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32. 1997 Economic Census





1310. International Investment Position

[In millions of dollars. Estimates for end of year; subject to considerable error due to nature of basic data]

 
Type of investment 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
 
U.S. net international investment
  position:
     Current cost 211,851 323,376 368,468 346,959 347,648 299,200 -240,553 -301,550 -421,096 -295,261 -300,480 -500,170 -578,705 -968,208 -1,239,168
     Market value (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 233,726 255,355 132,115 94,846 98,569 48,729 8,691 -49,140 -166,846 -263,097 -454,605 -180,373 -174,290 -422,617 -547,493 -1,066,262 -1,537,466
 
U.S.-owned assets abroad
     Current cost 627,261 792,908 936,275 1,004,162 1,119,158 1,199,388 2,149,982 2,254,506 2,298,640 2,718,424 2,956,788 3,405,761 3,958,502 4,508,626 4,930,896
     Market value (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 958,794 1,127,635 1,125,158 1,300,672 1,592,439 1,756,910 2,006,590 2,348,081 2,291,734 2,468,351 2,464,196 3,055,316 3,276,086 3,869,663 4,544,502 5,288,892 5,947,983
 
  U.S. official reserve assets 69,450 143,260 171,412 124,568 143,445 123,110 105,040 117,930 139,875 162,370 144,179 168,714 174,664 159,223 147,435 164,945 163,394 176,061 160,739 134,836 146,006
    Gold 1 62,471 135,476 155,816 105,644 120,635 100,484 81,202 85,834 102,428 127,648 107,434 105,164 102,406 92,561 87,168 102,556 100,110 101,279 96,698 75,929 75,291
    Special drawing rights 1,558 2,724 2,610 4,096 5,250 5,025 5,641 7,293 8,395 10,283 9,637 9,951 10,989 11,240 8,503 9,039 10,039 11,037 10,312 10,027 10,603
    Reserve position in IMF 1,047 1,253 2,852 5,054 7,348 11,312 11,541 11,947 11,730 11,349 9,745 9,048 9,076 9,488 11,759 11,818 12,030 14,649 15,435 18,071 24,111
    Foreign currencies 4,374 3,807 10,134 9,774 10,212 6,289 6,656 12,856 17,322 13,090 17,363 44,551 52,193 45,934 40,005 41,532 41,215 49,096 38,294 30,809 36,001
 
  U.S. Government assets, other 53,187 57,419 63,865 68,774 74,682 79,626 84,971 87,752 89,637 88,880 86,117 84,489 81,993 79,144 80,722 81,029 80,123 81,095 82,046 81,960 82,382
    U.S. loans and other
     long-term assets 2 52,252 56,477 62,023 67,201 72,884 77,814 82,883 85,814 88,710 88,099 85,388 83,903 81,365 77,498 79,087 79,106 77,814 78,548 79,637 79,607 80,179
    Repayable in dollars 49,817 54,085 59,799 64,959 70,948 75,991 81,103 84,087 87,112 86,486 83,923 82,421 80,040 76,272 77,987 78,100 77,336 78,120 79,261 79,273 79,874
    Other 3 2,435 2,392 2,224 2,242 1,936 1,823 1,780 1,727 1,598 1,613 1,465 1,482 1,325 1,226 1,100 1,006 478 428 376 334 305
    U.S. foreign currency holdings and
     and short-term assets 935 942 1,842 1,573 1,798 1,812 2,088 1,938 927 781 729 586 628 1,646 1,635 1,923 2,309 2,547 2,409 2,353 2,203
 
