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525. All Governments--Employment and Payroll, by Function

[Employees in thousands (18,556 represents 18,556,000), payroll in millions of dollars (41,237 represents $41,237,000,000). For 1991 to 1995 as of October; 1997 as of March. 1996 data are not available. Covers full-time and part-time employees. Local government data are estimates subject to sampling variation; see appendex III and source.]

 
1991 1991 1991
Employees (1,000) October payrolls ($mil)
-
Function Total Federal State and local Total Federal State and local
(civil- (civil-
ian)1 Total State Local ian)1 Total State Local
 
     Total 18,556 3,105 15,452 4,521 10,930 41,237 9,687 31,551 9,437 22,113
 
National defense 2 1,019 1,019 (X) (X) (X) 3,294 3,294 (X) (X) (X)
Postal Service 803 803 (X) (X) (X) 2,359 2,359 (X) (X) (X)
Space research and technology 26 26 (X) (X) (X) 109 109 (X) (X) (X)
Education 8,086 14 8,072 1,999 6,074 15,724 41 15,683 3,551 12,132
Highways 568 4 564 259 305 1,238 18 1,220 613 607
Health and hospitals 1,817 303 1,514 724 790 4,048 876 3,172 1,584 1,587
Public welfare 502 10 492 217 275 982 34 948 464 485
Police protection 844 83 762 87 674 2,253 304 1,948 250 1,699
Fire protection 341 (X) 341 (X) 341 771 (X) 771 (X) 771
Sanitation and sewerage 241 (X) 241 3 238 518 (X) 518 7 510
Parks and recreation 342 26 315 44 271 489 66 423 69 353
Natural resources 433 233 200 162 39 1,150 732 418 349 70
Financial administration 508 147 361 149 212 1,119 400 719 343 376
Other government administration 395 29 366 53 313 646 95 551 126 424
Judicial and legal 359 47 312 112 200 952 172 780 338 442
Other 2,272 361 1,912 712 1,198 5,585 1,187 4,400 1,743 2,657
 
  1992 1992 1992
 
  EMPLOYEES (1,000) October payrolls ($mil)
  -
Function Total Federal State and local Total Federal State and local
  (civil- (civil-
  ian)2 Total State Local ian)2 Total State Local
 
    Total 18,745 3,047 15,698 4,595 11,103 43,120 9,937 33,183 9,828 23,355
 
National defense 2 984 984 (X) (X) (X) 2,913 2,913 (X) (X) (X)
Postal Service 774 774 (X) (X) (X) 2,654 2,654 (X) (X) (X)
Space research and technology 25 25 (X) (X) (X) 112 112 (X) (X) (X)
Education 8,239 14 8,225 2,050 6,174 16,565 45 16,521 3,774 12,747
Highways 565 4 561 261 300 1,271 19 1,252 626 626
Health and hospitals 1,854 310 1,544 721 823 4,292 952 3,340 1,613 1,727
Public welfare 506 10 496 215 281 1,051 36 1,015 471 544
Police protection 858 88 770 87 683 2,396 335 2,061 247 1,814
Fire protection 344 (X) 344 (X) 344 825 (X) 825 (X) 825
Sanitation and sewerage 244 (X) 244 3 241 554 (X) 554 8 547
Parks and recreation 345 27 318 42 276 514 72 441 70 371
Natural resources 436 232 204 164 40 1,249 818 431 355 76
Financial administration 493 138 355 151 205 1,176 425 751 351 400
Other government administration 399 29 370 52 318 668 100 568 125 443
Judicial and legal 374 51 323 114 209 1,013 181 832 350 482
Other 2,303 360 1,943 734 1,209 5,865 1,273 4,592 1,839 2,753
 
  1993 1993 1993
 
  Employees (1,000) October payrolls ($mil)
  -
Function Total Federal State and local Total Federal State and local
  1993 (civil- 1993 (civil-
  ian)2 Total State Local ian)2 Total State Local
 
