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32. 1997 Economic Census





1440. Construction -- Establishments, Employees, Payroll, and Value, by Kind of Business (NAICS Basis): 1997



 
Number of employees Number of construction workers Payroll ($1,000) Net Cost of Cost of End-of-year
Value of value materials, construction Rental cost of Capital gross book
construction of con- Value components, work machinery, expenditures, value of
Kind of Business NAICS Number of Con- January April July October Con- work struc- added supplies, subcontracted equipment, other than depreciable
code 1 estab- struction to to to to All struction tion and fuels out to others and buildings land assets
lishments All workers March June September December employees workers work
($1,000) ($1,000) ($1,000) ($1,000) ($1,000) ($1,000) ($1,000) ($1,000)
 
Construction 23 656,448 5,664,853 4,332,737 3,974,166 4,357,708 4,603,709 4,395,365 174,184,608 119,676,792 845,543,552 612,209,024 383,845,728 241,400,736 233,334,544 12,348,423 15,063,943 118,847,360
Building, developing, & general contracting . 233 199,289 1,342,953 885,939 831,434 887,038 934,236 891,048 42,546,112 23,135,832 381,641,600 198,826,896 120,322,720 83,788,504 182,814,720 2,341,357 3,037,957 22,304,406
  Land subdivision & land development 2331 8,186 41,827 10,977 10,219 10,485 11,911 11,293 1,509,773 254,247 13,635,521 10,247,820 9,154,633 1,867,422 3,387,700 80,840 276,804 1,746,086
    Land subdivision & land development 23311 8,186 41,827 10,977 10,219 10,485 11,911 11,293 1,509,773 254,247 13,635,521 10,247,820 9,154,633 1,867,422 3,387,700 80,840 276,804 1,746,086
  Residential building construction 2332 146,394 629,887 407,801 385,220 411,710 428,547 405,728 16,731,210 8,762,122 161,286,080 100,124,176 56,374,696 45,710,376 61,161,900 758,198 1,306,872 9,652,600
    Single-family housing construction 23321 138,850 570,990 367,719 347,933 371,075 386,007 365,861 14,964,583 7,739,858 146,798,768 92,802,168 52,585,924 41,947,744 53,996,600 668,029 1,211,114 8,886,918
    Multifamily housing construction 23322 7,544 58,896 40,082 37,287 40,635 42,540 39,867 1,766,627 1,022,265 14,487,308 7,322,008 3,788,773 3,762,633 7,165,301 90,169 95,759 765,683
  Nonresidential building construction 2333 44,710 671,239 467,161 435,995 464,843 493,778 474,027 24,305,128 14,119,462 206,720,016 88,454,896 54,793,388 36,210,704 118,265,120 1,502,318 1,454,281 10,905,719
    Mfg & industrial building construction 23331 7,280 143,066 107,180 101,768 106,997 111,065 108,890 5,128,967 3,322,347 33,514,342 17,202,078 10,429,844 7,296,270 16,312,262 347,686 309,888 2,485,399
    Commercial & institutional building
     construction 23332 37,430 528,173 359,981 334,226 357,846 382,713 365,138 19,176,160 10,797,116 173,205,680 71,252,816 44,363,544 28,914,436 101,952,864 1,154,632 1,144,393 8,420,319
Heavy construction 234 42,557 880,400 710,898 605,243 734,889 778,318 725,140 30,291,850 22,218,582 127,841,600 105,639,352 68,775,976 39,816,292 22,202,246 4,297,718 5,313,180 45,846,272
  Highway, street, bridge, & tunnel
   construction 2341 12,448 325,743 265,267 201,409 282,188 308,977 268,495 11,374,786 8,473,898 58,011,324 46,274,084 27,477,466 20,395,496 11,737,238 1,803,366 2,431,324 21,903,534
    Highway & street construction 23411 11,270 277,979 227,066 168,468 242,136 266,449 231,211 9,527,626 7,095,139 48,472,284 39,102,084 22,983,910 17,699,646 9,370,199 1,546,990 2,189,057 19,603,764
    Bridge & tunnel construction 23412 1,177 47,764 38,201 32,942 40,052 42,529 37,283 1,847,160 1,378,759 9,539,041 7,172,002 4,493,556 2,695,851 2,367,039 256,375 242,267 2,299,770
  Other heavy construction 2349 30,109 554,657 445,630 403,834 452,702 469,341 456,645 18,917,064 13,744,685 69,830,272 59,365,264 41,298,512 19,420,796 10,465,008 2,494,352 2,881,856 23,942,738
    Water, sewer, & pipeline construction 23491 8,042 162,566 134,023 118,378 136,968 145,154 135,592 5,522,281 4,087,007 22,204,058 19,126,738 12,280,098 7,062,344 3,077,320 880,428 945,049 7,704,027
    Power & communication transmission
     line construction 23492 3,300 74,050 60,880 56,373 60,486 63,749 62,911 2,387,432 1,748,715 7,849,436 6,741,945 5,201,423 1,610,583 1,107,492 267,361 428,260 2,993,666
    Industrial nonbuilding structure
     construction 23493 531 98,555 79,473 77,706 81,784 76,152 82,252 3,722,363 2,734,020 9,255,216 8,129,656 6,288,698 1,894,705 1,125,561 234,208 135,395 1,262,284
    All other heavy construction 23499 18,236 219,486 171,254 151,376 173,463 184,287 175,891 7,284,989 5,174,943 30,521,562 25,366,926 17,528,292 8,853,164 5,154,637 1,112,355 1,373,152 11,982,762
 
