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683. Employees in Nonfarm Establishments--States

[In thousands (90,406 represents 90,406,000). For coverage, see headnote, Table 682. National totals differ from the sum of the state figures because of differing benchmarks among states and differing industrial and geographic stratification. Based on 1987 Standard Industrial Classification Manual, see text, Section 17, Business]

 
1999
Trans- Wholesale Finance,
State FIPS Code Total 1 Con- Manu- portation and insurance Serv- Govern-
1980 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 struc- factur- and public retail and real ices ment
tion ing utilities trade estate
 
  United States 00000 90,406 109,403 108,249 108,601 110,713 114,163 117,191 119,608 122,690 125,826 128,615 6,273 18,432 6,792 29,791 7,632 39,000 20,160
Alabama 01000 1,356 1,636 1,642 1,675 1,717 1,759 1,804 1,829 1,866 1,898 1,924 104 369 95 446 92 457 352
Alaska 02000 169 238 243 247 253 259 262 264 269 275 278 14 14 26 57 13 71 74
Arizona 04000 1,014 1,483 1,491 1,517 1,584 1,692 1,796 1,892 1,985 2,075 2,160 155 211 104 511 140 680 349
Arkansas 05000 742 924 936 963 994 1,034 1,069 1,086 1,104 1,122 1,142 50 253 69 262 46 271 188
California 06000 9,849 12,500 12,359 12,154 12,045 12,160 12,422 12,743 13,130 13,596 13,972 679 1,923 719 3,194 822 4,378 2,235
Colorado 08000 1,251 1,521 1,545 1,597 1,671 1,756 1,834 1,900 1,980 2,057 2,134 148 204 139 507 141 653 329
Connecticut 09000 1,427 1,624 1,555 1,526 1,531 1,544 1,562 1,584 1,613 1,643 1,672 61 269 78 360 141 527 236
Delaware 10000 259 348 342 341 349 356 366 376 388 400 412 24 60 17 90 49 116 55
District of Columbia 11000 616 686 677 674 670 659 643 623 618 614 616 9 12 17 48 31 276 223
Florida 12000 3,576 5,387 5,294 5,359 5,571 5,799 5,996 6,183 6,414 6,637 6,877 365 488 350 1,721 449 2,531 967
Georgia 13000 2,159 2,992 2,938 2,987 3,109 3,266 3,402 3,527 3,614 3,741 3,890 199 599 258 969 203 1,066 589
Hawaii 15000 404 528 539 543 539 536 533 531 532 531 534 2 22 17 41 133 35 174 113
Idaho 16000 330 385 398 416 437 461 477 493 510 522 540 35 77 27 136 24 133 106
Illinois 17000 4,850 5,288 5,232 5,235 5,331 5,463 5,593 5,685 5,772 5,899 5,955 252 956 347 1,344 407 1,812 827
Indiana 18000 2,130 2,522 2,507 2,554 2,627 2,713 2,787 2,814 2,859 2,917 2,968 148 690 147 702 143 729 403
Iowa 19000 1,110 1,226 1,238 1,253 1,279 1,320 1,358 1,383 1,407 1,443 1,467 65 261 72 356 85 386 239
Kansas 20000 945 1,089 1,095 1,115 1,133 1,166 1,198 1,227 1,268 1,312 1,327 66 213 78 319 63 343 240
Kentucky 21000 1,210 1,471 1,475 1,509 1,548 1,597 1,643 1,672 1,711 1,753 1,795 87 321 105 426 71 463 301
Louisiana 22000 1,579 1,590 1,613 1,627 1,659 1,722 1,772 1,810 1,850 1,890 1,898 130 188 113 443 85 523 369
Maine 23000 418 535 513 512 519 532 538 543 554 569 586 28 86 24 146 31 174 96
Maryland 24000 1,712 2,171 2,100 2,081 2,102 2,146 2,183 2,211 2,267 2,324 2,382 151 177 111 550 140 814 438
Massachusetts 25000 2,654 2,985 2,821 2,795 2,840 2,904 2,977 3,035 3,109 3,179 3,236 119 433 139 738 226 1,161 418
Michigan 26000 3,443 3,970 3,891 3,927 4,006 4,147 4,274 4,361 4,448 4,495 4,528 190 978 177 1,063 208 1,240 667
Minnesota 27000 1,770 2,127 2,137 2,185 2,243 2,310 2,379 2,433 2,491 2,555 2,609 112 440 131 619 160 752 388
Mississippi 28000 829 937 938 960 1,002 1,056 1,075 1,089 1,107 1,134 1,155 56 245 56 252 42 270 229
Missouri 29000 1,970 2,345 2,309 2,334 2,395 2,471 2,521 2,567 2,639 2,684 2,725 138 411 172 642 166 771 420
Montana 30000 280 297 304 317 326 340 351 360 365 373 381 20 25 22 101 18 112 79
Nebraska 31000 628 730 739 750 767 796 816 835 854 876 891 43 118 57 215 61 243 152
Nevada 32000 400 621 629 639 671 738 786 843 891 926 985 91 42 52 202 44 426 118
New Hampshire 33000 385 508 482 487 502 523 540 554 570 589 605 24 107 21 160 33 178 81
New Jersey 34000 3,060 3,635 3,499 3,458 3,493 3,553 3,601 3,639 3,725 3,801 3,866 138 467 263 906 257 1,262 571
New Mexico 35000 465 580 585 602 626 657 682 695 709 720 730 44 42 35 171 33 211 180
New York 36000 7,207 8,212 7,887 7,730 7,760 7,831 7,892 7,939 8,067 8,237 8,454 311 893 419 1,710 748 2,926 1,442
North Carolina 37000 2,380 3,118 3,072 3,126 3,245 3,359 3,460 3,547 3,663 3,774 3,866 224 803 177 873 186 994 607
North Dakota 38000 245 266 271 277 285 295 302 309 314 320 323 17 24 18 81 16 92 72
Ohio 39000 4,367 4,882 4,819 4,848 4,918 5,076 5,221 5,296 5,392 5,482 5,548 236 1,088 245 1,334 307 1,552 773
Oklahoma 40000 1,138 1,196 1,211 1,222 1,247 1,280 1,316 1,354 1,393 1,441 1,462 58 184 82 337 73 417 283
Oregon 41000 1,045 1,247 1,245 1,268 1,308 1,363 1,418 1,475 1,526 1,552 1,572 83 241 78 388 95 425 261
Pennsylvania 42000 4,753 5,170 5,084 5,076 5,123 5,192 5,253 5,306 5,407 5,495 5,577 236 931 293 1,250 324 1,813 710
Rhode Island 44000 398 451 422 425 430 434 440 442 450 458 464 18 75 16 104 30 159 63
South Carolina 45000 1,189 1,545 1,513 1,528 1,570 1,607 1,646 1,675 1,720 1,783 1,833 114 345 88 441 82 447 315
South Dakota 46000 238 289 296 309 319 332 344 349 355 363 373 17 50 17 91 25 101 72
Tennessee 47000 1,747 2,193 2,184 2,245 2,329 2,423 2,499 2,533 2,584 2,639 2,674 124 509 171 628 131 716 391
Texas 48000 5,851 7,095 7,175 7,269 7,482 7,751 8,023 8,256 8,608 8,940 9,155 528 1,086 562 2,179 518 2,597 1,540
Utah 49000 551 724 745 769 810 860 908 955 994 1,023 1,050 73 133 59 249 57 293 179
Vermont 50000 200 258 249 251 257 264 270 275 279 285 290 15 48 12 67 13 88 47
Virginia 51000 2,157 2,896 2,829 2,848 2,919 3,004 3,070 3,136 3,232 3,320 3,408 197 396 178 749 184 1,084 610
Washington 53000 1,608 2,143 2,177 2,222 2,253 2,304 2,347 2,416 2,514 2,595 2,643 153 364 139 636 138 736 473
West Virginia 54000 646 630 629 640 653 675 688 699 708 719 726 34 82 38 163 30 217 141
Wisconsin 55000 1,938 2,292 2,302 2,358 2,413 2,491 2,559 2,601 2,656 2,718 2,777 121 616 131 628 146 735 398
Wyoming 56000 210 199 203 206 210 217 219 221 225 228 233 17 11 14 53 8 54 59



