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32. 1997 Economic Census





1372. Transportation Infrastructure and Domestic Freight Activity-Selected Countries: 1996

[Data users should see below for notes about statistical comparability]

 
Mode United Canada France Germany Italy Japan United
States Kingdom
 
System length (1,000 kilometers)
Roads, total 1 6,331 2 912 893 634 316 1,152 372
  Motorways 89 2 17 10 11 10 6 3
  Highways-main and national 749 2 15 28 42 47 59 15
  Secondary/regional 695 2 225 355 76 118 121 36
  Other 4,775 2 656 500 505 142 966 317
Inland waterways 3 43 3 4 6 7 2 2 2 5 2
Pipeline, total 2,365 314 32 105 23 2 17
  Gas 2,042 277 25 98 19 2 13
  Oil 2 323 37 8 8 4 0 4
Rail 286 77 4 52 42 2 16 2 27 2 33
Transit rail 7 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 4 (NA)
 
  Number of facilities
Airports 13,175 1,141 460 613 132 164 387
Marine ports and facilities 321 172 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
 
Domestic freight activity
(bil. metric ton-kilometers)
  Total 5,456 439 244 348 269 6 791 238
Air 16 1 2 0 2 0 2 0 2 1 2 0
Water 7 1,116 7 40 13 61 35 462 7 56
  Coastal shipping 596 10 2 7 8 1 35 242 47
  Inland waterways 3 436 25 6 61 0 220 8 0
Pipeline (oil only) 904 105 22 14 13 (NA) 13
Rail 1,980 221 51 68 24 25 15
Road 1,440 72 158 204 198 303 154


NA Not available.
1 Includes data for Puerto Rico, not shown separately.
2 Data for 1995.
3 Commercially navigable.
4 Data for 1994.
5 Data for 1990.
6 Excludes pipeline.
7 Includes other water categories, such as Great Lakes, not shown separately.
8 Data for 1991.

Source: U.S. Dept. of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, G-7 Countries: Transportation Highlights, BTS99-01, 1999.

http://www.bts.gov/

System length and number of facilities All countries The numbers in this table were taken from many sources. Data-collection and processing procedures vary by country making cross-country comparison difficult. Data users should consult the source documents for indications of statistical reliability and comparability. Canada Rail: Yard tracks, sidings, and parallel lines; includes freight and intercity rail only. Airports:Aerodromes (facilities that are registered with Transport Canada as aircraft landing and takeoff sites). Data do not include heliports, STOLports (air- ports designed for short takeoff and landing aircraft, separate from conventional airport facilities), and seaplane bases. Marine ports or facilities: Those reporting domestic and international cargo via either Statistics Canada's Domestic Shipping Report or Revenue Canada's Customs Declaration. European G-7 countries and Japan Road: Data represent a sum of the motorways; highways, main and national; secondary/regional; and other roads. This may differ from primary source data. Rail: One or more adjacent running tracks forming a route between two points. Unless noted, data include yard tracks and sidings. Data also may include transit rail. French, Japanese, and British data include tracks and sidings, while German and Italian data do not. Japanese data are for Japan Rail (a national carrier) and large and mid-sized privatized railroad companies. Japanese transit rail extent is based on data for subways, monorail systems, automated guideway transit systems, cable cars, and tram cars. Airports: The total number of airports with paved and unpaved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces), including military landing fields, based on informa-tion from the U.S. Department of Defense National Imagery and Mapping Agency. Data exclude heliports. Information is not available as to whether STOLports and seaplane bases are included. United States Road: The road total includes data for Puerto Rico, however, data for Puerto Rico are not included in the individual road categories. Individual categories rep-resented include: motorways�Interstate, urban and rural, principal arterial (other freeways and express-ways); highways, main and national�principal arterial, other, urban and rural; minor arterial�urban and rural; secondary/regional�major collector, rural; other roads�local, urban and rural; and minor collector�rural. Inland waterways: Estimated length of inland water-ways on which commercial traffic was reported to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Rail: Length of track owned including yard tracks, sidings, and parallel lines of Class I freight railroads and intercity passenger rail (Amtrak). Class I railroads accounted for 73% of the industry's distance operated. Transit rail: Commuter rail, heavy rail, and light rail. Data are one-way, fixed guideway. Airports: Civilian and joint-use civilian-military airports. Purely military airports are excluded. Data do not include heliports, STOLports, and seaplane bases. Marine ports and facilities: Those with activity exceeding one U.S. short ton per year, either domes-tic or foreign. Includes ports in U.S. territories.

Domestic Freight Activity

All countries The numbers in this table were taken from many sources. Data-collection and processing procedures vary by country making cross-country comparison difficult. Data users should consult the source documents for indications of statistical reliability and comparability. Canada Air: Weight of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage multiplied by the stage distance. Data include domestic activity, and scheduled and nonscheduled operations. Water: Total includes Great Lakes data which are not separately identified in this table. Pipeline: Natural gas totaled 175.6 billion ton-kilometers in 1996. If natural gas activity was included in Canada�s overall total, it would be 614.3 rather than 438.7. Road: Includes only the activity of Canadian-domi-ciled for-hire carriers with annual intercity revenues greater than or equal to $1 million Canadian; excludes local (less than 24 kilometers) deliveries and deliveries made by private trucks and small for-hire carriers. European G-7 countries (excluding United Kingdom) Air: Weight of the freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage multiplied by the stage distance. Data include domestic activity, and scheduled and nonscheduled operations. Coastal shipping: Includes all coastwise and one-port freight movement of goods shipped to offshore installations, for dumping at sea, or reclaimed from the seabed and unloaded in ports. Movements of goods on inland waterways vessels between seaports and inland waterway ports are excluded, as are movements of goods carried internally between different basins or docks of the same port. Japan Total: Data represent a sum of air, water, rail, and road. Data for pipeline are unavailable. Air: See definition under European G-7 countries. United Kingdom Air: See definition under European G-7 countries. Water: Includes all coastwise and one-port freight movements by sea, and inland waterway traffic. Data are collected only for Great Britain and do not include Northern Ireland. Data will not equal the sum of coastal shipping and inland waterways because other United Kingdom water categories are not separately represented in this table. These other categories are included in the water total for the United Kingdom. Road: Does not include Northern Ireland. United States Air: Enplaned revenue ton-kilometers of all certificated carriers (scheduled and nonscheduled service, excluding military cargo moved by civilian carriers). Water: Total includes Great Lakes data, which are not shown separately in this table. Inland waterways: The sum of internal and intraport waterway data. Rail: Data are measured in revenue ton-kilometers and tons originated and are for Class I railroads only. (Class I railroads have annual gross operating revenues in excess of about $255 million (based on $1996) and comprise only 2% of railroads in the United States, but account for 73% of the industry�s operating distance, 89% of its employees, and 91% of its freight revenues). Rail data reflect shipments that originated in the United States. Road: Data are based on estimates for intercity traffic only.



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1372_transportation_infrastructure_and_domestic_freight_activity.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.