Special trade contractors 235 414,602 3,441,500 2,735,901 2,537,489 2,735,781 2,891,155 2,779,177 101,346,648 74,322,376 336,060,352 307,742,752 194,747,056 117,795,936 28,317,580 5,709,350 6,712,807 50,696,684
  Plumbing, heating, & air-conditioning
   contractors 2351 84,876 788,930 599,940 575,724 594,608 622,656 606,774 25,720,160 18,279,714 87,330,176 78,496,384 46,576,808 33,016,838 8,833,796 1,315,324 1,361,596 9,891,859
    Plumbing, heating, & air-conditioning
     contractors 23511 84,876 788,930 599,940 575,724 594,608 622,656 606,774 25,720,160 18,279,714 87,330,176 78,496,384 46,576,808 33,016,838 8,833,796 1,315,324 1,361,596 9,891,859
 
  Painting & wall covering contractors 2352 37,480 195,331 160,740 142,809 162,077 179,422 158,651 4,543,495 3,430,534 13,015,683 12,049,579 8,787,438 3,313,756 966,104 241,717 306,388 1,914,670
    Painting & wall covering contractors 23521 37,480 195,331 160,740 142,809 162,077 179,422 158,651 4,543,495 3,430,534 13,015,683 12,049,579 8,787,438 3,313,756 966,104 241,717 306,388 1,914,670
 
  Electrical contractors 2353 61,414 641,985 510,921 482,658 498,478 532,341 530,209 21,680,036 16,261,157 64,260,292 61,121,104 38,580,524 23,195,354 3,139,188 818,635 1,015,851 7,612,438
    Electrical contractors 23531 61,414 641,985 510,921 482,658 498,478 532,341 530,209 21,680,036 16,261,157 64,260,292 61,121,104 38,580,524 23,195,354 3,139,188 818,635 1,015,851 7,612,438
 
  Masonry, drywall, insulation, & tile
   contractors 2354 49,917 470,701 407,700 381,763 410,433 427,505 411,098 12,612,114 10,072,956 38,092,892 34,843,408 22,668,938 12,540,930 3,249,485 498,316 548,317 4,100,836
    Masonry & stone contractors 23541 22,614 164,236 145,919 131,511 148,587 155,867 147,712 4,068,498 3,348,713 12,231,875 11,438,477 7,593,673 3,910,609 793,398 195,487 231,463 1,745,715
    Drywall, plastering, acoustical, &
     insulation contractors 23542 20,457 266,710 229,934 219,949 229,823 238,753 231,209 7,479,440 5,940,419 22,369,364 20,113,940 13,082,540 7,290,708 2,255,424 265,495 268,950 1,949,828
    Tile, marble, terrazzo, & mosaic
     contractors 23543 6,847 39,755 31,847 30,303 32,023 32,885 32,177 1,064,176 783,825 3,491,653 3,290,990 1,992,726 1,339,614 200,663 37,334 47,905 405,292
 
  Carpentry & floor contractors 2355 56,936 290,942 228,273 212,933 226,987 240,999 232,175 7,162,774 5,116,142 26,986,756 24,048,754 14,486,520 10,033,848 2,938,002 360,900 327,112 2,675,840
    Carpentry contractors 23551 44,858 230,409 185,610 172,661 185,313 195,586 188,882 5,490,471 4,086,221 20,311,034 18,006,142 11,031,365 7,306,600 2,304,892 265,882 251,195 2,026,619
    Floor laying & other floor contractors 23552 12,078 60,533 42,663 40,272 41,674 45,413 43,293 1,672,303 1,029,921 6,675,721 6,042,611 3,455,155 2,727,249 633,111 95,018 75,917 649,222
 
  Roofing, siding, & sheet metal
   contractors 2356 30,557 253,315 197,294 180,620 198,105 210,731 199,719 6,494,890 4,369,788 23,967,096 21,976,038 13,220,789 8,941,505 1,991,057 335,273 417,129 3,127,915
    Roofing, siding, & sheet metal
     contractors 23561 30,557 253,315 197,294 180,620 198,105 210,731 199,719 6,494,890 4,369,788 23,967,096 21,976,038 13,220,789 8,941,505 1,991,057 335,273 417,129 3,127,915
 
  Concrete contractors 2357 30,417 262,256 222,121 184,155 232,001 245,023 227,306 6,858,140 5,298,498 25,848,848 23,603,728 14,159,429 9,762,065 2,245,119 511,485 701,491 5,930,597
    Concrete contractors 23571 30,417 262,256 222,121 184,155 232,001 245,023 227,306 6,858,140 5,298,498 25,848,848 23,603,728 14,159,429 9,762,065 2,245,119 511,485 701,491 5,930,597
 