1 Includes mining, not shown separately.
2 Hawaii includes mining with construction.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment and Earnings, monthly, May issues. Compiled from data supplied by cooperating state agencies.

http://stats.bls.gov/newsrels.htm *

Employment, Hours, and Earnings from the Establishment Survey

Concepts

Establishment

An establishment is an economic unit, such as a factory, mine, or store, which produces goods or services. It is generally at a single location and engaged predominantly in one type of economic activity. Where a single location encompasses two or more distinct activities, these are treated as separate establishments, provided that separate payroll records are available and certain other criteria are met.

Employment

Employment is the total number of persons employed full or part time in nonfarm establishments during a specified payroll period. Temporary employees are included. In general, data refer to persons who worked during, or received pay for, any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month, which is standard for all Federal agencies collecting employment data from business establishments. National employment figures for Federal Government establishments, however, represent the number of persons who were paid for the last full pay period of the calendar month except for the Department of Defense, which reports the number of civilian employees on the payroll the last day of the month; intermittent Federal Government workers are counted if they performed any service during the month.

Workers on an establishment payroll who are on paid sick leave (when pay is received directly from the employer); on paid holiday or vacation; or who work during only a part of the specified pay period, even though they are unemployed or on strike during the rest of the pay period, are all counted as employed. Persons on the payroll of more than one establishment during the pay period are counted in each establishment which reports them, whether the duplication is due to turnover or dual jobholding. Persons are considered employed if they receive pay for any part of the specified pay period, but they are not considered employed if they receive no pay at all for the pay period. Since proprietors, the self-employed, and unpaid family workers do not have the status of paid employees, they are not included. Also excluded from the employed are domestic workers in households; persons who are on layoff, on leave without pay, or on strike for the entire pay period; and persons who were hired but have not yet started work during the pay period. The employment statistics for government refer to civilian employees only. All persons who meet these specifications are included in the designation "all employees," regardless of industry.

