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1314. Foreign Direct Investment in the U.S.--Gross Book Value and Employment of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Companies, by State

[A U.S. affiliate is a U.S. business enterprise in which one foreign owner (individual, branch, partnership, association, trust, corporation, or government) has a direct or indirect voting interest of 10 percent or more. Universe estimates based on a sample survey of nonbank affiliates with assets, sales, or net income of $10 million or more. See Terms below table]

 
Gross book value of property, Gross book value of property, Total employment Total employment
plant and equipment plant and equipment
(mil. dol.) (mil. dol.)
State and
other area Post 1990 1997
Office 1981 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997
Abbrev- 5-digit 2-digit 1981 Total Percent 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Total Percent
iation FIPS FIPS (1,000) (1,000) of all (1,000) (1,000) (1,000) (1,000) (1,000) (1,000) (1,000) of all
businesses businesses
 
      Total (X) (X) (X) 187,956 578,355 640,140 660,826 705,665 754,383 769,491 825,695 866,197 2,416.6 4,734.5 (X) 4,871.9 4,715.4 4,765.6 4,840.5 4,941.8 5,105.0 5,164.3 (X)
 
   United States US 00000 00 178,003 552,902 612,807 631,956 667,055 718,176 733,089 784,972 839,573 2,402.3 4,704.4 4.9 4,838.2 4,680.9 4,722.5 4,794 4,898.9 5,068.1 5,134.7 4.8
 
