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1275. Retail Trade--Sales, by Kind of Business

[In billions of dollars (375.2 represents $375,200,000,000). Sales and inventories for leased departments and concessions are tabulated in the kind-of-business category of the leased department or concession. Based on Current Business Survey, see Appendix III and summary below]

 
1987
Kind of Business SIC 1970 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
code 1
 
      Retail trade, total (X) 375.2 957.4 1,038.7 1,069.4 1,170.2 1,286.9 1,375.0 1,449.6 1,541.3 1,656.2 1,759.0 1,844.6 1,855.9 1,951.6 2,082.1 2,248.2 2,359.0 2,502.4 2,610.6 2,745.6 2,994.9
 
    Durable goods stores, total 2 n 114.8 299.2 324.8 336.2 390.8 454.5 498.1 540.7 575.9 629.2 657.2 668.8 650.0 703.6 781.9 886.7 947.3 1,019.0 1,063.2 1,136.4 1,255.0
Building materials and garden supplies 2 52 18.1 50.8 52.2 51.0 58.7 67.1 71.2 77.1 83.5 91.1 92.4 94.6 91.5 100.8 110.7 125.2 130.6 140.4 148.4 162.6 179.7
  Building materials, supply stores 521,3 11.3 35.0 35.7 35.1 41.3 47.1 50.8 56.5 61.3 66.8 67.5 70.3 68.2 75.4 83.1 94.6 98.1 105.4 112.2 123.5 138.4
  Hardware stores 525 3.0 8.3 8.5 8.7 9.1 10.4 10.5 10.7 11.0 11.9 12.6 12.5 12.1 12.7 13.1 13.8 13.8 14.0 14.0 14.8 15.7
 
Automotive dealers 55 exc. 554 65.2 164.1 181.9 192.4 230.0 273.3 303.2 326.1 342.9 372.6 386.0 387.6 372.6 406.9 459.3 525.3 562.7 608.5 632.5 670.1 749.0
  Motor vehicle, misc. automotive dealers 551,2,5,6,7,9 59.2 146.2 162.3 172.4 207.9 250.2 278.0 301.1 316.3 343.2 356.5 356.8 343.0 377.1 428.5 492.4 528.7 572.9 596.1 632.0 709.0
    Motor vehicle dealers 551,2 57.2 137.7 153.0 162.9 198.0 236.7 263.1 284.5 298.8 324.9 337.7 338.7 325.2 359.3 408.1 469.1 502.7 545.6 565.8 597.9 668.2
      New and used car dealers 551 54.3 130.5 144.5 154.7 187.7 225.9 251.6 270.4 280.5 303.3 311.6 316.0 301.3 333.8 379.5 435.7 464.5 503.0 519.0 545.1 606.6
  Auto and home supply stores 553 6.0 18.0 19.6 20.1 22.1 23.1 25.2 25.1 26.6 29.4 29.5 30.8 29.6 29.8 30.8 32.9 34.1 35.7 36.4 38.2 40.1
 
Furniture and homefurnishings stores 2 57 17.0 44.2 46.9 46.8 54.7 61.4 68.3 75.7 78.1 85.4 91.3 91.5 91.7 96.9 105.5 119.1 128.3 135.0 140.2 150.5 161.5
  Furniture, homefurnishings stores 2 571 10.4 26.3 27.5 27.1 31.3 35.6 38.3 43.0 44.5 47.6 51.2 50.5 49.5 52.3 54.8 59.2 61.0 64.2 68.0 72.3 77.3
    Furniture stores 5712 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 19.8 22.3 23.9 26.0 26.7 28.2 31.9 30.8 30.2 31.2 32.8 34.8 35.6 37.5 40.1 42.4 45.1
    Floor covering stores 5713 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 7.6 7.9 8.7 9.9 11.1 10.7 10.7 10.1 10.4 10.8 11.7 12.1 12.3 12.7 13.6 14.8
  Household appliance, radio, TV, and
   computer stores 5722,31,34 5.6 14.0 15.4 15.8 19.3 21.5 25.1 27.0 27.1 30.6 32.7 33.0 33.6 35.8 41.3 49.5 56.2 59.3 60.7 65.9 71.6
    Household appliance stores 5722 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 6.7 7.4 8.4 9.3 8.6 8.7 9.3 8.8 8.3 8.4 9.1 9.0 9.9 10.2 10.3 10.8 11.4
    Radio, TV, and computer stores 5731,34 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 12.6 14.1 16.7 17.8 18.5 21.9 23.4 24.3 25.3 27.4 32.2 40.5 46.2 49.1 50.4 55.1 60.1
 
