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329. Crimes and Crime Rates, by Type

[Data refer to offenses known to the police. Rates are based on Bureau of the Census estimated resident population as of July 1, except 1980 and 1990, enumerated as of April 1. Annual totals for years prior to 1984 were adjusted in 1984 and may not be consistent with those in prior editions. See source for details. Minus sign (-) indicates decrease. For definitions of crimes, see below]

 
Violent crime Property crime
Year Total Forcible Aggra- Bur- Larceny- Motor
Total Murder 1 rape Robbery vated Total glary theft vehicle
assault theft
 
Number of offenses (1,000):
  1970 8,098 739 16.0 38.0 350 335 7,359 2,205 4,226 928
  1971 8,588 817 17.8 42.3 388 369 7,772 2,399 4,424 948
  1972 8,249 835 18.7 46.9 376 393 7,414 2,376 4,151 887
  1973 8,718 876 19.6 51.4 384 421 7,842 2,566 4,348 929
  1974 10,253 975 20.7 55.4 442 456 9,279 3,039 5,263 977
  1975 11,292 1,040 20.5 56.1 471 493 10,253 3,265 5,978 1,010
  1976 11,350 1,004 18.8 57.1 428 501 10,346 3,109 6,271 966
  1977 10,985 1,030 19.1 63.5 413 534 9,955 3,072 5,906 978
  1978 11,209 1,086 19.6 67.6 427 571 10,123 3,128 5,991 1,004
  1979 12,250 1,208 21.5 76.4 481 629 11,042 3,328 6,601 1,113
  1980 13,408 1,345 23.0 83.0 566 673 12,064 3,795 7,137 1,132
  1981 13,424 1,362 22.5 82.5 593 664 12,062 3,780 7,194 1,088
  1982 12,974 1,322 21.0 78.8 553 669 11,652 3,447 7,143 1,062
  1983 12,109 1,258 19.3 78.9 507 653 10,851 3,130 6,713 1,008
  1984 11,882 1,273 19.0 84.2 485 685 10,609 2,984 6,592 1,032
  1985 12,431 1,329 19.0 88.7 498 723 11,103 3,073 6,926 1,103
  1986 13,212 1,489 20.6 91.5 543 834 11,723 3,241 7,257 1,224
  1987 13,509 1,484 20.1 91.1 518 855 12,025 3,236 7,500 1,289
  1988 13,923 1,566 20.7 92.5 543 910 12,357 3,218 7,706 1,433
  1989 14,251 1,646 21.5 94.5 578 952 12,605 3,168 7,872 1,565
  1990 14,476 1,820 23.4 102.6 639 1,055 12,656 3,074 7,946 1,636
  1991 14,873 1,912 24.7 106.6 688 1,093 12,961 3,157 8,142 1,662
  1992 14,438 1,932 23.8 109.1 672 1,127 12,506 2,980 7,915 1,611
  1993 14,145 1,926 24.5 106.0 660 1,136 12,219 2,835 7,821 1,563
  1994 13,990 1,858 23.3 102.2 619 1,113 12,132 2,713 7,880 1,539
  1995 13,863 1,799 21.6 97.5 581 1,099 12,064 2,594 7,998 1,472
  1996 13,494 1,689 19.7 96.3 536 1,037 11,805 2,506 7,905 1,394
  1997 13,195 1,636 18.2 96.2 499 1,023 11,559 2,461 7,744 1,354
  1998 12,486 1,534 17 93 447 977 10,952 2,333 7,376 1,243
  1999 11,635 1,431 16 89 410 916 10,205 2,100 6,957 1,147
 
Percent change, number of
offenses:
  1989 to 1999 -18.4 -13.1 -27.8 -5.7 -29.2 -3.7 -19.0 -33.7 -11.6 -26.7
  1990 to 1991 2.7 5.0 5.4 3.9 7.6 3.6 2.4 2.7 2.5 1.6
  1991 to 1992 -2.9 1.1 -3.8 2.3 -2.2 3.1 -3.5 -5.6 -2.8 -3.1
  1992 to 1993 -2.0 -0.3 3.2 -2.8 -1.9 0.8 -2.3 -4.9 -1.2 -3.0
  1993 to 1994 -1.1 -3.5 -5.0 -3.6 -6.2 -2.0 -0.7 -4.3 0.8 -1.5
  1994 to 1995 -0.9 -3.2 -7.3 -4.6 -6.1 -1.3 -0.6 -4.4 1.5 -4.4
  1995 to 1996 -2.7 -6.1 -9.1 -1.3 -7.7 -5.7 -2.1 -3.4 -1.2 -5.3
  1996 to 1997 -2.2 -3.1 -7.6 -0.1 -6.9 -1.3 -2.1 -1.8 -2.0 -2.9
  1997 to 1998 -5.4 -6.2 -6.8 -3.1 -10.3 -4.6 -5.2 -5.2 -4.7 -8.2
  1998 to 1999 -6.8 -6.7 -8.5 -4.3 -8.4 -6.2 -6.8 -10.0 -5.7 -7.7
 
