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32. 1997 Economic Census





1447. Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services--Establishments, Receipts, Payroll, and Employees, by Kind of Business (NAICS Basis): 1997



 
Receipts Annual payroll Paid
employees
Kind of business for pay
Estab- Per Per period
NAICS lish- paid paid First-quarter including
code 1 ments Total employee Total employee payroll March 12
(number) ($1,000) (dol.) ($1,000) (dol.) ($1,000) (number)
 
    Professional, scientific, & technical services, total 54 615,305 579,542,139 111,178 225,376,050 43,236 50,558,313 5,212,745
 
Professional, scientific, & technical services 541 615,305 579,542,139 111,178 225,376,050 43,236 50,558,313 5,212,745
 
  Legal services 5411 173,716 127,052,406 125,534 49,060,017 48,474 10,374,586 1,012,092
    Offices of lawyers 54111 165,757 122,616,890 128,250 47,409,587 49,588 10,007,220 956,074
      Offices of lawyers 541110 165,757 122,616,890 128,250 47,409,587 49,588 10,007,220 956,074
        Offices of lawyers (except legal aid societies) 5411101 165,757 122,616,890 128,250 47,409,587 49,588 10,007,220 956,074
    Other legal services 54119 7,959 4,435,516 79,180 1,650,430 29,462 367,366 56,018
      Title abstract & settlement offices 541191 6,391 3,489,167 74,697 1,386,275 29,678 307,378 46,711
      All other legal services 541199 1,568 946,349 101,681 264,155 28,382 59,988 9,307
 
  Accounting, tax return prep, bookkeeping,
   & payroll services 5412 97,512 61,117,315 63,234 26,104,086 27,008 6,007,695 966,533
    Accounting, tax return prep, bookkeeping,
     & payroll services 54121 97,512 61,117,315 63,234 26,104,086 27,008 6,007,695 966,533
      Offices of certified public accountants 541211 53,651 38,601,265 99,145 15,167,282 38,956 3,427,274 389,340
      Tax return preparation services 541213 12,830 2,184,210 14,788 760,170 5,147 279,420 147,698
      Payroll services 541214 2,709 14,113,017 44,601 7,598,085 24,012 1,695,658 316,425
      Other accounting services 541219 28,322 6,218,823 55,000 2,578,549 22,805 605,343 113,070
 
  Architectural, engineering, & related services 5413 92,710 116,986,061 112,669 46,942,816 45,210 10,593,413 1,038,317
    Architectural services 54131 20,602 16,988,338 115,802 6,468,524 44,093 1,357,068 146,702
      Architectural services 541310 20,602 16,988,338 115,802 6,468,524 44,093 1,357,068 146,702
    Engineering services 54133 52,526 88,180,688 120,788 35,337,890 48,405 8,049,622 730,048
      Engineering services 541330 52,526 88,180,688 120,788 35,337,890 48,405 8,049,622 730,048
    Drafting services 54134 1,872 605,362 66,160 310,342 33,917 72,168 9,150
      Drafting services 541340 1,872 605,362 66,160 310,342 33,917 72,168 9,150
    Building inspection services 54135 2,771 639,041 73,673 240,080 27,678 49,561 8,674
      Building inspection services 541350 2,771 639,041 73,673 240,080 27,678 49,561 8,674
    Geophysical surveying & mapping services 54136 587 1,087,786 109,822 445,595 44,987 110,008 9,905
      Geophysical surveying & mapping services 541360 587 1,087,786 109,822 445,595 44,987 110,008 9,905
    Surveying & mapping (except geophysical) services 54137 8,864 3,041,882 58,708 1,431,603 27,630 312,831 51,814
      Surveying & mapping (except geophysical) services 541370 8,864 3,041,882 58,708 1,431,603 27,630 312,831 51,814
    Testing laboratories 54138 5,488 6,442,964 78,550 2,708,782 33,024 642,155 82,024
      Testing laboratories 541380 5,488 6,442,964 78,550 2,708,782 33,024 642,155 82,024
 
