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406. Major U.S. Weather Disasters by Estimated Costs and Deaths

[Covers only weather related disasters costing $1 billion or more. Estimated costs represent actual dollar costs and are not adjusted for inflation]

 
Time Estimated Deaths
Event Description period Cost
 
Hurricane Floyd. Category 2 hurricane in NC, causing severe flooding in NC and some flooding in SC, VA, September 1999 6.0 75
  MD, PA, NY, NJ, DE, RI, CT, MA, and VT
Drought/heat wave.. Drought/heatwave over eastern U.S. Summer 1999 1.0 256
Oklahoma-Kansas tornadoes Category F4-F5 tornados hit OK, KS, TX, and TN May 1999 1.0 55
Arkansas-Tennessee tornados. Two outbreaks of tornadoes in 6-day period January 1999 1.3 31
Texas flooding Severe flooding in southeast Texas from 2 heavy rain events with 10-20 in. totals Oct.-Nov. 1998 1.0 31
Hurricane Georges.. Category 2 hurricane in Puerto Rico, Florida Keys, and Gulf coasts of LA, MS, AL, and FL September 1998 3-4 16
Hurricane Bonnie Category 3 hurricane in eastern NC and VA August 1998 1.0 2
Southern drought/heat wave Severe drought and heat wave from TX/OK eastward to the Carolinas Summer 1998 6.0 200
Minnesota severe storms/hail. Very damaging severe thunderstorms with large hail over wide areas of Minnesota May 1998 1.5 1
Southeast severe weather.. Tornadoes and flooding related to strong El Nino in the southeast Winter/Spring 1998 1.0 Over 130
Northeast ice storm Intense ice storm hits ME, NH, VT, and NY January 1998 1.4 16
Northern plains flooding.. Severe flooding in Dakotas and Minnesota due to heavy spring snowmelt April-May 1997 2.0 11
MS and OH valleys flooding Tornadoes and severe flooding hit the states of AR, MO, MS, TN, IL,
  and tornadoes.. IN, KY, OH, and WV March 1997 1.0 67
West Coast flooding.. Flooding from rains and snowmelt in CA, WA, OR, ID, NV, & MT Dec. 1996-Jan. 1997 2-3 36
Hurricane Fran.. Category 3 hurricane in NC and VA Sept. 1996 5.0 37
Southern Plains severe drought.. Drought in agricultural areas of TX & OK Fall 1995-summer 1996 Over 4 (NA)
Pacific Northwest Severe Flooding.. Flooding from heavy rain & snowmelt in OR, WA, ID, and MT Feb. 1996 1.0 9
Blizzard of '96 followed Heavy snowstorm followed by severe flooding in Appalachians, n n n
  by flooding.. Mid-Atlantic, and Northeast Jan. 1996 3.0 187
Hurricane Opal.. Category 3 hurricane in FL, AL, parts of GA, TN, & Carolinas Oct. 1995 Over 3 27
Hurricane Marilyn.. Category 2 hurricane in Virgin Islands Sept. 1995 2.1 13
TX/OK/LA/MS severe Flooding, hail, & tornadoes across TX, OK, parts of LA, MS, n n n
  weather and flooding.. Dallas & New Orleans hardest hit May 1995 5-6 32
California flooding.. Flooding from frequent winter storms across much of CA Jan.-Mar. 1995 3.0 27
Western fire season Severe fire season in western states due to dry weather Summer-Fall 1994 1.0 (NA)
Texas flooding.. Flooding from torrential rain & thunderstorms across southeast TX Oct. 1994 1.0 19
Tropical storm Alberto.. Flooding due to 10 to 25 inch rain across GA, AL, part of FL July 1994 1.0 32
Southeast ice storm.. Intense ice storm in pts of TX, OK, AR, LA, MS, AL, TN, GA, SC, NC, & VA Feb. 1994 3.0 9
California wildfires.. Out-of-control wildfires over southern CA Fall 1993 1.0 4
Midwest flooding.. Extreme flooding across central U.S. Summer 1993 15-20 48
Drought/heat wave.. Extreme drought/heatwave across southeastern U.S. Summer 1993 1.0 (NA)
Storm/Blizzard.. "Storm of the Century" hits entire eastern seaboard Mar. 1993 3-6 270
Nor'easter of 1992.. Slow-moving storm batters northeast U.S. coast, New England hardest hit Dec. 1992 1-2 19
Hurricane Iniki.. Category 4 hurricane hit Hawaiian island of Kauai Sept. 1992 1.8 7
Hurricane Andrew.. Category 4 hurricane hit FL & LA Aug. 1992 27.0 58
Oakland Firestorm.. Oakland, CA firestorm due to low humidity & high winds Oct. 1991 1.5 25
Hurricane Bob.. Category 2 hurricane--mainly coastal NC, Long Island, & New England Aug. 1991 1.5 18
TX/OK/LA/AR flooding Torrential rains cause flooding along Trinity, Red, and Arkansas rivers May 1990 1.0 13
Hurricane Hugo.. Category 4 hurricane hit Puerto Rico & Virgin Islands, devastated NC & SC Sept. 1989 Over 9 86
Drought/heat wave.. Drought/heatwave over central & eastern U.S. Summer 1988 40.0 5,000-10,000
Hurricane Juan.. Category 1 hurricane, flooding most severe problem, hit LA and southeast U.S. Oct.-Nov. 1985 1.5 63
Hurricane Elena.. Category 3 hurricane across FL to LA Aug.-Sept. 1985 1.3 4
Florida freeze.. Severe freeze central/northern FL, damage to citrus industry Jan. 1985 1.2 0
Florida freeze.. Severe freeze central/northern FL, damage to citrus industry Dec. 1983 2.0 0
Hurricane Alicia.. Category 3 hurricane across TX Aug. 1983 3.0 21
Drought/heat wave.. Drought/heatwave over central & eastern U.S. June-Sept. 1980 20.0 10,000


NA Not available or not reported.

Source: U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Climatic Data Center. (Sources include the National Weather Service and individual state emergency management agencies.)

http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/ol/climate/severeweather/extremes.html



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/406_major_u_s_weather_disasters_by.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.