  U.S. private assets:
     Current cost 504,624 592,229 700,998 810,820 901,031 996,652 1,893,325 2,016,139 2,070,483 2,472,450 2,713,271 3,148,605 3,715,717 4,291,830 4,702,508
     Market value.. (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 740,667 924,899 935,147 1,094,990 1,362,927 1,505,660 1,776,294 2,094,878 2,035,077 2,229,984 2,236,039 2,809,342 3,032,569 3,612,507 4,301,717 5,072,096 5,719,595
    Direct investments abroad:
     Current cost 4 5 291,039 343,940 396,249 412,418 387,002 346,095 367,839 394,760 431,475 505,096 526,824 560,409 590,010 613,692 633,074 690,655 748,505 843,253 940,243 1,004,228 1,123,441
     Market value 4 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 226,638 274,342 270,574 386,352 530,074 590,246 692,461 832,460 731,762 827,537 798,630 1,027,547 1,067,803 1,307,155 1,526,243 1,784,494 2,140,528
    Foreign securities 6 53,384 56,769 62,454 62,142 74,046 84,723 88,804 119,403 158,123 188,589 232,849 314,294 342,313 455,750 515,083 853,528 948,668 1,169,636 1,467,985 1,739,400 1,968,956
     Bonds 6 42,148 41,966 43,524 45,675 56,604 58,569 62,810 75,020 85,724 93,889 104,187 116,949 144,717 176,774 200,817 309,666 321,208 392,827 465,057 538,400 561,826
     Corporate stocks 6.. 11,236 14,803 18,930 16,467 17,442 26,154 25,994 44,383 72,399 94,700 128,662 197,345 197,596 278,976 314,266 543,862 627,460 776,809 1,002,928 1,201,000 1,407,130
    U.S. claims on unaffiliated foreigners
      reported by U.S. nonbanking concerns 7 29,385 34,491 38,429 42,752 35,405 131,329 130,138 141,872 167,392 177,368 197,757 234,307 265,315 256,295 254,303 242,022 322,980 367,567 449,978 562,396 596,222
    U.S. claims reported by U.S.
      banks 8 130,816 157,029 203,866 293,508 404,578 434,505 445,631 447,363 507,338 549,457 653,227 713,817 695,687 690,402 668,023 686,245 693,118 768,149 857,511 985,806 1,013,889
 
Foreign-owned assets in the U.S.:
     Current cost 415,410 469,532 567,807 657,203 771,510 900,188 1,031,867 1,217,156 1,486,737 1,705,432 1,981,537 2,298,404 2,390,535 2,556,056 2,719,736 3,013,685 3,257,268 3,905,931 4,537,207 5,476,834 6,170,064
     Market value (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 725,068 872,280 993,043 1,205,826 1,493,870 1,708,181 1,997,899 2,397,221 2,458,580 2,731,448 2,918,801 3,235,689 3,450,376 4,292,280 5,091,995 6,355,154 7,485,449
  Foreign official assets
   in the U.S. 173,057 159,852 176,062 180,425 189,109 194,468 199,678 202,482 241,226 283,058 322,036 341,746 373,293 398,538 437,263 509,422 535,217 671,710 799,033 835,709 836,053
    U.S. Government securities 128,511 106,640 118,189 125,130 132,587 136,987 144,665 145,063 178,916 220,548 260,934 263,612 291,228 311,199 329,317 381,687 407,152 497,776 610,469 614,530 620,249
     U.S. Treasury securities 9 123,991 101,748 111,336 117,004 124,929 129,716 138,168 138,438 173,310 213,713 252,962 257,201 285,911 305,994 322,600 373,050 396,887 482,773 590,704 589,792 588,987
     Other 9 4,520 4,892 6,853 8,126 7,658 7,271 6,497 6,625 5,606 6,835 7,972 6,411 5,317 5,205 6,717 8,637 10,265 15,003 19,765 24,738 31,262
    Other U.S. Government liabilities 10.. 12,749 12,749 13,367 13,029 13,639 14,231 14,959 15,803 17,993 15,667 15,200 15,374 17,243 18,610 20,801 22,113 23,678 23,573 23,257 21,459 18,346
    U.S. liabilities reported by
     U.S. banks .. 23,327 30,540 30,381 26,737 24,989 25,534 26,090 26,734 27,920 31,838 31,520 36,495 39,880 38,396 54,967 69,721 73,386 107,394 113,098 135,384 123,915
    Other foreign official assets 9 8,470 9,923 14,125 15,529 17,894 17,716 13,964 14,882 16,397 15,005 14,382 26,265 24,942 30,333 32,178 35,901 31,001 42,967 52,209 64,336 73,543
 
  Other foreign assets in the U.S:
     Current cost 242,353 309,680 391,745 476,778 582,401 705,720 2,017,242 2,157,518 2,282,473 2,504,263 2,722,051 3,234,221 3,738,174 4,641,125 5,334,011
     Market value (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 535,959 677,812 793,366 1,003,344 1,252,644 1,425,123 1,675,863 2,055,475 2,085,287 2,332,910 2,481,538 2,726,267 2,915,159 3,620,570 4,292,962 5,519,445 6,649,396
 
