.5 7.7 6.7 -1.2 -1.8 -1.6 -2.6
1982 0.5 6.7 8.2 5.8 6.5 0.5 2.0 -0.3 0.4
1983 1.6 5.3 6.5 4.2 5.4 1.1 2.2 0.0 1.2
1984 1.8 7.2 7.0 6.6 6.3 2.8 2.6 2.2 1.9
1985 1 1.9 5.8 5.0 5.4 4.7 2.2 1.4 1.7 1.1
1986 1.2 5.8 4.6 5.4 4.9 3.9 2.7 3.5 3.0
1987 2 1.8 5.4 6.0 4.7 5.8 1.7 2.3 1.0 2.1
1988 1.9 5.0 5.0 4.5 4.1 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.0
1989 0.6 7.4 6.8 6.2 6.0 2.4 1.9 1.3 1.1
1990 1.0 2.4 3.7 3.6 3.2 -2.8 -1.6 -1.7 -2.0
1991 1.4 1.4 1.5 0.6 1.7 -2.7 -2.6 -3.5 -2.4
1992 3 0.8 2.4 2.6 1.7 2.1 -0.6 -0.3 -1.3 -0.9
1993 4 0.7 6.7 5.5 2.0 2.5 3.6 2.4 -1.0 -0.5
1994 5 1.9 4.1 3.8 3.3 3.3 1.5 1.2 0.7 0.7
1995 6 0.6 4.2 3.8 5.6 4.7 1.3 1.0 2.7 1.8
1996 1.4 4.9 4.1 4.2 3.8 1.9 1.1 1.2 0.8
1997 1.5 5.5 4.6 4.3 4.6 3.1 2.2 1.9 2.2



1 Recording of amounts for earnings from longest job increased to $299,999. Full implementation of 1980 census-based sample design.
2 Implementation of a new March CPS processsing system.
3 Implementation of 1990 census population controls.
4 Data collection method changed from paper and pencil to computer assisted interviewing. In addition, the March 1994 income supplement was revised to allow for the coding of different income amounts on selected questionnaire items. Limits either increased or decreased in the following categories: earnings increased to $999,999; social security increased to $49,999; supplemental security income and public assistance increased to $24,999; veterans' benefits increased to $99,999; child support and alimony decreased to $49,999.
5 Introduction of 1990 census sample design.
6 Full implementation of the 1990 census-based sample design and metropolitan definitions, 7,000 household sample reduction, and revised race edits.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Internet site http://WWW.CENSUS.GOV/hhes/income/histinc/rdi02.html (accessed 8 June 1999). Note: 1997 is the latest information available. http://WWW.CENSUS.GOV/hhes/income/histinc/incexper.html

* Definitions

Households

Households consist of all people who occupy a housing unit. The Census Bureau regards a house, an apartment or other group of rooms, or a single room as a housing unit when it is occupied or intended for occupancy as separate living quarters: the occupants do not live and eat with any other people in the structure and there is direct access from the outside or through a common hall.

A household includes the related family members and all unrelated people, if any, such as lodgers, foster children, wards, or employees who share the housing unit. The Census Bureau also counts a person living alone in a housing unit or a group of unrelated people sharing a housing unit as partners as a household. The count of households excludes group quarters.

Householder

The householder refers to the person (or one of the people) who owns or rents (maintains) the housing unit. If a married couple owns the housing unit jointly, the interviewer may list either as the householder. The person listed first is the householder and is the "reference person" to whom the Census Bureau designates the relationship of all other household members. The number of householders is equal to the number of households. Also, the number of family householders is equal to the number of families.

Income

For each person in the sample 15 years old and over, the CPS asks questions on the amount of money income received in the preceding calendar year from each of the following sources:

1. Earnings 2. Unemployment compensation 3. Workers' compensation 4. Social security 5. Supplemental security income 6. Public assistance 7. Veterans' payments 8. Survivor benefits 9. Disability benefits 10. Pension or retirement income 11. Interest 12. Dividends 13. Rents, royalties, and estates and trusts 14. Educational assistance 15. Alimony 16. Child support 17. Financial assistance from outside of the household 18. Other income

It should be noted that although the income statistics refer to receipts during the preceding calendar year, the demographic characteristics, such as age, labor force status, and family or household composition, are as of the survey date. The income of the family/household does not include amounts received by people who were members during all or part of the income year if these people no longer resided in the family/household at the time of interview. However, the CPS collects income data for people who are current residents but did not reside in the household during the income year.

Data on consumer income collected in the CPS by the Census Bureau cover money income received (exclusive of certain money receipts such as capital gains) before payments for personal income taxes, social security, union dues, medicare deductions, etc. Therefore, money income does not reflect the fact that some families receive part of their income in the form of noncash benefits, such as food stamps, health benefits, rent-free housing, and goods produced and consumed on the farm. In addition, money income does not reflect the fact that noncash benefits are also received by some nonfarm residents which often take the form of the use of business transportation and facilities, full or partial payments by business for retirement programs, medical and educational expenses, etc. Data users should consider these elements when comparing income levels. Moreover, readers should be aware that for many different reasons there is a tendency in household surveys for respondents to underreport their income. Based on an analysis of independently derived income estimates, the Census Bureau determined that respondents report income earned from wages or salaries much better than other sources of income and that the reported wage and salary income is nearly equal to independent estimates of aggregate income.

Median income

Median income is the amount which divides the income distribution into two equal groups, half having incomes above the median, half having incomes below the median. The medians for households, families, and unrelated individuals are based on all households, families, and unrelated individuals, respectively. The medians for people are based on people 15 years old and over with income.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/739_household_income_before_and_after_taxes.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.