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1311. U.S. Reserve Assets, by Type

[In billions of dollars (26.8 represents $26,800,000,000), except percent. As of end of year, except as indicated]

 
Type 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
 
    Total............................................................ 26.8 30.1 34.0 33.7 34.9 43.2 48.5 45.8 47.8 74.6 83.3 77.7 71.3 73.4 74.3 85.8 75.1 70.0 81.8 71.6
 
Gold stock 1........................................................ 11.2 11.2 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.1 11.0 11.1 11.0 11.1
Special drawing rights................................................ 2.6 4.1 5.3 5.0 5.6 7.3 8.4 10.3 9.6 10.0 11.0 11.2 8.5 9.0 10.0 11.0 10.3 10.0 10.6 10.3
Foreign currencies 2.................................................. 10.1 9.8 10.2 6.3 6.7 12.9 17.3 13.1 17.4 44.6 52.2 45.9 40.0 41.5 41.2 49.1 38.3 30.8 36.0 32.2
Reserve position in IMF 3............................................. 2.9 5.1 7.3 11.3 11.5 11.9 11.7 11.3 9.7 9.0 9.1 9.5 11.8 11.8 12.0 14.6 15.4 18.1 24.1 18.0
 
PERCENT CHANGE FROM
PRIOR YEAR SHOWN
 
    Total............................................................ (NA) 12.3 13.0 -0.9 3.6 23.8 12.3 -5.6 4.4 56.1 11.7 -6.7 -8.2 2.9 1.2 15.5 -12.5 -6.8 16.9 -12.5
 
Gold stock 1........................................................ (NA) 0.0 -0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.9 0.9 -0.9 0.9
Special drawing rights................................................ (NA) 57.7 29.3 -5.7 12.0 30.4 15.1 22.6 -6.4 3.3 10.4 2.3 -24.4 5.8 11.1 10.0 -6.4 -2.9 6.0 -2.8
Foreign currencies 2.................................................. (NA) -3.0 4.1 -38.2 6.3 92.5 34.1 -24.3 32.5 156.6 17.2 -12.0 -12.9 3.7 -0.7 19.2 -22.0 -19.6 16.9 -10.6
Reserve position in IMF 3............................................. (NA) 75.9 43.1 54.8 1.8 3.5 -1.7 -3.4 -13.8 -7.2 0.3 4.5 23.9 0.3 1.7 21.7 5.5 17.5 33.1 -25.3



1 Includes gold in Exchange Stabilization Fund; excludes gold held under under earmark at Federal Reserve banks for foreign and international accounts. Beginning 1975, gold assets were valued at $42.22 pursuant to the amending of Section 2 of the Par Value Modification Act, PL-93-110, approved September 21, 1973.
2 Includes holdings of Treasury and Federal Reserve System; beginning November 1978 these are generally valued at current market exchange rates. rates.
3 International Monetary Fund. Source: Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Reserve Bulletin, monthly; and Department of the Treasury, Treasury Bulletin, monthly.

http://www.fms.treas.gov/bulletin/index.html

* Special drawing rights

International assets created by IMF that serve to increase international liquidity and provide additional international reserves. SDRs may be purchased and sold among eligible holders through IMF. (See IMF below)

SDR allocations are the counterpart to SDRs issued by IMF based on members quotas in IMF. Although shown in exchange stabilization fund (ESF) statements as liabilities, they must be redeemed by ESF only in the event of liquidation of, or U.S. withdrawal from, the SDR department of IMF or cancellation of SDRs.

SDR certificates are issued to the Federal Reserve System against SDRs when SDRs are legalized as money. Proceeds of monetization are deposited into an ESF account at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. International Monetary Fund

(IMF) Established by the United Nations, the IMF promotes international trade, stability of exchange, and monetary cooperation. Members are allowed to draw from the fund.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1311_u_s_reserve_assets_by_type.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.