Sporting goods and bicycle shops 5941 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 8.3 8.7 9.2 11.3 12.8 14.2 15.0 15.1 15.6 16.8 18.9 19.9 20.8 21.2 22.5 23.6
Book stores 5942 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 4.1 4.5 4.8 5.3 6.0 6.5 7.4 7.7 8.3 9.1 10.1 11.2 11.9 12.7 13.4 13.9
Jewelry stores 5944 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 9.6 10.8 11.2 12.2 12.9 14.3 14.4 15.2 14.8 15.3 16.7 18.1 19.2 20.4 19.9 21.6 23.9
 
    Nondurable goods stores, total 2 n 260.3 658.1 713.9 733.2 779.3 832.4 876.9 908.9 965.4 1,027.0 1,101.8 1,175.8 1,206.0 1,248.0 1,300.2 1,361.5 1,411.7 1,483.4 1,547.3 1,609.2 1,739.9
General merchandise stores 53 49.1 109.0 120.4 124.6 136.0 150.3 158.6 169.4 182.0 192.5 206.3 215.5 226.7 246.4 264.0 282.1 297.6 312.7 329.4 349.6 378.9
  Department stores 3 531 _______ 85.5 _______ _______ 108.6 120.5 126.4 134.5 144.0 151.5 160.5 165.8 172.9 186.4 199.9 217.5 231.3 244.8 259.9 276.0 296.6
  Variety stores 533 6.1 7.8 8.2 8.2 8.4 8.7 8.5 7.4 7.1 7.5 7.9 8.3 8.3 9.5 9.7 9.5 9.8 10.6 11.2 11.8 14.3
  Misc. general merchandise stores 539 _______ 15.7 _______ _______ 19.0 21.1 23.8 27.5 30.8 33.5 37.8 41.4 45.5 50.5 54.4 55.1 56.5 57.4 58.3 61.8 68.0
 
Food stores 54 90.0 220.2 236.2 246.1 256.0 271.9 285.1 297.0 309.5 325.5 347.0 368.3 374.5 377.1 382.7 394.2 402.5 414.3 423.7 435.4 458.3
  Grocery stores 541 82.6 205.6 220.6 230.7 240.4 256.5 269.5 280.8 291.0 307.2 328.1 348.2 354.3 358.1 363.6 374.6 382.2 393.4 402.3 412.7 434.7
Gasoline service stations 554 28.9 94.1 103.1 97.4 102.9 107.6 113.3 102.1 104.8 110.3 122.9 138.5 137.3 137.0 141.7 148.9 157.2 168.8 172.1 163.2 181.0
 
