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350. Authorized Intercepts of Communication -- Summary

[Data for jurisdictions with statutes authorizing or approving interception of wire or oral communication. The Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (18 U.S.C. 2519) requires the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts to report to Congress the number and nature of federal and state applications for orders authorizing the interception of wire, oral, or electronic communications]

       
Item 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996
     
Jurisdictions: 1
  With wiretap statutes 19 20 21 24 24 24 24 24 24 26 28 29 29 31 31 32 32 33 34 37 40 41 41 41 41 41 46
  Reporting interceptions. 12 14 18 19 19 18 21 19 20 20 22 22 22 20 24 22 24 22 23 25 25 23 23 23 18 19 24
  Intercept applications
   authorized.. 596 816 855 864 728 701 686 626 570 553 564 589 578 648 801 784 754 673 738 763 872 856 919 976 1,154 1,058 1,149
  Intercept installations.. 582 792 841 812 694 676 635 601 560 533 524 562 518 602 773 722 676 634 678 720 812 802 846 938 1,100 1,024 1,035
    Federal.. 179 281 205 130 120 106 136 77 81 87 79 106 129 205 277 235 247 233 286 305 321 349 332 444 549 527 574
    State 403 511 636 682 574 570 499 524 479 446 445 456 389 397 496 487 429 401 392 415 491 453 514 494 551 497 461
Intercepted communications,
  average 2 655 643 600 610 850 654 662 658 738 866 1,058 848 1,082 1,107 1,209 1,320 1,328 1,299 1,251 1,656 1,487 1,584 1,861 1,801 2,139 2,028 1,969
  Incriminating. 295 399 303 304 431 305 272 268 205 252 315 190 209 229 298 275 253 230 316 337 321 290 347 364 373 459 422
Persons arrested 3 1,874 2,811 2,861 2,306 2,162 2,234 2,189 2,191 1,825 1,717 1,871 1,735 1,725 1,716 2,393 2,469 2,410 2,226 2,486 2,804 2,057 2,364 2,685 2,428 2,852 2,577 2,464
  Convictions 3 151 322 402 409 179 336 358 372 337 368 259 248 453 521 649 660 761 506 543 706 420 605 607 413 772 494 502
Major offense specified:
  Gambling 325 570 497 446 381 408 378 265 241 204 199 156 150 157 186 206 189 135 126 111 116 98 66 96 86 95 114
  Drugs.. 127 126 230 229 199 178 190 237 195 250 282 318 333 360 483 434 348 379 435 471 520 536 634 679 876 732 821
  Homicide and assault 21 18 35 47 21 16 10 22 25 29 13 33 31 31 30 25 34 18 14 20 21 21 35 28 19 30 41
  Other 123 102 93 142 127 99 108 102 109 70 70 82 64 100 102 119 183 141 163 161 215 201 184 173 173 201 173



1 Jurisdictions include Federal Government, States, and the District of Columbia.
2 Average per authorized installation.
3 Based on information received from intercepts installed in year shown; additional arrests/convictions will occur in subsequent years but are not shown here.

Source: Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, Report on Applications for Orders Authorizing or Approving the Interception of Wire, Oral or Electronic Communications, (Wiretap Report), annual.

http://www.uscourts.gov/

* Applications for Orders Authorizing or Approving the Interception of Wire, Oral, or Electronic Communications

Reporting Requirements of the Statute

Each federal and state judge is required to file a written report with the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts (AO) on each application for an order authorizing the interception of a wire, oral, or electronic communication (18 U.S.C. 2519(1)). This report is to be furnished within 30 days of the denial of the application or the expiration of the court order (after all extensions have expired). The report must include the name of the official who applied for the order, the offense under investigation, the type of interception device, the general location of the device, and the duration of the authorized intercept.

Prosecuting officials who applied for interception orders are required to submit reports to the AO no later than January 31 on all orders that were terminated during the previous calendar year. These reports contain information related to the cost of the intercept, the number of days the intercept device was actually in operation, the total number of intercepts, and the number of incriminating intercepts recorded. Results such as arrests, trials, convictions, and the number of motions to suppress evidence related directly to the use of intercepts are also noted.

Neither the judges reports nor the prosecuting officials reports contain the names, addresses, or phone numbers of the parties investigated. The AO is not authorized to collect this information.

These data are tabulations of the number of applications for interceptions that were granted or denied, as reported by judges, as well as the number of authorizations for which interception devices were installed, as reported by prosecuting officials. No statistics are available on the number of devices installed for each authorization.

No report to the AO is required when an order is issued with the consent of one of the principal parties to the communication. Examples of such situations include the use of a wire interception to investigate obscene phone calls; the interception of a communication to which a police officer or police informant is a party; the use of a body microphone; or the use of only a pen register (a mechanical device attached to a telephone line to record on paper tape all numbers dialed from that line).

Regulations

The Director of the AO is empowered to develop and revise the reporting regulations and reporting forms for collecting information on intercepts. Copies of the regulations, the reporting forms, and the federal wiretapping statute may be obtained by writing to the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, Statistics Division, Washington, D.C. 20544.

The Attorney General of the United States, the Deputy Attorney General, the Associate Attorney General, any Assistant Attorney General, any acting Assistant Attorney General, or any specially designated Deputy Assistant Attorney General in the Criminal Division of the Department of Justice may authorize an application to a federal judge for an order authorizing the interception of wire, oral, or electronic communications. On the state level, applications are made by a prosecuting attorney if such attorney is authorized by a statute of that State to make application to a State court judge of competent jurisdiction.

Many wiretap orders are related to large-scale criminal investigations that cross county and state boundaries. Consequently, arrests, trials, and convictions resulting from these interceptions often do not occur within the same year as the installation of the intercept device. Under 18 U.S.C. 2519(2), prosecuting officials must file supplementary reports on additional court or police activity that occurs as a result of intercepts reported in prior years.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/350_authorized_intercepts_of_communication_summary.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.