Rate per 100,000 population:
  1970 3,984.5 363.5 7.9 18.7 172.1 164.8 3,621.0 1,084.9 2,079.3 456.8
  1971 4,164.7 396.0 8.6 20.5 188.0 178.8 3,768.8 1,163.5 2,145.5 459.8
  1972 3,961.4 401.0 9.0 22.5 180.7 188.8 3,560.4 1,140.8 1,993.6 426.1
  1973 4,154.4 417.4 9.4 24.5 183.1 200.5 3,737.0 1,222.5 2,071.9 442.6
  1974 4,850.4 461.1 9.8 26.2 209.3 215.8 4,389.3 1,437.7 2,489.5 462.2
  1975 5,298.5 487.8 9.6 26.3 220.8 231.1 4,810.7 1,532.1 2,804.8 473.7
  1976 5,287.3 467.8 8.8 26.6 199.3 233.2 4,819.5 1,448.2 2,921.3 450.0
  1977 5,077.6 475.9 8.8 29.4 190.7 240.0 4,601.7 1,419.8 2,729.9 451.9
  1978 5,140.3 497.8 9.0 31.0 195.8 262.1 4,642.5 1,434.6 2,747.4 460.5
  1979 5,565.5 548.9 9.7 34.7 218.4 286.0 5,016.6 1,511.9 2,999.1 505.6
  1980 5,950.0 596.6 10.2 36.8 251.1 298.5 5,353.3 1,684.1 3,167.0 502.2
  1981 5,858.2 594.3 9.8 36.0 258.7 289.7 5,263.9 1,649.5 3,139.7 474.7
  1982 5,603.6 571.1 9.1 34.0 238.9 289.2 5,032.5 1,488.8 3,084.8 458.8
  1983 5,175.0 537.7 8.3 33.7 216.5 279.2 4,637.4 1,337.7 2,868.9 430.8
  1984 5,031.3 539.2 7.9 35.7 205.4 290.2 4,492.1 1,263.7 2,791.3 437.1
  1985 5,207.1 556.6 7.9 37.1 208.5 302.9 4,650.5 1,287.3 2,901.2 462.0
  1986 5,480.4 617.7 8.6 37.9 225.1 346.1 4,862.6 1,344.6 3,010.3 507.8
  1987 5,550.0 609.7 8.3 37.4 212.7 351.3 4,940.3 1,329.6 3,081.3 529.4
  1988 5,664.2 637.2 8.4 37.6 220.9 370.2 5,027.1 1,309.2 3,134.9 582.9
  1989 5,741.0 663.1 8.7 38.1 233.0 383.4 5,077.9 1,276.3 3,171.3 630.4
  1990 5,820.3 731.8 9.4 41.2 257.0 424.1 5,088.5 1,235.9 3,194.8 657.8
  1991 5,897.8 758.1 9.8 42.3 272.7 433.3 5,139.7 1,252.0 3,228.8 659.0
  1992 5,660.2 757.5 9.3 42.8 263.6 441.8 4,902.7 1,168.2 3,103.0 631.5
  1993 5,484.4 746.8 9.5 41.1 255.9 440.3 4,737.6 1,099.2 3,032.4 606.1
  1994 5,373.5 713.6 9.0 39.3 237.7 427.6 4,660.0 1,042.0 3,026.7 591.3
  1995 5,275.9 684.6 8.2 37.1 220.9 418.3 4,591.3 987.1 3,043.8 560.4
  1996 5,086.6 636.5 7.4 36.3 201.9 390.9 4,450.1 944.8 2,979.7 525.5
  1997 4,930.0 611.3 6.8 35.9 186.3 382.3 4,318.7 919.4 2,893.4 506.0
  1998 4,619.3 567.5 6.3 34.5 165.4 361.3 4,051.8 863.0 2,729.0 459.8
  1999 4,266.8 524.7 5.7 32.7 150.2 336.1 3,742.1 770.0 2,551.4 420.7
 