Alabama AL 01000 01 2,776 7,300 8,540 9,191 9,574 10,106 10,598 11,981 13,006 27.0 55.7 4.1 65.0 61.7 61.6 60.7 60.6 61.7 65.0 4.1
Alaska AK 02000 02 (D) 19,435 20,190 20,727 24,705 24,389 25,558 26,234 25,922 8.8 13.2 7.7 13.4 9.8 9.5 9.0 9.8 10.2 8.7 4.3
Arizona AZ 04000 04 2,949 7,234 7,913 6,456 6,695 5,924 6,699 9,604 9,797 30.6 57.1 4.4 56.7 52.7 52.4 46.3 51.9 57.8 59.4 3.4
Arkansas AR 05000 05 636 2,344 2,515 2,794 3,078 3,601 3,666 3,829 3,934 17.5 29.2 3.6 30.4 30.8 30.4 30.8 32.1 37.6 35.2 3.7
California CA 06000 06 20,404 75,768 82,334 85,661 87,300 92,919 96,576 102,703 91,788 248.4 555.9 4.8 561.1 522.7 528.6 536.4 548.6 557.5 569.4 4.9
Colorado CO 08000 08 2,369 6,544 7,141 6,916 7,158 8,538 8,602 9,368 9,833 24.7 56.3 4.3 62.0 61.5 60.0 66.7 72.2 72.7 80.3 4.7
Connecticut CT 09000 09 1,254 5,357 6,145 6,747 7,077 8,185 8,466 8,902 8,703 40.8 75.9 5.2 81.3 82.5 77.9 74.2 73.3 85.1 83.8 5.8
Delaware DE 10000 10 1,869 5,818 6,142 6,210 6,505 6,699 2,919 3,105 3,323 36.0 43.1 13.9 41.5 35.8 33.2 32.8 15.8 16.3 19.1 5.6
District of Columbia DC 11000 11 547 3,869 4,301 4,651 4,766 5,030 4,983 4,864 4,339 3.2 11.4 2.6 11.1 9.9 10.8 11.1 13.4 12.8 11.2 2.8
Florida FL 12000 12 6,295 18,659 20,965 22,047 23,682 23,998 24,865 30,251 29,598 73.9 205.7 4.3 211.2 196.0 203.8 201.0 210.0 239.8 240.9 4.2
Georgia GA 13000 13 4,558 16,729 18,830 19,649 20,401 21,425 22,432 23,799 25,403 78.5 161.0 6.3 162.6 156.4 167.6 174.4 180.1 195 188.9 6.0
Hawaii HI 15000 15 (D) 11,830 13,921 15,454 16,030 16,185 15,972 15,324 15,157 17.0 53.0 11.7 56.0 53.8 52.4 50.8 48.9 47.5 50.1 11.4
Idaho ID 16000 16 312 776 1,035 810 838 948 1,026 1,270 1,407 3.8 11.7 3.5 12.9 13.7 11.3 11.9 11.3 12.3 12.4 2.9
Illinois IL 17000 17 5,646 23,420 25,657 27,958 30,374 32,091 34,305 34,687 37,649 113.6 245.8 5.3 250.4 247.2 238.2 226.6 237.0 236.1 224.5 4.4
Indiana IN 18000 18 1,883 13,426 14,057 14,905 15,880 17,326 18,782 16,711 18,367 47.0 126.9 5.7 124.8 127.2 124.6 130.8 136.9 127.2 128.3 5.1
Iowa IA 19000 19 1,032 2,712 3,270 3,422 3,831 4,394 4,527 5,304 5,444 21.6 32.8 3.1 33.7 33.3 31.4 34.3 35.8 37.7 37.8 3.1
Kansas KS 20000 20 877 5,134 5,323 2,714 2,626 2,870 3,233 4,741 5,696 14.6 29.6 3.2 35.0 27.2 29.3 30.5 34.0 42.7 45.4 4.2
Kentucky KY 21000 21 1,848 9,229 10,735 12,018 13,543 15,134 15,136 15,610 16,909 26.0 65.7 5.2 71.3 71.2 75.7 81.2 83.4 86.5 89.5 6.1
Louisiana LA 22000 22 7,872 17,432 19,076 21,033 21,945 23,213 20,543 23,226 25,151 47.0 61.4 4.7 62.2 62.1 60.4 58.1 51.0 55.7 58.0 3.8
Maine ME 23000 23 1,637 2,080 2,254 2,398 2,511 2,611 3,885 4,092 3,960 17.7 26.6 5.8 26.6 24.1 24.2 24.6 29.1 30.4 31.6 6.7
Maryland MD 24000 24 2,103 5,713 6,645 6,165 6,503 7,695 9,197 9,984 10,578 45.1 79.6 4.4 77.1 73.5 74.9 78.1 95.0 93.8 92.0 4.8
Massachusetts MA 25000 25 1,712 8,890 10,452 9,815 10,928 12,320 12,707 14,345 15,473 55.6 131.2 4.9 128.6 114.3 119.6 129.8 141.5 162.3 159.5 5.7
Michigan MI 26000 26 4,188 12,012 13,707 15,115 16,459 17,554 21,370 18,733 20,914 65.9 139.6 4.0 138.9 143.8 150.1 160.8 170.3 162.8 171.4 4.4
Minnesota MN 27000 27 2,902 11,972 12,746 8,310 8,229 8,427 8,688 9,858 9,972 33.0 89.8 4.8 94.5 92.3 84.6 77.9 79.8 89.8 96.6 4.4
Mississippi MS 28000 28 1,431 2,989 3,323 3,340 3,546 3,825 3,055 2,570 2,967 11.3 23.6 3.1 23.6 23.4 23.2 23.2 22.6 20.6 21.7 2.4
Missouri MO 29000 29 1,894 5,757 6,471 6,666 6,804 7,541 8,327 10,310 10,945 32.6 73.7 3.6 77.6 77.6 76.7 80.7 79.3 84.1 84.0 3.7
Montana MT 30000 30 1,235 2,181 2,244 2,150 2,523 2,469 1,938 1,935 2,041 3.0 5.1 2.1 5.5 5.1 5.3 4.9 4.4 4.5 4.4 1.5
Nebraska NE 31000 31 241 776 899 926 1,065 1,201 1,320 1,791 2,027 5.6 14.9 2.4 16.8 16.3 16.3 16.4 15.7 19.1 20.8 2.9
Nevada NV 32000 32 556 5,450 6,319 6,652 6,998 7,441 8,242 8,589 8,784 6.9 22.7 4.0 25.1 23.2 22.1 22.6 25.0 25.5 25.5 3.1
New Hampshire NH 33000 33 409 1,446 1,741 1,852 2,045 2,121 2,212 2,284 2,546 13.9 25.9 5.8 28.4 27.9 30.7 28.7 30.0 30.8 31.6 6.2
New Jersey NJ 34000 34 6,552 18,608 20,862 21,890 23,865 26,013 26,175 27,706 30,488 134.9 227.0 7.2 229.6 216.3 212.6 209.3 205.2 209.4 212.4 6.6
New Mexico NM 35000 35 997 4,312 4,571 4,169 4,565 4,582 4,363 4,447 4,945 7.9 17.4 3.9 14.8 13.6 16.2 18.7 16.2 15.4 17.4 3.1
New York NY 36000 36 7,892 36,424 42,992 44,312 47,935 50,326 52,992 53,374 53,711 210.3 347.5 5.0 371.8 340.8 351.1 353.7 343.8 349.9 351.5 5.1
North Carolina NC 37000 37 5,543 15,234 16,546 19,047 21,189 22,422 21,475 23,965 24,019 89.0 181.0 6.6 181.0 191.4 211.4 219.8 225.3 231.6 225.0 7.1
North Dakota ND 38000 38 1,155 1,251 1,273 1,229 1,192 1,224 915 1,125 1,166 3.5 3.1 1.5 4.2 4.6 4.5 4.3 3.2 4.7 3.5 1.4
Ohio OH 39000 39 5,178 20,549 22,540 24,702 25,166 27,234 29,932 33,572 35,095 99.9 219.1 5.1 220.8 211.4 206.9 208.7 222.1 226.7 234.1 4.9
Oklahoma OK 40000 40 2,760 6,049 5,736 5,781 5,623 6,024 5,448 5,538 5,723 25.0 43.6 4.5 44.0 42.9 39.0 36.8 34.2 36.7 34.4 3.0
Oregon OR 41000 41 845 3,427 4,544 4,741 4,734 5,514 5,807 6,146 7,269 13.1 39.1 3.6 41.9 41.9 42.5 46.7 49.7 49.2 52.0 4.0
Pennsylvania PA 42000 42 5,772 16,587 18,385 19,780 22,101 23,362 24,432 25,344 25,671 135.0 221.6 4.8 225.8 215.9 236.4 228.8 231.6 238.3 225.0 4.6
Rhode Island RI 44000 44 359 1,120 1,375 1,820 2,032 2,151 2,240 2,604 2,628 9.9 13.3 3.3 14.0 12.9 14.1 16.8 16.2 19.2 18.5 4.6
South Carolina SC 45000 45 5,318 10,067 10,889 12,028 13,348 14,238 13,438 15,509 16,847 65.1 104.7 8.0 110.1 111.7 105.8 113.8 111.6 117.2 116.9 7.9
South Dakota SD 46000 46 299 553 589 635 644 660 665 792 986 1.3 4.5 1.9 4.9 4.8 4.6 5.4 4.6 5.6 10.4 3.5
Tennessee TN 47000 47 3,747 10,280 12,523 13,235 15,392 15,746 14,227 15,603 17,123 57.4 116.9 6.1 120.4 124.2 129.7 135.1 136.3 136.4 149.4 6.6
Texas TX 48000 48 23,383 57,079 61,135 59,432 63,648 68,605 68,142 75,728 77,906 179.0 299.5 5.0 312.9 315.3 304.7 321.6 326.4 330.2 350.6 4.8
Utah UT 49000 49 1,791 3,918 4,361 4,362 4,636 4,304 5,612 6,451 7,719 16.8 21.0 3.5 24.0 22.9 25.0 28.1 28.6 32.7 36.7 4.3
Vermont VT 50000 50 315 631 669 833 861 1,000 1,037 1,056 1,031 6.0 7.7 3.5 7.2 7.5 7.1 8.2 10.4 9.9 9.6 4.0
Virginia VA 51000 51 3,046 10,702 12,420 12,987 14,246 16,925 15,129 17,479 20,158 49.8 113.3 4.7 119.1 122.1 128.9 130.7 141.4 146.2 143.3 5.3
Washington WA 53000 53 2,430 7,985 9,673 10,155 10,294 10,676 11,462 11,920 12,275 26.0 77.5 4.1 82.1 80.2 77.6 77.9 83.0 86.6 86.6 4.0
West Virginia WV 54000 54 3,992 7,975 8,321 8,733 9,015 9,264 7,809 7,507 6,714 35.4 34.9 6.9 34.7 34.6 35.1 34.4 31.9 26.1 27.2 4.8
Wisconsin WI 55000 55 2,320 5,088 5,604 6,320 6,903 7,074 7,415 8,100 8,003 62.2 81.4 4.0 84.0 82.2 76.8 73.7 71.5 73.6 76.5 3.3
Wyoming WY 56000 56 2,144 2,782 2,910 3,014 3,048 3,651 4,544 5,001 4,956 4.2 5.8 3.8 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.7 6.9 6.5 6.9 4.0
 