    Total 18,823 2,999 15,824 4,673 11,151 (NA) (NA) 34,540 10,288 24,252
 
National defense 2 #����! 926 (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA) (X) (X) (X)
Postal Service #����! 796 (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA) (X) (X) (X)
Space research and technology #����! 25 (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA) (X) (X) (X)
Education 8,372 13 8,359 2,112 6,247 (NA) (NA) 17,370 3,999 13,371
Highways 560 4 556 262 294 (NA) (NA) 1279 648 631
Health and hospitals 1,831 324 1,507 712 795 (NA) (NA) 3,412 1,661 1,751
Public welfare 517 10 507 224 283 (NA) (NA) 1055 496 559
Police protection 862 86 776 87 689 (NA) (NA) 2142 256 1886
Fire protection #����! (X) #����! (X) 330 848 (X) #����! (X) 848
Sanitation and sewerage #����! (X) 240 3 237 556 (X) 556 8 548
Parks and recreation 362 27 335 46 289 (NA) (NA) 456 77 379
Natural resources 429 226 203 167 36 (NA) (NA) 437 369 68
Financial administration 492 132 360 159 201 (NA) (NA) 802 387 415
Other government administration 369 29 340 52 288 (NA) (NA) 578 130 448
Judicial and legal 376 51 325 117 208 (NA) (NA) 873 368 505
Other 2,336 350 1,986 732 1,254 (NA) (NA) 4,732 1,889 2,843
 
  1994 1994 1994
 
  Employees (1,000) October payrolls ($mil)
  -
Function Total Federal State and local Total Federal State and local
  (civil- (civil-
  ian)2 Total State Local ian)2 Total State Local
 
    Total 19,419 2,952 16,467 4,693 11,775 (NA) (NA) 36,542 10,664 25,878
 
National defense 2 882 882 (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA) (X) (X) (X)
Postal Service 827 827 (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA) (X) (X) (X)
Space research and technology 23 23 (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA) (X) (X) (X)
Elem and secondary educ 6,184 (X) 6,184 40 6,144 6,184 (NA) 6,184 40 6,144
Higher education 2,430 (X) 2,430 1,966 464 2,430 (NA) 2,430 1,966 464
Other education 121 13 108 108 0 (NA) (NA) 108 108 0
Health 538 143 395 164 231 (NA) (NA) 2,623 1,233 1,389
Hospitals 1,310 174 1,136 532 604 (NA) (NA) 1,108 535 573
Public welfare 527 10 517 231 286 (NA) (NA) 2,312 269 2,043
Social insurance administration 167 69 99 99 0 (NA) (NA) 242 242 0
Police protection 893 84 809 87 722 (NA) (NA) 912 0 912
Fire protection 354 (X) 354 0 354 1,497 (NA) 1,497 967 531
Correction 625 26 599 389 210 (NA) (NA) 260 4 256
Streets & highways 564 4 561 262 298 (NA) (NA) 909 413 496
Air transportation 86 49 37 3 34 (NA) (NA) 100 8 92
Water transport/Terminals 27 15 12 5 8 (NA) (NA) 36 14 23
Solid waste management 117 (X) 117 1 116 336 (NA) 336 4 332
Sewerage 129 (X) 129 1 128 481 (NA) 481 80 401
Parks & recreation 373 27 346 46 300 (NA) (NA) 468 390 77
Natural resources 429 218 211 168 44 (NA) (NA) 882 431 451
Housing & community dev. 156 25 130 0 130 (NA) (NA) 305 0 305
Water supply 164 0 164 0 164 400 (NA) 400 0 400
Electric power 85 0 85 6 79 289 (NA) 289 25 264
Gas supply 10 0 10 0 10 26 (NA) 26 0 26
Transit 210 (X) 210 21 189 647 (NA) 647 80 567
Libraries 153 5 148 1 148 (NA) (NA) 196 1 194
State liquor stores 10 (X) 10 10 0 (NA) (NA) 18 18 0
Financial administration 519 134 385 169 216 (NA) (NA) 941 397 544
Other government administration 397 26 371 52 319 (NA) (NA) 3,496 969 2,526
Judicial and legal 392 51 341 123 218 (NA) (NA) 617 135 482
Other & unallocable 713 149 565 206 359 (NA) (NA) 1,235 581 655
 
