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1197. Characteristics of New Privately Owned One-Family Houses Completed

[Percent distribution, except as indicated (793 represents 793,000). Data beginning 1980 show percent distribution of characteristics for all houses completed (includes new houses completed, houses built for sale completed, contractor-built and owner-built houses completed, and houses completed for rent). Data for 1970 cover contractor-built, owner-built, and houses for rent for year construction started and houses sold for year of sale. Percents exclude houses for which characteristics specified were not reported]

 
Characteristic 1970 1980 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
 
Total houses (1,000) 793 957 1,072 1,120 1,123 1,085 1,026 966 838 964 1,039 1,160 1,066 1,129 1,116 1,160 1,307
 
Financing 1 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
  Mortgage 84 82 81 83 80 82 83 82 81 86 87 89 88 87 88 91 91
    FHA-insured 30 16 15 20 15 13 14 14 13 10 9 8 8 9 8 8 9
    VA-guaranteed 7 8 7 8 6 4 5 4 5 5 6 5 5 5 4 4 3
    Conventional 47 55 57 54 59 63 62 62 61 70 72 74 74 74 77 78 79
    Rural Housing Service 2 (3) 3 3 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
  Cash or equivalent 16 18 19 16 18 18 18 18 19 14 13 11 12 11 10 9 9
 
Floor area 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
  Under 1,200 sq ft 36 21 20 17 14 12 13 11 12 10 9 9 10 9 8 7 7
  1,200 to 1,599 sq ft 28 29 30 30 27 25 23 22 22 22 21 21 22 21 21 20 19
  1,600 to 1,999 sq ft 16 22 21 21 22 22 22 22 21 23 23 24 23 23 22 22 22
  2,000 to 2,399 sq ft 21 13 12 14 16 16 16 17 17 17 18 18 17 18 18 18 18
  2,400 sq. ft and over (4) 15 17 18 21 25 26 29 28 29 29 28 28 30 31 32 34
  Average (sq. ft.) 1,500 1,740 1,785 1,825 1,905 1,995 2,035 2,080 2,075 2,095 2,095 2,100 2,095 2,120 2,150 2,190 2,225
  Median (sq. ft.) 1,385 1,595 1,605 1,660 1,755 1,810 1,850 1,905 1,890 1,920 1,945 1,940 1,920 1,950 1,975 2,000 2,030
 
Number of stories 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
  1 74 60 52 51 49 46 46 46 48 48 48 49 49 49 49 48 48
  2 or more 17 31 42 44 46 49 49 49 47 47 48 47 48 47 49 50 51
  Split level 10 8 6 5 5 4 4 4 5 5 4 3 3 3 3 2 1
Foundation 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
  Full or partial basement 37 36 35 37 39 39 37 38 40 42 40 39 39 37 37 37 37
  Slab 36 45 48 45 43 41 43 40 38 38 40 41 42 44 45 45 47
  Crawl space 27 19 18 18 18 19 19 21 22 20 20 20 19 19 19 18 17
 
Bedrooms 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
  2 or less 13 17 25 21 19 17 15 15 14 12 12 12 13 13 13 12 12
  3 63 63 57 59 58 57 57 57 59 59 58 58 57 56 56 55 54
  4 or more 24 20 18 20 23 26 28 29 28 29 30 30 30 31 31 33 34
Bathrooms 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
  1 or less (NA) (NA) 13 10 10 8 (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA) (NA)
  1 1/2 or less 52 27 11 9 7 7 14 13 14 13 12 11 11 9 9 8 7
  2 32 48 48 47 45 44 42 42 43 40 40 40 41 41 41 41 38
  2 1/2 or more 16 25 29 33 38 42 44 45 44 47 48 49 48 49 50 52 55
Heating fuel 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
  Gas 62 41 49 47 52 54 58 59 60 65 66 67 67 69 69 70 70
  Electricity 28 50 44 44 40 37 34 33 32 29 29 29 28 26 26 26 27
  Oil 8 3 3 5 5 6 5 5 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
  Other 1 5 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1
Heating system 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
  Warm air furnace 71 57 54 54 57 60 63 65 65 66 67 67 67 70 70 72 72
  Electric heat pump (NA) 24 30 29 27 26 24 23 23 24 24 24 25 23 23 21 22
  Other 29 19 15 17 16 15 13 12 13 11 10 9 9 7 7 7 6
Central air-conditioning 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
  With 34 63 70 69 71 75 77 76 75 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84
  Without 66 37 30 31 29 25 23 24 25 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16
Fireplaces 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
  No fireplace 65 43 41 38 38 35 35 34 37 37 37 36 37 38 39 39 38
  1 or more 35 56 59 62 62 65 65 66 63 64 63 64 63 62 61 61 62
Parking facilities 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
  Garage 58 69 70 74 79 78 80 82 81 83 84 86 84 86 86 86 87
  Carport 17 7 5 4 3 3 3 2 3 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 1
  No garage or carport 25 24 25 21 18 18 17 16 17 15 14 13 14 13 13 12 12


NA Not available.
1 Excludes homes not yet sold.
2 Prior to 1996, Farmers Home Administration.
3 Included with "Conventional" financing.
4 Included with floor area of 2,000 to 2,399 square feet.

Source: U.S. Census Bureau and U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development, Current Construction Reports, series C25, New One-Family Houses Sold, monthly, and Characteristics of New Housing, annual.

http://www.census.gov/const/www/index.html * Definitions

Bathroom. For the purposes of this survey, a full bath-room is one that has a wash basin, a toilet, and either a bathtub or shower, or a combination of bathtub and shower. A half bathroom is one that has either a toilet, bathtub, or shower, but not all the facilities to be classified as a full bathroom. If the respondent reported a full bathroom and two half bathrooms, the house is classified as a two-bathroom house.

