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1232. Average Hourly Earnings of Production Workers in Manufacturing Industries, by State

[In dollars, except as indicated. Based on data from establishment reports. Includes all full- and part-time employees who worked during, or received pay for, any part of the pay period reported. Excludes proprietors, the self-employed, farm workers, unpaid family workers, private household workers, and Armed Forces. Based on the Current Employment Statistics Program; see Appendix III and summary below table]

 
State OFFICE FIPS FIPS 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
ABBREV- CODE CODE
 
Average Hourly Earnings
 
    United States.. US 00000 00 7.27 7.99 8.49 8.83 9.18 9.54 9.73 9.91 10.19 10.48 10.83 11.18 11.46 11.74 12.07 12.37 12.78 13.17 13.49 13.91
 
Alabama.. AL 01000 01 6.49 7.01 7.33 7.58 7.97 8.48 8.64 8.76 8.95 9.10 9.39 9.72 9.99 10.35 10.75 11.14 11.55 11.86 12.11 12.53
Alaska. AK 02000 02 10.22 11.42 11.74 12.34 12.25 12.19 11.62 11.79 11.98 12.01 12.46 11.40 10.75 11.14 10.96 11.00 11.14 11.78 11.09 12.10
Arizona.. AZ 04000 04 7.29 8.02 8.73 8.99 9.09 9.48 9.88 9.97 9.85 9.92 10.21 10.70 10.96 11.06 11.17 11.16 11.49 11.67 12.17 12.69
Arkansas.. AR 05000 05 5.71 6.26 6.69 7.05 7.31 7.57 7.76 7.88 8.07 8.26 8.51 8.81 9.05 9.36 9.65 10.05 10.41 10.78 11.12 11.55
California.. CA 06000 06 7.70 8.56 9.24 9.52 9.77 10.12 10.36 10.75 10.80 11.16 11.48 11.87 12.19 12.38 12.44 12.55 12.84 13.24 13.66 13.95
Colorado.. CO 08000 08 7.63 8.28 8.63 8.97 9.24 9.52 9.82 10.05 10.38 10.44 10.94 11.33 11.32 12.01 12.26 12.51 12.83 13.31 13.74 14.18
Connecticut.. CT 09000 09 7.08 7.67 8.23 8.76 9.22 9.57 10.07 10.46 10.78 11.21 11.53 11.99 12.46 13.01 13.53 13.71 14.01 14.46 14.83 15.33
Delaware.. DE 10000 10 7.58 8.28 8.64 9.13 9.30 9.86 10.05 10.67 11.49 12.36 12.39 12.20 12.35 13.29 13.92 14.20 14.02 14.81 15.36 15.93
District of Columbia 1. DC 11000 11 8.46 8.88 9.37 9.75 10.10 10.48 10.40 10.73 11.10 11.79 12.51 13.05 13.17 13.18 13.46 13.66 13.68 14.05 14.49 15.26
Florida.. FL 12000 12 5.98 6.53 7.02 7.33 7.62 7.86 8.02 8.16 8.39 8.67 8.98 9.30 9.59 9.76 9.97 10.18 10.55 10.95 11.43 11.83
Georgia.. GA 13000 13 5.77 6.37 6.75 7.13 7.58 8.10 8.35 8.49 8.65 8.87 9.17 9.56 9.86 10.09 10.34 10.71 11.19 11.64 12.03 12.50
Hawaii.. HI 15000 15 6.83 7.53 7.97 8.23 8.35 8.65 8.86 9.30 9.84 10.37 10.99 11.39 11.61 11.98 12.22 12.82 12.79 13.11 13.16 13.48
Idaho.. ID 16000 16 7.55 8.23 8.62 8.49 9.34 9.41 9.66 9.75 10.00 10.21 10.60 11.11 11.42 11.88 11.88 11.46 12.15 12.46 12.80 13.40
