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32. 1997 Economic Census





1231. Manufactures -- Employment, Payroll, Value Added, and Value of Shipments, by State

[Sum of State totals may not add to U.S. total because U.S. and State figures were independently derived. Based on the Annual Survey of Manufactures and Census Manufactures; for description, see summary below]

 
1982 1982 1987 1987 1992 1992 1995 1995 1996 1996 1997 1997 1998 1998 1999 1999
POST 5-DIGIT 2-DIGIT All employees 1 Production workers 2 ALL EMPLOYEES 1 PRODUCTION WORKERS2 ALL EMPLOYEES 1 PRODUCTION WORKERS 2 VALUE ADDED BY PRODUCTION WORKERS 1 VALUE ADDED BY All employees 1 Production workers 1 Value added by PRODUCTION WORKERS 1 VALUE ADDED BY PRODUCTION WORKERS 1 VALUE ADDED BY PRODUCTION WORKERS 1 VALUE ADDED BY
OFFICE FIPS FIPS Value Value of Value Value of MANUFACTURES 3 ALL EMPLOYEES 1 MANUFACTURE 2 manufacture 2 ALL EMPLOYEES 1 MANUFACTURE 2 ALL EMPLOYEES 1 MANUFACTURE 2 ALL EMPLOYEES 1 MANUFACTURE 2
ABBREV- CODE CODE Number Payroll Total Wages added ship- Number Payroll Payroll Total Wages added ship- Value of Value of New Value of New Value of New Value of New
State IATION (1,000) ($mil) (1,000) ($mil) by manu- ments 3 (1,000) ($mil) per (1,000) ($mil) by manu- ments 3 Payroll Total Wages Total Per ship- Payroll Total Hours Wages Per ship- capital Payroll Total Hours Wages Per ship- capital Payroll Per Total Payroll Total Hours Wages Per ship- capital Payroll Total Hours Wages Per ship- capital
facture4 ($mil) employee facture 4 ($mil) Number (1,000) ($mil.) ($mil.) produc- ments 4 Number (1,000) (mil.) ($mil.) Total produc- ments 3 expendi- Number (1,000) (mil.) ($mil.) Total produc- ments 3 expendi- produc- Value of capital Number (1,000) (mil.) ($mil.) Total produc- ments 3 expendi- Number (1,000) (mil.) ($mil.) Total produc- ments 3 expendi-
($mil) (dol.) ($mil) (1,000) Total Per tion ($mil.) (1,000) Total Per ($mil.) tion ($mil.) tures (1,000) Total Per ($mil.) tion ($mil.) tures Per tion ship- expendi- (1,000) Total Per ($mil.) tion ($mil.) tures (1,000) Total Per ($mil.) tion ($mil.) tures
($mil.) employee worker ($mil.) employee worker ($mil.) ($mil.) employee worker ($mil.) Establish- Number Total employee Total Hours Wages Total worker ments 3 tures ($mil.) employee worker ($mil.) ($mil.) employee worker ($mil.)
(dol.) (dol.) (dol.) (dol.) (dol.) (dol.) ments (1,000) ($1,000) (dol.) (1,000) (mil.) ($mil.) ($1,000) (dol.) ($1,000) ($1,000) (dol.) (dol.) (dol.) (dol.)
 
    United States.............................................................. US 00000 00 19,094 379,627 12,401 204,787 824,118 1,960,206 18,950 475,651 25,100 12,243 251,433 1,165,917 2475902 18,253 560,485 30,706 11,654 281,737 1,428,707 122,594 3,006,275 18,730 624,411 33,266 12,253 25,070 317,755 1,711,738 139,482 3,594,662 128,478 18,667 645,140 34,561 12,169 25,014 324,612 1,750,493 143,847 3,719,743 172,597 NA at the time of publication
 