  1995 1995 1995
 
  Employees (1,000) October payrolls (mil. dol.)
  -
Function Total Federal State and local Total Federal State and local
  (civil- (civil-
  ian)2 Total State Local ian)2 Total State Local
 
    Total 19,521 2,895 16,626 4,719 11,906 (NA) (NA) 37,714 10,927 26,787
 
National defense 2 831 831 (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA) (X) (X) (X)
Postal Service 849 849 (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA) (X) (X) (X)
Space research and technology 22 22 (X) (X) (X) (NA) (NA) (X) (X) (X)
Elem and secondary education 6,252 (X) 6,252 50 6,202 13,939 (NA) 13,939 119 13,820
Higher education 2,414 (X) 2,414 1,954 461 4,591 (NA) 4,591 3,794 797
Other education 129 12 117 117 (X) 260 (NA) 260 260 (X)
Health 544 141 403 166 238 (NA) (NA) 977 431 546
Hospitals 1,303 174 1,129 522 608 (NA) (NA) 37 14 23
Public welfare 526 10 516 230 286 (NA) (NA) 1,145 549 597
Social insurance administration 167 68 98 98 0 (NA) (NA) 254 254 (X)
Police protection 926 86 840 91 749 (NA) (NA) 3,427 287 3,140
Fire protection 360 (X) 360 (X) 360 950 (NA) 950 (X) 950
Correction 655 28 627 413 213 (NA) (NA) 1,620 1,062 559
Streets & highways 564 4 560 257 303 (NA) (NA) 1,357 667 690
Air transportation 86 49 37 3 35 (NA) (NA) 104 8 96
Water transport/Terminals 27 15 12 5 7 (NA) (NA) 37 14 23
Solid waste management 115 (X) 115 2 114 263 (NA) 263 6 258
Sewerage 130 (X) 130 1 128 345 (NA) 345 4 341
Parks & recreation 387 26 361 47 314 (NA) (NA) 502 81 421
Natural resources 421 210 211 168 43 (NA) (NA) 475 395 80
Housing & community dev. 151 20 131 (X) 131 (NA) (NA) 315 (X) 315
Water supply 165 0 165 1 164 410 (NA) 410 3 407
Electric power 82 0 82 6 76 296 (NA) 296 26 270
Gas supply 11 0 11 (X) 11 28 (NA) 28 (X) 28
Transit 210 (X) 210 20 190 676 (NA) 676 80 595
Libraries 152 5 147 1 147 (NA) (NA) 207 1 206
State liquor stores 10 (X) 10 10 (X) 18 (NA) 18 18 (X)
Financial administration 520 131 388 168 220 (NA) (NA) 916 444 472
Other government administration 436 24 413 53 359 (NA) (NA) 644 137 507
Judicial and legal 401 53 349 130 219 (NA) (NA) 994 428 565
Other & unallocable 673 138 535 206 329 (NA) (NA) 1,256 603 653
 
 
  1997 1997 1997
 
  Employees (1,000) October payrolls (mil. dol.)
  -
Function Total Federal State and local Total Federal State and local
  (civil- (civil-
  ian)2 Total State Local ian)2 Total State Local
 