Illinois.. IL 17000 17 8.02 8.91 9.31 9.70 10.08 10.37 10.67 10.85 10.98 11.21 11.44 11.68 11.84 12.04 12.25 12.64 13.03 13.35 13.75 14.05
Indiana.. IN 18000 18 8.49 (NA) (NA) 10.10 10.45 (NA) 10.81 (NA) (NA) 11.70 12.03 12.43 12.79 13.17 13.55 13.91 14.33 14.79 14.97 15.26
Iowa.. IA 19000 19 8.67 9.60 10.01 10.09 10.25 10.32 10.35 10.62 10.56 10.82 11.27 11.62 11.92 12.22 12.45 12.73 13.13 13.57 13.91 14.20
Kansas.. KS 20000 20 7.37 8.05 8.80 9.28 9.40 9.45 9.76 9.97 10.24 10.68 10.94 11.24 11.60 11.99 12.15 12.39 12.88 13.45 13.84 14.44
Kentucky.. KY 21000 21 7.34 7.86 8.38 8.79 9.28 9.53 9.86 10.02 10.16 10.37 10.70 11.00 11.28 11.47 11.81 12.22 12.70 13.17 13.82 14.26
Louisiana.. LA 22000 22 7.74 8.58 9.38 9.79 10.06 10.43 10.60 10.90 10.94 11.13 11.61 11.86 12.19 12.66 13.11 13.43 13.65 14.14 14.63 15.19
Maine.. ME 23000 23 6.00 6.66 7.22 7.61 8.05 8.40 8.65 8.77 9.31 9.92 10.59 11.08 11.40 11.63 11.91 12.39 12.71 13.12 13.49 13.97
Maryland.. MD 24000 24 7.61 8.39 8.78 9.02 9.45 9.73 9.91 10.11 10.71 11.19 11.57 11.92 12.50 12.83 13.15 13.49 13.73 14.14 14.31 14.60
Massachusetts.. MA 25000 25 6.51 7.01 7.58 8.01 8.50 9.00 9.24 9.77 10.40 10.87 11.39 11.81 12.15 12.36 12.59 12.79 13.05 13.42 13.80 14.24
Michigan.. MI 26000 26 9.52 10.53 11.18 11.62 12.18 12.64 12.80 12.97 13.31 13.51 13.86 14.52 14.81 15.36 16.13 16.31 16.67 17.18 17.61 18.33
Minnesota.. MN 27000 27 7.61 8.40 9.11 9.56 9.75 10.05 10.20 10.37 10.59 10.95 11.23 11.52 11.92 12.23 12.58 12.79 13.16 13.63 13.92 14.35
Mississippi.. MS 28000 28 5.44 6.01 6.41 6.70 6.95 7.22 7.46 7.59 7.83 8.03 8.37 8.67 8.91 9.16 9.41 9.76 10.18 10.41 10.73 11.18
Missouri.. MO 29000 29 7.26 7.90 8.46 8.89 9.32 9.57 9.83 10.00 10.24 10.49 10.74 10.86 11.24 11.55 11.77 12.17 12.57 12.98 13.38 13.93
Montana.. MT 30000 30 8.78 9.09 9.86 10.42 10.74 10.95 10.94 10.61 10.68 11.15 11.51 11.57 12.18 12.40 12.49 12.94 13.00 13.29 13.76 14.18
Nebraska.. NE 31000 31 7.38 8.01 8.47 8.75 8.93 9.02 9.26 9.33 9.38 9.53 9.66 9.84 10.22 10.46 10.94 11.19 11.51 12.10 12.32 12.77
Nevada.. NV 32000 32 7.72 8.42 8.80 9.02 9.12 9.15 9.36 9.76 10.08 10.33 11.05 11.04 11.55 11.65 11.83 12.62 13.59 14.17 14.42 13.92
New Hampshire.. NH 33000 33 5.87 6.41 6.94 7.38 7.85 8.39 8.77 9.29 9.97 10.37 10.83 10.84 11.22 11.62 11.74 11.94 12.23 12.55 12.79 13.17
New Jersey.. NJ 34000 34 7.31 8.05 8.66 9.11 9.50 9.86 10.12 10.40 10.86 11.17 11.76 12.17 12.57 12.98 13.36 13.56 13.85 14.24 14.58 15.07
New Mexico.. NM 35000 35 5.79 6.54 7.22 7.62 7.97 8.41 8.75 8.74 8.87 8.74 9.04 9.40 9.68 9.74 10.13 10.68 10.99 11.74 12.47 12.56
