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32. 1997 Economic Census





1261. Computers and Office and Accounting Machines -- Number of Companies and Shipments

[Based on a sample survey of about 1,750 manufacturers; for description of survey, see summary below]

 
Old" NAICs Number of Number of Number of Number of Quantity Quantity Quantity Quantity Value Value Value Value
Product Product Product companies companies companies companies (1,000) (1,000) (1,000) (1,000) (mil.dol.) (mil.dol.) (mil.dol.) (mil.dol.)
code code
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
 
    Electronic computers (automatic
     data processors), total............................................................. 3571 3341111 (X) 185 192 207 207 201 172 141 140 (X) (X) (X) 16,697 20,386 19,939 20,992 23,064 28,294 26,274 28,571 29,659 38,261 49,038 50,682 50,250 56,891 62,712
 
Host computers (multi-users):
  Large scale systems and unix servers 35711 10 3341111001 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 16 14 14 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 297 752 1,289 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 5,460 5,201 6,089
  Medium-scale systems and unix servers 35711 20 3341111003 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 29 34 32 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 856 658 966 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 5,281 6,952 8,049
  PC servers 35711 30 3341111005 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 16 20 26 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 236 (D) 630 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,207 (D) 2,499
  Other host computers 35711 90 3341111006 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 6 6 11 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 33 (D) 27 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 292 (D) 542
 
Single user computers:
  Personal computers 35712 10 3341117007 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 44 45 41 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 15,233 15,585 19,398 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 25,367 24,524 26,308
  Workstations 35712 20 3341117009 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 23 32 35 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 485 722 745 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 5,388 9,807 10,173
  Laptops (AC/DC) 35712 30 3341117011 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 10 13 11 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 503 190 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,257 538 (D)
  Notebooks, subnotebooks (battery operated) 35712 40 3341117013 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 12 13 14 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,887 2,470 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 4,698 5,810 (D)
  Personal digital assistants /2 35712 50 3341117015 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1 3 4 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (D) 69 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (D) 48 (D)
  Other portable computers /2 35712 60 3341117017 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 4 6 6 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (D) 223 (D) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (D) 163 (D)
  Other single user computers 35712 90 3341117019 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 4 5 5 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 177 206 207 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 112 113 110
 
Other computers 35719 334111D021 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 45 39 38 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,009 1,733 1,525 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,022 879 993
 
Computer storage devices and equipment............................................................. 35721 3341121 (NA) 89 103 103 92 91 86 90 79 3,811 4,490 12,537 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 5,610 6,282 5,731 5,556 7,903 8,909 8,837 9,319 9,720
Parts for computer storage devices and
subassemblies...................................................................................] 35722 3341124001 28 26 29 23 17 21 16 18 15 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 780 1,357 1,496 1,952 2,236 1,720 2,382 2,310 2,255
 
Computer terminals............................................................. 35751 334113 (X) 72 73 68 57 54 51 47 39 3,282 3,851 4,360 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 1,730 1,708 1,531 1,244 1,086 1,104 781 540 481
Parts for computer terminals............................................................. 35752 3341134001 20 21 18 14 15 13 9 9 6 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 417 192 276 (D) (D) 199 (D) (D) (D)
 
Computer peripheral equipment, n.e.c.3...................................................................... 35771 334119 (NA) 238 265 277 259 260 253 253 237 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 7,764 8,506 9,810 11,944 12,331 11,463 13,555 12,145 12,784
  Keyboards............................................................. 3341191001 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 14,254 15,331 10,709 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 613 751 737
  Computer printers:
    Impact printers:
      Line type...................................................... 3341191031 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 13 13 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 256 235 233 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 303 307 367
      Serial type..................................................... 3341191033 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 27 20 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 573 280 178 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 231 154 122
    Nonimpact printers:
      Laser............................................................... 3341191035 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 35 27 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 2,427 2,455 1,880 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 2,548 2,158 3,320
      Inkjet............................................................... 3341191037 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 15 15 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 7,486 8,882 11,435 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,511 1,232 1,043
      Other (thermal, ion deposition, etc)............................... 3341191039 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 23 21 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 1,292 205 256 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 507 318 375
 
Parts for input/output equipment.................................... 35772 3341194001 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 72 68 66 73 65 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 4,187 3,053 2,554 2,499 2,391 5,505 2,628 2,630 2,362
 
Calculating and accounting machines............................................................. 35784 3341197 (X) 45 15 46 45 43 41 43 37 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 974 968 1,454 1,262 1,279 1,485 1,622 1,060 940
Parts for calculating, coin, or currency handling,
and accounting machines.................................... 35789 3333136000 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 15 14 14 11 10 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (D) 97 73 78 87 106 83 128 126 (D)
 