    Total 19,540 2,807 16,733 4,733 12,000 49,406 9,994 39,412 11,413 27,999
 
National defense 2 777 777 (X) (X) (X) 2,689 2,689 (X) (X) (X)
Postal Service 854 854 (X) (X) (X) 2,768 2,768 (X) (X) (X)
Space research and technology 20 20 (X) (X) (X) 105 105 (X) (X) (X)
Elem and secondary educ 6,408 (X) 6,408 50 6,358 14,713 (X) 14,713 119 14,594
Higher education 2,451 (X) 2,451 1,965 486 4,800 (X) 4,800 3,994 806
Other education 111 11 99 99 0 304 45 259 259 0
Health 548 136 412 170 243 1,508 493 1,015 461 554
Hospitals 1,223 163 1,060 495 565 3,085 481 2,603 1,239 1,364
Public welfare 507 9 498 225 273 1,212 40 1,172 561 612
Social insurance administration 165 69 96 96 (X) 522 263 259 259 (X)
Police protection 951 95 856 94 762 3,064 419 2,645 307 2,338
Fire protection 356 (X) 356 (X) 356 990 (X) 990 (X) 990
Correction 708 30 679 458 220 1,776 (NA) 1,776 1,183 592
Streets & highways 552 4 548 252 297 1,396 (NA) 1,396 677 719
Air transportation 86 48 38 3 35 385 273 111 9 103
Water transport/Terminals 28 15 13 5 8 81 41 40 14 26
Solid waste management 115 (X) 115 1 113 272 (X) 272 6 266
Sewerage 129 (X) 129 1 128 353 (X) 353 4 349
Parks & recreation 354 24 330 40 291 572 78 495 75 420
Natural resources 397 191 206 165 40 1,227 732 496 409 86
Housing & community dev. 141 18 123 0 123 368 76 292 0 292
Water supply 164 0 164 1 163 436 0 436 3 433
Electric power 80 0 80 6 74 302 0 302 28 274
Gas supply 10 0 10 0 10 26 0 26 0 26
Transit 197 (X) 197 19 178 676 (X) 676 79 597
Libraries 160 4 156 1 155 252 19 234 1 232
State liquor stores 9 (X) 9 9 (X) 16 (X) 16 16 (X)
Financial administration 533 139 394 172 221 1,446 479 968 464 504
Other government administration 406 22 384 60 323 779 85 694 157 537
Judicial and legal 419 53 366 139 228 1,305 235 1,071 467 604
Other & unallocable 680 124 555 206 349 1,853 550 1,303 622 681
 
 
  1998 1998 1998 1998
 
  Employees (1,000) March payrolls (mil. dol.)
  -
Function Total Federal State and local Total Federal State and local
  (civil- 1998 (civil-
  ian)2 Total State Local ian)2 Total State Local
 
    Total 19,854 2,765 17,089 4,758 12,331 51,569 10,115 41,454 11,845 29,608
 
National defense 2 738 738 (X) (X) (X) 2,507 2,507 (X) (X) (X)
Postal Service 857 857 (X) (X) (X) 2,833 2,833 (X) (X) (X)
Space research and technology 19 19 (X) (X) (X) 104 104 (X) (X) (X)
Elem and secondary educ 6,652 (X) 6,652 55 6,597 15,648 (X) 15,648 139 15,509
Higher education 2,517 (X) 2,517 2,011 505 5,098 (X) 5,098 4,209 889
Other education 118 11 107 107 (X) 331 46 285 285 (X)
Health 560 136 423 173 250 1,626 557 1,069 481 588
Hospitals 1,175 161 1,013 453 560 3,081 511 2,571 1,182 1,388
Public welfare 509 9 501 228 272 1,254 40 1,214 591 623
Social insurance administration 160 67 93 93 (X) 533 271 262 262 (X)
Police protection 976 100 876 95 782 3,227 440 2,788 319 2,469
Fire protection 363 (X) 363 (X) 363 1,055 (X) 1,055 (X) 1,055
Correction 723 30 693 467 226 1,976 112 1,864 1,239 626
Streets & highways 554 4 550 246 304 1,481 17 1,463 705 758
Air transportation 89 49 39 3 36 407 287 119 9 110
Water transport/Terminals 28 15 13 5 8 84 41 42 15 27
Solid waste management 116 (X) 116 1 114 282 (X) 282 6 276
Sewerage 131 (X) 131 2 130 371 (X) 371 6 365
Parks & recreation 370 24 345 39 307 604 81 523 75 448
Natural resources 390 185 205 163 42 1,279 773 506 413 93
Housing & community dev. 136 16 120 0 120 380 71 309 0 309
Water supply 167 0 167 1 166 459 0 459 3 456
Electric power 79 0 79 5 73 304 0 304 28 276
Gas supply 10 0 10 0 10 28 0 28 0 28
Transit 199 (X) 199 19 180 677 (X) 677 79 598
Libraries 164 4 160 1 159 262 19 243 1 242
State liquor stores 9 (X) 9 9 (X) 16 (X) 16 16 (X)
Financial administration 532 134 398 170 228 1,494 475 1,019 478 542
Other government administration 417 22 395 59 336 821 83 738 160 577
Judicial and legal 433 54 379 144 235 1,448 302 1,146 493 653
Other & unallocable 665 126 539 211 328 1,900 546 1,353 649 704
 
