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32. 1997 Economic Census





1409. Net Flow of Financial Resources to Developing Countries

[In billions of U.S. dollars (75.4 represents $75,400,000,000). Net flow covers loans, grants, and grant-like flows minus amortization on loans. Military flows are excluded. Developing countries cover countries designated by Development Assistance Committee (DAC) as developing. Official development assistance covers all flows to developing countries and multilateral institutions provided by official agencies, including state and local governments, or by their executive agencies, which are administered with the promotion of economic develpment and welfare of developing countries as their main objective and whose financial terms are intended to be concessional in character with grant element of at leat 25 percent. Other official flows cover export credits and portfolio investment from the official sector.)

 
ORIGIN AND TYPE OF RESOURCE 1980 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
 
Net flows to DAC Part I developing countries 1 75.4 45.2 68.8 66.4 81.3 87.1 76.4 94.7 115.8 135.4 165.9 164.6 195.5 187.6
  Official development assistance 27.3 29.4 36.7 41.6 48.1 45.7 53.0 56.7 60.9 56.5 59.2 58.9 55.4 48.3
    Bilateral grants 2 14.1 17.8 21.1 23.4 26.0 25.9 30.8 34.6 32.9 33.4 35.2 36.2 36.5 31.2
    Bilateral Loans 4.0 4.1 5.2 6.6 7.1 7.1 6.4 6.6 8.3 5.9 6.1 4.4 2.6 1.1
    Multinational contributions 3 9.2 7.5 10.4 11.6 15.0 12.8 15.8 15.4 19.6 17.1 17.9 18.3 16.3 16.0
  Other official flows 5.3 3.4 2.1 2.0 4.9 5.8 8.6 7.1 8.9 7.9 10.5 9.9 5.6 6.1
  Private flows at market terms 40.4 9.4 26.7 18.8 28.3 28.8 9.8 25.5 40.1 65.3 90.2 89.8 128.9 128.5
    Direct investment 10.1 6.5 11.0 21.0 25.1 30.1 26.3 22.6 28.1 38.4 48.5 51.8 59.6 79.4
    Private export credits 11.5 0.8 -1.7 -2.4 -1.3 5.7 -0.4 1.1 0.6 -2.0 7.4 5.6 1.3 4.6
    Portfolio investments 18.7 2.1 17.4 0.3 4.4 -7.0 -16.2 1.8 11.2 29.0 34.4 32.4 68.0 44.5
  Private voluntary agencies 2.4 2.9 3.3 4.0 4.2 4.0 5.1 5.4 6.0 5.7 6.0 6.0 5.6 4.6
 