  Specialized design services 5414 26,436 14,254,024 126,103 4,088,006 36,166 906,641 113,035
    Interior design services 54141 9,612 4,945,340 145,816 1,021,531 30,120 218,189 33,915
      Interior design services 541410 9,612 4,945,340 145,816 1,021,531 30,120 218,189 33,915
    Industrial design services 54142 1,322 1,363,017 100,170 582,591 42,816 141,006 13,607
      Industrial design services 541420 1,322 1,363,017 100,170 582,591 42,816 141,006 13,607
    Graphic design services 54143 14,631 7,554,903 122,601 2,354,674 38,212 520,777 61,622
      Graphic design services 541430 14,631 7,554,903 122,601 2,354,674 38,212 520,777 61,622
        Graphic design services (except commercial 5414301 12,565 6,741,083 123,033 2,109,127 38,494 465,035 54,791
         art & medical artists)
        Commercial art 5414302 2,017 801,037 119,772 240,746 35,997 54,652 6,688
        Medical artists 5414303 49 12,783 89,392 4,801 33,573 1,090 143
    Other specialized design services 54149 871 390,764 100,428 129,210 33,207 26,669 3,891
      Other specialized design services 541490 871 390,764 100,428 129,210 33,207 26,669 3,891
 
 
  Computer systems design & related services 5415 72,278 108,967,614 142,505 42,150,658 55,123 9,805,343 764,659
    Computer systems design & related services 54151 72,278 108,967,614 142,505 42,150,658 55,123 9,805,343 764,659
      Custom computer programming services 541511 31,624 38,300,515 120,367 18,417,084 57,879 4,107,483 318,198
      Computer systems design services 541512 30,804 51,212,916 151,730 18,459,669 54,691 4,249,529 337,526
        Computer systems integrators 5415121 10,571 35,270,055 169,779 11,341,975 54,597 2,652,101 207,741
        Computer systems consultants (except 5415122 20,233 15,942,861 122,841 7,117,694 54,842 1,597,428 129,785
         systems integrators)
      Computer facilities management services 541513 1,445 15,114,194 210,443 3,389,511 47,194 1,051,577 71,821
      Other computer related services 541519 8,405 4,339,989 116,937 1,884,394 50,773 396,754 37,114
 
 
  Management, scientific, & technical consulting services 5416 80,426 63,428,740 124,066 26,581,677 51,993 5,766,476 511,252
    Management consulting services 54161 60,794 52,224,697 127,054 22,296,821 54,244 4,830,950 411,044
      Administrative management & general 541611
       management consulting service 27,399 28,556,409 136,847 12,738,842 61,047 2,776,200 208,674
      Human resources & executive search consulting services 541612 14,788 10,713,115 107,433 5,160,322 51,749 1,118,438 99,719
        Actuarial consulting 5416121 714 1,152,766 111,930 571,565 55,497 136,717 10,299
        Executive placement services 5416122 7,619 5,154,804 109,261 2,640,672 55,971 524,452 47,179
        Human resources & personnel management consulting 5416123 6,455 4,405,545 104,295 1,948,085 46,118 457,269 42,241
      Marketing consulting services 541613 12,498 7,874,497 128,212 2,547,408 41,477 536,176 61,418
      Process, physical distribution, & logistics 541614 3,078 3,259,152 128,485 1,195,682 47,137 257,721 25,366
       consulting services
      Other management consulting services 541618 3,031 1,821,524 114,800 654,567 41,253 142,415 15,867
    Environmental consulting services 54162 6,725 4,780,771 103,603 1,777,594 38,522 404,953 46,145
      Environmental consulting services 541620 6,725 4,780,771 103,603 1,777,594 38,522 404,953 46,145
    Other scientific & technical consulting services 54169 12,907 6,423,272 118,811 2,507,262 46,377 530,573 54,063
      Other scientific & technical consulting services 541690 12,907 6,423,272 118,811 2,507,262 46,377 530,573 54,063
 
