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1252. Iron and Steel Industry -- Summary

[For financial data, the universe in 1992 consists of the companies that produced 68 percent of the total reported raw steel production. The financial data represent the operations of the steel segment of the companies. Minus sign (-) indicates net loss]

 
ITEM Unit 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
prel.
 
Steel mill products, apparent supply.............................................................. Mil. tons 1 95.2 105.4 76.4 83.5 98.9 96.4 90.0 95.9 102.7 96.8 97.8 88.3 95.0 104.6 121.3 114.8 125.0 131.0 138.4 _______
  Net shipments.............................................................. Mil. tons 1 83.9 88.5 61.6 67.6 73.7 73.0 70.3 76.7 83.8 84.1 85.0 78.8 82.2 89.0 95.1 97.5 100.9 105.9 102.4 106.2
  Exports.............................................................. Mil. tons 1 4.1 2.9 1.8 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 2.1 4.6 4.3 6.3 4.3 4.0 3.8 7.1 5.0 6.0 5.5 5.4
  Imports.............................................................. Mil. tons 1 15.5 19.9 16.7 17.1 26.2 24.3 20.7 20.4 20.9 17.3 17.2 15.8 17.1 19.5 30.1 24.4 29.2 31.2 41.5 35.7
Scrap consumed.............................................................. Mil. tons 1 66.6 68.3 43.7 49.0 51.8 53.2 49.7 51.7 56.3 51.7 50.1 50.5 51.9 58.5 60.0 62.0 62.0 64.0 60.6 _______
Scrap inventory.............................................................. Mil. tons 1 6.9 7.1 5.5 5.0 4.4 4.0 3.4 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.3 3.6 4.0 4.1 5.3 5.0 4.5 _______
Iron and steel products: Exports.............................................................. Mil. tons 1 5.1 3.8 2.6 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.7 2.8 5.4 5.3 7.4 5.3 4.7 4.9 8.2 6.2 7.4 6.9 _______
  Imports.............................................................. Mil. tons 1 17.9 22.6 18.8 19.3 29.5 27.6 24.2 23.8 25.7 22.1 21.9 20.2 21.9 21.8 32.7 27.3 32.1 34.4 45.4 _______
Capacity by steelmaking process.............................................................. Mil. net tons 153.7 154.3 154.0 150.6 135.3 133.6 127.9 112.2 112.0 115.9 116.7 117.6 113.1 109.9 108.2 112.4 116.1 121.4 125.3 _______
 
Revenue.............................................................. Bil. dol. 37.7 43.8 28.7 25.0 30.3 28.4 25.0 27.1 32.7 31.8 30.9 27.1 26.9 29.5 34.1 35.1 35.0 35.9 35.8 _______
Net income.............................................................. Bil. dol. 0.7 1.7 -3.4 -2.2 (-Z) -1.8 -4.1 1.0 -0.6 1.6 0.1 -2.0 -4.1 1.9 1.3 1.5 0.4 1.1 1.0 _______
Stockholders' equity.............................................................. Bil. dol. 14.5 15.4 11.3 8.2 9.4 6.9 2.4 3.0 2.2 2.1 2.1 4.3 2.8 -0.6 3.7 7.4 10.2 10.9 10.8 _______
Total assets.............................................................. Bil. dol. 30.8 31.7 27.9 25.5 26.2 24.0 21.0 21.9 24.2 24.6 28.3 27.4 28.8 30.6 34.3 35.1 35.8 37.0 40.1 _______
Capital expenditures.............................................................. Bil. dol. 2.7 2.4 2.3 1.9 1.2 1.6 0.9 1.2 1.8 2.3 2.6 2.3 1.8 1.5 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.7 _______
Working capital ratio 2.............................................................. Ratio 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.5 _______
Inventories.............................................................. Bil. dol. 4.7 5.4 4.0 3.3 4.2 3.5 3.0 3.4 3.8 4.0 4.7 4.4 4.5 4.6 5.0 5.1 5.4 5.6 6.6 _______
 
Average employment.............................................................. 1,000 399 391 289 243 236 208 175 163 169 169 164 146 140 127 126 123 119 112 110 _______
Hours worked.............................................................. Million 758 753 526 475 474 419 356 354 363 360 350 304 293 274 273 269 259 247 240 _______
Index of output, all employees 3.............................................................. 1987=100 65.4 69.3 60.6 73.8 81.3 85.8 89.7 100 112.6 108.0 109.6 107.8 117.1 133.5 142.4 142.7 153.6 (NA) (NA) _______
 
Producer price indexes: 4
  Iron and steel, total.............................................................. 1982=100 90.0 98.5 100.0 101.3 105.3 104.8 101.1 104.6 115.7 119.1 117.2 114.1 111.5 116.0 122.0 128.8 125.8 126.5 122.6 _______
  Steel mill products.............................................................. 1982=100 86.6 96.6 100.0 100.9 104.7 104.7 99.8 102.3 110.7 114.5 112.1 109.5 106.4 108.2 113.4 120.1 115.6 116.4 113.9 _______
  Electrometallurgical products 1982=100 97.1 99.9 100.0 97.7 97.3 95.6 94.2 97.1 119.6 129.4 120.1 116.9 115.5 115.7 117.0 126.0 157.7 163.0 158.9 _______
  Iron ore.............................................................. 1982=100 87.8 96.3 100.0 101.2 101.2 97.5 91.5 84.2 82.8 82.8 83.3 83.6 83.7 82.7 82.7 91.8 96.7 96.3 95.5 _______
  Scrap, iron and steel.............................................................. 1982=100 140.9 140.6 100.0 107.4 123.7 112.6 109.6 128.4 177.1 173.7 166.0 147.6 139.2 172.5 192.9 202.7 191.1 188.9 164.9 _______
  Foundry and forge shop products.............................................................. 1982=100 89.7 95.4 100.0 101.6 104.4 105.2 105.2 105.7 109.6 114.6 117.2 119.0 120.1 121.3 123.9 129.3 132.6 134.1 135.0 _______


NA Not available. Z Less than $50 million.
1 In millions of short tons.
2 Current assets to current liabilities.
3 Index of output per employee hour for SIC group 331. See table 663. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
4 See also table 752. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Producer Price Indexes, monthly and annual.

Source: Except as noted, American Iron and Steel Institute, Washington, DC, Annual Statistical Report (copyright).

http://www.steel.org/

* Steel is a metal composed of iron plus varying amounts of carbon as well as other elements such as chromium, nickel, molybdenum, zirconium, vanadium, tungsten, and so on.

Different types of steel - that is, steel with different properties and characteristics - are produced by adjusting the chemical composition and adapting any of the different stages of the steelmaking process, such as rolling, finishing and heat treatment. As each of these factors can be modified, there is potentially virtually no limit to the number of different steels that can be made. Currently there are over 3,000 catalogued grades available (chemical compositions) of steel, not counting those created to meet custom demand, ranging from basic grades (such as for railway tracks) to sophisticated high-alloy and stainless grades for specialised applications.

Products

Steel slabs, billets and blooms are known as semi-finished products. Finished products include: hot- or cold-rolled flat products (such as plates, coils or sheets) and hot-rolled long products (such as wire, bars, rails or beams.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1252_iron_and_steel_industry_summary.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.