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32. 1997 Economic Census
1 Source: U.S. Census Bureau report EM 545, U.S. Exports.
2 Represents apparel which is cut in the United States, sent outside the country to be sewn, and then returned to the United States under the "Special Provisions" of chapter 98, Special Classification Provisions of the Harmonized Tariff Schedules of the United States, and is included in the domestic output, imports, and exports (formerly "807" provisions). Because "9802" garments are exported in pieces, the export quantity data may be overstated since some data may be reported in pieces rather than completed garments.
3 Represents the value of the U.S. fabricated components.
4 Represents the total c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and frieght) value of the article which includes the value of the U.S. fabricated components and foreign processing.
5 Source: U.S. Census Bureau report IM 145, U.S. Imports for Consumption.
6 This dollar value represents the c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and frieght) value at the first port of entry in the United States plus U.S. import duties.
7 Apparent consumption represents new domestic supply and is derived by subtracting exports from the sum of manufacturers' shipments plus imports.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Manufacturing Profiles, series MP/98, annual; and
To provide detailed data on production, quantity and total value of shipments of selected apparel items. The United States Code, Title 13, requires this survey and provides for mandatory responses.
Manufacturers, government contractors, and jobbers that cut and sew apparel (mostly but not all are in SIC 23), except small firms (generally less than 5 employees) for which census of manufactures data were from administrative records. Garments which are cut in the U.S. and sent outside the country to be sewn are included in this report. In 1993, apparel shipments amounted to nearly $37 billion.
Data are collected on over 70 types of apparel. Product data at the 7-digit SIC level include total quantity produced by type of fabric and total value of shipments. Small firms reporting annually do not provide detail by fabric type.
Quarterly and annually; reported data are for activities taking place during the applicable reporting period. Data on apparel have been collected since 1923.
A mail-out/mail-back quarterly survey of 1,175 manufacturers that account for 95 percent of apparel cuttings; approximately 1,250 small firms receive an annual short form. The universe for this survey was the 1992 Census of Manufactures. Firms are contacted using form MQ23A and short form MA23A. Data are estimated quarterly for small establishments that report annually. Estimates are based on previous annual data and the trend of those reporting quarterly. Quarterly data may be revised if firms later provide corrected data.
* The apparel industry is characterized by three types of operations �manufacturers,jobbers,and contractors. The functions of the establishments classified as manufac- turers include purchasing materials,cutting and sewing the product within the manufacturer �s establishment,and selling the finished product.The functions of the jobber, like those of the manufacturer,involve buying raw materi- als and marketing the finished product.However,unlike the manufacturer,a jobber has a large part of the actual processing of the product done under contract in an out- side factory.Finally,the function of a contractor is to make products in his establishment according to clearly defined specifications,from materials owned by others.A contrac- tor,unlike the manufacturer or jobber,does not own the finished product and does not become involved in the actual sale of the finished goods.
The purpose of this survey is to provide the total domestic quantity produced and value of shipments for each type of garment.Since collecting this information from all three types of establishments would result in sub- stantial duplication,only manufacturers and jobbers are surveyed.
One other form of manufacturing apparel that is becoming more and more significant is what we refer to as ��9802 ��(formerly 807)production.For ��9802 ��produc- tion,a domestic manufacturer or jobber buys fabrics and cuts a garment domestically,and then exports the cut pieces to be sewn.The completed garment is then imported.Under special tariff provisions,duty is paid only on the value added rather than on the whole garment.The quantity and value of these garments are included in the domestic data,as well as in the import and export data. * Garments,Men �s and Boys �:
Tailored uniform suits.Includes military,guards,band, police,fire,etc.Nontailored work-type suits,such as deliv- ery drivers and gas station attendants,are included under work clothing and washable service apparel. Trios.Includes tailored suits with a matching and contrast- ing pair of pants.
Tailored suit-type sport coats and jackets.Includes only tailored separate suit-type coats,including tailored uni- form and separate formal jackets.
