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32. 1997 Economic Census





1412. Military Expenditures and Armed Forces Personnel, by Country

[Military expenditures in millions of dollars, except as indicated (306,000 represents $306,000,000,000). Personnel data as of July. See also Table 572. For most countries, data for expenditures and for gross national product (GNP) were based on local currencies which were deflated to constant 1997 local currency values before conversion to U.S. dollar equivalents. In general, the rates used for conversion are the 1997 average par/market exchange rates as supplied by the World Bank. Armed Forces refer to active-duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces where those forces resemble regular units in their organization, equipment, training, or mission. Reserve forces are not included]

 
Military expenditures Armed Forces personnel
 
CURRENT DOLLARS CONSTANT (1997) DOLLARS
COUNTRY   Number Per 1,000
Percent Per Capita (1,000) population
1990 1997 1990 1997 of GNP (dollars)
 
1990 1997 1990 1997 1990 1997 1990 1997
 
United States 306,000 276,000 359,000 276,000 5.2 3.3 1,430 1,030 2,180 1,530 8.7 5.7
 
Afghanistan (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 58 (NA) 3.9 (NA)
Albania 1 (NA) 64 (NA) 64 (NA) 1.4 (NA) 19 (NA) 52 (NA) 15.8
Algeria 1 726 1,750 850 1,750 2.0 3.9 34 59 126 124 5.0 4.2
Angola 1 1,250 1,550 1,470 1,550 21.3 20.5 174 147 115 95 13.6 9.0
Argentina 3,350 3,700 3,930 3,700 1.9 1.2 120 103 85 65 2.6 1.8
Armenia 1 (X) 342 (X) 342 (X) 3.5 (X) 99 (X) 60 (X) 17.5
Australia 6,090 8,460 7,130 8,460 2.3 2.2 418 459 68 65 4.0 3.5
Austria 1,650 1,790 1,930 1,790 1.1 0.9 251 221 43 48 5.6 5.9
Azerbaijan 1 (X) 225 (X) 225 (X) 1.9 (X) 29 (X) 75 (X) 9.6
Bahrain 216 533 253 533 6.3 10.3 504 883 8 9 15.9 14.9
Bangladesh 301 592 352 592 1.2 1.4 3 5 103 110 0.9 0.9
Barbados (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 0 0 1.8 1.5
Belarus 1 (X) 841 (X) 841 (X) 1.7 (X) 81 (X) 65 (X) 6.2
Belgium 4,450 3,690 5,210 3,690 2.4 1.5 523 363 106 46 10.6 4.5
Belize 5 (NA) 6 (NA) 1.2 (NA) 32 (NA) 1 1 5.2 4.0
Benin 1 26 27 31 27 2.0 1.3 7 5 6 8 1.3 1.4
Bhutan (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 8 (NA) 4.3
Bolivia 158 150 185 150 3.2 1.9 28 20 30 33 4.5 4.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 (X) 259 (X) 259 (X) 5.9 (X) 80 (X) 40 (X) 12.4
Botswana 143 241 168 241 5.0 5.1 128 168 6 8 4.6 5.2
Brazil 9,560 14,100 11,200 14,100 1.8 1.8 75 84 295 296 2.0 1.8
