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644. Civilian Labor Force and Participation Rates, With Projections

[For civilian noninstitutional population 16 years old and over (82.8 represents 82,800,000). Annual averages of monthly figures. Rates are based on annual average civilian noninstitutional population of each specified group and represent proportion of each specified group in the civilian labor force. Based on Current Population Survey; see text, Section 1, Population, and Appendix III]

 
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE (millions) PARTICIPATION RATE (percent)
RACE, SEX, AND AGE
1970 1975 1980 1985 1987 1988 1989 1990 1 1991 1992 1993 1994 1 1995 1996 1997 1 19981 1999 1 2008, 1970 1975 1980 1985 1987 1988 1989 1990 1 1991 1992 1993 1994 1 1995 1996 1997 1 19981 1999 1 2008,
proj. proj.
 
    Total 2 82.8 93.8 106.9 115.5 119.9 121.7 123.9 125.8 126.3 128.1 129.2 131.1 132.3 133.9 136.3 137.7 139.4 154.6 60.4 61.2 63.8 64.8 65.6 65.9 66.5 66.5 66.2 66.4 66.3 66.6 66.6 66.8 67.1 67.1 67.1 67.6
White 73.6 82.8 93.6 99.9 103.3 104.8 106.4 107.4 107.7 108.8 109.7 111.1 112.0 113.1 114.7 115.4 116.5 126.7 60.2 61.5 64.1 65.0 65.8 66.2 66.7 66.9 66.6 66.8 66.8 67.1 67.1 67.2 67.5 67.3 67.3 67.9
  Male 46.0 50.3 54.5 56.5 57.8 58.3 59.0 59.6 59.7 60.2 60.5 60.7 61.1 61.8 62.6 63.0 63.4 67.7 80.0 78.7 78.2 77.0 76.8 76.9 77.1 77.1 76.5 76.5 76.2 75.9 75.7 75.8 75.9 75.6 75.6 74.5
  Female 27.5 32.5 39.1 43.5 45.5 46.4 47.4 47.8 48.1 48.7 49.2 50.4 50.8 51.3 52.1 52.4 53.1 59.0 42.6 45.9 51.2 54.1 55.7 56.4 57.2 57.4 57.4 57.7 58.0 58.9 59.0 59.1 59.5 59.4 59.6 61.5
Black 3 9.2 9.3 10.9 12.4 13.0 13.2 13.5 13.7 13.8 14.2 14.2 14.5 14.8 15.1 15.5 16.0 16.4 19.1 61.8 58.8 61.0 62.9 63.8 63.8 64.2 64.0 63.3 63.9 63.2 63.4 63.7 64.1 64.7 65.6 65.8 66.3
  Male 5.2 5.0 5.6 6.2 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.7 8.9 76.5 70.9 70.3 70.8 71.1 71.0 71.0 71.0 70.4 70.7 69.6 69.1 69.0 68.7 68.3 69.0 68.7 68.3
  Female 4.0 4.2 5.3 6.1 6.5 6.6 6.8 6.9 6.9 7.2 7.2 7.4 7.6 7.9 8.2 8.4 8.7 10.2 49.5 48.8 53.1 56.5 58.0 58.0 58.7 58.3 57.5 58.5 57.9 58.7 59.5 60.4 61.7 62.8 63.5 64.6
Hispanic 4 (NA) (NA) 6.1 7.7 8.5 9.0 9.3 10.7 10.9 11.3 11.6 12.0 12.3 12.8 13.8 14.3 14.7 19.6 (NA) (NA) 64.0 64.6 66.4 67.4 67.6 67.4 66.5 66.8 66.2 66.1 65.8 66.5 67.9 67.9 67.7 67.7
  Male (NA) (NA) 3.8 4.7 5.2 5.4 5.6 6.5 6.7 6.9 7.1 7.2 7.4 7.6 8.3 8.6 8.5 11.0 (NA) (NA) 81.4 80.3 81.0 81.9 82.0 81.4 80.3 80.7 80.2 79.2 79.1 79.6 80.1 79.8 79.8 77.9
  Female (NA) (NA) 2.3 3.0 3.4 3.6 3.7 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.8 4.9 5.1 5.5 5.7 6.1 8.6 (NA) (NA) 47.4 49.3 52.0 53.2 53.5 53.1 52.4 52.8 52.1 52.9 52.6 53.4 55.1 55.6 55.9 57.9
Male 51.2 56.3 61.5 64.4 66.2 66.9 67.8 69.0 69.2 70.0 70.4 70.8 71.4 72.1 73.3 74.0 74.5 81.1 79.7 77.9 77.4 76.3 76.2 76.2 76.4 76.4 75.8 75.8 75.4 75.1 75.0 74.9 75.0 74.9 74.7 73.7
  16 to 19 years 4.0 4.8 5.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.8 56.1 59.1 60.5 56.8 56.1 56.90 57.9 55.7 53.2 53.4 53.2 54.1 54.8 53.2 52.3 53.3 52.9 52.9
    16 and 17 years 1.8 2.1 2.1 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 47.0 48.6 50.1 45.1 45.6 46.1 46.3 43.5 40.9 41.0 41.6 43.8 44.0 42.1 41.4 42.6 41.8 42.4
    18 and 19 years 2.2 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.8 66.7 70.6 71.3 68.9 67.4 68.1 69.2 67.1 65.3 66.0 65.1 65.0 66.3 65.3 63.9 64.4 64.3 63.9
  20 to 24 years 5.7 7.6 8.6 8.3 7.8 7.6 7.5 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.5 7.3 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.3 8.3 83.3 84.5 85.9 85.0 85.2 85.0 85.3 84.4 83.5 83.3 83.2 83.1 83.1 82.5 82.5 82.0 81.9 81.4