Alabama ........................................... AL 01000 01 330 5,234 254 3,598 12,046 29,794 347 6,963 20,048 269 4,746 18,652 40901.4 380 9,217 24,255 284 5,934 23,653 83,285 52,708 388 10,409 26,810 291 587 6,625 29,140 100,375 65,591 2,786 383 10,587 27,679 285 572 6,675 27,451 96,422 66,257 3,319 NA at the time of publication
Alaska ............................................. AK 02000 02 13 270 10 197 769 2,580 11 272 24,477 8 191 834 2710.7 16 426 26,625 12 313 1,347 112,250 3,678 15 464 30,082 12 27 328 1,435 122,571 3,898 119 16 488 30,873 12 27 339 1,470 124,568 3,939 81 NA at the time of publication
Arizona ............................................ AZ 04000 04 150 3,037 87 1,423 6,162 12,907 184 4,669 25,361 106 2,149 11,299 20757.7 177 5,420 30,621 99 2,244 14,960 151,111 25,767 197 6,647 33,914 114 240 2,622 20,100 182,954 34,506 2,250 208 7,191 34,554 120 245 2,857 22,850 189,782 36,961 2,914 NA at the time of publication
Arkansas.................................... AR 05000 05 190 2,824 149 1,932 7,755 19,747 206 3,815 18,563 162 2,652 10,827 25307.6 227 4,878 21,489 179 3,353 14,204 79,352 34,050 245 5,775 23,617 195 392 4,033 18,550 96,180 43,008 1,369 239 5,829 24,410 188 380 4,036 18,512 98,414 44,310 1,279 NA at the time of publication
California ........................................ CA 06000 06 2,005 42,630 1,209 20,561 94,388 199,695 2,104 57,148 27,158 1,240 25,697 132,638 252728.8 1,960 65,766 33,554 1,117 26,955 158,240 141,665 305,805 1,923 68,312 35,425 1,143 2,302 27,879 179,868 155,636 351,185 12,908 1,938 71,164 36,724 1,162 2,362 29,028 188,805 162,427 368,329 14,093 NA at the time of publication
Colorado .......................................... CO 08000 08 192 3,983 110 1,877 8,057 17,963 184 4,958 26,977 103 2,286 12,046 23235.9 184 5,926 32,207 107 2,773 15,300 142,991 29,220 192 6,436 33,528 116 240 3,049 19,089 164,009 37,708 1,502 196 6,792 34,686 118 237 3,122 19,215 162,704 39,191 1,528 NA at the time of publication
Connecticut ....................................... CT 09000 09 424 9,060 245 4,095 16,373 30,067 389 11,111 28,569 217 4,826 22,349 37400.3 326 12,411 38,071 171 4,733 24,677 144,310 40,778 302 12,435 41,264 157 328 4,604 24,972 158,756 44,091 1,513 299 12,785 42,802 153 321 4,699 24,772 161,484 44,369 1,769 NA at the time of publication
Delaware ......................................... DE 10000 10 68 1,743 32 557 2,467 8,383 67 2,091 31,393 33 760 3,866 10729.7 67 2,770 41,343 31 850 4,881 157,452 13,000 63 2,811 44,610 30 59 905 5,682 188,857 14,464 319 60 2,840 47,178 27 55 784 5,791 212,890 13,601 807 NA at the time of publication
District of Columbia ......................................... DC 11000 11 17 394 6 125 929 1,537 17 494 29,065 5 119 1,525 2128.3 13 553 42,538 4 116 1,570 392,500 2,008 14 689 50,109 3 7 107 1,626 511,375 2,038 67 13 630 49,180 3 6 97 1,512 504,133 1,975 44 NA at the time of publication
Florida ........................................... FL 12000 12 454 7,773 292 3,956 18,112 38,683 499 10,954 21,939 309 5,223 27,574 56612.7 474 13,018 27,464 289 5,796 33,081 114,467 64,320 481 13,941 28,850 294 609 6,334 37,460 129,114 73,494 2,346 486 14,853 30,554 297 619 6,553 38,621 130,170 76,387 2,644 NA at the time of publication
Georgia ........................................... GA 13000 13 503 7,906 369 4,864 19,192 48,056 570 11,933 20,939 409 7,240 33,708 75709.2 556 14,278 25,680 394 8,159 41,038 104,157 90,999 592 16,910 28,565 416 858 9,444 50,478 120,604 112,423 3,642 585 17,593 30,100 411 850 9,634 51,753 125,797 115,898 3,847 NA at the time of publication
Hawaii ........................................... HI 15000 15 24 360 16 218 1,120 3,443 22 440 19,829 15 254 1,405 3447.9 21 556 26,476 13 293 1,526 117,385 3,790 17 508 29,434 11 22 260 1,486 139,112 3,436 113 17 509 29,789 10 20 251 1,609 159,257 3,146 79 NA at the time of publication
Idaho ............................................ ID 16000 16 48 865 34 545 2,077 5,370 53 1,149 21,711 38 698 3,057 7004.7 66 1,769 26,803 46 1,022 4,465 97,065 10,557 71 2,164 30,358 50 100 1,233 7,769 159,917 16,318 1,331 74 2,383 32,152 53 106 1,312 7,977 149,944 18,315 1,637 NA at the time of publication