Apparel and accessory stores 2 56 22.1 49.3 54.0 55.6 60.2 64.3 70.2 75.6 79.3 85.3 92.3 95.8 97.4 104.2 107.4 110.4 111.4 115.3 119.6 127.0 135.1
  Men's and boys' clothing stores 561 4.5 7.7 7.9 7.8 8.0 8.2 8.5 8.6 9.0 9.8 10.5 10.5 10.4 10.2 10.0 10.1 9.3 9.6 10.1 10.6 11.1
  Women's clothing specialty stores 562,3 8.2 17.6 19.1 20.0 21.8 23.8 26.1 28.6 29.2 30.6 32.2 32.8 32.9 35.8 36.3 34.8 33.4 33.5 33.5 34.6 36.8
    Women's clothing stores 562 7.1 15.9 17.2 18.2 19.9 21.2 23.6 25.7 26.4 27.4 29.0 29.8 29.9 31.8 32.4 30.6 28.7 28.3 27.8 28.7 30.3
  Family clothing stores 565 4.4 10.8 12.3 13.7 15.4 16.4 17.8 19.3 21.5 23.9 26.4 28.4 30.5 33.2 35.4 38.2 40.1 42.3 45.3 49.6 53.9
  Shoe stores 566 4.5 10.5 11.8 11.4 11.9 12.3 13.1 13.9 14.6 15.4 17.3 18.0 17.5 18.1 18.5 19.3 19.7 20.6 20.8 21.5 21.6
 
Eating and drinking places 58 30.5 90.1 98.1 104.6 113.3 121.3 127.9 139.4 153.5 168.0 177.8 190.1 194.4 200.2 212.8 222.1 229.8 238.9 254.1 266.4 285.4
  Eating places 2 5812 25.5 80.4 88.2 95.1 103.6 111.5 117.6 128.6 142.6 157.1 167.2 178.7 182.6 187.8 200.5 210.2 217.3 225.9 240.6 252.4 271.3
    Restaurants, lunchrooms, cafeterias 5812 pt (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 61.0 66.0 68.2 75.2 81.1 87.7 92.9 99.9 102.4 103.6 108.9 114.8 116.8 121.9 132.8 137.7 143.6
    Refreshment places 5812 pt (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 41.6 44.4 48.1 51.6 59.6 67.0 71.5 75.7 77.2 81.5 88.9 92.6 97.4 100.6 103.9 110.2 122.8
  Drinking places 5813 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 9.6 9.8 10.3 10.9 10.8 10.9 10.7 11.5 11.8 12.4 12.3 11.9 12.6 13.1 13.5 14.0 14.1
 
Drug stores and proprietary stores 591 14.6 31.0 34.0 36.4 40.6 44.0 47.0 50.5 54.1 57.8 63.3 70.6 75.5 77.8 79.7 82.0 85.8 91.8 98.8 108.3 120.7
Liquor stores 592 8.4 16.9 17.7 18.1 19.1 18.3 19.5 19.9 19.8 19.6 20.1 21.7 22.5 21.7 21.6 22.1 22.0 23.2 24.1 25.5 28.0
Nonstore retailers 596 9.1 22.8 23.6 23.8 25.3 27.8 28.3 30.3 35.9 40.5 43.6 45.6 49.1 55.2 60.6 68.7 73.2 82.8 89.9 99.3 113.7
  Catalog and mail-order houses 5961 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 12.8 15.0 15.8 17.2 20.8 23.9 26.2 26.6 30.0 35.5 40.5 46.3 50.8 58.1 65.9 75.4 89.6
Fuel dealers 598 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 16.8 16.8 14.1 14.5 14.8 14.7 15.6 14.6 14.2 15.0 15.9 16.8 18.9 18.1 15.3 17.2
 
PERCENT CHANGE FROM
PRIOR YEAR SHOWN
 
      Retail trade, total (X) (NA) 8.5 3.0 9.4 10.0 6.8 5.4 6.3 7.5 6.2 4.9 0.6 5.2 6.7 8.0 4.9 6.1 4.3 5.2 9.1
 