Brunei 336 374 393 374 5.5 4.6 1,550 1,220 4 5 16.7 16.3
Bulgaria 1 3,890 949 4,550 949 8.6 3.0 508 114 129 80 14.4 9.6
Burkina Faso 47 67 56 67 3.1 2.8 6 6 10 9 1.1 0.8
Burma 1 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 230 322 5.6 6.9
Burundi 24 57 28 57 2.4 6.1 5 11 12 35 2.1 6.5
Cambodia 1 (NA) 126 (NA) 126 (NA) 4.1 (NA) 11 112 60 12.8 5.4
Cameroon 1 112 240 132 240 1.6 3.0 11 16 23 13 1.9 0.9
Canada 9,240 7,800 10,800 7,800 2.1 1.3 406 257 87 61 3.3 2.0
Cape Verde (NA) 4 (NA) 4 (NA) 0.9 (NA) 10 1 1 2.9 2.0
Central African Republic 1 11 39 13 39 1.4 3.9 5 12 4 5 1.4 1.4
Chad 36 43 42 43 3.9 2.7 7 6 50 35 8.5 4.9
Chile 2 1,190 2,860 1,390 2,860 3.2 3.9 106 196 95 102 7.2 7.0
China 1 3 48,300 74,900 56,600 74,900 3.5 2.2 50 61 3,500 2,600 3.1 2.1
Colombia 1,300 3,460 1,520 3,460 2.2 3.7 46 91 110 149 3.3 3.9
Congo (Brazzaville) 4 72 74 85 74 4.5 4.1 38 28 9 10 4.1 3.8
Congo (Kinshasa) 1 4 (NA) 252 (NA) 252 (NA) 5.0 (NA) 5 55 (NA) 1.5 (NA)
Costa Rica 74 58 87 58 1.2 0.6 29 17 8 10 2.6 2.8
Cote d'Ivoire 97 101 113 101 1.6 1.1 10 7 15 15 1.3 1.0
Croatia 1 (X) 1,490 (X) 1,490 (X) 6.3 (X) 319 (X) 58 (X) 12.4
Cuba 1 2 1,380 720 1,620 720 4.1 2.3 153 65 297 55 28.1 5.0
Cyprus 164 506 192 506 3.7 6.1 282 680 10 10 14.7 13.4
Czech Republic 1 (X) 1,990 (X) 1,990 (X) 1.9 (X) 193 (X) 55 (X) 5.3
Denmark 2,420 2,800 2,830 2,800 2.0 1.7 551 529 31 29 6.0 5.5
Djibouti 30 20 35 20 7.1 4.1 96 47 4 8 11.3 18.4
Dominican Republic 90 168 105 168 1.0 1.1 15 21 21 22 2.9 2.8
Ecuador 1 398 746 466 746 3.2 4.0 46 62 53 58 5.2 4.8
Egypt 1,570 2,180 1,840 2,180 3.1 2.8 33 34 434 430 7.7 6.6
El Salvador 1 244 101 286 101 3.7 0.9 57 18 55 15 10.9 2.6
Equatorial Guinea (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1 1 2.7 2.9
Eritrea (X) 65 (X) 65 (X) 7.8 (X) 17 (X) 55 (X) 14.8
Estonia 1 (X) 111 (X) 111 (X) 1.5 (X) 77 (X) 7 (X) 4.9
Ethiopia 1 456 117 534 117 11.0 1.9 11 2 250 100 5.2 1.8
Fiji 35 48 41 48 2.3 2.4 56 61 5 4 6.8 5.0
Finland 1,530 1,960 1,790 1,960 1.6 1.7 360 381 31 35 6.2 6.8
France 38,600 41,500 45,200 41,500 3.6 3.0 797 708 550 475 9.7 8.1
Gabon 1 97 91 113 91 3.1 2.0 105 76 9 10 8.4 8.4
Gambia, The 1 3 15 3 15 1.0 3.7 3 12 2 1 2.1 0.8
Georgia 1 (X) 158 (X) 158 (X) 1.4 (X) 31 (X) 11 (X) 2.1
Germany 40,900 32,900 47,900 32,900 2.8 1.6 604 401 545 335 6.9 4.1
Ghana 21 47 24 47 0.5 0.7 2 3 9 7 0.6 0.4
Greece 4,230 5,530 4,960 5,530 4.6 4.6 490 521 201 206 19.9 19.4
Guatemala 168 (NA) 197 (NA) 1.5 (NA) 20 (NA) 43 30 4.5 2.6
