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388. Water Withdrawals and Consumptive Use -- States and Other Areas

[In millions of gallons per day, except as noted. Figures may not add due to rounding. Withdrawal signifies water physically withdrawn from source. Includes fresh and saline water. For definitions, see below table]

 
1985 1990 1995 1995 1995
FIPS Water withdrawn
CODE
State Per Per Per Source Selected Major Uses
or capita capita capita     Consump-
other area (gal. (gal. (gal. tive
per per per Ground Surface Irrigation Public Indus- Thermo- use,/4
Total /1 day) Total /1 day) Total /1 day) water water supply /2 trial/3 electric fresh
fresh fresh fresh water
 
    United States 00000 399,000 1,400 407,900 1,340 401,500 1,280 77,500 324,000 134,000 43,600 26,200 190,000 100,000
 
Alabama 01000 8,600 2,140 8,090 2,000 7,100 1,670 445 6,650 139 875 753 5,200 532
Alaska 02000 406 727 641 517 329 350 132 196 0.6 90 197 30 25
Arizona 04000 6,430 1,960 6,570 1,790 6,830 1,620 2,840 3,990 5,670 846 197 62 3,830
Arkansas 05000 5,910 2,500 7,840 3,330 8,800 3,540 5,460 3,340 5,940 419 187 1,780 4,140
California 06000 49,700 1,420 46,800 1,180 45,900 1,130 14,700 31,300 28,900 5,740 802 9,630 25,500
Colorado 08000 13,600 4,190 12,700 3,850 13,800 3,690 2,270 11,600 12,700 732 191 115 5,230
Connecticut 09000 3,780 375 4,840 325 4,450 389 166 4,290 28 448 11 3,940 97
Delaware 10000 1,650 222 1,370 1,540 1,500 1,050 110 1,390 48 101 64 1,270 71
District of Columbia 11000 348 556 9 15 10 18 0.5 9.7 0 0 0.5 9.7 15
Florida 12000 17,000 554 17,900 582 18,200 509 4,340 13,800 3,470 2,360 649 11,600 2,780
Georgia 13000 5,450 899 5,350 816 5,820 799 1,190 4,630 722 1,250 676 3,070 1,170
Hawaii 15000 2,150 1,100 2,740 1,070 1,930 853 531 1,400 652 218 20 970 542
Idaho 16000 22,300 22,200 19,700 19,600 15,100 13,000 2,830 12,300 13,000 254 76 0 4,360
Illinois 17000 14,500 1,250 18,000 1,570 19,900 1,680 953 19,000 180 1,950 527 17,100 857
Indiana 18000 8,030 1,470 9,430 1,700 9,140 1,570 709 8,430 116 784 2,410 5,690 505
Iowa 19000 2,770 960 2,860 1,030 3,030 1,070 528 2,510 39 418 301 2,130 290
Kansas 20000 5,670 2,310 6,080 2,460 5,240 2,040 3,510 1,720 3,380 384 77 1,260 3,620
Kentucky 21000 4,200 1,130 4,320 1,170 4,420 1,150 226 4,190 12 521 375 3,450 318
Louisiana 22000 10,400 2,210 9,350 2,200 9,850 2,270 1,350 8,500 769 677 2,580 5,480 1,930
Maine 23000 1,520 733 1,140 433 326 178 80 246 27 135 16 136 48
Maryland 24000 6,710 321 6,420 307 7,730 289 246 7,480 57 907 331 6,360 150