    Durable goods stores, total 2 n (NA) 8.6 3.5 16.3 16.3 9.6 8.6 6.5 9.3 4.5 1.8 -2.8 8.2 11.1 13.4 6.8 7.6 4.3 6.9 10.4
Building materials and garden supplies 2 52 (NA) 2.8 -2.3 15.2 14.2 6.1 8.3 8.3 9.1 1.4 2.4 -3.3 10.2 9.8 13.1 4.3 7.5 5.7 9.6 10.5
  Building materials, supply stores 521,3 (NA) 2.0 -1.7 17.5 14.2 7.9 11.2 8.5 9.0 1.0 4.1 -3.0 10.6 10.2 13.8 3.7 7.4 6.5 10.1 12.1
  Hardware stores 525 (NA) 2.4 2.4 5.1 13.8 1.0 1.9 2.8 8.2 5.9 -0.8 -3.2 5.0 2.9 5.6 -0.1 1.4 0.4 5.4 6.1
 
Automotive dealers 55 exc. 554 (NA) 10.8 5.8 19.5 18.8 10.9 7.6 5.2 8.7 3.6 0.4 -3.9 9.2 12.9 14.4 7.1 8.1 3.9 5.9 11.8
  Motor vehicle, misc. automotive dealers 551,2,5,6,7,9 (NA) 11.0 6.2 20.6 20.4 11.1 8.3 5.0 8.5 3.9 0.1 -3.9 9.9 13.6 14.9 7.4 8.4 4.0 6.0 12.2
    Motor vehicle dealers 551,2 (NA) 11.1 6.5 21.6 19.5 11.2 8.1 5.0 8.7 3.9 0.3 -4.0 10.5 13.6 14.9 7.2 8.5 3.7 5.7 11.8
      New and used car dealers 551 (NA) 10.7 7.1 21.3 20.4 11.4 7.5 3.7 8.1 2.7 1.4 -4.7 10.8 13.7 14.8 6.6 8.3 3.2 5.0 11.3
  Auto and home supply stores 553 (NA) 8.9 2.6 10.0 4.5 9.1 -0.4 6.0 10.5 0.3 4.4 -3.9 0.7 3.4 6.8 3.6 4.7 2.0 4.9 5.0
 
Furniture and homefurnishings stores 2 57 (NA) 6.1 -0.2 16.9 12.3 11.2 10.8 3.2 9.3 6.9 0.2 0.2 5.7 8.9 12.8 7.7 5.2 3.9 7.3 7.3
  Furniture, homefurnishings stores 2 571 (NA) 4.6 -1.5 15.5 13.8 7.6 12.3 3.5 7.0 7.6 -1.4 -2.0 5.7 4.8 8.0 3.0 5.2 5.9 6.3 6.9
    Furniture stores 5712 (NA) #����! #����! #����! 12.7 7.2 8.8 2.7 5.6 13.1 -3.4 -1.9 3.3 5.1 6.1 2.3 5.3 6.9 5.7 6.4
    Floor covering stores 5713 (NA) #����! #����! #����! #����! 3.9 10.1 13.8 12.1 -3.6 0.0 -5.6 3.0 3.8 8.3 3.4 1.7 3.3 7.1 8.8
  Household appliance, radio, TV, and
   computer stores 5722,31,34 (NA) 10.0 2.6 22.0 11.5 16.7 7.6 0.4 12.9 6.9 0.9 1.8 6.5 15.4 19.9 13.5 5.5 2.4 8.6 8.6
    Household appliance stores 5722 (NA) #����! #����! #����! 10.0 13.5 10.7 -7.5 1.2 6.9 -5.4 -5.7 1.2 8.3 -1.1 10.0 3.0 1.0 4.9 5.6
    Radio, TV, and computer stores 5731,34 (NA) #����! #����! #����! 12.3 18.4 6.6 3.9 18.4 6.8 3.8 4.1 8.3 17.5 25.8 14.1 6.3 2.6 9.3 9.1
 