  Scientific research & development services 5417 7,830 23,078,307 130,405 9,322,150 52,675 2,287,996 176,974
    R&D in the physical, engineering, & life sciences 54171 6,855 21,821,756 135,283 8,820,582 54,683 2,176,420 161,304
      R&D in the physical, engineering, & life sciences 541710 6,855 21,821,756 135,283 8,820,582 54,683 2,176,420 161,304
        R&D in the physical & engineering sciences 5417101 4,269 14,861,730 136,557 5,890,352 54,123 1,449,935 108,832
        Research & development in the life sciences 5417102 2,586 6,960,026 132,643 2,930,230 55,844 726,485 52,472
    Research & development in the social sciences & humanities 54172 975 1,256,551 80,188 501,568 32,008 111,576 15,670
      R&D in the social sciences & humanities 541720 975 1,256,551 80,188 501,568 32,008 111,576 15,670
 
  Advertising & related services 5418 38,832 49,290,082 118,141 16,012,117 38,379 3,688,245 417,214
    Advertising agencies 54181 13,390 16,871,520 120,955 7,556,880 54,177 1,762,109 139,486
      Advertising agencies 541810 13,390 16,871,520 120,955 7,556,880 54,177 1,762,109 139,486
    Public relations agencies 54182 6,513 4,771,957 123,195 1,951,633 50,384 426,576 38,735
      Public relations agencies 541820 6,513 4,771,957 123,195 1,951,633 50,384 426,576 38,735
    Media buying services 54183 882 1,056,713 123,824 422,027 49,452 98,591 8,534
      Media buying services 541830 882 1,056,713 123,824 422,027 49,452 98,591 8,534
    Media representatives 54184 2,686 3,308,665 125,153 1,060,529 40,115 253,691 26,437
      Media representatives 541840 2,686 3,308,665 125,153 1,060,529 40,115 253,691 26,437
        Radio & television advertising representatives 5418401 1,142 1,278,211 98,734 541,527 41,830 129,724 12,946
        Publishers advertising representatives 5418402 1,544 2,030,454 150,504 519,002 38,470 123,967 13,491
    Display advertising 54185 2,261 4,638,974 112,169 823,063 19,901 196,335 41,357
      Display advertising 541850 2,261 4,638,974 112,169 823,063 19,901 196,335 41,357
        Display advertising (except outdoor) 5418501 633 2,249,617 85,103 303,398 11,478 71,097 26,434
        Outdoor advertising services 5418502 1,628 2,389,357 160,112 519,665 34,823 125,238 14,923
    Direct mail advertising 54186 3,454 8,672,214 101,229 2,426,572 28,325 560,921 85,669
      Direct mail advertising 541860 3,454 8,672,214 101,229 2,426,572 28,325 560,921 85,669
    Advertising material distribution services 54187 560 829,683 86,049 174,956 18,145 37,769 9,642
      Advertising material distribution services 541870 560 829,683 86,049 174,956 18,145 37,769 9,642
    Other services related to advertising 54189 9,086 9,140,356 135,706 1,596,457 23,702 352,253 67,354
      Other services related to advertising 541890 9,086 9,140,356 135,706 1,596,457 23,702 352,253 67,354
        Welcoming services 5418901 128 30,970 51,106 7,230 11,931 1,389 606
        Advertising specialties goods distributor 5418902 4,477 6,847,023 230,811 943,235 31,796 209,077 29,665
        Sign painting & lettering shop 5418903 3,390 786,247 71,744 214,789 19,599 44,938 10,959
        All other advertising 5418909 1,091 1,476,116 56,504 431,203 16,506 96,849 26,124
 
  Other professional, scientific, & technical services 5419 25,565 15,367,590 72,261 5,114,523 24,049 1,127,918 212,669
    Marketing research & public opinion polling 54191 4,030 7,879,886 73,266 2,963,417 27,553 655,053 107,552
      Marketing research & public opinion polling 541910 4,030 7,879,886 73,266 2,963,417 27,553 655,053 107,552
    Photographic services 54192 17,573 5,571,219 66,399 1,539,891 18,353 339,456 83,905
      Photographic studios, portrait 541921 13,245 3,705,100 56,657 990,666 15,149 218,504 65,395
      Commercial photography 541922 4,328 1,866,119 100,817 549,225 29,672 120,952 18,510
    Translation & interpretation services 54193 904 414,570 85,250 142,155 29,232 30,422 4,863
      Translation & interpretation services 541930 904 414,570 85,250 142,155 29,232 30,422 4,863
    All other professional, scientific, & technical services 54199 3,058 1,501,915 91,866 469,060 28,690 102,987 16,349
      All other professional, scientific, & technical services 541990 3,058 1,501,915 91,866 469,060 28,690 102,987 16,349