Puerto Rico (X) (X) (X) 413 1,499 1,798 2,047 2,240 2,527 2,174 1,848 1,686 9.5 16.1 (X) 19.3 19.8 28.9 28.4 27.4 20 17.1 (NA)
 
Other territories and offshore (X) (X) (X) 7,496 18,484 18,513 17,502 17,547 17,938 17,798 20,156 22,952 3.1 9.0 (X) 10.0 10.0 11.3 13.0 13.1 10.9 10.3 (NA)
Foreign (X) (X) (X) 2,044 5,470 7,022 9,321 11,823 15,742 16,430 18,719 1,986 1.6 5.0 (X) 4.3 5.2 2.9 5.4 2.4 6 2.2 (NA)


D Withheld to avoid disclosure of data of individual companies.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, July 1996; and Foreign Direct Investment in the United States, Operations of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Companies, annual; and Foreign Direct Investment in the United States, 1992 Benchmark Survey, Final Results.

http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/ai1.htm

* Key Terms

Direct investment. Investment in which a resident of one country obtains a lasting interest in, and a degree of influence over the management of, a business enterprise in another country. In the United States, the criterion used to distinguish direct investment from other types of investment is ownership of at least 10 percent of the voting securities of an incorporated business enterprise or the equivalent interest in an unincorporated business enterprise.