Bedroom. A bedroom is a finished room specifically designed to be used for sleeping. A den, a space in the attic, or a basement which could be converted to a bed-room are not counted as bedrooms.

Contractor-built houses. This category includes all houses built for owner occupancy on owners land with construc-tion under the supervision of a single general contractor.

Contractor price. The contract price used in this survey for contractor-built houses is the price on the original contract awarded to the general contractor. The contract price does not reflect any subsequent changes in the price resulting from change orders or from any other factors affecting the price of the house. It does not include the cost of any contracts awarded to a different contractor for work on the grounds around the house, nor does it include any proposed expenditures on the house after construction is completed by the general contractor. Finally, because the house is being built for the owners occupancy on his own land, the contract price does not include the cost of the land.

The median contract price is equal to the middle point of all contract prices reported. The point is chosen so that half the contract prices of houses started are below the median and half are above the median. The average, or arithmetic mean, contract price is obtained by dividing the sum of all contract prices by the number of houses reporting contract prices.

Financing, type of. The type of financing tabulated in this survey is the type reported at the time the original sales agreement was signed or deposit accepted. However, changes in the type of financing do occur between the original contract signing and final settlement. These changes are not reflected in the tables.

The FHA and VA type-of-financing data presented tend to differ from those published directly by those agencies. For the actual number of FHA-insured and VA-guaranteed loans made for new houses at the time of final settlement, refer to the publications of the respective agencies. The data differ because of the difference in time periods between the signing of the original sales contract, the start of construction, and the insurance or guarantee of the mortgage, as well as the sampling variability in this survey.

Early in 1995 the Farmers Home Administration was reorganized. As part of this reorganization the Rural Hous-ing Service now handles the mortgage functions formerly done by the Farmers Home Administration.

Fireplace (indoor). An indoor fireplace is defined as an open recess in a chimney in which a fire may be built. Included are those made of masonry, tile, metal, or other permanently installed materials that are a fixed and integral part of the building.

Floor area. For this survey, floor area is defined as all completely finished floor space, including space in base-ments and attics with finished walls, floors, and ceilings. In concept, measurement is based on exterior dimen-sions. Measurements are taken to the outside of exterior walls for detached houses. Half stories are measured to the outside of enclosing partitions. Row houses are mea-sured from the centerline of party walls to the outside surface of the exterior walls. For purposes of this survey, where the floor area for a new house was reported based on interior dimensions, the figure was converted to exterior dimensions by multiplying by a standard conversion factor of 1.08. A standard conversion factor of 1.04 was used to convert figures to exterior dimensions where it was not known whether the reported area was based on exterior or interior dimensions.

Heat pump. Heat pump refers to a heating/cooling system which utilizes indoor and outdoor coils, a compressor, and refrigerant to pump hot air in during the winter and out during the summer. Only heat pumps that are centrally installed with ducts to the rooms are included in this category.

Housing unit. A housing unit is defined as a single room or group of rooms intended as separate living quarters by a family, by a group of unrelated persons living together, or by a person living alone. Separate living quarters are those in which the occupants do not live and eat with any other persons in the structure and which have direct access from the outside of the building or through a common hall which is used or intended to be used by the occupants of another unit or the general public.

In addition to single-family detached houses, the definition of single-family houses also includes those townhouses attached together in groups of two or more which are partitioned from each other by a ground-to-roof wall. Also, these units must not share heating/air-conditioning systems or interstructural public utilities, such as water supply, power supply, or sewage disposal lines. New houses sold. The category, houses sold, includes all houses for which a sales contract has been signed or a deposit accepted. This includes houses for which a sales contract is signed or deposit accepted before construction is actually started; for instance, houses sold from a model or from plans before any work is started on the footings or foundations. It also includes houses sold while under construction or after completion; that is, houses built on speculation. Owner-built houses. This category includes houses built for owner occupancy, on owners land, under the supervi-sion of the owner acting as his own general contractor: (1) in most cases built partly by owner and partly with paid help; (2) sometimes built entirely with the employment of subcontractors; and (3) in a smaller number of cases, on a do-it-yourself basis.

Sale. The sale of the new house occurs with the signing of a sales contract or the acceptance of a deposit. This survey does not follow through to the final stage of the sales transaction. Land must be included in the transaction.

Sales price. The sales price used in this survey is the price agreed upon between purchaser and seller (and reported by the latter) at the time the first sales contract is signed or deposit is made for the house. The sales price does not reflect any subsequent price changes resulting from change orders or from any other factors affecting the price of the house. Furthermore, the sales price does not include the cost of any extras or options paid for in cash by the purchaser or otherwise not included in the original sales price reported by the seller.

Story. That portion of a building between the floor and the ceiling or roof, or the next floor above in the case of a multistory house. A basement is not counted as a story even if it is finished as a den or recreation room. Houses referred to as bi-levels or split foyers are classified as two-story houses.

Half story. A story finished as living accommodations located wholly or partly within the roof frame is consid-ered a half story; it is tabulated in this survey as a whole story; for example, one and one-half stories is counted as two.

Split level. Identifies a structure having floors on more than one level when the difference in some floor levels is less than one story. This definition is interpreted on the basis of local custom and may vary from area to area.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1197_characteristics_of_new_privately_owned_one.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

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