New York.. NY 36000 36 7.18 7.84 8.35 8.84 9.22 9.67 9.92 10.09 10.43 10.67 11.11 11.43 11.72 11.97 12.19 12.50 12.78 13.19 13.47 13.86
North Carolina.. NC 37000 37 5.37 5.94 6.35 6.68 7.01 7.29 7.54 7.84 8.12 8.42 8.79 9.19 9.49 9.81 10.19 10.56 10.97 11.41 11.84 12.32
North Dakota.. ND 38000 38 6.56 7.12 7.50 7.74 7.86 8.05 8.19 8.43 8.36 8.80 9.27 9.25 9.60 9.86 10.19 10.75 10.95 11.29 11.40 11.93
Ohio.. OH 39000 39 8.57 9.53 10.07 10.56 10.96 11.38 11.56 11.73 12.00 12.26 12.64 13.12 13.49 14.05 14.40 14.42 14.70 15.30 15.79 16.26
Oklahoma.. OK 40000 40 7.36 8.20 8.69 9.21 9.64 9.86 9.80 10.14 10.35 10.48 10.73 11.09 11.38 11.42 11.42 11.52 11.78 12.36 12.61 12.69
Oregon.. OR 41000 41 8.65 9.47 10.02 10.24 10.44 10.50 10.57 10.56 10.60 10.81 11.15 11.53 11.97 12.18 12.31 12.75 13.01 13.39 14.07 14.61
Pennsylvania.. PA 42000 42 7.59 8.30 8.63 8.95 9.28 9.57 9.74 9.98 10.33 10.66 11.04 11.46 11.78 12.11 12.49 12.81 13.40 13.78 14.06 14.18
Rhode Island.. RI 44000 44 5.59 6.10 6.61 6.92 7.23 7.59 7.90 8.20 8.64 9.06 9.45 9.73 9.92 10.20 10.35 10.62 10.95 11.31 11.61 11.98
South Carolina.. SC 45000 45 5.59 6.18 6.68 7.03 7.28 7.61 7.92 8.10 8.30 8.54 8.84 9.17 9.48 9.80 10.00 10.16 10.25 10.35 10.52 10.67
South Dakota.. SD 46000 46 6.50 7.12 7.36 7.28 7.15 7.43 7.75 7.92 8.09 8.30 8.48 8.79 8.84 8.89 9.19 9.36 9.59 9.96 10.22 10.58
Tennessee.. TN 47000 47 6.08 6.72 7.16 7.49 7.93 8.29 8.58 8.78 8.96 9.22 9.55 9.92 10.13 10.33 10.50 10.78 11.30 11.71 12.06 12.50
Texas.. TX 48000 48 7.15 7.95 8.60 8.88 9.04 9.41 9.65 9.85 9.97 10.25 10.47 10.84 10.92 11.02 11.13 11.47 11.81 12.03 12.14 12.26
Utah.. UT 49000 49 7.02 7.74 8.40 8.71 8.95 9.64 9.98 9.96 10.11 10.14 10.32 10.77 11.09 11.10 11.28 11.62 12.21 12.85 13.07 13.38
Vermont.. VT 50000 50 6.14 6.79 7.35 7.66 8.03 8.41 8.83 9.12 9.47 9.99 10.52 11.00 11.52 12.09 11.96 12.21 12.42 12.70 13.03 13.65
Virginia.. VA 51000 51 6.22 6.84 7.37 7.78 8.12 8.51 8.83 9.14 9.37 9.69 10.07 10.43 10.62 10.85 11.24 11.72 12.19 12.51 12.90 13.37
Washington.. WA 53000 53 (NA) 10.44 11.23 11.41 (NA) 11.63 11.65 11.73 11.90 12.12 12.61 13.13 13.59 14.01 14.86 14.73 14.73 15.16 15.76 16.14
West Virginia.. WV 54000 54 8.08 8.80 9.40 9.74 9.93 10.24 10.38 10.55 10.81 11.17 11.53 11.77 12.11 12.27 12.60 12.64 12.96 13.17 13.72 14.09
Wisconsin.. WI 55000 55 8.03 8.80 9.37 9.78 10.03 10.26 10.35 10.55 10.61 10.77 11.11 11.47 11.85 12.17 12.41 12.76 13.14 13.66 14.02 14.51
Wyoming.. WY 56000 56 7.01 7.89 8.62 8.72 8.86 9.64 9.68 9.75 10.27 10.58 10.83 10.98 11.10 11.53 11.79 11.96 13.17 14.54 14.93 15.40
 
