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731. Annual Expenditure Per Child by Husband-Wife Families, by Family Income and Expenditure Type

[In dollars. Expenditures based on data from the 1990-92 Consumer Expenditures Survey updated to the latest year dollars using the Consumer Price Index. For more on the methodology, see report cited below]

 
1998
Expenditure type Expenditure type
Age of child Trans- Child Miscel-
Total Housing Food por- Clothing Health care and lan-
tation care education eous 1
 
INCOME: LESS THAN $36,000
 
Less than 2 yrs. old.. 5,950 2,270 850 720 390 410 720 590
3 to 5 yrs. old.. 6,060 2,240 940 690 380 390 820 600
6 to 8 yrs. old 6,180 2,170 1,210 810 420 450 480 640
9 to 11 yrs. old 6,210 1,960 1,450 880 470 490 290 670
12 to 14 yrs. old. 7,020 2,180 1,520 990 780 500 210 840
15 to 17 yrs. old.. 6,920 1,760 1,650 1,330 690 530 340 620
 
INCOME: $36,000-$60,600
 
Less than 2 yrs. old.. 8,240 3,070 1,010 1,070 450 540 1,190 910
3 to 5 yrs. old.. 8,460 3,040 1,170 1,040 440 520 1,320 930
6 to 8 yrs. old 8,520 2,970 1,490 1,160 490 590 850 970
9 to 11 yrs. old 8,470 2,760 1,750 1,230 540 640 550 1,000
12 to 14 yrs. old. 9,200 2,980 1,770 1,330 910 640 400 1,170
15 to 17 yrs. old.. 9,340 2,560 1,960 1,690 810 680 700 940
 
INCOME: MORE THAN $60,600
 
Less than 2 yrs. old.. 12,260 4,880 1,340 1,490 600 620 1,800 1,530
3 to 5 yrs. old.. 12,530 4,850 1,520 1,470 580 600 1,960 1,550
6 to 8 yrs. old 12,440 4,780 1,830 1,580 640 680 1,350 1,580
9 to 11 yrs. old 12,320 4,570 2,120 1,650 700 730 940 1,610
12 to 14 yrs. old. 13,170 4,790 2,230 1,760 1,150 740 720 1,780
15 to 17 yrs. old.. 13,510 4,370 2,350 2,130 1,050 780 1,270 1,560
 
 
 
  1999
 
  Expenditure type Expenditure type
 
Age of child Trans- Child Miscel-
  Total Housing Food por- Clothing Health care and lan-
  tation care education eous 1
 
INCOME: LESS THAN $36,800
 
Less than 2 yrs. old.. 6,080 2,320 860 730 380 430 760 600
3 to 5 yrs. old.. 6,210 2,290 960 700 370 410 860 620
6 to 8 yrs. old 6,310 2,210 1,240 820 410 470 510 650
9 to 11 yrs. old 6,330 2,000 1,480 890 460 510 310 680
12 to 14 yrs. old. 7,150 2,230 1,560 1,000 770 510 220 860
15 to 17 yrs. old.. 7,050 1,800 1,680 1,350 680 550 360 630
 
INCOME: $36,800- $61,900
 
Less than 2 yrs. old.. 8,450 3,140 1,030 1,090 450 560 1,250 930
3 to 5 yrs. old.. 8,660 3,110 1,190 1,060 440 530 1,380 950
6 to 8 yrs. old 8,700 3,030 1,520 1,180 480 610 890 990
9 to 11 yrs. old 8,650 2,820 1,790 1,250 530 660 580 1,020
12 to 14 yrs. old. 9,390 3,050 1,800 1,360 900 670 420 1,190
15 to 17 yrs. old.. 9,530 2,620 2,000 1,720 800 700 730 960
 
INCOME: MORE THAN $61,900
 
Less than 2 yrs. old.. 12,550 4,990 1,370 1,520 590 640 1,880 1,560
3 to 5 yrs. old.. 12,840 4,960 1,550 1,500 580 620 2,050 1,580
6 to 8 yrs. old 12,710 4,880 1,870 1,610 630 700 1,410 1,610
9 to 11 yrs. old 12,600 4,670 2,170 1,680 690 760 980 1,650
12 to 14 yrs. old. 13,450 4,900 2,280 1,800 1,140 760 750 1,820
15 to 17 yrs. old.. 13,800 4,470 2,400 2,180 1,030 800 1,330 1,590
 





