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302. College Freshmen--Summary Characteristics: 1970 to 1998

[In percent, except as indicated (12 represents $12,000). As of fall for first-time full-time freshmen. Based on sample survey and subject to sampling error; see source]

 
CHARACTERISTIC 1970 1975 1980 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992
 
Sex: Male 55 53 49 49 49 48 48 48 47 46 46 46 47 46
     Female 45 47 51 51 51 52 52 52 53 54 54 54 53 54
Applied to three or more colleges 1 15 19 26 28 28 30 29 32 33 37 37 36 34 33
 
Average grade in high school: A- to A+ 16 18 21 21 20 20 21 23 21 24 23 23 24 26
  B- to B+ 58 60 60 60 59 58 59 56 59 58 59 58 57 57
  C to C+ 27 21 19 19 21 21 20 20 19 19 17 19 19 17
  D 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 
Political orientation: Liberal 34 29 20 19 19 20 21 22 22 22 22 23 24 24
  Middle of the road 45 54 60 60 60 58 57 56 56 54 54 55 54 53
  Conservative 17 15 17 18 18 19 19 19 18 20 21 20 19 19
Probable field of study: Arts and humanities 16 11 9 8 8 8 8 9 9 10 9 9 8 8
  Biological sciences 4 6 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5
  Business 16 19 24 24 24 26 27 26 27 26 25 21 18 16
  Education 11 10 7 5 6 7 7 8 9 9 9 10 9 10
  Engineering 9 8 12 12 12 11 11 11 10 10 10 8 10 9
  Physical science 2 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
  Social science 14 10 7 6 6 7 8 8 9 9 10 10 8 9
  Professional (NA) (NA) 15 13 14 14 13 12 11 12 13 15 18 20
  Technical 4 9 6 7 7 5 5 4 3 2 3 4 4 3
    Data processing/computer programming (NA) (NA) 2 4 4 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
  Other 2 (NA) (NA) (NA) 16 16 16 16 15 16 16 15 16 17 17
    Communications (NA) (NA) 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 2 2 2
    Computer science (NA) (NA) 1 2 5 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1
 
Recipient of financial aid: Pell grant (NA) (NA) 33 23 26 20 19 17 17 20 22 23 23 23
  Supplemental educational opportunity grant (NA) (NA) 8 6 7 6 5 5 6 6 6 7 7 6
  State scholarship or grant (NA) (NA) 16 15 16 14 14 14 16 14 15 16 13 14
  College grant (NA) (NA) 13 12 13 17 19 18 13 20 20 22 22 24
  Federal guaranteed student loan (NA) (NA) 21 11 15 23 23 25 22 22 23 23 22 23
  Perkins loan 3 (NA) (NA) 9 6 5 6 6 7 5 3 2 8 7 8
  College loan (NA) (NA) 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 6 8 6 5 6
  College work-study grant (NA) (NA) 15 12 14 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 12
 
Attitudes--agree or strongly agree: Activities of
    married women are best confined to
      home and family 48 28 27 26 25 23 22 20 26 26 26 25 26 26
  Capital punishment should be abolished 56 (NA) 34 28 29 26 27 26 24 23 21 22 21 21
  Legalize marijuana 38 47 39 29 26 23 22 21 20 19 17 19 21 23
  There is too much concern for the rights of
    criminals 52 53 66 70 69 (NA) (NA) (NA) 68 69 69 (NA) 65 67
  Abortion should be legalized (NA) (NA) 54 55 55 54 55 59 59 57 65 65 63 64
  aspires to advanced degrees 49 50 49 50 50 51 51 52 55 59 60 61 60 55
    Male 57 53 50 51 51 52 52 52 55 59 59 60 59 55
    Female 41 46 47 48 49 50 50 52 54 59 60 62 60 56
  Median family income ($1,000) 12 16 23 28 28 30 34 37 39 41 41 43 44 45


- Represents or rounds to zero. NA Not available. X Not applicable.
1 1969 data.
2 Includes other fields and undecided, not shown separately.
3 National Direct Student Loan prior to 1990.

Source: The Higher Education Research Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, The American Freshman: National Norms, annual.

http://www.gseis.ucla.edu/heri/heri.html



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/302_college_freshmen_summary_characteristics_1970_to.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.