Sporting goods and bicycle shops 5941 (NA) #����! #����! #����! #����! 4.8 5.7 22.8 13.3 10.9 5.6 0.7 3.3 7.7 12.5 5.3 4.5 1.9 6.1 4.9
Book stores 5942 (NA) #����! #����! #����! #����! 9.8 6.7 10.4 13.2 8.3 13.8 4.1 7.8 9.6 11.0 10.9 6.3 6.7 5.5 3.7
Jewelry stores 5944 (NA) #����! #����! #����! 12.5 3.7 8.9 5.7 10.9 0.7 5.6 -2.6 3.4 9.2 8.4 6.1 6.3 -2.5 8.5 10.6
 
    Nondurable goods stores, total 2 n (NA) 8.5 2.7 6.3 6.8 5.3 3.6 6.2 6.4 7.3 6.7 2.6 3.5 4.2 4.7 3.7 5.1 4.3 4.0 8.1
General merchandise stores 53 (NA) 10.5 3.5 9.1 10.5 5.5 6.8 7.4 5.8 7.2 4.5 5.2 8.7 7.1 6.9 5.5 5.1 5.3 6.1 8.4
  Department stores 3 531 (NA) #����! #����! #����! 10.9 4.9 6.4 7.1 5.2 5.9 3.3 4.3 7.8 7.2 8.8 6.3 5.8 6.2 6.2 7.5
  Variety stores 533 (NA) 5.1 0.0 2.0 4.0 -2.3 -12.9 -4.1 5.6 5.3 5.1 0.0 14.5 2.4 -2.7 3.0 8.7 5.7 5.4 21.2
  Misc. general merchandise stores 539 (NA) #����! #����! #����! 11.3 12.8 15.5 12.0 8.8 12.8 9.5 9.9 11.0 7.7 1.3 2.5 1.6 1.6 6.0 10.0
 
Food stores 54 (NA) 7.3 4.2 4.0 6.2 4.9 4.2 4.2 5.2 6.6 6.1 1.7 0.7 1.5 3.0 2.1 2.9 2.3 2.8 5.3
  Grocery stores 541 (NA) 7.3 4.6 4.2 6.7 5.1 4.2 3.6 5.6 6.8 6.1 1.8 1.1 1.5 3.0 2.0 2.9 2.3 2.6 5.3
Gasoline service stations 554 (NA) 9.6 -5.5 5.7 4.5 5.3 -9.9 2.6 5.2 11.4 12.7 -0.9 -0.2 3.4 5.1 5.6 7.4 2.0 -5.2 10.9
 
Apparel and accessory stores 2 56 (NA) 9.5 3.0 8.3 6.8 9.2 7.7 4.9 7.6 8.2 3.8 1.7 7.0 3.1 2.8 0.9 3.5 3.7 6.2 6.4
  Men's and boys' clothing stores 561 (NA) 2.6 -1.3 2.0 3.0 3.7 1.2 4.7 8.9 7.1 0.0 -1.0 -1.9 -2.1 1.1 -7.9 3.1 5.5 4.7 4.7
  Women's clothing specialty stores 562,3 (NA) 8.5 4.7 9.2 8.9 9.7 9.6 2.1 4.8 5.2 1.9 0.3 8.8 1.4 -4.1 -4.0 0.3 0.0 3.3 6.4
    Women's clothing stores 562 (NA) 8.2 5.8 9.2 6.6 11.3 8.9 2.7 3.8 5.8 2.8 0.3 6.4 1.9 -5.6 -6.2 -1.4 -1.8 3.2 5.6
  Family clothing stores 565 (NA) 13.9 11.4 12.3 6.6 8.5 8.4 11.4 11.2 10.5 7.6 7.4 8.9 6.6 7.9 5.0 5.5 7.1 9.5 8.7
  Shoe stores 566 (NA) 12.4 -3.4 4.8 2.9 6.5 6.1 5.0 5.5 12.3 4.0 -2.8 3.4 2.3 4.5 1.8 4.6 0.9 3.4 0.5
 
