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32. 1997 Economic Census
1 Includes nonmonetary gold, military grant aid, special category shipments, trade between the U.S. Virgin Islands and foreign countries and undocumented exports to Canada. Adjustments were also made for carryover. Import values are based on transaction prices whenever possible ("f.a.s." for 1974-1979 and Customs value thereafter). Import data before 1974 do not exist on a transaction price valuation basis.
2 Manufactured goods include commodity sections 5-9 under Schedules A and E for 1970-1982 and SITC Rev. 3 for 1983-forward. Manufactures include undocumented exports to Canada, nonmonetary gold (excluding gold ore, scrap, and base bullion), and special category shipments.
3 Data for 1970-1980 exclude trade between the U.S. Virgin Islands and foreign countries. Census data concordances link the 1980-92 trade figures into time series that are as consistent as possible. Data for 1070-79 are not linked and are from published sources. Import values are "f.a.s." for 1974-1979 and Customs value thereafter; these values are based on transaction prices while maintaining a data series as consistent as possible over time. Import data before 1974 do not exist on a transaction price valuation basis. 1991 Imports include revisions for passenger cars, trucks, petroleum and petroleum products not included elsewhere; see footnote 7 on page 18 for more details.
4 Agricultural products for 1983-forward utilize the latest Census definition that excludes
manufactured goods that were previously classified as manufactured agricultural products.nn
5 Mineral fuels include commodity section 3 under SITC Rev. 1 for 1970-1976, SITC Rev. 2 for 1977-1982 and SITC Rev. 3 for 1983-forward.
Source: U.S. International Trade Administration, through 1996, U.S. Foreign Trade Highlights, annual; thereafter, access date: June 9, 2000;
Exports measure the total physical movement of merchandise out of the United States to foreign countries whether such merchandise is exported from within the U.S. Customs territory or from a U.S. Customs bonded warehouse or a U.S. Foreign Trade Zone. The following are examples of some types of shipments which are included in the statistics but are of such a nature that their inclusion merits separate mention:
Department of Defense Military Assistance Program Grant-Aid shipments under the Foreign Assistance Act.
Foreign military sales.
Shipments of commodities for economic assistance under the Foreign Assistance Act. (Totals for exports under this program are published quarterly or as they become available.)
Shipments of agricultural commodities under P.L. 480 (Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954) as amended, and related laws. (Totals for exports under this program are published as the data become available from the Department of Agriculture. Additional information may be obtained from the Economic Research Service of the Department of Agriculture.)
Sales of U.S. vessels to purchasers in foreign countries.
Satellites launched by U.S. space vehicles limited to: (1) foreign origin, and/or; (2) launched on behalf of international organizations.
Exports of domestic merchandise include commodities which are grown, produced or manufactured in the United States, and commodities of foreign origin which have been changed in the United States, including U.S. Foreign Trade Zones, from the form in which they were imported, or which have been enhanced in value by further manufacture in the United States.
Foreign Exports (Re-exports)
Exports of foreign merchandise (re-exports), consist of commodities of foreign origin which have entered the United States for consumption or into Customs bonded warehouses or U.S. Foreign Trade Zones, and which, at the time of exportation, are in substantially the same condition as when imported.
Imports of merchandise include commodities of foreign origin as well as goods of domestic origin returned to the United States with no change in condition or after having been processed and/or assembled in other countries. (See discussion of American Goods Returned After Processing And/Or Assembly below).
For statistical purposes, imports are classified by the type of transaction.
Merchandise entered for immediate consumption. ("duty free" merchandise and merchandise on which duty is paid on arrival)
Merchandise withdrawn for consumption from Customs bonded warehouses, and U.S. Foreign Trade Zones.
Merchandise entered into Customs bonded warehouses and U.S. Foreign Trade Zones from foreign countries.
Bonded warehouses are authorized by U.S. Customs for storage or manufacturing of goods on which payment of duties is deferred until the goods are removed into Customs Territory. These goods are not subject to duties if reshipped to foreign points.
Foreign Trade Zones
Foreign Trade Zones are enclosed areas, operated as public utilities, under control of U.S. Customs with facilities for handling, storing, manipulating, manufacturing, and exhibiting goods. The merchandise may be exported, destroyed, or sent into Customs territory from the zone, in the original package or otherwise. It is subject to Customs duties if sent into Customs territory, but not if reshipped to foreign points. American Goods Returned After Processing and/or Assembly
Domestically produced goods are shipped from the United States to other countries for processing and/or assembly and then returned to this country. Imports containing U.S. content which qualify for special duty-free treatment on the U.S. portion fall into the following groups: Articles of metal manufactured in the United States, which were exported for further processing abroad and returned to the United States for more processing.
Textile articles assembled abroad and entered under a Special Access Program or Special Regime.
Articles assembled abroad from components produced in the United States, except textile articles entered under a Special Access Program or Special Regime.
Separate statistics are available on American goods returned after processing and/or assembly abroad.
"General Imports" measure the total physical arrivals of merchandise from foreign countries, whether such merchandise enters consumption channels immediately or is entered into bonded warehouses or Foreign Trade Zones under Customs custody.
Imports for Consumption
"Imports for Consumption" measure the total of merchandise that has physically cleared through Customs either entering consumption channels immediately or entering after withdrawal for consumption from bonded warehouses under Customs custody or from Foreign Trade Zones. Many countries use the term "special imports" to designate statistics compiled on this basis.
These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.
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