Massachusetts 25000 9,660 1,070 5,520 338 5,510 189 351 5,160 82 759 88 4,570 180
Michigan 26000 11,400 1,270 11,600 1,250 12,100 1,260 862 11,200 227 1,490 1,910 8,370 667
Minnesota 27000 2,830 676 3,270 748 3,390 736 714 2,680 157 573 438 2,090 417
Mississippi 28000 2,510 885 3,640 1,290 3,200 1,140 2,590 614 1,740 377 294 375 1,570
Missouri 29000 6,110 1,210 6,930 1,150 7,030 1,320 891 6,140 567 757 63 5,550 692
Montana 30000 8,650 10,500 9,320 11,600 8,860 10,200 217 8,640 8,550 161 80 22 1,960
Nebraska 31000 10,000 6,250 8,940 5,660 10,500 6,440 6,200 4,350 7,550 328 175 2,350 7,020
Nevada 32000 3,740 3,860 3,350 2,780 2,300 1,480 896 1,400 1,640 479 95 27 1,340
New Hampshire 33000 894 688 1,310 378 1,320 388 81 1,240 6.3 130 50 1,110 35
New Jersey 34000 6,940 307 12,800 287 6,110 269 580 5,530 125 1,120 486 4,360 210
New Mexico 35000 3,280 2,320 3,480 2,300 3,510 2,080 1,700 1,800 2,990 337 69 55 1,980
New York 36000 15,200 508 19,000 583 16,800 567 1,010 15,800 30 3,140 321 13,100 469
North Carolina 37000 8,760 1,260 8,940 1,350 9,290 1,070 535 8,750 239 939 385 7,420 713
North Dakota 38000 1,160 1,690 2,680 4,190 1,120 1,750 122 1,000 117 85 17 819 181
Ohio 39000 12,700 1,180 11,700 1,080 10,500 944 905 9,620 27 1,560 650 8,190 791
Oklahoma 40000 1,270 386 1,670 452 2,040 543 1,220 822 864 597 285 124 716
Oregon 41000 6,540 2,450 8,430 2,970 7,910 2,520 1,050 6,860 6,170 572 379 9.0 3,210
Pennsylvania 42000 14,300 1,210 9,830 827 9,680 802 860 8,820 16 1,730 1,930 5,930 565
Rhode Island 44000 409 152 526 132 411 138 27 383 2.3 121 7.3 275 19
South Carolina 45000 6,820 2,040 6,000 1,720 6,200 1,690 322 5,880 53 614 703 4,810 321
South Dakota 46000 675 956 592 851 460 631 187 273 269 97 32 5.3 249
Tennessee 47000 8,450 1,770 9,190 1,880 10,100 1,920 435 9,640 24 831 868 8,300 233
Texas 48000 25,300 1,230 25,200 1,180 29,600 1,300 8,780 20,800 9,450 3,420 2,920 13,500 10,500
Utah 49000 4,320 2,540 4,480 2,540 4,460 2,200 790 3,670 3,530 506 253 48 2,200
Vermont 50000 126 235 632 1,120 565 967 50 515 3.9 66 12 452 24
Virginia 51000 7,250 853 6,860 762 8,260 826 358 7,900 30 911 622 6,620 218
Washington 53000 7,030 1,600 7,940 1,630 8,860 1,620 1,760 7,100 6,470 1,300 652 376 3,080
West Virginia 54000 5,440 2,810 4,580 2,560 4,620 2,530 146 4,470 0 217 1,330 3,010 352
Wisconsin 55000 6,740 1,400 6,510 1,330 7,250 1,420 759 6,490 169 692 453 5,820 443
Wyoming 56000 6,220 12,200 7,600 16,700 7,060 14,700 335 6,720 6,590 100 118 220 2,800
 