Illinois ...................................................... IL 17000 17 1,069 22,681 670 11,931 47,705 112,929 990 26,235 26,510 609 13,401 63,350 132204.3 970 31,605 32,582 588 14,977 74,860 127,313 158,129 1,006 35,897 35,521 635 1,307 17,345 92,560 148,031 193,340 6,424 996 36,986 37,124 625 1,293 17,625 92,011 147,171 196,845 7,124 NA at the time of publication
Indiana ........................................... IN 18000 18 585 12,559 406 7,821 25,747 63,332 602 15,757 26,174 427 9,874 39,279 83787.9 619 19,114 30,879 435 11,662 49,662 114,166 104,871 673 22,846 33,595 486 1,017 14,383 61,107 127,093 131,798 4,746 660 22,976 34,812 477 998 14,290 61,896 129,678 133,787 4,739 NA at the time of publication
Iowa ........................................................... IA 19000 19 213 4,403 140 2,649 12,078 31,397 206 4,971 24,120 140 3,043 14,469 35408.6 227 6,484 28,564 158 3,852 20,502 129,759 46,432 254 7,740 30,495 182 364 4,725 26,380 144,357 59,167 1,726 250 7,839 31,307 177 362 4,725 27,021 153,092 61,981 2,100 NA at the time of publication
Kansas......................................................... KS 20000 20 171 3,323 113 1,958 8,437 26,753 189 4,597 24,311 121 2,609 12,909 31055.8 189 5,261 27,836 126 3,045 15,156 120,286 36,095 204 6,448 31,133 137 280 3,657 17,555 129,037 42,397 1,326 209 6,902 32,994 145 302 4,006 18,820 129,970 46,152 1,515 NA at the time of publication
Kentucky....................................................... KY 21000 21 247 4,639 174 2,874 11,820 29,639 252 5,865 23,312 185 3,752 18,092 41827.1 277 7,524 27,162 203 4,691 25,265 124,458 60,029 302 9,002 29,657 222 446 5,613 33,296 151,564 78,275 2,489 296 9,162 30,933 216 440 5,752 35,040 162,524 82,531 3,076 NA at the time of publication
Louisiana ....................................... LA 22000 22 202 4,304 142 2,731 11,755 57,058 161 4,176 25,873 111 2,588 16,426 50699.7 179 5,460 30,503 126 3,308 20,509 162,770 60,940 175 5,875 33,415 125 268 3,645 28,924 243,822 74,497 3,008 175 6,037 34,439 123 276 3,706 25,125 203,606 75,961 3,267 NA at the time of publication
Maine .......................................... ME 23000 23 110 1,775 86 1,237 4,038 8,649 102 2,192 21,576 77 1,457 5,271 10661.5 91 2,447 26,890 67 1,589 5,458 81,463 11,611 91 2,617 28,969 67 129 1,715 7,027 105,087 14,431 653 89 2,674 30,175 66 130 1,760 6,675 100,988 14,445 740 NA at the time of publication
Maryland ......................................... MD 24000 24 234 4,859 146 2,551 10,134 21,282 230 5,956 25,849 140 2,994 14,020 28009.4 195 6,291 32,261 114 3,005 15,588 136,737 31,047 190 6,823 35,800 112 227 3,222 17,049 152,969 34,306 996 192 6,968 36,309 112 228 3,226 17,455 155,707 35,700 1,182 NA at the time of publication
Massachusetts.................................. MA 25000 25 643 12,353 397 6,001 25,968 48,204 591 15,211 25,725 348 7,019 35,770 62793.7 480 16,421 34,210 273 7,085 36,519 133,769 65,702 466 17,970 38,261 260 538 7,317 41,619 160,539 75,081 2,756 475 19,026 40,071 264 557 7,723 44,047 166,655 79,254 2,860 NA at the time of publication
Michigan........................................ MI 26000 26 884 22,223 564 12,505 39,118 99,715 980 30,628 31,250 636 17,393 60,259 146338.8 917 34,207 37,303 574 18,452 71,724 124,955 161,409 972 40,574 41,783 639 1,363 22,725 86,517 137,310 203,163 7,835 967 41,782 43,230 629 1,349 22,643 85,688 136,186 205,744 7,728 NA at the time of publication
Minnesota ........................................ MN 27000 27 350 7,423 201 3,428 15,367 35,321 374 10,142 27,102 215 4,513 23,152 47604 394 12,664 32,142 225 5,391 27,175 120,778 57,324 419 14,578 34,804 251 507 6,492 32,549 129,798 69,436 2,766 432 15,590 36,071 256 519 6,886 34,716 135,399 73,273 2,847 NA at the time of publication
Mississippi ....................................... MS 28000 28 202 2,881 158 1,978 7,825 19,488 219 3,827 17,484 171 2,621 10,503 24380.6 238 5,030 21,134 188 3,366 13,988 74,404 32,655 244 5,588 22,911 196 385 3,837 17,695 88,811 39,815 1,385 239 5,654 23,666 190 376 3,838 17,295 91,024 39,564 1,660 NA at the time of publication