Automatic typing and word processing machines............................................................. 35792 3333131000 4 5 5 5 3 3 3 2 2 1,734 2,323 1,717 (NA) (D) (D) (X) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D) (D)
Mailing, letter handling, addressing machines............................................................. 35795 333313A 27 30 30 32 30 32 31 31 26 1,116 906 1,258 (NA) (X) (X) (X) (X) 1,125 1,152 1,268 967 1,280 1,231 1,398 989 1,153
Other office machines, n.e.c.3................. 35799 333313D 50 50 48 44 45 45 44 44 39 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (D) (X) (X) 518 (D) (D) 664 558 580 610 778 673
 
Printed circuit assemblies............................................. 36798 34418A (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) 647 674 694 792 784 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 12,590 13,746 15,087 17,515 24,448 24,937 27,040 26,046 30,382
Magnetic and optical recording media............................................................. 36950 334613 (NA) 57 64 64 61 57 57 69 59 (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) (X) 3,894 4,337 4,483 4,777 5,106 5,739 5,739 4,736 3,850
 


D Withheld to avoid disclosure. NA Not available. X Not applicable.
1 64 megabytes in MINIMUM main memory configuration.
2 Up to 64 megabytes in MINIMUM main memory configuration.
3 Data not shown because it is not comparable to prior years.
4 N.e.c. = Not elsewhere classsified.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, through 1992, Current Industrial Report, Series MA35R, annual; thereafter, Manufacturing Profiles, Series MP, annual; and Internet (released August 2000).

Note: Beginning with the 1997 Current Industrial Report, the data has been restructured to better reflect the industry. For the first time, data for personal computers and workstations have been broken out. In addition, portable computers have been broken out with some items being published. Previous years' data are not comparable to 1997.

http://www.census.gov/mcd/index.html

* COMPUTERS AND OFFICE MACHINES

PURPOSE

To provide detailed data on quantity and total value of shipments of computers, and office and accounting machines. The United States Code, Title 13, authorizes this survey and provides for mandatory responses.

COVERAGE

Companies that manufacture computers, magnetic media, and office and accounting machines in the U.S. (most but not all are in SIC 357 and 3695), except small firms (generally less than 10 employees) for which census of manufactures data were from administrative records. In 1993, shipments of covered equipment totaled over $58 billion.

CONTENT

Product data are collected for over 100 types of computers, and office and accounting machines. Data at the 7-digit SIC level include quantity and value of shipments.

FREQUENCY

Annually; reported data are for activities taking place during the previous calendar year. Data on computers and office and accounting machines have been collected since 1953.

METHODS

A mail-out/mail-back survey of 1,750 known manufacturers. Companies are identified from the latest census of manufactures, Standard Statistical Establishment List, and private sources. Firms are contacted using form MA35R. Data may be revised if firms later provide corrected data. Annual data are compared with data collected from the latest annual survey of manufactures to reconcile any differences between the two series. No estimates are derived for small firms excluded from the survey.

* Terms

Computers. These automatic data processing units are capable of:(1)performing arithmetic computations,(2) processing data in accordance with a processing program, (3)immediately storing the processing program and the data necessary for execution of the processing program, and (4)executing a processing program without human intervention,on the basis of instructions contained in the program,to automatically modify execution by logical decision during the performance of processing tasks.

General-purpose computers. A computer designed to solve a large variety of problems;e. g. ,a stored program computer that may be adapted to any of a very large class of applications.

Digital computers. A computer that processes informa- tion represented by combinations of discrete or discon- tinuous data,compared with an analog computer for con- tinuous data. More specifically,it is a device for performing sequences or arithmetic and logical opera- tions. Still more specifically,it is a stored program digital computer capable of performing sequences of internally stored instructions,as opposed to calculators,on which a sequence is impressed manually.

Analog computers. A computer that represents variables by physical analogies. Thus,any computer that solves problems by translating physical conditions such as flow, temperature,pressure,angular position,or voltage into related mechanical or electrical equivalent circuits as an analog for the physical phenomenon being investigated. In general,it is a computer that uses an analog for each vari- able and produces analogs as output. Thus,an analog computer measures continuously;whereas,a digital com- puter counts discretely.

Hybrid computers. A computer designed with both digi- tal and analog characteristics,combining the advantages of analog as well as digital computers,when working as a system. Hybrid computers are used extensively in simula- tion process control systems where it is necessary to have a close representation with the physical world. The hybrid system provides better precision than can be attained with analog computers and greater speed than is possible with digital computers,plus the ability to accept input data in either form.

Special-purpose computers. A special-purpose com- puter is a general-purpose computer programmed and/or configured to operate upon a restricted class of problems.

