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32. 1997 Economic Census





1299. Selected Service Industries--Summary

[For establishments with payroll]

 
Establish- Receipts or Paid
Kind of Business 1987 ments 2 expenses 3 employees 4
SIC code 1 (1,000) (mil. dol.) (1,000)
1992 1997 1992 1997 1992 1997
 
    Firms subject to Federal income tax (X) 1,825 2,078 1,202,613 1,843,792 19,290 25,278
Hotels and other lodging places 5 70 ex. 704 49 56 69,204 97,893 1,489 1,686
Personal services 72 197 204 43,280 53,133 1,218 1,303
Business services 73 307 397 274,892 528,516 5,542 8,652
Automotive repair, services, and parking 75 172 192 70,033 99,575 864 1,094
Miscellaneous repair services 76 72 67 30,732 37,303 428 419
Amusement and recreation services and museums 6 78, 79, 84 115 128 92,915 150,175 1,382 1,810
Health services 80 442 466 299,067 398,505 4,453 5,520
Legal services 81 152 166 101,114 122,617 924 956
Selected educational services 823, 4, 9 15 21 7,242 12,440 133 189
Social services 83 59 70 13,349 18,894 505 662
Engineering and management services 7 87 ex. 8733 233 292 192,819 302,005 2,271 2,932
Services, n.e.c. 89 15 0 7,966 (NA) 81 (NA)
 
    Firms exempt from Federal income tax (X) 209 225 446,256 569,584 8,109 8,563
Camps and membership lodging 7032, 704 2 2 434 562 10 11
Selected amusement, recreation, and related services 792, 7991 pt., 11 15 2,965 13,341 79 298
  7997, 7999 pt.,
Museums, art galleries, & botanical gardens 84 3 5 3,199 6,277 66 84
Selected health services 8011 pt.; 0 1 (NA) 12,963 (NA) 55
  8021 pt.; 0 0 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
  805, 6, 8, 9 32 32 312,050 398,496 5,565 5,759
Legal aid societies and similar legal services 8111 pt. 2 3 1,161 1,497 21 23
Selected educational services 823, 4, 9 6 6 2,446 (D) 47 (D)
Social services 83 82 92 53,672 75,682 1,407 1,586
Selected membership organizations 861, 2, 4, 9 72 65 29,988 22,732 511 172
Research, testing, and consulting services 8 873, 4 ex. 8744 4 4 12,535 15,378 126 132


X Not applicable.


1 Based on 1987 Standard Industrial Classification; see text, Section 13 Labor Force, Employment, and Earnings.
2 Number of establishments in business at any time during the year.
3 Receipts refer to establishments subject to Federal income tax. Expenses refer to establishments exempt from Federal income tax.
4 For pay period including March 12.


5 Excludes membership lodging.
6 Includes motion pictures.
7 Except noncommercial research organizations.


8 Excludes facilities support management services.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census, Series EC97X-CS2, Core Business Statistics Series: Comparative Statistics.

http://www.census.gov/econ/www/servmenu.html ********************************************************************** CENSUS OF SERVICE INDUSTRIES

PURPOSE

To provide periodic and comprehensive data about service establishments and their activities. The United States Code, Title 13, requires this census and provides for mandatory responses.

COVERAGE

Domestic establishments that provide services to consumers, businesses, governments, and other organizations. These include all taxable establishments and tax-exempt establishments with payroll classified in SIC Division I except: academic and professional schools (SIC 821-2); labor, political, and religious organizations (SIC 863 and 865-6); and households (SIC 88). In 1992, over 8.7 million employer and nonemployer establishments reported receipts or revenues of some $1.6 trillion.

CONTENT

Basic data obtained for all establishments include kind of business, Federal income tax status, geographic location, taxable operating receipts (revenue for tax-exempt establishments), annual and first quarter payroll, and employment for the pay period including March 12. Establishments receiving a census form provide additional data on operational and organizational status, sources of receipts, business characteristics, and industry specific measures such as exports and the number of hotel accommodations. Other measures for tax-exempt organizations include gifts and endowment income.

FREQUENCY

Every 5 years since 1972, for years ending in "2" and "7." From 1933 through 1967, selected service industries statistics were published periodically as part of the census of business. Industry coverage has broadened over time; a major expansion in 1977 added coverage of many tax-exempt activities. Data collection begins at the end of December of the census year and responses are due in about 8 weeks. Data are requested for activities taking place during the census calendar year.

METHODS

A mail-out/mail-back data collection of all establishments of multi-unit companies, all large single-unit employer firms, and selected small employers; plus administrative records data for non-selected employers and taxable nonemployers. All establishments of multi-unit firms and single-establishment employers with annualized payroll above a size cutoff (cutoffs vary by industry, but include all employers with 10 or more employees) receive a census form. A sample of small employers also receive a census form and are selected using a stratified sample based on industry and geography. Basic data for non-selected small employers and taxable non-employers are obtained from Federal administrative records. Estimates for industry-specific data are based partly on small employer sample results.

PRODUCTS

Geographic Area Series reports consist of 52 publications, one for the U.S., each state, and the District of Columbia. These reports summarize data by kind of business and Federal income tax status for the U.S., states, and metropolitan areas and for counties and places having 2,500 inhabitants or more. Tabulations present basic data compiled from establishments with payroll.

The ZIP Code Statistics Series summarizes basic statistics on service industry totals for taxable employers by 5-digit ZIP Code and gives limited industry detail for number of employer establishments by receipts size and employment size categories. It is only available on CD-ROM and public use sales tapes.

Nonemployer Statistics Series reports include data on the number of establishments and receipts by kind of business, establishments with and without payroll, and number of proprietorships and partnerships. Data and detail vary by geographic area for the U.S., states, and metropolitan areas. Similar data are available only on CD-ROMs for counties and places with 2,500 or more inhabitants.

Subject Series reports consist of 5 volumes presenting special interest tabulations for the U.S. with additional geographic detail for some topics. Titles include: Hotels, Motels, and Other Lodging Places; Establishment and Firm Size (Including Legal Form of Organization); Miscellaneous Subjects; Capital Expenditures, Depreciable Assets, Sources of Receipts or Revenue, and Operating Expenses.

USES

Businesses compare their sales to census totals for their industry or area to make plans and evaluate performance. Companies use census data to lay out territories, allocate advertising, and locate new stores or offices. Firms supplying goods and services to other businesses use census data to target industries for marketing. Consultants and researchers use census data to analyze changes in economic structure and location.

Important measures of economic activity, such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP), are based on census data. Associations and news media study census data to find key business facts and project trends. Legislators use census data in the preparation and evaluation of new laws. State and local governments monitor census data to understand their economic base and attract new business. The Census Bureau uses census data in sampling and benchmarking for surveys.

SPECIAL FEATURES

The only source of detailed industry statistics for small geographic areas and industry-specific measures.

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https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1299_selected_service_industries_summary.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.