1 North American Industry Classification System code. For definitions of each industry, see "North American Industry Classification System--United States, 1997" available from the National Technical Information Service and the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. For a short description available on the Internet, see also http://www.census.gov/epcd/www/pdf/naicsdat.pdf

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census, Professional, Scientific, & & Technical Services, Series EC97554A-US, issued December 1999.

http://www.census.gov/epcd/www/econ97.html

* Establishment

An establishment is a single physical location at which business is conducted and/or services are provided. It is not necessarily identical with a company or enterprise, which may consist of one establishment or more. Economic census figures represent a summary of reports for individual establishments rather than companies. For cases where a census report was received, separate information was obtained for each location where business was conducted. When administrative records of other Federal agencies were used instead of a census report, no information was available on the number of locations operated. Each economic census establishment was tabulated according to the physical location at which the business was conducted. The count of establishments represents those in business at any time during 1997.

When two activities or more were carried on at a single location under a single ownership, all activities generally were grouped together as a single establishment. The entire establishment was classified on the basis of its major activity and all data for it were included in that classification. However, when distinct and separate economic activities (for which different industry classification codes were appropriate) were conducted at a single location under a single ownership, separate establishment reports for each of the different activities were obtained in the census.

Sales, Shipments, Receipts, Revenue, or Business Done

Includes the total sales, shipments, receipts, revenue, or business done by establishments within the scope of the economic census.

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services; Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services; Educational Services; Health Care and Social Assistance; Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation; and Other Services (Except Public Administration) sectors - TAXABLE ESTABLISHMENTS: Includes receipts from customers or clients for services rendered, from the use of facilities, and from merchandise sold during 1997 whether or not payment was received in 1997. For advertising agencies, travel industries, and other service establishments operating on a commission basis, receipts include commissions, fees, and other operating income, NOT gross billings and sales. Excise taxes on gasoline, liquor, tobacco, etc., which are paid by the manufacturer or wholesaler and passed on in the cost of goods purchased by the service establishment are also included. The establishments share of receipts from departments, concessions, and vending and amusement machines operated by others are included as part of receipts. Receipts also include the total value of service contracts, market value of compensation received in lieu of cash, amounts received for work subcontracted to others, and dues and assessments from members and affiliates. Receipts from services provided to foreign customers from U.S. locations, including services preformed for foreign parent firms, subsidiaries, and branches are included.

Receipts are net after deductions for refunds and allowances for merchandise returned by customers. Receipts DO NOT include sales, occupancy, admissions, or other taxes collected from customers and remitted directly by the firm to a local, state, or Federal tax agency, nor do they include income from such sources as contributions, gifts, and grants; dividends, interest, and investments; or sale or rental of real estate. Also excluded are receipts (gross) of departments and concessions which are operated by others; sales of used equipment rented or leased to customers; domestic intracompany transfers; receipts of foreign subsidiaries; and other nonoperating income, such as royalties, franchise fees, etc. Receipts DO NOT include service receipts of manufacturers, wholesalers, retail establishments, or other businesses whose primary activity is other than service. They do, however, include receipts other than from services rendered (e.g., sale of merchandise to individuals or other businesses) by establishments primarily engaged in performing services and classified in the service industries. Annual Payroll

Payroll includes all forms of compensation, such as salaries, wages, commissions, dismissal pay, bonuses, vacation allowances, sick-leave pay, and employee contributions, to qualified pension plans paid during the year to all employees. For corporations, payroll includes amounts paid to officers and executives; for unincorporated businesses, it does not include profit or other compensation of proprietors or partners. Payroll is reported before deductions for social security, income tax, insurance, union dues, etc. This definition of payroll is the same as that used by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) on Form 941.

Paid Employees

Paid employees consists of full-time and part-time employees, including salaried officers and executives of corporations. Included are employees on paid sick leave, paid holidays, and paid vacations; not included are proprietors and partners of unincorporated businesses. The definition of paid employees is the same as that used on IRS Form 941.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1447_professional_scientific_technical_services_establishments_receipts.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.