U.S. direct investment abroad (USDIA). The ownership or control, directly or indirectly, by one U.S. resident of 10 percent or more of the voting securities of an incorporated foreign business enterprise or the equivalent interest in an unincorporated foreign business enterprise.

Foreign direct investment in the United States (FDIUS). The ownership or control, directly or indirectly, by one foreign resident of 10 percent or more of the voting securities of an incorporated U.S. business enterprise or the equivalent interest in an unincorporated U.S. business enterprise.

Foreign affiliate. A foreign business enterprise in which a single U.S. investor (that is, a U.S. parent) owns at least 10 percent of the voting securities, or the equivalent.

U.S. affiliate. A U.S. business enterprise in which a single foreign investor (that is, a foreign parent) owns at least 10 percent of the voting securities, or the equivalent. Direct investment capital flows. Fundsthat parent companiespro-vide to their affiliates net of funds that affiliates provide to their parents. For USDIA, capital flows also include the funds that U.S. direct investors pay to unaffiliated foreign parties when affiliates are acquired and the funds that U.S. investors receive from them when affiliates are sold. Similarly, FDIUS capital flows include the funds that foreign direct investors pay to unaffiliated U.S. residents when affiliates are acquired and the funds that foreign investors receive from them when affiliates are sold.

Direct investment capital flows consist of equity capital, intercompany debt,andreinvested earnings. Equity capital flows are the net of equity capital increases and decreases. Equity capital increases consist of payments made by parents to third parties for the purchase of capital stock when they acquire an existing business, as well as funds that parents provide to their affiliates that increase their ownership interest in the affiliates. Equity capital decreases are funds parents receive when they reduce their equity interest in existing affiliates. Intercompany debt flows result from changes in net outstanding loans and trade accounts between parents and their affiliates; they include loans by parents to affiliates and loans by af- filiates to parents. Reinvested earnings are the parents claim on the undistributed after-tax earnings of the affiliates.

Direct investment position. The value of direct investors equity in, and net outstanding loans to, their affiliates. The position may be viewed as the parents contributions to the total assets of their affiliates or as the financing provided in the form of equity (including reinvested earnings) or debt by parents to their affiliates. Financing obtained from other sources, such as local or foreign third-party borrowing, is excluded.

BEA provides estimates of the positions for USDIA and for FDIUS that are valued on three baseshistorical cost, current cost, and market value. At historical cost, the positions are valued according to the values carried on the books of affiliates; thus, most investments reflect price levels of earlier time periods. At current cost, the portion of the position representing parents shares of their affiliates tangible assets (property, plant, and equipment and inventories) is revalued from historical cost to replacement cost. At market value, the owners equity portion of the position is revalued to current market value using indexes of stock prices.

Valuation adjustments to the historical-cost position. Adjustments to account for the differences between changes in the position, which are measured at book value, and direct investment capital flows, which are measured at transactions value. (Unlike the positions on a current-cost and market-value basis, the historical-cost position is not adjusted to account for changes in the replacement cost of the tangible assets of affiliates or in the market value of parent companies equity in affiliates.)

Valuation adjustments to the historical-cost position consist of currency translation and other adjustments. Currency-translation adjustments are made to account for changes in the exchange rates that are used to translate affiliates foreign-currency-denominated assets and liabilities into U.S. dollars. The precise effects of currency fluctuations on these adjustments depend on the value and currency composition of affiliates assets and liabilities. Depreciation of foreign currencies against the dollar usually results in negative translation adjustments because it tends to lower the dollar value of foreign-currency-denominated net assets. Similarly, appreciation of foreign currencies usually results in positive adjustments because it tends to raise the dollar value of foreign-currency-denominated net assets.

Other adjustments are made to account for differences between the proceeds from the sale or liquidation of affiliates and their book values, for differences between the purchase prices of affiliates and their book values, for writeoffs resulting from uncompensated expropriations of affiliates, for changes in industry of affiliate or country of foreign parent, and for capital gains and losses (other than currency translation adjustments). These capital gains and losses represent the revaluation of the assets of ongoing affiliates for reasons other than exchange-rate changes, such as the partial sale of the assets for an amount different from their historical cost.

The largest component of capital flows underlying the changes in both positions was equity capital, which includes the funds used to acquire and establish new affiliates and capital contributions to existing affiliates. Equity capital accounted for almost half of the total outflows for USDIA and over four-fifths of the total inflows for FDIUS.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1314_foreign_direct_investment_in_the_u.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.