PERCENT OF U.S. AVERAGE
 
    United States.. US 00000 00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00
 
Alabama.. AL 01000 01 89.27 87.73 86.34 85.84 86.82 88.89 88.80 88.40 87.83 86.83 86.70 86.94 87.17 88.16 89.06 90.06 90.38 90.05 89.77 90.08
Alaska. AK 02000 02 140.58 142.93 138.28 139.75 133.44 127.78 119.42 118.97 117.57 114.60 115.05 101.97 93.80 94.89 90.80 88.92 87.17 89.45 82.21 86.99
Arizona.. AZ 04000 04 100.28 100.38 102.83 101.81 99.02 99.37 101.54 100.61 96.66 94.66 94.28 95.71 95.64 94.21 92.54 90.22 89.91 88.61 90.21 91.23
Arkansas.. AR 05000 05 78.54 78.35 78.80 79.84 79.63 79.35 79.75 79.52 79.20 78.82 78.58 78.80 78.97 79.73 79.95 81.24 81.46 81.85 82.43 83.03
California.. CA 06000 06 105.91 107.13 108.83 107.81 106.43 106.08 106.47 108.48 105.99 106.49 106.00 106.17 106.37 105.45 103.07 101.46 100.47 100.53 101.26 100.29
Colorado.. CO 08000 08 104.95 103.63 101.65 101.59 100.65 99.79 100.92 101.41 101.86 99.62 101.02 101.34 98.78 102.30 101.57 101.13 100.39 101.06 101.85 101.94
Connecticut.. CT 09000 09 97.39 95.99 96.94 99.21 100.44 100.31 103.49 105.55 105.79 106.97 106.46 107.25 108.73 110.82 112.10 110.83 109.62 109.79 109.93 110.21
Delaware.. DE 10000 10 104.26 103.63 101.77 103.40 101.31 103.35 103.29 107.67 112.76 117.94 114.40 109.12 107.77 113.20 115.33 114.79 109.70 112.45 113.86 114.52
District of Columbia 1. DC 11000 11 116.37 111.14 110.37 110.42 110.02 109.85 106.89 108.27 108.93 112.50 115.51 116.73 114.92 112.27 111.52 110.43 107.04 106.68 107.41 109.71
Florida.. FL 12000 12 82.26 81.73 82.69 83.01 83.01 82.39 82.43 82.34 82.34 82.73 82.92 83.18 83.68 83.13 82.60 82.30 82.55 83.14 84.73 85.05
Georgia.. GA 13000 13 79.37 79.72 79.51 80.75 82.57 84.91 85.82 85.67 84.89 84.64 84.67 85.51 86.04 85.95 85.67 86.58 87.56 88.38 89.18 89.86
Hawaii.. HI 15000 15 93.95 94.24 93.88 93.20 90.96 90.67 91.06 93.84 96.57 98.95 101.48 101.88 101.31 102.04 101.24 103.64 100.08 99.54 97.55 96.91
Idaho.. ID 16000 16 103.85 103.00 101.53 96.15 101.74 98.64 99.28 98.39 98.14 97.42 97.88 99.37 99.65 101.19 98.43 92.64 95.07 94.61 94.89 96.33
Illinois.. IL 17000 17 110.32 111.51 109.66 109.85 109.80 108.70 109.66 109.49 107.75 106.97 105.63 104.47 103.32 102.56 101.49 102.18 101.96 101.37 101.93 101.01
Indiana.. IN 18000 18 116.78 (NA) (NA) 114.38 113.83 #����! 111.10 #����! #����! 111.64 111.08 111.18 111.61 112.18 112.26 112.45 112.13 112.30 110.97 109.71
Iowa.. IA 19000 19 119.26 120.15 117.90 114.27 111.66 108.18 106.37 107.16 103.63 103.24 104.06 103.94 104.01 104.09 103.15 102.91 102.74 103.04 103.11 102.08