  Water well drilling contractors 2358 3,862 21,214 15,360 14,423 15,497 16,092 15,426 576,191 399,089 2,191,264 2,131,884 1,331,018 831,824 59,380 47,545 128,956 1,318,427
    Water well drilling contractors 23581 3,862 21,214 15,360 14,423 15,497 16,092 15,426 576,191 399,089 2,191,264 2,131,884 1,331,018 831,824 59,380 47,545 128,956 1,318,427
 
  Other special trade contractors 2359 59,143 516,824 393,552 362,405 397,595 416,387 397,821 15,698,852 11,094,501 54,367,340 49,471,892 34,935,584 16,159,817 4,895,449 1,580,154 1,905,967 14,124,102
    Structural steel erection contractors 23591 4,238 72,301 59,923 57,112 59,512 62,304 60,765 2,387,071 1,822,653 8,009,223 7,216,973 4,863,623 2,496,799 792,249 229,387 120,938 1,016,268
    Glass & glazing contractors 23592 4,714 35,823 23,207 22,119 22,485 24,015 24,211 1,051,551 623,662 3,830,894 3,735,033 2,123,533 1,826,144 95,862 75,476 47,440 455,252
    Excavation contractors 23593 18,229 116,237 92,830 80,039 94,835 101,640 94,806 3,353,874 2,525,857 13,746,608 12,216,146 9,086,184 3,576,930 1,530,462 601,267 994,656 7,913,730
    Wrecking & demolition contractors 23594 1,542 18,820 14,486 13,274 14,157 15,557 14,956 592,176 414,583 2,164,162 1,913,892 1,732,366 321,372 250,269 105,796 109,871 790,383
    Building equip & other machinery
     installation contractors 23595 4,489 75,501 56,211 54,835 55,680 57,155 57,174 3,148,030 2,260,145 9,215,174 8,605,993 6,616,349 2,117,398 609,181 172,141 181,015 1,090,008
    All other special trade contractors 23599 25,932 198,141 146,894 135,026 150,927 155,716 145,908 5,166,152 3,447,601 17,401,280 15,783,854 10,513,530 5,821,174 1,617,426 396,088 452,047 2,858,463



1 North American Industry Classification System code. For definitions of each industry, see "North American Industry Classification System--United States, 1997" available from the National Technical Information Service and the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. For a short description available on the Internet, see also http://www.census.gov/epcd/www/pdf/naicsdat.pdf

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census, Construction, Series EC97C23S-IS, issued January 2000.

http://www.census.gov/epcd/www/econ97.html

* Establishment

An establishment is a single physical location at which business is conducted and/or services are provided. It is not necessarily identical with a company or enterprise, which may consist of one establishment or more. Economic census figures represent a summary of reports for individual establishments rather than companies. For cases where a census report was received, separate information was obtained for each location where business was conducted. When administrative records of other Federal agencies were used instead of a census report, no information was available on the number of locations operated. Each economic census establishment was tabulated according to the physical location at which the business was conducted. The count of establishments represents those in business at any time during 1997.

When two activities or more were carried on at a single location under a single ownership, all activities generally were grouped together as a single establishment. The entire establishment was classified on the basis of its major activity and all data for it were included in that classification. However, when distinct and separate economic activities (for which different industry classification codes were appropriate) were conducted at a single location under a single ownership, separate establishment reports for each of the different activities were obtained in the census.

Sales, Shipments, Receipts, Revenue, or Business Done

Includes the total sales, shipments, receipts, revenue, or business done by establishments within the scope of the economic census.

Construction sector - Includes the value of construction work and other business receipts for work done by establishments during the year. Included is new construction, additions and alterations or reconstruction, and maintenance and repair construction work. Also included is the value of any construction work done by the reporting establishments for themselves.

Speculative builders were instructed to include the value of buildings and other structures built or being built for sale in the current year but not sold. They were to include the costs of such construction plus normal profit. Also included is the cost of construction work done on buildings for rent or lease.

Establishments engaged in the sale and installation of such construction components as plumbing, heating, and central air-conditioning supplies and equipment; lumber and building materials; paint, glass, and wallpaper; electrical and wiring supplies; and elevators or escalators were instructed to include both the value for the installation and the receipts covering the price of the items installed.

Excluded was the cost of industrial and other specialized machinery and equipment, which are not an integral part of a structure. Paid Employees

Paid employees consists of full-time and part-time employees, including salaried officers and executives of corporations. Included are employees on paid sick leave, paid holidays, and paid vacations; not included are proprietors and partners of unincorporated businesses. The definition of paid employees is the same as that used on IRS Form 941.

Construction and Manufacturing sectors. Comprises all full-time and part-time employees on the payrolls of establishments who worked or received pay for any part of the pay period including the 12th of March, May, August, and November, divided by 4.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1440_construction_establishments_employees_payroll_and_value.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.