1 Expenses include personal care items, entertainment, and reading materials.

Source: Dept. of Agriculture, Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, Expenditures on Children by Families, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, and 1999 annual reports.

http://www.usda.gov/cnpp/

*

Categories of Household Expenditures

Housing expenses include shelter (mortgage interest, property taxes, or rent; maintenance and repairs; and insurance), utilities (gas, electricity, fuel, telephone, and water), and house furnishings and equipment (furniture, floor coverings, major appliances, and small appliances). It should be noted that for homeowners, housing expenses do not include mortgage principal payments; such payments are considered in the CE to be a part of savings. So total dollars allocated to housing by homeowners are underestimated in this report.

Food expenses include food and nonalcoholic beverages purchased at grocery, convenience, and specialty stores, including purchases with food stamps; dining at restaurants; and household expenditures on school meals.

Transportation expenses include the net outlay on purchase of new and used vehicles, vehicle finance charges, gasoline and motor oil, maintenance and repairs, insurance, and public transportation.

Clothing expenses include childrens apparel such as diapers, shirts, pants, dresses, and suits; footwear; and clothing services such as dry cleaning, alterations and repair, and storage.

Health care expenses include medical and dental services not covered by insurance, prescription drugs and medical supplies not covered by insurance, and health insurance premiums not paid by employer or other organization.

Child care and education expenses include day care tuition and supplies; baby-sitting; and elementary and high school tuition, books, and supplies.

Miscellaneous expenses include personal care items, entertainment, and reading materials.

* Methods

Data used to estimate expenditures on children are from the 1990-92 Consumer Expenditure Survey-- Interview portion (CE). Administered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), U.S. Department of Labor, this survey is the most comprehensive source of information on household expenditures available at the national level. The sample consists of 12,850 husband-wife households and 3,395 single-parent households and was weighted to reflect the U.S. population of interest, using BLS weighting methods.

Multivariate analysis was used to estimate house-hold and child-specific expenditures, controlling for income level, family size, and age of the younger child so estimates could be made for families with these varying characteristics (regional estimates were also derived by controlling for region). Households with two children were selected as the base since this was the average number of children in two-parent families. Estimated household and child-specific expendi-tures were allocated among family members. Since the estimated expenditures for clothing, child care, and education only apply to children (adult-related expenses for these items were excluded), allocations of these expenses were made by dividing the estimates equally among the children.

The 1994 food plans of USDA were used to allocate food expenses among family members. These plans, derived from a national food consumption survey, show the share of food expenses attributable to individual family members by age and household income level. These member food budget shares were applied to estimated 1990-92 household food expenditures to determine food expenses on a child. Similarly, health care expenses were allocated to each family member based on budget share data from the 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey. This survey contains data on the proportion of health care expenses attributable to individual family members. These member budget shares for health care were applied to estimated 1990-92 household health care expenditures to determine expenses on a child.

Unlike food and health care, no research base exists for allocating estimated household expenditures on housing, transportation, and other miscellaneous goods and services among family members. USDA uses the per capita method in allocating these expenses; the per capita method allocates expenses among household members in equal proportions. A marginal cost method, which assumes that expendi-tures on children may be measured as the difference in total expenses between couples with children and equivalent childless couples, was not used because of limitations with this approach. The marginal cost method depends on development of an equivalency measure for which there is no established base. Various measures have been proposed, with each yielding different estimates of expenditures on children. Also, some of the marginal cost approaches do not consider substitution effects. They assume, for example, that parents do not alter their expenditures on themselves after a child is added to a household.

As transportation expenses resulting from work activities are not related to expenses on children, these costs were excluded when estimating childrens trans-portation expenses. The overall USDA methodology was repeated for families with one child and more than two children so adjustments may be made for families of different sizes.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/731_annual_expenditure_per_child_by_husband.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.