Eating and drinking places 58 (NA) 8.9 6.6 8.3 7.1 5.4 9.0 10.1 9.4 5.8 6.9 2.3 3.0 6.3 4.4 3.5 4.0 6.4 4.8 7.1
  Eating places 2 5812 (NA) 9.7 7.8 9.0 7.6 5.5 9.4 10.9 10.2 6.4 6.9 2.2 2.8 6.8 4.8 3.4 4.0 6.5 4.9 7.5
    Restaurants, lunchrooms, cafeterias 5812 pt (NA) #����! #����! #����! 8.3 3.3 10.3 7.8 8.1 5.9 7.5 2.5 1.2 5.1 5.4 1.7 4.4 8.9 3.7 4.3
    Refreshment places 5812 pt (NA) #����! #����! #����! 6.7 8.3 7.3 15.5 12.4 6.7 5.9 2.0 5.6 9.1 4.2 5.2 3.3 3.3 6.1 11.4
  Drinking places 5813 (NA) #����! #����! #����! 1.7 5.1 5.8 -0.9 0.9 -1.8 7.5 2.6 5.1 -0.8 -3.3 5.9 4.0 3.1 3.7 0.7
 
Drug stores and proprietary stores 591 (NA) 9.7 7.1 11.5 8.4 6.8 7.4 7.1 6.8 9.5 11.5 6.9 3.0 2.4 2.9 4.6 7.0 7.6 9.6 11.4
Liquor stores 592 (NA) 4.7 2.3 5.6 -4.3 6.6 2.1 -0.5 -1.0 2.6 8.0 3.7 -3.6 -0.6 2.7 -0.6 5.5 4.0 5.6 9.8
Nonstore retailers 596 (NA) 3.5 0.8 6.3 9.9 1.8 7.1 18.5 12.8 7.7 4.6 7.7 12.4 9.8 13.4 6.6 13.1 8.6 10.5 14.5
  Catalog and mail-order houses 5961 (NA) #����! #����! #����! 17.1 5.3 8.9 20.9 14.9 9.6 1.5 12.8 18.3 14.1 14.3 9.7 14.4 13.4 14.4 18.8
Fuel dealers 598 (NA) #����! #����! #����! #����! 0.0 -16.1 2.8 2.1 -0.7 6.1 -6.4 -2.7 5.6 6.0 5.7 12.5 -4.2 -15.5 12.4


X Not applicable. NA Not available.
1 Based on 1987 Standard Industrial Classification code; see text, Section 13, Labor Force.
2 Includes kinds of business, not shown separately.
3 Excludes leased departments.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Business Reports, Annual Benchmark Report for Retail Trade, January 1990 Through December 1999, (BR/99-A) and prior issues.

http://www.census.gov/econ/www/retmenu.html *************************************************************************************** ANNUAL RETAIL TRADE SURVEY

PURPOSE

To provide detailed industry measures of retail company activities. The United States Code, Title 13, authorizes this survey and provides for mandatory responses.

COVERAGE

Retail companies with one or more establishments that sell merchandise and associated services to final consumers (SIC Division G). In 1995, consumers spent more than an estimated $2.3 trillion at retail establishments.

CONTENT

Companies provide data on dollar value of retail sales, sales taxes collected, inventories, method-of-inventory valuation, cost of purchases, and account receivables balances.

FREQUENCY

Annually since 1951 (except 1954); reported data are for activity taking place over the prior calendar year. Data collection begins the first week after the close of the year. Samples are re-selected every 5 years and updated annually, most recently for the 1996 reference year.

METHODS

A mail-out/mail-back survey of a sub-sample of about 22,000 firms selected from the monthly retail trade survey panels. The annual survey consists of all monthly survey panel firms that had payrolls during the reference year, plus administrative data or imputed values to account for nonemployer retail businesses.

There are currently about 31,000 companies in the monthly sample. The monthly sample consists of 3 rotating panels of about 6,100 single-unit firms and 2,200 small multi-unit firms; and a special panel of large multi-unit firms and other firms with large sales.