 
  1999 1999 1999 1999
 
  Employees (1,000) March payrolls (mil. dol.)
  -
Function Total Federal State and local Total Federal State and local
  (civil- 1999 (civil-
  ian)2 Total State Local ian)2 Total State Local
 
    Total 20,265 2,799 17,465 4,827 12,639 54,240 10,478 43,763 12,562 31,201
 
National defense 2 713 713 (X) (X) (X) 2,459 2,459 (X) (X) (X)
Postal Service 876 876 (X) (X) (X) 2,936 2,936 (X) (X) (X)
Space research and technology 19 19 (X) (X) (X) 106 106 (X) (X) (X)
Elem and secondary educ 6,729 (X) 6,729 55 6,674 16,313 (X) 16,313 144 16,169
Higher education 2,589 (X) 2,589 2,065 525 5,460 (X) 5,460 4,512 948
Other education 121 11 110 110 (X) 350 49 301 301 (X)
Health 570 135 435 175 260 1,723 598 1,125 507 617
Hospitals 1,180 156 1,024 436 588 3,221 555 2,666 1,161 1,505
Public welfare 519 9 510 228 283 1,320 43 1,277 607 670
Social insurance administration 163 67 96 96 (X) 568 283 285 285 (X)
Police protection 1,019 104 915 100 815 3,524 514 3,010 351 2,659
Fire protection 378 (X) 378 (X) 378 1,109 (X) 1,109 (X) 1,109
Correction 722 31 691 462 228 2,107 118 1,989 1,330 659
Streets & highways 569 3 566 252 314 1,583 17 1,566 750 817
Air transportation 90 50 40 3 37 440 309 132 11 121
Water transport/Terminals 28 14 14 5 9 87 43 44 16 28
Solid waste management 117 (X) 117 2 115 299 (X) 299 7 292
Sewerage 130 (X) 130 2 129 382 (X) 382 6 376
Parks & recreation 369 25 345 39 306 646 86 560 81 479
Natural resources 390 184 206 164 42 1,297 767 530 434 96
Housing & community dev. 143 17 126 0 126 417 79 338 0 338
Water supply 170 0 170 1 169 469 0 469 3 466
Electric power 80 0 80 6 75 312 0 312 29 283
Gas supply 11 0 11 0 11 31 0 31 0 31
Transit 210 (X) 210 29 181 753 (X) 753 118 634
Libraries 171 4 167 1 166 282 20 262 1 261
State liquor stores 8 (X) 8 8 (X) 16 (X) 16 16 (X)
Financial administration 550 137 413 169 244 1,594 516 1,078 493 584
Other government administration 460 22 438 60 378 868 86 782 173 610
Judicial and legal 455 56 398 148 250 1,539 280 1,259 534 725
Other & unallocable 716 166 550 213 336 2,027 611 1,416 693 723


X Not applicable.
1 Includes employees outside United States.
2 Includes international relations.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1991-1992 Public Employment, series GE, No. 1, annual; thereafter, (accessed 18 August 2000).

http://www.census.gov/govs/www/apes.html



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/525_all_governments_employment_and_payroll_by.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

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