Missouri ......................................... MO 29000 29 406 8,013 256 4,199 18,334 41,459 419 10,390 24,809 265 5,402 25,917 59889.3 408 11,868 29,088 260 6,049 33,995 130,750 73,746 412 13,190 32,006 264 524 6,500 39,788 150,233 82,568 3,039 415 13,572 32,712 263 528 6,743 40,208 152,650 85,222 2,415 NA at the time of publication
Montana ............ .......................................... MT 30000 30 20 379 15 265 714 3,668 20 426 21,184 15 296 1,112 3497.9 22 544 24,727 16 364 1,421 88,813 4,137 22 566 25,950 15 30 373 1,773 115,519 4,899 134 22 588 26,584 15 30 376 1,707 111,582 4,930 137 NA at the time of publication
Nebraska .......................................... NE 31000 31 92 1,624 64 1,015 4,445 15,143 91 1,938 21,363 64 1,212 5,819 16076.2 100 2,516 25,160 72 1,555 7,952 110,444 21,816 110 3,007 27,237 81 169 1,904 9,700 115,420 24,755 803 110 3,086 28,033 80 168 1,916 9,218 115,229 25,023 693 NA at the time of publication
Nevada ............................................ NV 32000 32 20 356 13 210 863 1,756 24 521 22,000 16 300 1,279 2470.4 28 744 26,571 18 385 1,720 95,556 3,288 38 1,078 27,841 25 50 581 2,923 118,694 5,440 260 41 1,195 29,299 27 54 627 3,275 120,408 6,194 206 NA at the time of publication
New Hampshire ..................................... NH 33000 33 107 1,792 75 1,055 4,004 7,636 108 2,509 23,250 72 1,427 8,189 12214.2 94 2,820 30,000 60 1,470 6,493 108,217 11,260 102 3,253 32,017 68 136 1,705 9,140 127,518 16,229 442 107 3,576 33,293 71 141 1,848 10,815 152,969 19,348 529 NA at the time of publication
New Jersey...................................... NJ 34000 34 754 15,845 440 7,207 31,656 70,420 691 18,550 26,853 394 8,389 42,527 82451 574 20,616 35,916 301 7,676 46,091 153,126 86,885 544 21,717 39,942 285 588 7,841 49,036 169,157 92,583 2,639 540 22,919 42,419 279 579 7,905 49,995 179,257 96,001 2,570 NA at the time of publication
New Mexico ......................................... NM 35000 35 33 521 22 297 1,398 3,815 35 713 20,556 24 433 1,653 4226.4 39 965 24,744 27 564 4,946 183,185 9,492 43 1,257 29,208 27 55 603 8,345 301,736 12,561 228 43 1,304 30,053 28 55 651 11,745 427,087 16,364 488 NA at the time of publication
New York........................................... NY 36000 36 1,419 29,156 836 13,270 62,907 121,469 1,279 33,916 26,524 723 14,408 80,033 145656.5 1,049 35,225 33,580 592 14,354 86,349 145,860 154,211 977 35,766 36,458 570 1,167 14,539 90,124 157,209 163,273 4,732 950 35,641 37,533 555 1,143 14,541 90,665 163,448 163,697 5,331 NA at the time of publication
North Carolina .................................... NC 37000 37 799 11,717 605 7,297 28,492 64,176 842 16,293 19,342 637 10,293 47,007 95317.3 831 20,456 24,616 609 11,842 65,446 107,465 128,599 889 23,835 26,815 654 1,320 13,894 76,879 113,252 153,509 5,049 856 23,796 27,815 628 1,268 13,879 76,475 121,814 155,911 4,880 NA at the time of publication
North Dakota ....................................... ND 38000 38 15 246 10 141 652 2,465 15 310 20,156 10 180 979 2574 19 438 23,053 13 257 1,423 109,462 3,678 22 547 24,959 15 31 323 1,526 101,253 4,382 147 22 570 25,796 15 31 340 1,808 117,390 4,794 165 NA at the time of publication
Ohio ............................................... OH 39000 39 1,102 24,740 695 13,816 49,641 112,278 1,100 30,765 27,963 713 17,490 71,707 158559.9 1,046 34,904 33,369 681 19,317 86,161 126,521 184,637 1,083 39,578 36,438 729 1,530 22,677 103,232 142,112 223,151 7,952 1,074 39,790 37,065 720 1,508 22,618 105,497 146,462 232,721 41,034 NA at the time of publication
Oklahoma ......................................... OK 40000 40 197 4,010 121 2,065 8,143 23,116 151 3,629 24,003 105 2,196 9,857 24073.9 157 4,282 27,274 109 2,611 13,808 126,679 30,287 162 4,526 27,896 114 235 2,771 14,280 127,483 33,111 733 167 4,859 29,098 119 237 2,963 15,875 133,856 35,220 1,015 NA at the time of publication
Oregon ............................................ OR 41000 41 185 3,783 130 2,334 7,973 17,897 203 4,767 23,495 144 2,949 11,610 25351.7 213 6,076 28,526 144 3,453 14,444 100,306 32,215 228 7,344 32,266 157 316 4,086 19,897 126,298 42,792 2,070 232 7,869 33,859 157 319 4,317 21,838 138,917 45,022 3,345 NA at the time of publication
