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490. Number of Governmental Units, by Type



 
       Type of government 1942 19521 1962 1967 1972 1977 1982 1987 1992 1997
 
     Total...................................... 155,116 116,807 91,237 81,299 78,269 79,913 81,831 83,237 85,006 87,504
 
U.S. Government...................................... 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
State government................................ 48 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50
Local governments................................. 155,067 116,756 91,186 81,248 78,218 79,862 81,780 83,186 84,955 87,453
  County......................................... 3,050 3,052 3,043 3,049 3,044 3,042 3,041 3,042 3,043 3,043
  Municipal..................................... 16,220 16,807 18,000 18,048 18,517 18,862 19,076 19,200 19,279 19,372
  Township and town................................ 18,919 17,202 17,142 17,105 16,991 16,822 16,734 16,691 16,656 16,629
  School district.................................. 108,579 67,355 34,678 21,782 15,781 15,174 14,851 14,721 14,422 13,726
  Special district................................. 8,299 12,340 18,323 21,264 23,885 25,962 28,078 29,532 31,555 34,683



1 Adjusted to include units in Alaska and Hawaii which adopted statehood in 1959.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census of Governments, Government Organization", series (GC(1)-1), quinquennial.

http://www.census.gov/prod/www/abs/govern.html * CENSUS OF GOVERNMENTS

PURPOSE

To provide periodic and comprehensive statistics about governments and governmental activities. The United States Code, Title 13, requires this census and provides for voluntary responses.

COVERAGE

All state and local governments in the U.S. Local governments include counties, cities, townships, special districts and school districts. Government activities are those classified in SIC Division J and selected other Divisions (such as state liquor stores, Division G, and education services, Division I). Data for Federal agencies are reformatted and included to show total public sector activities. In 1995, government purchases of goods and services accounted for 12 percent of the Gross Domestic Product.

CONTENT

Data are obtained on government organizations, finances, and employment. Organizations data include location, type, and characteristics of local governments and officials. Finances and employment data are the same as in comparable annual surveys and include revenue, expenditures, debt, assets, employees, payroll, and benefits.

FREQUENCY

Every 5 years since 1957, for years ending in "2" and "7." Reference periods for data vary by census phase; organization counts are for the calendar year prior to the census year, assessment and finance data are for the fiscal year prior to July, and employment data are for October of the census year. Starting in 1997, employment will be for March of the census year.

METHODS

A three-phased state and local government data collection, supplemented by data from Federal agencies. Phase 1 is a pre-census directory survey of all 85,000 local governments. It is primarily a mail-out/mail-back survey; and produces an updated list of all local governments and selected data.

Phase 2 expands the census-year annual finances survey from about 13,000 to all 85,000 local governments. It uses on-site data collections for all states and some 130 large local governments, consolidated data submissions (usually on computer tapes) for about 50,000 additional local governments, and a mail-out/mail-back survey of other governments. Similarly, phase 3 expands the census-year annual employment survey from about 13,000 to all local governments; and relies on both consolidated data submissions and a mail-out/mail-back survey.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/490_number_of_governmental_units_by_type.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.