Kansas.. KS 20000 20 101.38 100.75 103.65 105.10 102.40 99.06 100.31 100.61 100.49 101.91 101.02 100.54 101.22 102.13 100.66 100.16 100.78 102.13 102.59 103.81
Kentucky.. KY 21000 21 100.96 98.37 98.70 99.55 101.09 99.90 101.34 101.11 99.71 98.95 98.80 98.39 98.43 97.70 97.85 98.79 99.37 100.00 102.45 102.52
Louisiana.. LA 22000 22 106.46 107.38 110.48 110.87 109.59 109.33 108.94 109.99 107.36 106.20 107.20 106.08 106.37 107.84 108.62 108.57 106.81 107.37 108.45 109.20
Maine.. ME 23000 23 82.53 83.35 85.04 86.18 87.69 88.05 88.90 88.50 91.36 94.66 97.78 99.11 99.48 99.06 98.67 100.16 99.45 99.62 100.00 100.43
Maryland.. MD 24000 24 104.68 105.01 103.42 102.15 102.94 101.99 101.85 102.02 105.10 106.77 106.83 106.62 109.08 109.28 108.95 109.05 107.43 107.37 106.08 104.96
Massachusetts.. MA 25000 25 89.55 87.73 89.28 90.71 92.59 94.34 94.96 98.59 102.06 103.72 105.17 105.64 106.02 105.28 104.31 103.40 102.11 101.90 102.30 102.37
Michigan.. MI 26000 26 130.95 131.79 131.68 131.60 132.68 132.49 131.55 130.88 130.62 128.91 127.98 129.87 129.23 130.83 133.64 131.85 130.44 130.45 130.54 131.78
Minnesota.. MN 27000 27 104.68 105.13 107.30 108.27 106.21 105.35 104.83 104.64 103.93 104.48 103.69 103.04 104.01 104.17 104.23 103.40 102.97 103.49 103.19 103.16
Mississippi.. MS 28000 28 74.83 75.22 75.50 75.88 75.71 75.68 76.67 76.59 76.84 76.62 77.29 77.55 77.75 78.02 77.96 78.90 79.66 79.04 79.54 80.37
Missouri.. MO 29000 29 99.86 98.87 99.65 100.68 101.53 100.31 101.03 100.91 100.49 100.10 99.17 97.14 98.08 98.38 97.51 98.38 98.36 98.56 99.18 100.14
Montana.. MT 30000 30 120.77 113.77 116.14 118.01 116.99 114.78 112.44 107.06 104.81 106.39 106.28 103.49 106.28 105.62 103.48 104.61 101.72 100.91 102.00 101.94
Nebraska.. NE 31000 31 101.51 100.25 99.76 99.09 97.28 94.55 95.17 94.15 92.05 90.94 89.20 88.01 89.18 89.10 90.64 90.46 90.06 91.88 91.33 91.80
Nevada.. NV 32000 32 106.19 105.38 103.65 102.15 99.35 95.91 96.20 98.49 98.92 98.57 102.03 98.75 100.79 99.23 98.01 102.02 106.34 107.59 106.89 100.07
New Hampshire.. NH 33000 33 80.74 80.23 81.74 83.58 85.51 87.95 90.13 93.74 97.84 98.95 100.00 96.96 97.91 98.98 97.27 96.52 95.70 95.29 94.81 94.68
New Jersey.. NJ 34000 34 100.55 100.75 102.00 103.17 103.49 103.35 104.01 104.94 106.58 106.58 108.59 108.86 109.69 110.56 110.69 109.62 108.37 108.12 108.08 108.34
New Mexico.. NM 35000 35 79.64 81.85 85.04 86.30 86.82 88.16 89.93 88.19 87.05 83.40 83.47 84.08 84.47 82.96 83.93 86.34 85.99 89.14 92.44 90.29
New York.. NY 36000 36 98.76 98.12 98.35 100.11 100.44 101.36 101.95 101.82 102.36 101.81 102.59 102.24 102.27 101.96 100.99 101.05 100.00 100.15 99.85 99.64
North Carolina.. NC 37000 37 73.87 74.34 74.79 75.65 76.36 76.42 77.49 79.11 79.69 80.34 81.16 82.20 82.81 83.56 84.42 85.37 85.84 86.64 87.77 88.57