Percent change, rate per
100,000 population:
  1989 to 1999 -25.7 -20.9 -34.5 -14.2 -35.5 -12.3 -26.3 -39.7 -19.5 -33.3
  1990 to 1991 1.3 3.6 4.3 2.7 6.1 2.2 1.0 1.3 1.1 0.2
  1991 to 1992 -4.0 -0.1 -5.1 1.2 -3.3 2.0 -4.6 -6.7 -3.9 -4.2
  1992 to 1993 -3.1 -1.4 2.2 -4.0 -2.9 -0.3 -3.4 -5.9 -2.3 -4.0
  1993 to 1994 -2.0 -4.4 -5.3 -4.4 -7.1 -2.9 -1.6 -5.2 -0.2 -2.4
  1994 to 1995 -1.8 -4.1 -8.9 -5.6 -7.1 -2.2 -1.5 -5.3 0.6 -5.2
  1995 to 1996 -3.6 -7.0 -9.8 -2.2 -8.6 -6.6 -3.1 -4.3 -2.2 -6.2
  1996 to 1997 -3.1 -7.2 -7.4 -3.9 -11.2 -5.5 -6.2 -6.1 -5.7 -9.1
  1997 to 1998 -6.3 -7.2 -7.4 -3.9 -11.2 -5.5 -6.2 -6.1 -5.7 -9.1
  1998 to 1999 -7.6 -7.5 -9.5 -5.2 -9.2 -7.0 -7.6 -10.8 -6.5 -8.5



1 Includes nonnegligent manslaughter.

Source: U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, Crime in the United States, annual.

http://WWW.fbi.GOV/ucr/ucr.htm *

Uniform Crime Reports

The FBIs UCR Program, which began in 1929, collects information on the following crimes reported to law enforcement authorities: homicide, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. Arrests are reported for 21 additional crime categories. The UCR data are compiled from monthly law enforcement reports or individual crime incident records transmitted directly to the FBI or to centralized state agencies that then report to the FBI. Each report submitted to the UCR Program is examined thoroughly for reasonableness, accuracy, and deviations that may indicate errors. Large variations in crime levels may indicate modified records procedures, incomplete reporting, or changes in a jurisdictions boundaries. To identify any unusual fluctuations in an agencys crime counts, monthly reports are compared with previous submissions of the agency and with those for similar agencies.

In 1995, law enforcement agencies active in the UCR Program represented approximately 251 million United States inhabitants95 percent of the U.S. population. The UCR Program provides crime counts for the Nation as a whole, as well as for regions, states, counties, cities, and towns. This permits studies among neighboring jurisdictions and among those with similar populations and other common characteristics. UCR findings for each calendar year are published in a preliminary release in the spring, followed by a detailed annual report, Crime in the United States, issued in the following calendar year. In addition to crime counts and trends, this report includes data on crimes cleared, persons arrested (age, sex, and race), law enforcement personnel (including the number of sworn officers killed or assaulted), and the characteristics of homicides (including age, sex, and race of victims and offenders, victim-offender relationships, weapons used, and circum-stances surrounding the homicides). Other special reports are also available from the UCR Program. * The Crime Index

The following offenses and attempts to commit these offenses are used in compiling the Crime Index: (1) murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, (2) forcible rape, (3) robbery, (4) aggravated assault, (5) burglary, (6) larceny-theft, (7) motor vehicle theft, and (8) arson. Arson was added as the eighth index offense in October 1978. (Manslaughter by negligence and simple or minor assaults are not included in the Crime Index.)

Offenses in the UCR program are divided into two groupings, Part I and Part II. Information on the volume of Part I offenses known to law enforcement, those cleared by arrest or exceptional means, and the number of persons arrested is reported monthly. Only arrest data are reported for Part II offenses.

Part I offenses

Criminal homicide-- a. Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter: the willful (nonnegligent) killing of one human being by another. Deaths caused by negligence, attempts to kill, assaults to kill, suicides, accidental deaths, and justifiable homicides are excluded. Justifiable homicides are limited to: (1) the killing of a felon by a law enforcement officer in the line of duty and (2) the killing of a felon by a private citizen. b. Manslaughter by negligence: the killing of another person through gross negligence. Traffic fatalities are excluded. While manslaughter by negligence is a Part I crime, it is not included in the Crime Index.

Forcible rape--The carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will. Included are rapes by force and attempts or assaults to rape. Statutory offenses (no force used--victim under age of consent) are excluded.

Robbery--The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.

Aggravated assault--An unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm. Simple assaults are excluded.

Burglary--breaking or entering--The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft. Attempted forcible entry is included.

Larceny-theft (except motor vehicle theft)--The unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another. Examples are thefts of bicycles or automobile accessories, shoplifting, pocket-picking, or the stealing of any property or article which is not taken by force and violence or by fraud. Attempted larcenies are included. Embezzlement, "con" games, forgery, worthless checks, etc., are excluded.

Motor vehicle theft--The theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle. A motor vehicle is self-propelled and runs on the surface and not on rails. Specifically excluded from this category are motorboats, construction equipment, airplanes, and farming equipment.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/329_crimes_and_crime_rates_by_type.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.