Pennsylvania........................................ PA 42000 42 1,180 23,315 772 12,856 44,824 102,940 1,038 25,302 24,387 682 13,731 57,605 118651.3 952 29,230 30,704 609 14,769 69,733 114,504 139,251 935 31,244 33,329 605 1,225 15,865 84,238 139,643 164,352 5,441 918 31,978 34,849 590 1,205 16,026 82,922 140,594 165,889 5,151 NA at the time of publication
Rhode Island ..................................... RI 44000 44 114 1,760 83 1,052 3,793 7,652 112 2,292 20,464 76 1,252 4,788 9166.4 88 2,403 27,307 59 1,229 5,166 87,559 9,578 85 2,523 29,611 57 116 1,283 5,463 96,895 10,149 285 83 2,565 30,870 55 113 1,261 5,407 97,779 9,959 401 NA at the time of publication
South Carolina ..................................... SC 45000 45 368 5,540 279 3,576 12,219 27,836 366 7,324 20,022 280 4,742 19,112 41211.7 367 9,425 25,681 272 5,689 24,725 90,901 51,996 375 10,585 28,250 278 560 6,443 31,227 113,314 67,096 2,826 366 10,658 29,112 272 553 6,557 30,769 113,162 66,794 2,782 NA at the time of publication
South Dakota ...................................... SD 46000 46 25 398 18 262 1,100 3,005 28 498 18,105 20 313 1,476 3858.7 35 739 21,114 25 448 2,267 90,680 5,956 42 1,047 25,224 30 61 634 3,953 130,910 9,237 219 46 1,220 26,746 32 64 651 3,974 125,753 10,488 214 NA at the time of publication
Tennessee .......................................... TN 47000 47 462 7,378 338 4,603 17,823 40,777 485 9,869 20,353 359 6,283 27,050 57752.9 504 12,618 25,036 370 7,755 35,799 96,754 76,209 552 14,962 27,092 413 850 9,307 43,088 104,294 96,301 2,986 533 15,394 28,877 397 812 9,449 42,288 106,411 95,851 3,353 NA at the time of publication
Texas ............................................. TX 48000 48 1,059 21,435 670 11,233 53,358 171,674 914 23,241 25,428 561 11,444 63,899 162750.9 957 29,451 30,774 584 14,171 82,532 141,322 211,648 1,019 33,716 33,071 645 1,339 16,177 111,938 174,384 265,486 11,584 1,055 36,008 34,131 665 1,389 17,032 116,631 175,464 284,151 13,218 NA at the time of publication
Utah............................................ UT 49000 49 83 1,539 54 837 3,455 8,960 89 2,073 23,346 55 1,002 4,883 10286.7 106 2,860 26,981 68 1,477 7,271 106,926 15,750 119 3,498 29,391 79 161 1,873 9,688 120,222 20,286 913 119 3,511 29,576 79 162 1,924 11,239 141,731 22,010 930 NA at the time of publication
Vermont ........................................... VT 50000 50 47 863 30 434 2,037 3,730 49 1,140 23,505 31 552 2,543 4752.7 45 1,289 28,644 30 659 3,379 112,633 6,386 46 1,389 30,065 31 62 702 3,429 111,126 8,872 795 48 1,483 30,969 33 64 788 3,986 122,652 8,554 707 NA at the time of publication
Virginia .......................................... VA 51000 51 391 6,649 287 4,192 17,256 36,803 429 9,740 22,694 305 5,728 26,857 51902.1 408 11,265 27,610 283 6,400 35,933 126,972 65,860 400 12,047 30,066 283 572 6,879 40,747 141,515 76,169 2,518 399 12,555 31,474 284 572 7,100 42,519 149,926 80,795 3,015 NA at the time of publication
Washington ........................................ WA 53000 53 291 6,681 178 3,624 12,596 34,665 310 8,842 28,549 184 4,262 19,016 46531.8 342 11,612 33,953 200 5,531 27,765 138,825 72,800 341 12,278 36,185 204 400 5,773 30,214 138,672 69,548 2,105 342 13,197 38,610 207 421 6,429 31,929 154,169 71,874 2,211 NA at the time of publication
West Virginia ..................................... WV 54000 54 96 2,007 65 1,233 4,049 9,869 84 2,108 25,150 59 1,312 5,404 11560.8 78 2,337 29,962 56 1,457 6,511 116,268 13,217 80 2,564 32,008 58 116 1,615 8,962 155,612 17,782 630 76 2,521 33,083 55 115 1,607 8,965 163,885 17,679 882 NA at the time of publication
Wisconsin ................................................... WI 55000 55 497 10,197 329 5,990 22,546 52,448 514 12,763 24,832 350 7,616 31,653 69595.8 546 16,083 29,456 368 9,143 41,174 111,886 88,067 599 19,178 31,731 417 846 11,132 51,187 120,770 109,561 3,507 601 19,779 32,910 416 843 11,324 53,619 128,984 114,464 3,986 NA at the time of publication
Wyoming ........................................ WY 56000 56 10 183 7 115 408 2,558 8 180 23,338 5 119 493 2074.3 9 225 25,000 6 146 856 142,667 2,385 10 262 26,505 8 15 176 1,030 137,307 2,705 68 10 268 27,608 7 15 175 999 140,746 2,874 58 NA at the time of publication