In addition to employment data for all employees, the survey also collects data on a major category of workers in each industry, differentiated primarily to ensure the expeditious collection of current statistics on hours and earnings. These groups of employees are designated production workers, construction workers, or nonsupervisory workers, depending upon the industry.

Data are collected for production workers in manufacturing and mining industries. In manufacturing, this group covers employees, up through the level of working supervisors, who engage directly in the manufacture of the establishment's product. Among those excluded from this category are persons in executive and managerial positions and persons engaged in activities such as accounting, sales, advertising, routine office work, professional and technical functions, and force-account construction. (Force-account construction is construction work performed by an establishment, primarily engaged in some business other than construction, for its own account and for use by its own employees.) Production workers in mining are defined in a similar manner.

In construction, the term "construction workers" covers workers, up through the level of working supervisors, who are engaged directly on the construction project either at the site or in shops or yards at jobs ordinarily performed by members of construction trades. Excluded from this category are executive and managerial personnel, professional and technical employees, and workers in routine office jobs.

In the remaining private sector industries (transportation, communications, and public utilities; wholesale and retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services) data are collected for nonsupervisory workers. Nonsupervisory workers include most employees except those in top executive and managerial positions.

An employment benchmark is a reasonably complete count of employment used to adjust estimates derived from a sample. Adjustment is usually done annually. The basic source of benchmark data for the CES survey is data on "all employees" collected from employers by State employment security agencies as a byproduct of the unemployment insurance (UI) system. About 98 percent of all employees on nonfarm payrolls are covered by the UI system.

Hours and earnings

The hours and earnings series are based on reports of gross payrolls and the corresponding paid hours for production workers, construction workers, or nonsupervisory workers.

Aggregate payrolls include pay before deductions for Social Security, unemployment insurance, group insurance, withholding tax, salary reduction plans, bonds, and union dues. The payroll figures also include pay for overtime, shift premiums, holidays, vacations, and sick leave paid directly by the employer to employees for the pay period reported. They exclude bonuses, commissions, and other lump-sum payments (unless earned and paid regularly each pay period or month), or other pay not earned in the pay period concerned (e.g., retroactive pay). Tips and the value of free rent, fuel, meals, or other payments in kind are not included.

Total hours during the pay period include all hours worked (including overtime hours), hours paid for standby or reporting time, and equivalent hours for which employees received pay directly from the employer for sick leave, holidays, vacations, and other leave. Overtime or other premium pay hours are not converted to straight-time equivalent hours. The concept of total hours differs from scheduled hours or hours worked. The average weekly hours derived from the total hours reflect the effects of such factors as unpaid absenteeism, labor turnover, part-time work, and strikes, as well as fluctuations in work schedules.

Overtime hours are hours worked for which premiums were paid because they were in excess of the number of hours of either the straight-time workday or workweek. Saturday and Sunday hours (or 6- and 7th-day hours) are included as overtime only if overtime premiums were paid. Holiday hours worked as overtime are not included unless they are paid for at more than the straight-time rate. Hours for which only shift differential, hazard, incentive, or similar types of premiums were paid are excluded from overtime hours. Overtime hours data are collected only from establishments in manufacturing industries.

Average hourly earnings series, derived by dividing gross payrolls by total hours, reflect the actual earnings of workers, including premium pay. They differ from wage rates, which are the amounts stipulated for a given unit of work or time. Average hourly earnings do not represent total labor costs per hour for the employer, because they exclude retroactive payments and irregular bonuses, employee benefits, and the employer's share of payroll taxes. Earnings for those employees not covered under the production worker and nonsupervisory categories are not reflected in the estimates.

Real earnings data (those expressed in 1982 dollars) result from the adjustment of average hourly and weekly earnings by means of the Bureau's Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W); they indicate the changes in the purchasing power of money earnings as a result of price changes for consumer goods and services. These data cannot be used to measure changes in living standards as a whole, which are affected by other factors such as total family income, the extension and incidence of various social services and benefits, and the duration and extent of employment and unemployment. The long-term trends of these earnings data are also affected by changing mixes of full-time/part-time workers, high-paid/low-paid workers, etc.

Straight-time average hourly earnings are approximated by adjusting average hourly earnings by eliminating only premium pay for overtime at a rate of time and one-half. Thus, no adjustment is made for other premium payment provisions such as holiday work, late shift work, and premium overtime rates other than those at time and one-half. Straight-time average hourly earnings are calculated only for manufacturing industries because data on overtime hours are not collected in other industries.

Industrial classification

Industrial classification refers to the grouping of reporting establishments into industries on the basis of their major product or activity as determined by the establishments' percentages of total sales or receipts for the previous calendar year. This information is collected as an administrative byproduct of the UI reporting system. All data for an establishment making more than one product or engaging in more than one activity are classified under the industry of the most important product or activity, based on the percentages reported.

Industries are classified in accordance with the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification Manual, Office of Management and Budget.



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/683_employees_in_nonfarm_establishments_states.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.