Overcoats and top coats.Includes only tailored items, including uniform,reversible zipper-lined,fingertip,and wool water-repellent coats.Excludes raincoats.
Raincoats.Includes waterproof outercoats and water- repellent coats of cotton and manmade fibers,including uniforms.Wool and chiefly wool water-repellent coats and capes are included with overcoats and top coats.
Heavy nontailored outer jackets,including uniform. Includes lumberjacks and mackinaws.Excludes ski jackets.
Light nontailored outer jackets,including uniform. Includes golf-type zip front and snorkel jackets for outdoor outerwear.
Separate vests,including uniform.Includes vests that are not part of suits.Excludes sweater vests.
Separate dress and sport trousers,including uniform. Includes all pants except jeans,jean-cut casuals,dunga- rees,and work pants.
Jeans and dungarees.Includes all pants of jean-type con- struction which are made from denim fabric.Excludes waistband overalls.
Jean-cut casual slacks.Includes all pants of jean-type con- struction made from fabrics other than denim,to be worn as sportswear (e.g.,corduroy).
Dress and business shirts.Includes open front shirts designed primarily for dress or business wear,usually with a collar band.Sleeve length may or may not be sized in inches.Neck may be sized or feature a convertible col- lar and may include shirts sized S-M-L-XL.
Work pants,excluding jeans and dungarees.Includes util- ity trousers in a sturdy fabric designed for hard wear,and work pants with closed-seam construction and a waist- band in the same fabric as the shell.Also includes waist- band overalls.
Work shirts.Includes open front or pullover shirts in a sturdy fabric,designed for work and ease of movement.
Washable service apparel.Includes nontailored washable work apparel designed for use by waiters,gas station attendants,hospital staff,and other uniformed service workers.
Overall and work jackets.Includes utility jackets in a sturdy fabric,designed for hard work and ease of move- ment,usually with closed seam construction.
Team sports uniform.Clothing designed to be worn as a uniform in team athletic games,such as baseball,football, soccer,and hockey.
Garments,Women �s,Misses �,and Junior �s:
Suits.Includes tailored suits and uniforms but excludes pantsuits,jumpsuits,and coordinate suit sets that can be purchased as separate pieces,e.g.,shirt,vest,blouse,and pants.Excludes nurses �,maids �,and medical uniforms which are included in washable service apparel.
Pantsuits.Includes jumpsuits and pantsuits sold as a unit. Excludes coordinates which are sold as separates.
Dresses.Includes suit-type dresses,formal,work,house, etc.
Coats and capes.Includes toppers,car coats,suburban coats,plastic coats,reversible coats,and wool waterrepel- lent coats,but excludes raincoats.
Jeans and dungarees.Includes all pants of jean-type con- struction that are made from denim fabric.
Slacks,including jean-cut casuals.Includes all pants other than denim jeans,e.g.,tailored pants and pants with an elastic waistband.
Girls �.Includes subteen and teenage girls �,usually sizes 7 through 16.Also includes little girls �sizes 4 through 6x and toddler girls �sizes 2T through 4T.
Infants �.Includes all garments,sizes 0-24 months. Kitchen accessories.Includes items such as terry cloth aprons,pot holders,dish cloths,and toaster covers.
Little boys �.Includes little boys �sizes 4 through 7 and toddler boys �sizes 2T through 4T.
Men �s and junior boys �.Includes all men �s sizes and junior boys �,preps �(cadets),and students �sizes.These usually include boys �,junior boys �,and preps �sizes 6-20, chest 22-36 and waist 23-30;and students �sizes,chest 35-42 and waist 28-36. Table damask.Fabrics,whether or not napped,woven wholly or in part with jacquard or dobby attachment and characterized by elaborate decorative designs,usually of floral patterns.The designs are reversible and are formed by warpface satin weave.Table damask is generally all white,although it is sometimes made with colored stripes or in solid pastel shades. Women �s,misses �and junior �s.Includes all women �s, misses �and junior �s sizes.
These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.
Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.