    Direct investments:
      Current cost 5  11 69,581 88,335 125,944 159,926 176,870 181,226 471,556 493,745 497,112 546,394 564,745 619,377 674,330 764,045 878,717
      Market value 11 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 130,428 153,318 172,377 219,996 272,966 316,200 391,530 534,734 539,601 669,137 696,177 768,398 757,853 1,005,726 1,229,118 1,642,365 2,194,102
    U.S. Treasury securities 8,910 14,210 16,113 18,505 25,758 33,846 9 62,121 87,954 96,078 82,588 100,877 166,541 152,452 170,295 197,739 221,501 235,684 358,537 502,562 662,228 727,344
    U.S. currency 16,570 19,553 24,079 27,295 31,265 36,776 40,796 46,036 50,122 55,583 61,261 67,117 85,933 101,317 114,804 133,734 157,185 169,484 186,846 211,628 228,250
   U.S. securities other than
     U.S. Treasury securities 9 53,554 58,587 74,114 75,085 92,988 113,811 128,477 207,868 309,803 341,732 392,292 482,864 460,644 546,008 599,447 696,449 739,695 971,356 1,199,461 1,578,694 2,021,820
    Corporate and other bonds 9 11,457 10,269 9,545 10,694 16,709 17,454 32,421 82,290 140,863 166,089 191,314 231,673 238,903 274,136 299,287 355,822 368,077 481,214 588,044 715,196 900,749
    Corporate stocks 9 42,097 48,318 64,569 64,391 76,279 96,357 96,056 125,578 168,940 175,643 200,978 251,191 221,741 271,872 300,160 340,627 371,618 490,142 611,417 863,498 1,121,071
    U.S. liabilities to unaffiliated foreigners
     reported by U.S. nonbanking concerns 12 16,019 18,669 30,426 30,606 27,532 61,731 77,415 86,993 90,703 110,187 144,548 167,093 213,406 208,908 220,666 229,038 239,817 300,424 346,727 453,555 460,787
    U.S. liabilities reported by
     U.S. banks 77,719 110,326 121,069 165,361 227,988 278,330 312,179 354,497 432,972 518,833 585,355 637,126 633,251 637,245 652,705 677,147 784,925 815,043 828,248 970,975 1,017,093





1 U.S. official gold stock valued at market price.
2 Also includes paid-in capital subscriptions to international financial institutions and outstanding amounts of miscellaneous claims that have been settled through international agreements to be payable to the U.S. Government over periods in excess of 1 year. Excludes World War I debts that are not being serviced.
3 Includes indebtedness that the borrower may contractually, or at its option, repay with its currency, with a third country's currency, or by delivery of materials or transfer of services.
4 A break in series in 1994 reflects the incorporation of results of the 1994 benchmark survey of U.S. direct investment abroad and the reclassification from the direct investment capital accounts to the nonbank investment accounts of intercompany debt transactions between parent companies and affiliates that are not depository institutions and that are primarily engaged in financial intermediation. Estimates for 1984-93 are linked to both the 1982 and 1989 benchmark surveys of U.S. direct investment abroad.
5. Estimates for 1984 forward reflect 1992 base-year price indexes for tangible assets, which replace the 1987 base-year price indexes previously used in the national income and product accounts.
6 Estimates include results of the Benchmark Surveys of U.S. Ownership of Foreign Long-term Securities as of March 31, 1994, and as of December 31, 1997, conducted by the U.S. Department of the Treasury.
7 Breaks in series reflect the following: In 1986, the introduction of data from the Bank of International Settlements (BIS) for the Netherlands; BIS data was introduced for France and Italy in 1989; BIS coverage for Austria, Switzerland and Asian banking centers was also improved in 1989. BEA methodology for estimating positions vis-a-vis Canada and Germany was adjusted beginning in 1993, and vis-a-vis Asian banking centers in 1994. In 1994, intercompany debt transactions between companies and affiliates that are not depository institutions and that are primarily engaged in financial intermediation are reclassified from the direct investment capital accounts to the nonbank investment accounts.
8 A break in series in 1988 reflects the introduction of data on holdings of foreign commercial paper.
9 Estimates include results of 1978, 1984, 1989, and 1994 portfolio benchmark surveys conducted by the U.S. Department of the Treasury.
10 Primarily U.S. Government liabilities associated with military sales contracts and other transactions arranged with or through foreign official agencies.
11 Estimates for 1984 forward are linked to both the 1987 and 1992 benchmark surveys of foreign direct investment in the United States.
12 A break in series in 1994 reflects the reclassification of intercompany debt transactions between parent companies and affiliates that are not depository instiutions and that are primarily engaged in financial intermediation from the direct investment capital accounts to the nonbank investment accounts.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current Business, July 1999.

http://www.bea.doc.gov/bea/ai1.htm



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1310_international_investment_position.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.