Guinea 27 54 32 54 1.2 1.5 5 7 15 12 2.5 1.6
Guinea-Bissau (NA) 8 (NA) 8 (NA) 3.2 (NA) 7 12 7 12.0 5.9
Guyana 5 8 5 8 1.7 1.1 7 11 4 2 4.7 2.8
Haiti 54 (NA) 64 (NA) 1.7 (NA) 11 (NA) 8 0 1.3 0.0
Honduras 64 (NA) 75 (NA) 2.2 (NA) 16 (NA) 18 10 3.8 1.7
Hungary 1 1,280 1,320 1,500 1,320 2.0 1.9 144 129 94 50 9.1 4.9
Iceland 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0
India 6,540 10,900 7,650 10,900 2.9 2.8 9 11 1,260 1,260 1.5 1.3
Indonesia 1 2 1,610 4,810 1,880 4,810 1.5 2.3 10 23 283 280 1.5 1.3
Iran 1 6,110 4,730 7,160 4,730 6.0 3.0 126 74 440 575 7.7 9.1
Iraq 1 22,500 1,250 26,400 1,250 61.3 4.9 1,430 59 1,390 400 75.4 19.0
Ireland 521 744 611 744 1.5 1.2 174 206 13 17 3.7 4.7
Israel 7,360 9,340 8,620 9,340 13.2 9.7 1,910 1,690 190 185 42.1 33.4
Italy 19,400 22,700 22,700 22,700 2.2 2.0 394 395 493 419 8.5 7.3
Jamaica 55 53 64 53 1.2 0.9 26 20 3 3 1.2 1.1
Japan 30,500 40,800 35,700 40,800 1.0 1.0 289 325 250 250 2.0 2.0
Jordan 402 626 471 626 10.8 9.0 144 145 100 102 30.5 23.6
Kazakhstan 1 (X) 699 (X) 699 (X) 1.3 (X) 41 (X) 34 (X) 2.0
Kenya 210 206 246 206 2.9 2.1 10 7 20 24 0.8 0.9
Korea, North 1 5,940 6,000 6,960 6,000 (NA) 27.5 325 281 1,200 1,100 56.0 51.6
Korea, South 9,720 15,000 11,400 15,000 4.2 3.4 266 327 650 670 15.2 14.6
Kuwait 13,000 2,760 15,200 2,760 53.1 7.5 7,130 1,510 7 28 3.3 15.3
Kyrgyzstan 1 (X) 159 (X) 159 (X) 1.6 (X) 34 (X) 14 (X) 3.0
Laos 1 (NA) 60 (NA) 60 (NA) 3.4 (NA) 12 55 50 13.1 9.8
Latvia 1 (X) 97 (X) 97 (X) 0.9 (X) 40 (X) 5 (X) 2.1
Lebanon 316 465 370 465 4.1 3.0 110 135 36 57 10.7 16.5
Lesotho 44 32 51 32 5.3 2.5 29 16 2 2 1.2 1.0
Liberia (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 8 (NA) 3.5 (NA)
Libya 1 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 86 70 19.7 14.7
Lithuania 1 (X) 127 (X) 127 (X) 0.8 (X) 35 (X) 12 (X) 3.3
Luxembourg 89 134 104 134 0.7 0.8 273 319 1 1 2.6 2.4
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of 1 (X) 83 (X) 83 (X) 2.5 (X) 42 (X) 15 (X) 7.5
Madagascar 34 53 40 53 1.2 1.5 3 4 21 21 1.8 1.5
Malawi 20 26 24 26 1.3 1.0 3 3 7 8 0.8 0.8
Malaysia 1,260 2,090 1,480 2,090 2.8 2.2 84 102 130 110 7.4 5.4
Mali (NA) 43 (NA) 43 (NA) 1.7 (NA) 4 13 10 1.6 1.0
Malta 18 31 21 31 0.8 0.9 60 81 2 2 5.6 4.0
Mauritania 28 24 33 24 4.2 2.3 17 10 17 11 8.8 4.5
Mauritius 9 12 10 12 0.3 0.3 10 11 1 1 0.9 0.9
Mexico 1,330 4,290 1,560 4,290 0.5 1.1 18 44 175 250 2.1 2.6
Moldova 1 (X) 62 (X) 62 (X) 1.0 (X) 14 (X) 11 (X) 2.5
Mongolia 71 19 84 19 8.6 1.9 38 7 32 20 14.4 7.9