Puerto Rico (X) 2,600 176 3,040 163 2,840 154 135 2,680 107 443 15 2,260 187
Virgin Islands (X) 124 68 164 91 202 113 0.7 201 0 7.8 20 173 1.9
 
|
1 Includes self-supplied withdrawals for commercial use (1.2 mil. and
2.4 mil. gallons per day) and livestock (4.4 mil. and 4.5 mil. gallons per day) that are not shown separately
not shown separately under "major uses" in 1985 and 1990m, respectively.
2 Includes domestic withdrawals for normal household purposes.
3 Includes water used in mining.
4 Water that has been evaporated, transpired, or incorporated into
products, plant or animal tissue; and therefore, is not available for
immediate reuse.
5 Includes Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands.
 
Source: U.S. Geological Survey,
Estimated Use of Water in the United States in 1985, 1990, and 1995,
circulars 1004, 1081, and 1200.
 
http://h2o.usgs.gov/public/watuse/index.html
 
* * * * * * * * * * *
Estimated Use of Water in the United States
 
Glossary of water-use terminology
 
Water-use terminology is continuing to expand in this series of water-use circulars prepared at 5-year intervals. The
term "water use" as initially used in 1950 in the U.S. Geological Survey's water-use circulars meant withdrawals of
water; in the report for 1960, the term was redefined to include consumptive use of water as well as withdrawals.
With the beginning of the Survey's National Water-Use Information Program in 1978 the term was again redefined
to include return flow and offstream and instream uses. In the report for 1985, the term was redefined to include
withdrawals plus deliveries.
 
STANDARD WATER-USE TERMS
 
 
institutions. The water may be obtained from a public supply or may be self supplied. See also public supply and
self- supplied water.
 
 
crops, consumed by humans or livestock, or otherwise removed from the immediate water environment. Also
referred to as water consumed.
 
 
Generally, the water is not available for further use; however, leakage from an irrigation ditch, for example, may
percolate to a ground-water source and be available for further use.
 
 
and dishes, flushing toilets, and watering lawns and gardens. Also called residential water use. The water may be
obtained from a public supply or may be self supplied. See also public supply and self-supplied water.
 
 
transpiration.
 
 
from the soil and surface-water bodies and as a result of plant transpiration. See also evaporation and transpiration.
 
 
than 500 mg/L of dissolved solids is undesirable for drinking and many industrial uses.
 
 
subsurface water in the saturated zone (a zone in which all voids are filled with water) where the water is under
pressure greater than atmospheric.
 
 
generators are driven by falling water. Hydroelectric water use is classified as an instream use in this report.
 
 
and includes such industries as steel, chemical and allied products, paper and allied products, mining, and petroleum
refining. The water may be obtained from a public supply or may be self supplied. See also public supply and self-
supplied water.
 
 
maintain vegetative growth in recreational lands such as parks and golf courses.
 
 
needs. Livestock as used here includes cattle, sheep, goats, hogs, and poultry. Also included are animal specialties.
See also rural water use and animal specialties water use.
 
 
 
 
ores; liquids, such as crude petroleum; and gases, such as natural gas. Also includes uses associated with quarrying,
well operations (dewatering), milling (crushing, screening, washing, floatation, and so forth), and other preparations
customarily done at the mine site or as part of a mining activity. Does not include water used in processing, such as
smelting, refining petroleum, or slurry pipeline operations. These uses are included in industrial water use.
 
 
industry, irrigation, livestock, thermoelectric power generation, and other uses. Sometimes called off-channel use or
withdrawal.
 
 
 
 
provide water for a variety of uses, such as domestic, commercial, thermoelectric power, industrial, and public
water use. See also commercial water use, domestic water use, thermoelectric power water use, industrial water
use, and public water use.
 
 
 
 
washing, and municipal parks and swimming pools. See also public supply.
 
 
reaches a natural waterway or aquifer.
 
 
 
 
 
 
domestic and livestock needs. The water generally is self supplied, and includes domestic use, drinking water for
livestock, and other uses, such as dairy sanitation, evaporation from stock-watering ponds, and cleaning and waste
disposal. See also domestic water use, livestock water use, and self-supplied water.
 
 
 
 
obtained from a public supply.
 
 
 
 
water may be obtained from a public supply or may be self supplied. See also public supply and self-supplied
water.
 
 
the atmosphere from the plant surface. See also evaporation and evapotranspiration.
 
 
 
 
undesirable constituents.
 
 
for domestic use, irrigation, or industrial processing. In this report, the quantity of water use for a specific category
is the combination of self-supplied withdrawals and public-supply deliveries. 2) More broadly, water use pertains to
human's interaction with and influence on the hydrologic cycle, and includes elements such as water withdrawal,
delivery, consumptive use, wastewater release, reclaimed wastewater, return flow, and instream use. See also
offstream use and instream use.
 


use and self-supplied water.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/388_water_withdrawals_and_consumptive_use_states.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.