North Dakota.. ND 38000 38 90.23 89.11 88.34 87.66 85.62 84.38 84.17 85.07 82.04 83.97 85.60 82.74 83.77 83.99 84.42 86.90 85.68 85.73 84.51 85.77
Ohio.. OH 39000 39 117.88 119.27 118.61 119.59 119.39 119.29 118.81 118.37 117.76 116.98 116.71 117.35 117.71 119.68 119.30 116.57 115.02 116.17 117.05 116.89
Oklahoma.. OK 40000 40 101.24 102.63 102.36 104.30 105.01 103.35 100.72 102.32 101.57 100.00 99.08 99.19 99.30 97.27 94.61 93.13 92.18 93.85 93.48 91.23
Oregon.. OR 41000 41 118.98 118.52 118.02 115.97 113.73 110.06 108.63 106.56 104.02 103.15 102.95 103.13 104.45 103.75 101.99 103.07 101.80 101.67 104.30 105.03
Pennsylvania.. PA 42000 42 104.40 103.88 101.65 101.36 101.09 100.31 100.10 100.71 101.37 101.72 101.94 102.50 102.79 103.15 103.48 103.56 104.85 104.63 104.23 101.94
Rhode Island.. RI 44000 44 76.89 76.35 77.86 78.37 78.76 79.56 81.19 82.74 84.79 86.45 87.26 87.03 86.56 86.88 85.75 85.85 85.68 85.88 86.06 86.13
South Carolina.. SC 45000 45 76.89 77.35 78.68 79.61 79.30 79.77 81.40 81.74 81.45 81.49 81.63 82.02 82.72 83.48 82.85 82.13 80.20 78.59 77.98 76.71
South Dakota.. SD 46000 46 89.41 89.11 86.69 82.45 77.89 77.88 79.65 79.92 79.39 79.20 78.30 78.62 77.14 75.72 76.14 75.67 75.04 75.63 75.76 76.06
Tennessee.. TN 47000 47 83.63 84.11 84.33 84.82 86.38 86.90 88.18 88.60 87.93 87.98 88.18 88.73 88.39 87.99 86.99 87.15 88.42 88.91 89.40 89.86
Texas.. TX 48000 48 98.35 99.50 101.30 100.57 98.47 98.64 99.18 99.39 97.84 97.81 96.68 96.96 95.29 93.87 92.21 92.72 92.41 91.34 89.99 88.14
Utah.. UT 49000 49 96.56 96.87 98.94 98.64 97.49 101.05 102.57 100.50 99.21 96.76 95.29 96.33 96.77 94.55 93.45 93.94 95.54 97.57 96.89 96.19
Vermont.. VT 50000 50 84.46 84.98 86.57 86.75 87.47 88.16 90.75 92.03 92.93 95.32 97.14 98.39 100.52 102.98 99.09 98.71 97.18 96.43 96.59 98.13
Virginia.. VA 51000 51 85.56 85.61 86.81 88.11 88.45 89.20 90.75 92.23 91.95 92.46 92.98 93.29 92.67 92.42 93.12 94.75 95.38 94.99 95.63 96.12
Washington.. WA 53000 53 (NA) 130.66 132.27 129.22 (NA) 121.91 119.73 118.37 116.78 115.65 116.44 117.44 118.59 119.34 123.12 119.08 115.26 115.11 116.83 116.03
West Virginia.. WV 54000 54 111.14 110.14 110.72 110.31 108.17 107.34 106.68 106.46 106.08 106.58 106.46 105.28 105.67 104.51 104.39 102.18 101.41 100.00 101.70 101.29
Wisconsin.. WI 55000 55 110.45 110.14 110.37 110.76 109.26 107.55 106.37 106.46 104.12 102.77 102.59 102.59 103.40 103.66 102.82 103.15 102.82 103.72 103.93 104.31
Wyoming.. WY 56000 56 96.42 98.75 101.53 98.75 96.51 101.05 99.49 98.39 100.79 100.95 100.00 98.21 96.86 98.21 97.68 96.69 103.05 110.40 110.67 110.71