Peripheral equipment for computers. In a data pro- cessing system,any equipment,distinct from the process- ing unit,that may provide the system with outside com- munication or additional facilities. Includes input/output typewriters and displays sold as part of a large office system. Included are:

Input/output equipment. Terminals include those units that,in addition to their capabilities of displaying data or accepting data input,are capable of performing other functions such as stamping approvals for bank account withdrawals,time stamping,and issuing receipts. A unit is included if it meets all of the following conditions:

1. It is connectable to the processing unit either directly or through one or more other units;

2. It is specifically designed as part of such a system. (It must in particular,unless it is a power supply unit,be able to accept or deliver data in a form (code or sig- nals)that can be used by the system. )

Computer storage devices. Storage in addition to the main storage of a computer;e. g. ,magnetic tapes,disks,or magnetic drums. Auxiliary storage usually holds much larger amounts of information than the main storage,and the information is accessible less rapidly. Computer termi- nals. A point at which information can enter or leave a computer communication network. An input/output device to send or receive data in an environment associ- ated with the job to be performed,capable of transmitting entries to and obtaining output from the computer system of which it is a part.

Cash registers. Stand-alone electronic devices,including adding device with cash drawer and excluding terminals that have interactive communication capablities. Firmware based,fixed or parameterized function devices developed primarily for cash control,with limited transaction or mer- chandise information as a byproduct.

Fund transfer devices. Devices facilitating the handling of various financial transactions involving the consumer and financial institutions. Typically,these devices provide ser- vices such as account status inquiries,transfers of funds to and from various accounts,withdrawals,deposits,and payments.

Point-of-sale devices. Devices facilitating the handling of various retail transactions involving the sale,exchange,or return of merchandise or service.

Accounting machines. A keyboard actuated machine that prepares accounting records. A machine that may read data from external storage media such as cards or tapes,and automatically produces accounting records or tabulations,usually on continuous forms. Calculating machines. Devices requiring manual means for entering numerical data for performance of arithmetic operations. These machines,by nature,require frequent operator intervention. A calculator uses separate,fixed storage areas for its programs and for the storage of data. These machines cannot execute programs that modify themselves during their execution. There are two major classifications of these machines:printing calculating machines print one or more of the significant elements of computation;nonprinting calculating machines display one or more of the significant elements of computations. Includes both three-and four-operation printing calcula- tors. Three-operation printing calculators are those incor- porating short-cut multiplication and/or fully automatic multiplication and division.

Duplicating machines. A machine in which an ink image on a master is transferred onto a copy paper.

Postage franking machines. Machines that print a design in place of the postage stamp. The machine has a non-reversible totalling device that adds up the total value of the postage printed. In addition,the machine can often be used for other printing on the envelope;e. g. ,advertis- ing slogans.

Dictating,transcribing,and recording machines and systems. Machines that are designed as office machines for conference recording,combination dictating,and tele- phone recording used to produce a written record,but excluding home-type wire and tape recorders. A single recording unit with a number of dictating stations should be counted as one unit or system. A system consists of a recorder and a transcribing unit with more than one dictat- ing station.

Standard typewriters. Machines,electric or nonelectric, designed solely for preparation of documents with letter printlike characters and symbols that are operated manu- ally by consecutive depressing of keyboard keys. A type- writer contains a four-row keyboard,including alpha and numeric as well as special symbols. It may or may not include special attachments to be used in the preparation of addresses or other stencils,braille typing for the blind, and similar materials. In addition,it may or may not include special carriages,pin-feed platens,and other devices used to increase the speed of the typing on con- tinuous forms. Machines that include accounting registers are excluded.

Bar code. An array of rectangular bars and spaces arranged in a predetermined pattern,following unambigu- ous rules in a specific way,to represent elements of data that are referred to as characters.

Code reader or scanner. A device that examines a spa- tial pattern,one part after another,and generates analog or digital signals corresponding to the pattern. The major components of a bar code scanner are a illumination source,a photodetector device,and a microcomputer. A focused light beam is moved across the symbol (bar code),the reflected light is received by the photodetector, which in turn generates a voltage (analog signal)that is proportional to the amount of light reflected by the signal. The signal from the photodetector is conditioned by pre- processor circuitry before being presented to the micro- computer for analysis.

Decoder. An electronic package that receives the signals from the scanner,and then performs the algorithm to interpret the signals into meaningful data and provides the interface to other devices.

Optical character recognition (OCR). Relies on a sen- sor to differentiate between light-reflecting background and printed data that do not reflect light. Output from the sensor is fed to a set of recognition logics,and then for- warded to the computer.

Magnetic strip. Records,or encodes,information onto a material,using low or high energy electromagnetic charges. These charges or signals can then be read by a decorder that translates them into numbers and characters for identification by a computer.

Radio frequency. A system based on the ability of an identification tag (transponder)to receive radio frequency signals and output a code to a reader.

Voice recognition. A computer recognizes words i a preprogrammed vocabulary. The operator speaks the words into a microphone,and the word or phrase is recog- nized by the machine and converted into electronic impulses for the micro or host computer. Machine vision. Devices used for optical noncontact sensing to receive and interpret automatically an image of a real scene,to obtain information,and/or to control machines or processes.

Image processor. Selects and interprets data to deter- mine an object s position,location,shape,and size.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1261_computers_and_office_and_accounting_machines.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.