Morocco 1 1,290 1,390 1,510 1,390 5.4 4.3 58 49 195 195 7.5 6.8
Mozambique 120 73 140 73 7.7 2.8 10 4 65 14 4.6 0.8
Namibia 41 90 48 90 1.9 2.7 34 57 (NA) 8 (NA) 5.0
Nepal 32 42 37 42 1.0 0.8 2 2 35 35 1.8 1.5
Netherlands 6,800 6,840 7,960 6,840 2.6 1.9 533 437 104 57 7.0 3.6
New Zealand 884 766 1,040 766 2.1 1.3 314 214 11 10 3.3 2.8
Nicaragua 1 254 27 298 27 21.0 1.5 83 6 28 14 7.8 3.1
Niger (NA) 20 (NA) 20 (NA) 1.1 (NA) 2 5 5 0.7 0.5
Nigeria 1 2 2,200 2,000 2,570 2,000 2.4 1.4 30 19 94 76 1.1 0.7
Norway 2,950 3,250 3,460 3,250 3.0 2.1 814 739 51 33 12.0 7.5
Oman 1,900 1,820 2,230 1,820 20.1 26.1 1,270 795 32 38 18.3 16.6
Pakistan 2,810 3,380 3,290 3,380 7.6 5.7 29 26 550 610 4.8 4.6
Panama 74 114 87 114 1.5 1.4 36 42 11 12 4.6 4.5
Papua New Guinea 1 59 63 69 63 2.2 1.3 18 14 4 5 1.0 1.1
Paraguay 90 127 105 127 1.3 1.3 23 25 16 16 3.4 3.1
Peru 623 1,350 730 1,350 1.8 2.1 33 53 125 115 5.7 4.5
Philippines 1,230 1,270 1,440 1,270 2.2 1.5 22 17 109 105 1.7 1.4
Poland 1 8,750 5,600 10,200 5,600 5.4 2.3 269 145 313 230 8.2 6.0
Portugal 2,020 2,390 2,360 2,390 2.7 2.4 239 241 87 72 8.8 7.2
Qatar (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 11 11 22.9 16.4
Romania 1 3,870 2,280 4,530 2,280 3.7 2.4 199 102 126 200 5.5 8.9
Russia 1 (X) 41,700 (X) 41,700 (X) 5.8 (X) 283 (X) 1,300 (X) 8.8
Rwanda 1 73 81 85 81 3.7 4.4 12 10 6 40 0.8 5.2
Sao Tome & Principe (NA) 0 (NA) 0 (NA) 0.9 (NA) 2 1 1 8.1 6.9
Saudi Arabia 23,200 21,100 27,100 21,100 20.6 14.5 1,710 1,050 146 180 9.2 9.0
Senegal 64 69 75 69 2.0 1.6 10 7 18 14 2.4 1.5
Serbia and Montenegro 1 5 (X) 1,200 (X) 1,200 (X) 4.9 (X) 114 (X) 115 (X) 10.9
Sierra Leone 1 14 48 16 48 1.4 5.9 4 10 5 5 1.2 1.0
Singapore 2,370 5,660 2,780 5,660 5.0 5.7 914 1,650 56 55 18.4 16.0
Slovakia 1 (X) 903 (X) 903 (X) 2.1 (X) 168 (X) 44 (X) 8.2
Slovenia 1 (X) 1,220 (X) 1,220 (X) 5.2 (X) 617 (X) 10 (X) 5.1
Somalia 1 19 (NA) 23 (NA) 0.9 (NA) 3 (NA) 47 (NA) 5.6 (NA)
South Africa 4,070 2,320 4,770 2,320 4.2 1.8 128 55 85 75 2.3 1.8
Spain 7,410 7,670 8,680 7,670 1.9 1.5 224 196 263 107 6.8 2.7
Sri Lanka 433 762 507 762 4.8 5.1 29 41 22 110 1.3 5.9
Sudan 1 146 412 171 412 2.8 4.6 6 13 65 105 2.4 3.2
Suriname 1 47 17 55 17 4.0 1.2 139 41 4 2 10.0 4.7
Swaziland 16 32 19 32 1.6 2.2 22 34 3 3 3.5 3.2
Sweden 4,810 5,550 5,630 5,550 2.7 2.5 658 626 65 60 7.6 6.8
Switzerland 1 4,590 3,860 5,380 3,860 2.1 1.4 793 533 22 39 3.2 5.4
Syria 2 (NA) 3,400 (NA) 3,400 (NA) 5.6 (NA) 211 408 320 32.3 19.8
Taiwan 3 8,490 13,100 9,940 13,100 5.3 4.6 490 602 370 400 18.2 18.4