1 Includes central administrative offices and auxiliary units.
2 Includes employment and payroll at administrative offices and auxiliary units. All employees represents the average of production workers plus all other employees for the payroll period ended nearest the 12th of March. Production workers represents the average of the employment for the payroll periods ended nearest the 12th of March, May, August, and November.
3 Includes extensive and unmeasurable duplication from shipments between establishments in the same industry classification.
4 Adjusted value added; takes into account (a) value added by merchandising operations (that is, difference between the sales value and cost of merchandise sold without further manufacture, processing, or assembly), plus (b) net change in finished goods and work-in- process inventories between beginning and end of year.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1982, 1987, and 1992 Census of Manufactures; and Annual Survey of Manufactures, Geographic Area Statistics, series M__(AS)-3, annual. Note: Reports for manufacturing by state for 1997 from the 1997 Economic Census are being issued on a flow basis beginning in the summer of 1999.

http://www.census.gov/econ/www/manumenu.html

*

ANNUAL SURVEY OF MANUFACTURES

PURPOSE

To provide detailed annual statistics on the location, activities, and products of U.S. manufacturers. The United States Code, Title 13, requires this survey and provides for mandatory responses.

COVERAGE

All establishments that are classified in SIC Division D, Manufacturing, and have at least one employee. In 1993, the total value of shipments by manufacturing establishments was over $3 trillion.

CONTENT

Topics covered are the same as for the census of manufactures but product detail is less. Basic data obtained include kind of business, location, ownership, value of shipments, payroll and employment. Additional data collected include cost of materials, inventories, new capital expenditures, fuel and energy costs, hours worked and payroll supplements.

FREQUENCY

Annually since 1949; reported data are for activities taking place during the survey calendar year. For census years, data collection is part of the census of manufactures. A new panel is selected every 5 years, most recently for the 1994 survey.

METHODS

A mail-out/mail-back survey of 55,000 selected establishments and administrative data for small employers and new businesses. The mail survey represents all establishments that received a form in the previous census of manufactures. Some 25,000 large establishments (all establishments of multi- unit companies with shipments of at least $500 million, manufacturers of selected computer products, and all remaining establishments with at least 250 employees) are selected with certainty, and some 30,000 other establishments (generally with the equivalent of 20 to 250 employees) are selected with probability proportional to a composite measure of establishment size. Selected establishments receive a long form; except that, to reduce burden, about 5,000 single-establishment firms from industries with large numbers of small firms (that have between 5 to 20 employees) receive a short form.

The mail survey universe is updated annually from three sources; Internal Revenue Service Administrative records are used to include new single-unit manufacturers, the company organization survey identifies new establishments of multi-unit firms, and a manufacturers classification survey identifies kinds of business.

To represent census non-mail cases, small single-establishment firms (generally with 1 to 5 employees) and new establishments, annual estimates are made based on information from Internal Revenue Service individual and business income tax records.

* CENSUS OF MANUFACTURES

PURPOSE

To provide periodic and comprehensive statistics about manufacturing establishments, activities, and production. The United States Code, Title 13, requires this census and provides for mandatory responses.

COVERAGE

All domestic establishments that are classified in SIC Division D, Manufacturing, and have at least one employee. Coverage is virtually unchanged since 1947. In 1992, the total value of shipments by manufacturers was $3 trillion.

CONTENT

Basic data obtained for all establishments include kind of business, geographic location, type of ownership, total revenue, annual and first quarter payroll, and employees in the pay period including March 12. Establishments receiving a long form provide added detail and added data (including inventories, capital expenditures, identification of some 1,000 materials consumed, cost of materials, energy consumed, and quantity and value of shipments for some 11,000 products). Short forms request much less data detail and no identification of materials consumed.

FREQUENCY

Every 5 years since 1967, for years ending in "2" and "7." Previous censuses were conducted for years 1963, 1958, 1954, and 1947; and questions on manufactures were first included in population censuses in 1810. Data are requested for activities taking place during the previous calendar year.

