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372. Adults on Probation, in Jail or Prison, or on Parole by Sex and Race

[As of December 31, except jail counts as June 30]

 
Number of adults under correctional supervision Number of adults under correctional supervision Percent of adults under correctional supervision
Sex Race Sex Race
Year
Total 1 Total Probation Jail Prison Parole Male Female White Black Other Total Male Female White Black Other
 
1980 1,840,400 (NA) 1,118,097 2 182,288 319,598 220,438 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1981 2,006,600 (NA) 1,225,934 2 195,085 360,029 225,539 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1982 2,192,600 (NA) 1,357,264 207,853 402,914 224,604 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1983 2,475,100 (NA) 1,582,947 221,815 423,898 246,440 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1984 2,689,200 (NA) 1,740,948 233,018 448,264 266,992 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
1985 3,011,400 1.7 1,968,712 254,986 487,593 300,203 2,606,000 405,500 1,941,600 1,029,600 40,300 1.7 3.0 0.4 1.2 5.2 0.8
1986 3,239,400 1.8 2,114,621 272,735 526,436 325,638 2,829,100 410,300 2,090,100 1,117,200 32,100 1.8 3.3 0.4 1.4 5.7 0.6
1987 3,459,600 1.9 2,247,158 294,092 562,814 355,505 3,021,000 438,600 2,192,200 1,231,100 36,300 1.9 3.5 0.5 1.4 6.2 0.6
1988 3,714,100 2.0 2,356,483 341,893 607,766 407,977 3,223,000 491,100 2,348,600 1,325,700 39,800 2.0 3.7 0.5 1.5 6.6 0.7
1989 4,055,600 2.2 2,522,125 393,303 683,367 456,803 3,501,600 554,000 2,521,200 1,489,000 45,400 2.2 4.0 0.6 1.6 7.3 0.7
1990 4,348,000 2.3 2,670,234 403,019 743,382 531,407 3,746,300 601,700 2,665,500 1,632,700 49,800 2.3 4.2 0.6 1.7 7.9 0.7
1991 4,535,600 2.4 2,728,472 424,129 792,535 590,442 3,913,000 622,600 2,742,400 1,743,300 49,900 2.4 4.4 0.6 1.7 8.3 0.7
1992 4,762,600 2.5 2,811,611 441,781 850,566 658,601 4,050,300 712,300 2,835,900 1,873,200 53,500 2.5 4.5 0.7 1.8 8.7 0.7
1993 4,944,000 2.6 2,903,061 455,500 909,381 676,100 4,215,800 728,200 2,872,200 2,011,600 60,200 2.6 4.6 0.7 1.7 8.8 0.8
1994 5,141,300 2.7 2,981,022 479,800 990,147 690,371 4,377,400 763,900 3,058,000 2,018,000 65,300 2.7 4.7 0.8 1.9 9.1 0.8
1995 5,335,100 2.8 3,077,861 499,300 1,078,542 679,421 4,546,400 828,100 3,210,200 2,090,900 73,300 2.8 4.9 0.8 2.0 9.3 0.9
1996 5,482,900 2.8 3,164,996 510,400 1,127,764 679,733 4,663,600 859,400 3,318,500 2,099,500 105,000 2.8 4.9 0.8 2.0 9.0 1.3
1997 5,692,500 2.8 3,266,837 557,974 1,176,922 690,752 4,797,200 895,300 3,429,000 2,149,900 113,600 2.8 4.9 0.9 2.0 9.0 1.3





1 Totals may not add due to individuals having multiple correctional statuses.
2 Estimated.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, Correctional Populations in the United States, annual.

http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/correct.htm

* Probation - court ordered community supervision of convicted offenders by a probation agency. In many instances, the supervision requires adherence to specific rules of conduct while in the community. Reference date is December 31.

Prison - confinement in a State or Federal correctional facility to serve a sentence of more than 1 year, although in some jurisdictions the length of sentence which results in prison confinement is longer. Reference date is December 31.

Jail - confinement in a local jail while pending trial, awaiting sentencing, serving a sentence that is usually less than 1 year, or awaiting transfer to other facilities after conviction. Reference date is June 30.

Parole - community supervision after a period of incarceration. These data include only adults who are on active or inactive parole supervision or other form of conditional release, including mandatory release, following a term of incarceration. Reference date is December 31.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/372_adults_on_probation_in_jail_or.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.