NA Not available.
1 Washington PMSA (primary metropolitan statistical area).

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment and Earnings, May 1999 issue and earlier issues.

http://stats.bls.gov/790home.htm

* CURRENT EMPLOYMENT STATISTICS SURVEY

BLS cooperates with State employment security agencies in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey to collect data each month on employment, hours, and earnings from a sample of nonfarm establishments (including government). In early 1996, this sample included over 390,000 reporting units. From these data, a large number of employment, hours, and earnings series in considerable industry and geographic detail are prepared and published each month. The employment data include series on all employees, women workers, and production or nonsupervisory workers. Hours and earnings data include average weekly hours, average weekly overtime hours, and average hourly and weekly earnings.

* Employment

Employment is the total number of persons employed full or part time in nonfarm establishments during a specified payroll period. Temporary employees are included. In general, data refer to persons who worked during, or received pay for, any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month, which is standard for all Federal agencies collecting employment data from business establishments. National employment figures for Federal Government establishments, however, represent the number of persons who were paid for the last full pay period of the calendar month except for the Department of Defense, which reports the number of civilian employees on the payroll the last day of the month; intermittent Federal Government workers are counted if they performed any service during the month.

Workers on an establishment payroll who are on paid sick leave (when pay is received directly from the employer); on paid holiday or vacation; or who work during only a part of the specified pay period, even though they are unemployed or on strike during the rest of the pay period, are all counted as employed. Persons on the payroll of more than one establishment during the pay period are counted in each establishment which reports them, whether the duplication is due to turnover or dual jobholding. Persons are considered employed if they receive pay for any part of the specified pay period, but they are not considered employed if they receive no pay at all for the pay period. Since proprietors, the self-employed, and unpaid family workers do not have the status of paid employees, they are not included. Also excluded from the employed are domestic workers in households; persons who are on layoff, on leave without pay, or on strike for the entire pay period; and persons who were hired but have not yet started work during the pay period.

Data are collected for production workers in manufacturing and mining industries. In manufacturing, this group covers employees, up through the level of working supervisors, who engage directly in the manufacture of the establishment's product. Among those excluded from this category are persons in executive and managerial positions and persons engaged in activities such as accounting, sales, advertising, routine office work, professional and technical functions, and force-account construction. (Force-account construction is construction work performed by an establishment, primarily engaged in some business other than construction, for its own account and for use by its own employees.) Production workers in mining are defined in a similar manner.

Hours and earnings

The hours and earnings series are based on reports of gross payrolls and the corresponding paid hours for production workers, construction workers, or nonsupervisory workers. (See facsimile of BLS 790 C.) In private educational institutions, payroll data are for "all employees."

Aggregate payrolls include pay before deductions for Social Security, unemployment insurance, group insurance, withholding tax, salary reduction plans, bonds, and union dues. The payroll figures also include pay for overtime, shift premiums, holidays, vacations, and sick leave paid directly by the employer to employees for the pay period reported. They exclude bonuses, commissions, and other lump-sum payments (unless earned and paid regularly each pay period or month), or other pay not earned in the pay period concerned (e.g., retroactive pay). Tips and the value of free rent, fuel, meals, or other payments in kind are not included.

Total hours during the pay period include all hours worked (including overtime hours), hours paid for standby or reporting time, and equivalent hours for which employees received pay directly from the employer for sick leave, holidays, vacations, and other leave. Overtime or other premium pay hours are not converted to straight-time equivalent hours. The concept of total hours differs from scheduled hours or hours worked. The average weekly hours derived from the total hours reflect the effects of such factors as unpaid absenteeism, labor turnover, part-time work, and strikes, as well as fluctuations in work schedules.

Overtime hours are hours worked for which premiums were paid because they were in excess of the number of hours of either the straight-time workday or workweek. Saturday and Sunday hours (or 6- and 7th-day hours) are included as overtime only if overtime premiums were paid. Holiday hours worked as overtime are not included unless they are paid for at more than the straight-time rate. Hours for which only shift differential, hazard, incentive, or similar types of premiums were paid are excluded from overtime hours. Overtime hours data are collected only from establishments in manufacturing industries.

Average hourly earnings series, derived by dividing gross payrolls by total hours, reflect the actual earnings of workers, including premium pay. They differ from wage rates, which are the amounts stipulated for a given unit of work or time. Average hourly earnings do not represent total labor costs per hour for the employer, because they exclude retroactive payments and irregular bonuses, employee benefits, and the employer's share of payroll taxes. Earnings for those employees not covered under the production worker and nonsupervisory categories are not reflected in the estimates. Industrial classification

Industrial classification refers to the grouping of reporting establishments into industries on the basis of their major product or activity as determined by the establishments' percentages of total sales or receipts for the previous calendar year. This information is collected as an administrative byproduct of the UI reporting system. All data for an establishment making more than one product or engaging in more than one activity are classified under the industry of the most important product or activity, based on the percentages reported.

Industries are classified in accordance with the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification Manual, Office of Management and Budget.

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https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1232_average_hourly_earnings_of_production_workers.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.