Tajikistan 1 (X) 113 (X) 113 (X) 1.7 (X) 19 (X) 10 (X) 1.7
Tanzania 83 87 97 87 1.8 1.3 4 3 40 35 1.6 1.2
Thailand 2,020 3,380 2,370 3,380 2.5 2.3 43 57 283 288 5.1 4.8
Togo 34 29 40 29 3.2 2.0 11 6 8 12 2.2 2.5
Trinidad & Tobago 1 (NA) 83 (NA) 83 (NA) 1.5 (NA) 74 2 2 1.6 1.8
Tunisia 315 359 369 359 2.7 2.0 46 39 35 35 4.3 3.8
Turkey 4,250 7,790 4,980 7,790 3.5 4.0 89 123 769 820 13.7 12.9
Turkmenistan 1 (X) 299 (X) 299 (X) 4.6 (X) 71 (X) 21 (X) 5.0
Uganda 113 268 132 268 3.4 4.2 8 12 60 50 3.5 2.3
Ukraine 1 (X) 4,280 (X) 4,280 (X) 3.7 (X) 85 (X) 450 (X) 8.9
United Arab Emirates 2,590 2,310 3,030 2,310 7.3 6.9 1,350 1,020 66 60 29.3 26.5
United Kingdom 39,300 35,300 46,000 35,300 4.1 2.7 801 600 308 218 5.4 3.7
Uruguay 306 279 359 279 2.5 1.4 115 86 25 25 8.0 7.7
Uzbekistan 1 (X) (NA) (X) (NA) (X) (NA) (X) (NA) (X) 65 (X) 2.8
Venezuela 1 1,220 1,860 1,420 1,860 2.1 2.2 74 83 75 75 3.9 3.3
Vietnam 1 4,810 3,390 5,640 3,390 7.9 2.8 85 45 1,050 650 15.9 8.7
Yemen 317 411 372 411 8.5 8.1 32 26 127 69 11.0 4.4
Zambia 112 41 131 41 4.1 1.1 16 4 16 21 2.0 2.3
Zimbabwe 290 320 340 320 4.6 3.8 34 29 45 40 4.4 3.7




NA Not available. X Not applicable.
1 Military expenditures estimated.
2 Data probably omit a major share of total military expenditures, probably including most arms acquisitions.
3 With the establishment of diplomatic relations with China on January 1, 1979, the U.S. government recognized the People's Republic of China as the sole legal government of China and acknowledged the Chinese position that there is only one China and that Taiwan is part of China.
4 "Congo" is the official short-form name for both the Republic of Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. To distinguish one from the other the U.S. Dept. of State adds the capital in parentheses. This practice is
unofficial and provisional.nn
5 The U.S. view is that the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia has dissolved and no successor state represents its continuation. Serbia and Montenegro have asserted the formation of a joint independent state, but this entity has not been recognized by the United States.

Source: U.S. Dept. of State, Bureau of Verification and Compliance, World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, annual.

http://www.state.gov/index.cfm



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1412_military_expenditures_and_armed_forces_personnel.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.