METHODS

A mail-out/mail-back census of 237,000 establishments of all multi-unit firms and single-unit firms with payrolls above cutoff size; plus administrative data for all 143,000 non-mail single establishments. Firms and establishments selected for the annual survey of manufactures (ASM) receive a long form, with the ASM as pages 1-4. Other establishments with payrolls larger than a cutoff size that varies by industry (generally equivalent to 5 employees) receive either a long or short form; most above cutoff establishments receive a long form, and some small single-unit firms in about 80 industries that have a large number of selected small firms (with 5 to 20 employees) receive a short form. For single-unit firms below cutoff size (those not receiving a census form), basic data are obtained from Federal income tax records and additional data items are estimated using industry averages.

* Number of establishments and companies.

A separate report was required for each manufacturing establishment (plant) with one employee or more. An establishment is defined as a single physical location where manufacturing is performed. A company, on the other hand, is defined as a business organization consisting of one establishment or more under common ownership or control.

If the company operated at different physical locations, even if the individual locations were producing the same line of goods, a separate report was requested for each location. If the company operated in two or more distinct lines of manufacturing or mining at the same location, a separate report was requested for each activity.

An establishment not in operation for any portion of the year was requested to return the report form with the proper notation in the "Operational Status" section of the form. In addition, the establishment was requested to report data on any employees, capital expenditures, inventories, or shipments from inventories during the year.

In this report, data are shown for establishments in operation at any time during the year. A comparison with the number of establishments in operation at the end of the year will be provided in the Introduction of the General Summary subject report.

Employment

This item includes all full-time and part-time employees on the payrolls of operating manu- facturing establishments during any part of the pay period which included the 12th of the months specified on the report form. Included are all persons on paid sick leave, paid holidays, and paid vacations during these pay periods. Officers of corporations are included as employees; proprietors and partners of unincorporated firms are excluded. The "all employees" number is the average number of production workers plus the number of other employees in mid-March. The number of production workers is the average for the payroll periods including the 12th of March, May, August, and November.

Production Workers

This item includes workers (up through the line-supervisor level) engaged in fabricating, processing, assembling, inspecting, receiving, storing, handling, packing, warehousing, shipping (but not delivering), maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard services, product development, auxiliary production for plant's own use (e.g., power plant), recordkeeping, and other services closely associated with these production operations at the establishment covered by the report. Employees above the working- supervisor level are excluded from this item.

All other employees.

This item covers nonproduction employees of the manufacturing establishment including those engaged in factory supervision above the line-supervisor level. It includes sales (including driver salespersons), sales delivery (highway truckdrivers and their helpers), advertising, credit, collection, installation and servicing of own products, clerical and routine office function, executive, purchasing, financing, legal, personnel (including cafeteria, medical, etc.), professional, and technical employees. Also included are employees on the payroll of the manufacturing establishment engaged in the construction of major additions or alterations to the plant and utilized as a separate work force.

In addition to reports sent to operating manufacturing establishments, information on employment during the payroll period which included March 12 and annual payrolls also was requested of auxiliary units (e.g., administrative offices, warehouses, and research and development laboratories) of multiestablishment companies. However, these figures are not included in the totals for individual industries shown in this report. They are included in the General Summary and geographic area reports as a separate category.

Payroll

This item includes the gross earnings of all employees on the payrolls of operating manufacturing establishments paid in the calendar year 1992. Respondents were told they could follow the definition of payrolls used for calculating the Federal withholding tax. It includes all forms of compensation, such as salaries, wages, commissions, dismissal pay, bonuses, vacation and sick leave pay, and compensation in kind, prior to such deductions as employees' Social Security contributions, withholding taxes, group insurance, union dues, and savings bonds. The total includes salaries of officers of corporations; it excludes payments to proprietors or partners of unincorporated concerns. Also excluded are payments to members of Armed Forces and pensioners carried on the active payrolls of manufacturing establishments.

The census definition of payrolls is identical to that recommended to all Federal statistical agencies by the Office of Management and Budget. It should be noted that this definition does not include employers' Social Security contributions or other nonpayroll labor costs, such as employees' pension plans, group insurance premiums, and workers' compensation.

The ASM provides estimates of employers' supplemental labor costs, both those required by Federal and State laws and those incurred voluntarily or as part of collective bargaining agreements. (Supplemental labor costs are explained later in this documentation.)

As in the case of employment figures, the payrolls of separate auxiliary units of multiestablishment companies are not included in the totals for individual industries or industry groups.

Production-worker hours.

This item covers hours worked or paid for at the plant, including actual overtime hours (not straight-time equivalent hours). It excludes hours paid for vacations, holidays, or sick leave.