Net flows to DAC Part I developing countries, by donor country 1 4 75.4 45.2 68.8 66.4 81.3 87.1 76.4 94.7 115.8 135.4 165.9 164.6 195.5 187.6
  United States 13.9 1.8 18.2 13.8 17.5 16.4 11.1 20.8 33.5 58.2 59.7 47.0 55.7 75.0
    Official development assistance 7.1 9.4 9.6 8.9 10.1 7.7 11.4 11.3 11.7 10.1 9.9 7.4 9.4 6.9
      Bilateral grants 2 3.0 7.3 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.8 8.5 12.1 8.7 8.5 8.3 6.4 7.7 5.6
      Bilateral loans 1.4 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.3 (Z) -0.2 -2.7 -0.8 -1.2 -1.0 -0.8 -0.8 -0.7
      Multilateral contributions 3 2.8 1.2 2.0 1.9 3.4 0.9 3.0 1.9 3.9 2.8 2.6 1.8 2.5 1.9
    Other Official flows 1.1 0.2 -0.6 -1.8 1.9 -0.5 -0.4 -0.8 1.3 0.1 0.9 1.5 1.1 0.3
    Private flows at market terms 4.3 -9.3 7.5 4.4 3.2 7.3 -2.4 7.6 17.7 45.4 46.3 35.6 42.7 65.3
      Direct investment 3.4 0.9 3.1 8.0 4.2 7.1 7.8 10.5 14.0 20.6 21.4 23.2 23.3 30.0
      Private export credits and
        portfolio investment 0.9 -10.2 4.4 -3.6 -1.0 -0.3 -10.1 -2.9 3.7 24.8 24.9 12.4 19.4 35.3
    Private voluntary agencies 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.6 2.3 1.9 2.5 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
  Australia 0.9 1.2 1.1 0.9 3.6 1.5 1.5 -2.1 4.2 2.1 2.1 2.5 1.4 1.3
  Austria 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.9 1.7
  Belgium 2.9 1.3 -0.8 -0.3 1.8 1.5 0.1 1.5 2.2 0.7 2.2 -0.2 5.6 -11.5
  Canada 3.2 1.7 1.6 2.5 3.0 2.7 3.5 4.0 4.2 5.3 5.6 5.1 6.7 10.0
  Denmark 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.8 1.9 1.9
  Finland 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.3 0.6 0.6 1.1 0.4
  France 11.6 8.9 9.2 8.7 5.4 5.3 5.7 6.5 10.8 10.9 12.7 12.5 17.5 14.0
  Germany 10.6 5.8 7.9 8.8 11.8 12.1 13.6 13.1 8.9 15.4 23.9 21.2 20.8 19.7
  Ireland (Z) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3
  Italy 4.0 2.2 2.6 2.0 5.1 5.8 3.2 7.5 6.2 2.4 3.4 2.8 4.7 8.1
  Japan 6.8 11.6 14.6 20.3 18.9 22.0 17.2 24.5 16.2 15.9 28.5 42.3 38.1 29.5
  Luxembourg (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (Z) 5.9 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
  Netherlands 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.2 2.7 2.5 4.0 4.4 3.4 5.6 4.7 6.8 9.5 8.1
  New Zealand 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
  Norway 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.6
  Portugal (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.9 1.3
  Spain (NA) (NA) 0.2 1.2 0.6 0.4 1.0 1.3 1.6 1.4 3.5 2.0 4.3 7.4
  Sweden 1.9 1.4 1.7 1.8 2.3 2.3 2.8 1.8 3.0 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.0 2.1
  Switzerland 2.7 2.5 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.8 3.4 3.0 3.1 3.6 0.1 1.1 -1.5 -3.5
  United Kingdom 12.2 2.5 6.7 3.5 4.3 9.5 6.5 5.6 9.3 7.3 12.0 13.4 22.5 19.7
 
Net flows to DAC Part II countries in transition 1 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 17.7 25.0 21.5 11.2 19.4 31.1 78.0
  Official aid 5 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 7.3 6.9 7.1 7.5 9.2 5.7 5.1
  Other official flows (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 6.4 2.3 5.3 4.5 6.7 1.8 0.9
  Private flows at market terms (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 3.8 15.5 8.8 -1.1 3.1 23.3 70.9
  Private voluntary agencies (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 1.2




NA Not available Z Less than $50 million.
1 Known as the "List of Developing Countries and Territories," the DAC List of Aid Recipients was split into two parts in 1993 in recognition of the new aid requirements for transition economies of eastern Europe and of the rapid progress of some developing countries with reduced aid needs. Part I countries are the "traditional" developing countries to which aid can be counted as official development assistance. Part II countries are the "more advanced" developing countries of Central and Eastern Europe (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, and Slovakia) and of the Newly Independent States of the former Soviet Union (Belarus, Russia, and Ukraine). In 1996, the Bahamas, Brunei, Kuwait, Qatar, Singapore, and the United Arab Emirates were reclassified from Part I to Part II more advanced developing status. In 1997, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Cyprus, Falkland Islands, Hong Kong, Israel, and Taiwan were reclassified from Part I to Part II status, and Moldova shifted from Part II to Part I status.
2 Includes "grant-like" flows (i.e., loans repayable in recipients' currencies).
3 Includes capital subscriptions to multilateral organizations in the form of demand instruments as of date of issue.
4 Country totals may not sum to DAC totals because debt forgiveness of non-official development assistance claims is not included in DAC totals.
5 Official flows to Part II countries that have the same concessional and qualitative features as official development assistance are designated official aid. Only flows to Part I countries are eligible to be recorded as official development assistance.

Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris, France, Annual Reports of the Development Assistance Committee.

http://www.oecd.org/std/



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1409_net_flow_of_financial_resources_to.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.