The annual survey uses 2 of the 3 rotating monthly panels, and the special monthly panel. Since 1977, the monthly retail trade survey has been benchmarked to the annual retail trade report. Inventories have been similarly benchmarked since 1951. Annual estimates are benchmarked to the most recent census of retail trade. In addition, benchmarking the annual survey to the monthly surveys greatly improved the quality of the monthly estimates and allowed the sample to be reduced.

* DEFINITION OF TERMS

Sales. Sales include the following: merchandise sold for cash or credit at retail and wholesale by establishments primarily engaged in retail trade; amounts received from customers for layaway purchases; receipts from rental or leasing of vehicles, equipment, instruments, tools, etc; receipts for delivery, installation, maintenance, repair, alteration, storage, and other services; and receipts from gasoline, liquor, tobacco, and other excise taxes which are paid by the manufacturer or wholesaler and passed along to the retailer. Sales are net after deduction for refunds and allowances for merchandise returned by customers. Trade-in allowances and manufacturers' rebates are not deducted from total sales, however, rebates offered by the retailer are deducted. Total sales do not include commissions from vending machine operators or nonoperating income from such sources as investments and rental or sales or real estate.

Sales exclude sales and excise taxes collected directly from customers and paid directly to a local, State, or Federal tax agency. Also excluded are receipts from customers for carrying or other credit charges.

The sales data represent total sales and receipts of all establishments primarily engaged in retail trade. They do not include sales at retail by manufacturers, wholesalers, service establishments, and others whose primary activity is other than retail trade.

Inventories. Inventories represent stocks of merchandise, valued at cost, on hand for sale by retail establishments at the end of the month. Methods of valuation may vary according to the accounting practices of the firms. However, the estimates provided are on a non-LIFO basis. Inventories are shown for retail stores and warehouses combined. Only those warehouses which maintain supplies of merchandise primarily intended for distribution to retail stores within the organization are included. Inventories exclude the value of fixtures, furnishings, equipment, and supplies used in store and warehouse operations and not held for resale.

Inventories-sales ratios. The inventories-sales ratios indicate the relationship of end-of-month inventories to sales during the month. The ratios shown are derived by dividing the inventories estimates by the corresponding sales estimates. No adjustment is made in these ratios for the markup in sales which may vary from one kind of business to another.

Kind-of-business classifications. Retail trade, defined as major groups 52 through 59 of the SIC Manual, includes establishments engaged in selling merchandise for personal or household consumption and rendering services incidental to the sale of the goods. Exceptions to this general rule are made necessary by trade practices. For example, lumber yards and paint, glass, and wallpaper stores are included in retail trade if they sell to the general public, even if a higher proportion of their sales is made to contractors. Also, establishments engaged in selling products such as typewriters, stationery or gasoline to the general public are classified in retail trade, even though such products may not be used for personal or household consumption. However, even within these areas of exception to the general rule, establishments that sell exclusively to business establishments, institutional and industrial users, or contractors are classified in wholesale trade.

Additional characteristics of retail trade establishments are that they usually operate at fixed places of business; they are engaged in activities to attract the general public to buy; they buy or receive merchandise as well as sell; they may process their products, but such processing is incidental or subordinate to selling; and they are considered as retail in the trade. Not all of these characteristics need to be present, and some are modified by trade practice.

Kind-of-business classifications are not interchangeable with commodity classifications. Most businesses sell several kinds of commodities. The kind-of-business code assigned generally reflects the individual commodity, the commodity group which is the primary source of the establishment's receipts, or some mixture of commodities which characterizes the establishment's business. Classification of establishments by kind of business generally does not make it possible to determine either the number of establishments handling a particular commodity or the sales of that commodity. For example, the food group classification excludes stores selling food if the sale of food is not the primary source of receipts; moreover, even though stores are classified as food stores, some of their receipts may be derived from the sales of nonfood products.

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https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1275_retail_trade_sales_by_kind_of.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.