Cost of materials

This term refers to direct charges actually paid or payable for items consumed or put into production during the year, including freight charges and other direct charges incurred by the establishment in acquiring these materials. It includes the cost of materials or fuel consumed, whether purchased by the individual establishment from other companies, transferred to it from other establishments of the same company, or withdrawn from inventory during the year.

The important components of this cost item are (1) all raw materials, semifinished goods, parts, containers, scrap, and supplies put into production or used as operating supplies and for repair and maintenance during the year, (2) electric energy purchased, (3) fuels consumed for heat, power, or the generation of electricity, (4) work done by others on materials or parts furnished by manufacturing establishments (contract work), and (5) products bought and resold in the same condition. (See discussion of duplication of data below.)

Value of shipments

This item covers the received or receivable net selling values, f.o.b. plant (exclusive of freight and taxes), of all products shipped, both primary and secondary, as well as all miscellaneous receipts, such as receipts for contract work performed for others, installation and repair, sales of scrap, and sales of products bought and resold without further processing. Included are all items made by or for the establishments from materials owned by it, whether sold, transferred to other plants of the same company, or shipped on consignment. The net selling value of products made in one plant on a contract basis from materials owned by another was reported by the plant providing the materials.

In the case of multiunit companies, the manufacturer was requested to report the value of products transferred to other establishments of the same company at full economic or commercial value, including not only the direct cost of production but also a reasonable proportion of "all other costs" (including company overhead) and profit. (See discussion of duplication of data below.)

Duplication in cost of materials and value of shipments.

The aggregate of the cost of materials and value of shipments figures for industry groups and for all manufacturing industries includes large amounts of duplication since the products of some industries are used as materials by others. This duplication results, in part, from the addition of related industries representing successive stages in the production of a finished manufactured product. Examples are the addition of flour mills to bakeries in the food group and the addition of pulp mills to paper mills in the paper and allied products group of industries. Estimates of the overall extent of this duplication indicate that the value of manufactured products exclusive of such duplication (the value of finished manufactures) tends to approximate two-thirds of the total value of products reported in the annual survey.

Duplication of products within individual industries is significant within a number of industry groups, e.g., machinery and transportation industries. These industries frequently include complete machinery and their parts. In this case, the parts made for original equipment are materials consumed for assembly plants in the same industry.

Even when no significant amount of duplication is involved, value of shipments figures are deficient as measures of the relative economic importance of individual manufacturing industries or geographic areas because of the wide variation in ratio of materials, labor, and other processing costs of value of shipments, both among industries and within the same industry.

Before 1962, cost of materials and value of shipments were not published for some industries which included considerable duplication. Since then, these data have been published for all industries at the U.S. level and beginning in 1964, for all geographic levels.

->Value added by manufacture.

This measure of manufacturing activity is derived by subtracting the cost of materials, supplies, containers, fuel, purchased electricity, and contract work from the value of shipments (products manufactured plus receipts for services rendered). The result of this calculation is adjusted by the addition of value added by merchandising operations (i.e., the difference between the sales value and the cost of merchandise sold without further manufacture, processing, or assembly) plus the net change in finished goods and work-in-process between the beginning- and end-of-year inventories.

For those industries where value of production is collected instead of value of shipments (see footnote in table 1a), value added is adjusted only for the change in work-in-process inventories between the beginning and end of year. For those industries where value of work done is collected, the value added does not include an adjustment for the change in finished goods or work-in-process inventories.

"Value added" avoids the duplication in the figure for value of shipments that results from the use of products of some establishments as materials by others. Value added is considered to be the best value measure available for comparing the relative economic importance of manufacturing among industries and geographic areas.

New and used capital expenditures

For establishments in operation and any known plants under construction, manufacturers were asked to report their new expenditures for (1) permanent additions and major alterations to manufacturing establishments, and (2) machinery and equipment used for replacement and additions to plant capacity if they were of the type for which depreciation accounts were ordinarily maintained.

The totals for new expenditures include expenditures leased from nonmanufacturing concerns through capital leases. New facilities owned by the Federal Government but operated under contract by private companies, and plant and equipment furnished to the manufacturer by communities and nonprofit organizations are excluded. Also excluded are expenditures for used plant and equipment (although reported in the census), expenditures for land, and cost of maintenance and repairs charged as current operating expenses.

Manufacturers also were requested to report the value of all used buildings and equipment purchased during the year at the purchase price. For any equipment or structure transferred for the use of the reporting establishment by the parent company or one of its subsidiaries, the value at which it was transferred to the establishment was to be reported. Furthermore, if the establishment changed ownership during the year, the cost of the fixed assets (building and equipment) was to be reported under used capital expenditures.

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https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1231_manufactures_employment_payroll_value_added_and.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

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