  25 to 34 years 11.3 14.2 17.0 18.8 19.7 19.7 19.9 19.9 19.6 19.5 19.2 18.9 18.7 18.4 18.1 17.8 17.3 17.1 96.4 95.2 95.2 94.7 94.6 94.3 94.4 94.1 93.6 93.8 93.4 92.6 93.0 93.2 93.0 93.2 93.3 93.2
  35 to 44 years 10.5 10.4 11.8 14.5 15.6 16.1 16.6 17.5 18.1 18.3 18.7 19.0 19.2 19.6 20.1 20.2 20.4 18.3 96.9 95.6 95.5 95.0 94.6 94.5 94.5 94.3 94.1 93.7 93.4 92.8 92.3 92.4 92.6 92.6 92.8 92.3
  45 to 54 years 10.4 10.4 9.9 9.9 10.2 10.6 10.9 11.1 11.4 12.0 12.6 13.0 13.4 14.0 14.6 15.0 15.4 19.0 94.3 92.1 91.2 91.0 90.7 90.9 91.1 90.7 90.5 90.7 90.1 89.1 88.8 89.1 89.5 89.2 88.8 88.8
  55 to 64 years 7.1 7.0 7.2 7.1 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.4 6.5 6.7 7.0 7.3 7.5 10.8 83.0 75.6 72.1 67.9 67.6 67.0 67.2 67.8 67.0 67.0 66.5 65.5 66.0 67.0 67.6 68.1 67.9 69.4
  65 years and over 2.2 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.8 26.8 21.6 19.0 15.8 16.3 16.5 16.6 16.3 15.7 16.1 15.6 16.8 16.8 16.9 17.1 16.5 16.9 17.8
Female 31.5 37.5 45.5 51.1 53.7 54.7 56.0 56.8 57.2 58.1 58.8 60.2 60.9 61.9 63.0 63.7 64.9 73.4 43.3 46.3 51.5 54.5 56.0 56.6 57.4 57.5 57.4 57.8 57.9 58.8 58.9 59.3 59.8 59.8 60.0 61.9
  16 to 19 years 3.2 4.1 4.4 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.0 4.0 4.6 44.0 49.1 52.9 52.1 53.3 53.6 53.9 51.6 50.0 49.1 49.7 51.3 52.2 51.3 51.0 52.3 51.0 52.4
    16 and 17 years   1.3 1.7 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.8 34.9 40.2 43.6 42.1 44.6 44.0 44.5 41.7 39.9 39.1 39.1 42.6 43.1 42.9 41.0 41.9 41.0 41.0
    18 and 19 years 1.9 2.4 2.6 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.8 53.6 58.1 61.9 61.7 62.2 62.9 62.5 60.3 59.5 58.8 60.2 60.0 61.5 59.9 61.2 62.6 60.9 63.9
  20 to 24 years 4.9 6.2 7.3 7.4 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.7 6.6 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.6 7.5 57.7 64.1 68.9 71.8 73.0 72.7 72.4 71.3 70.1 70.9 70.9 71.0 70.3 71.3 72.7 73.0 73.2 74.6
  25 to 34 years 5.7 8.7 12.3 14.7 15.6 15.8 16.0 16.1 15.9 15.9 15.6 15.5 15.5 15.4 15.3 15.0 14.8 15.3 45.0 54.9 65.5 70.9 72.4 72.7 73.5 73.5 73.1 73.9 73.4 74.0 74.9 75.2 76.0 76.3 76.4 79.0
  35 to 44 years 6.0 6.5 8.6 11.6 12.9 13.4 14.0 14.7 15.2 15.6 15.8 16.3 16.6 17.0 17.3 17.3 17.5 16.6 51.1 55.8 65.5 71.8 74.5 75.2 76.0 76.4 76.5 76.7 76.6 77.1 77.2 77.5 77.7 77.1 77.2 80.0
  45 to 54 years 6.5 6.7 7.0 7.5 8.0 8.5 9.0 9.1 9.5 10.1 10.7 11.4 11.8 12.4 13.0 13.4 14.0 17.8 54.4 54.6 59.9 64.4 67.1 69.0 70.5 71.2 72.0 72.6 73.5 74.6 74.4 75.4 76.0 76.2 76.7 80.0
  55 to 64 years 4.2 4.3 4.7 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.1 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.7 6.0 6.2 9.8 43.0 40.9 41.3 42.0 42.7 43.5 45.0 45.2 45.2 46.5 47.2 48.9 49.2 49.6 50.9 51.2 51.5 57.7
  65 years and over 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.9 9.7 8.2 8.1 7.3 7.4 7.9 8.4 8.6 8.5 8.3 8.1 9.2 8.8 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.9 9.1


NA Not available.
1 See footnote 2, Table 643.
2 Beginning 1975, includes other races, not shown separately.
3 For 1970, Black and other.
4 Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment and Earnings, monthly, January issues; Monthly Labor Review, November 1999; and unpublished data.

http://stats.bls.gov/newsrels.htm



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/644_civilian_labor_force_and_participation_rates.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.