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32. 1997 Economic Census





338. Hate Crimes -- Number of Incidents, Offenses, Victims, and Known Offenders, by Bias Motivation

[The FBI collected statistics on hate crimes from 9,584 law enforcement agencies covering 198 million inhabitants of the U.S. in 1995; 11,354 agencies and 223 million inhabitants in 1996; 11,211 agencies and 223 million inhabitants in 1997; 10,461 agencies and 214 million inhabitants in 1998; 12,122 agencies and 233 million inhabitants in 1999. Hate crime offenses cover incidents motivated by race, religion, sexual orientation, and ethnicity/national origin, as well as disability, which was added in 1994]

 
1997 1998 1999
Bias motivation Incidents Offenses Victims 1 Known Incidents Offenses Victims 1 Known Incidents Offenses Victims 1 Known
reported offenders 2 reported offenders 2 reported offenders 2
 
    Total bias motivations. 8,049 9,861 10,255 8,474 7,755 9,235 9,722 7,489 7,876 9,301 9,802 7,271
 
Race, total. 4,710 5,898 6,084 5,444 4,321 5,360 5,514 4,626 4,295 5,240 5,485 4,362
  Anti-White. 993 1,267 1,293 1,520 792 989 1,003 1,131 781 970 996 1,011
  Anti-Black. 3,120 3,838 3,951 3,301 2,901 3,573 3,663 2,999 2,958 3,542 3,679 2,861
  Anti-American Indian/Alaskan native. 36 44 46 45 52 66 66 61 47 49 50 40
  Anti-Asian/Pacific Islander. 347 437 466 351 293 359 372 245 298 363 379 288
  Anti-multi-racial group. 214 312 328 227 283 373 410 190 211 316 381 162
 
Ethnicity/national origin, total. 836 1,083 1,132 906 754 919 956 863 829 1,011 1,040 904
  Anti-Hispanic. 491 636 649 614 482 595 620 580 466 576 588 562
  Anti-other ethnicity/national origin. 345 447 483 292 272 324 336 283 363 435 452 342
 
Religion, total. 1,385 1,483 1,586 792 1,390 1,475 1,720 536 1,411 1,532 1,686 602
  Anti-Jewish. 1,087 1,159 1,247 598 1,081 1,145 1,235 394 1,109 1,198 1,289 429
  Anti-Catholic. 31 32 32 16 61 62 65 15 36 41 41 18
  Anti-Protestant. 53 59 61 19 59 61 62 31 48 49 50 19
  Anti-Islamic. 28 31 32 22 21 22 23 12 32 34 34 14
  Anti-other religious group. 159 173 184 120 125 138 288 71 151 170 221 98
  Anti-multi-religious group. 24 26 27 11 41 45 45 12 31 35 46 21
  Anti-atheism/agnosticism/etc. 3 3 3 6 2 2 2 1 4 5 5 3
 
Sexual orientation, total. 1,102 1,375 1,401 1,315 1,260 1,439 1,488 1,408 1,317 1,487 1,558 1,376
  Anti-male homosexual. 760 912 927 1,032 850 972 1,005 1,048 915 1,025 1,070 1,043
  Anti-female homosexual. 188 229 236 158 223 265 270 207 187 216 231 150
  Anti-homosexual. 133 210 214 103 158 170 177 129 178 205 216 154
  Anti-heterosexual. 12 14 14 14 12 13 17 7 14 16 16 15
  Anti-bisexual. 9 10 10 8 17 19 19 17 23 25 25 14
 
Disability, total 12 12 12 14 25 27 27 42 19 21 23 21
  Anti-physical.. 9 9 9 11 13 14 14 19 10 11 13 9
  Anti-mental. 3 3 3 3 12 13 13 23 9 10 10 12
 
Multiple bias. 4 10 40 3 5 15 17 14 5 10 10 6



1 The term "victim" may refer to a person, business, institution, or a society as a whole.
2 The term "known offender" does not imply that the identity of the suspect is known, but only that an attribute of the suspect is identified which distinquishes him/her from an unknown offender.

Source: U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Hate Crime Statistics, annual; and http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/hc97all.pdf (accessed: 30 March 1999); http://WWW.fbi.GOV/ucr/98hate.pdf (accessed: 29 October 1999); and http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/Cius_99/99crime/99cius1.pdf (released: 15 October 2000).

http://WWW.fbi.GOV/ucr/ucr.htm

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In response to the passage of the Hate Crime Statistics Act of 1990, the Attorney General designated the FBIs Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program to develop and implement a data collection system for nearly 17,000 voluntary law enforcement agency participants. With the cooperation and assistance of several local and state enforcement agencies already experienced in investigation of hate crimes and the of related information, comprehensive guidelines for the compilation of hate crime were established.

Hate Crime Statistics Act was recently amended by the Violent Crime and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 to include crimes motivated by a bias against persons with disabilities. In order to comply with this amendment, the FBI began collecting data disability bias crimes on January 1, 1997. Also, the Church Arson Prevention Act, signed into law in July 1996, amended the Crime Statistics Act by permanently extending the data collection mandate.

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https://allcountries.org/uscensus/338_hate_crimes_number_of_incidents_offenses.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.