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379. Fires and Property Loss for Incendiary and Suspicious Fires and Civilian Fire Deaths and Injuries by Selected Property Type

[Based on sample survey of fire departments]

 
ITEM 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
 
NUMBER (1,000)
 
    Structure fires, total 1,065 1,028 946 869 848 860 800 758 745 688 624 640 638 621 614 574 578 552 517
Structure fires of incendiary
    or suspicious origin 146 155 129 122 111 117 111 105 100 97 97 98 94 85 86 91 85 78 76
 
  Fires of incendiary origin 92 88 77 72 66 69 66 66 63 59 58 62 58 54 53 58 52 52 47
  Fires of suspicious origin 54 67 52 50 45 48 39 39 37 38 39 36 36 31 33 33 33 26 29
 
PROPERTY LOSS 1
(mil. dol.)
    Structure fires, total 5,454 5,976 5,731 5,826 5,891 6,437 5,837 6,226 7,188 7,518 6,713 8,320 6,957 7,406 6,867 7,620 7,933 7,087 6,717
Structure fires of incendiary
    or suspicious origin 1,760 1,658 1,604 1,421 1,417 1,670 1,677 1,590 1,594 1,558 1,394 1,531 1,999 2,351 1,447 1,647 1,405 1,309 1,249
 
  Fires of incendiary origin 1,158 1,142 1,088 946 883 1,069 1,162 1,109 1,022 1,057 875 1,072 3 1,493 4 1,901 964 5 1,116 897 802 816
  Fires of suspicious origin 602 516 516 475 534 601 515 481 572 501 519 459 506 450 483 531 508 507 433
 
CIVILIAN FIRE DEATHS
    Deaths, total 2. 6,505 6,700 6,020 5,920 5,240 6,185 5,850 5,810 6,215 5,410 5,195 4,465 4,730 4,635 4,275 4,585 4,990 4,050 4,035
 
Residential property 5,446 5,540 4,940 4,820 4,240 5,025 4,770 4,660 5,065 4,435 4,115 3,575 3,765 3,825 3,465 3,695 4,080 3,390 3,250
 
  One- and two-family
    dwellings.. 4,175 4,430 3,960 3,825 3,290 4,020 4,005 3,780 4,125 3,545 3,370 2,905 3,160 3,035 2,785 3,035 3,470 2,700 2,775
  Apartments 1,025 970 860 845 785 865 650 790 830 790 680 595 545 685 640 605 565 660 445
Vehicles. 740 840 695 725 630 825 735 805 865 685 695 605 730 595 630 535 710 480 575
 
CIVILIAN FIRE INJURIES
    Injuries, total 2 30,200 30,450 30,525 31,275 28,125 28,425 26,825 28,215 30,800 28,250 28,600 29,375 28,700 30,475 27,250 25,775 25,550 23,750 23,100
Residential property 21,000 20,375 21,100 21,450 19,275 19,825 19,025 20,440 22,600 20,750 20,650 21,850 21,600 22,600 20,025 19,125 19,300 17,775 17,175
 
  One- and two-family
    dwellings.. 16,100 14,875 15,750 16,450 15,100 15,250 14,650 15,200 17,125 15,225 15,250 15,600 15,275 15,700 14,000 13,450 13,700 12,300 11,800
  Apartments 3,600 4,250 4,700 4,300 3,650 3,925 3,925 4,765 4,950 5,050 4,975 5,675 5,825 6,300 5,475 5,200 5,175 5,000 5,000
Vehicles. 4,075 3,400 3,425 3,800 3,600 3,600 3,125 3,150 2,950 3,025 3,350 3,050 3,000 2,675 2,625 2,525 2,225 2,125 2,225



1 Direct property loss only..
2 Includes other not shown separately.
3 Includes estimated loss of $567 million from the April 1992 civil disturbance in Los Angeles, CA.
4 Includes fire losses that occurred during the wildfires in California and the World Trade Center bombing in New York city, which resulted in combined estimated losses of $1.039 billion.
5 Includes $135 in property loss that occurred in the explosion and fire in the federal office building in Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995.

Source: National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA, "1998 U.S. Fire Loss", NFPA Journal, September 1999, and prior issues, (copyright 1999).

http://www.nfpa.org/

* TERMS

Civilian: a civilian is anyone who isn't a firefighter, including public service personnel, such as police officers; civil defense staff; nonfire service medical personnel; and utility company employees.

Death: To be covered in this survey, death must be the result of an injury that occreed as a direct result of a fire that becomes fatal within one year.

Fire: A fire is any instance of uncontrolled burning, including combustion explosions and fires that are out when the fire department arrives. For the purposes of the survey, the following are excluded: authorized and unauthorized controlled burning, overpressure ruptures without combustion, mutual-aid responses, smoke scares, and hazardous responses such as oil spills.

Incendiary: A legal decision or physical evidence that indicates that a fire was deliberately set.

Injury: An injury is any physical damage a person suffers as a direct result of fire that requires, or should require, treatment by a medical practitioner within one year of the incident, regardless of whetehr treatment was actually received. It also includes physical damage that results in at least one day of restricted activity immediately after the fire. Examples of injuries include smoke inhalation, burns, wounds or punctures, fractures, heart attacks, strains and sprains.

Property damage: This includes all forms of direct loss to contents, structures, machinery, vehicles, vegetation, or anything else involved in a fire. Not covered are indirect losses, such as business interruption or tempory shelter provisions.

Structure: A structure is an assembly of materials forming a construction for occupancy or for some use that serves a specific purpose. A building is a type of structure, as are open platforms, bridges, roof assemblies over open storage or process areas, tents, air-suppported structures, and grandstands.

Suspicious: A fire is deemed suspicious when circumstances, such as multiple ignitions, indicate that it may have been deliberately set, or when no accidental or natural ignition factor could be found.

Vehicles, Highway and Other: Highway vehicles include those designed to operate normally on highways, such as cars, motorcycles, buses, trucks, and trailers. Other vehicles, which are included, are trains, boats and ships, aircraft, and farm and construction vehicles. Not included are mobile homes on foundations. Reported casualties and property loss in vehicles should be the direct result of fire only. *



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/379_fires_and_property_loss_for_incendiary.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.