uscensus banner
| MAIN | SEARCH | FEEDBACK | FAQ | GLOSSARY | COUNTRIES | MAPS | ITA HOME PAGE |

Custom Search

MAIN CATEGORIES:
1. Population
2. Vital Statistics
3. Health and Nutrition
4. Education
5. Law Enforcement, Courts
and Prisons
6. Geography and Environment
7. Parks, Recreation, Travel
8. Elections
9. State and Local Government
Finances and Employment
10. Federal Government
Finances and Employment
11. National Defense and
Veterans Affairs
12. Social Insurance and Human
Services
13. Labor Force, Employment,
and Earnings
14. Income, Expenditures, and
Wealth
15. Prices
16. Banking, Finance, and
Insurance
17. Business Enterprise
18. Communications and
Information Technology
19. Energy
20. Science and Technology
21. Transportation - Land
22. Transportation - Air
and Water
23. Agriculture
24. Natural Resources
25. Construction and Housing
26. Manufactures
27. Domestic Trade and
Services
28. Foreign Commerce and Aid
29. Outlying Areas
30. Comparative International
Statistics
31. Industrial Outlook
32. 1997 Economic Census





1183. Coal and Coke--Summary

[Includes coal consumed at mines. For definitions and methodology, see below table]

 
           Item Unit 1970 1975 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999,
prel.
 
COAL
 
    Production, total 1............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 613 655 830 824 838 782 896 884 890 919 950 981 1,029 996 998 945 1,034 1,033 1,064 1,090 1,118 1,099
      Value............................................................................. Bil. dol. 3.88 12.67 20.45 21.75 22.84 20.32 22.94 22.27 21.18 21.20 20.97 21.40 22.39 21.40 20.98 18.77 20.06 19.45 19.68 19.77 19.75 19.42
 
Anthracite production............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 9.7 6.2 6.1 5.4 4.6 4.1 4.2 4.7 4.3 3.6 3.6 3.348 3.5 3.4 3.4 4.3 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.7 5.3 5.2
Bituminous coal and lignite Mil. sh. tons 603 648 824 818 834 778 892 879 886 915 947 981 1,026 993 994 941 1,029 1,028 1,059 1,085 1,112 1,094
 
Underground............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 339 293 337 316 339 300 351 350 360 372 382 394 425 407 407 351 399 396 410 421 417 411
Surface............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 264 356 487 502 495 478 540 529 526 543 568 587 605 589 590 594 634 637 654 669 700 688
 
Exports............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 72 66 92 110 105 78 81 93 86 80 95 101 106 109 103 75 71 89 90 84 78 59
Imports............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 7 8 7 7 7 9 9
 
  Consumption 3............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 523 563 703 733 707 737 791 818 804 837 884 890 896 888 892 926 930 941 1,006 1,029 1,039 1,041
Electric power utilities............................................................................ Mil. sh. tons 320 406 569 597 594 625 664 694 685 718 758 767 774 772 800 814 817 829 875 900 911 897
Industrial............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 184 146 126 128 104 103 117 116 111 112 118 117 115 109 106 106 107 106 103 101 96 94
 
Number of mines............................................................................. Number 5,601 6,168 5,598 5,569 5,363 4,265 4,902 4,547 4,203 3,894 3,462 3,429 3,243 2,846 2,746 2,475 2,354 2,104 1,903 1,828 1,726 (NA)
Daily employment............................................................................. 1,000 140 190 225 226 217 176 178 169 155 143 135 131 131 121 110 101 98 90 83 82 81 (NA)
 
Production, by State:
  Alabama............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 21 23 26 25 27 24 27 28 26 26 27 28 29 27 26 25 23 25 25 24 23 20
  Illinois............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 65 60 63 52 60 57 64 59 62 59 59 59 60 60 60 41 53 48 47 41 40 40
  Indiana............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 22 25 31 29 32 32 38 33 33 34 31 34 36 32 31 29 31 26 30 35 37 34
  Kentucky............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 125 144 150 158 150 131 160 152 154 164 158 167 173 159 161 156 162 154 152 156 150 139
  Montana............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 3 22 30 34 28 29 33 33 34 34 39 38 38 38 39 36 42 39 38 41 43 41
  Ohio............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 55 47 39 37 37 34 39 36 36 36 34 34 35 31 30 29 30 26 29 29 28 23
  Pennsylvania............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 90 90 93 84 79 70 78 71 72 66 67 71 71 65 69 60 62 62 68 76 81 76
  Virginia............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 35 36 41 42 40 35 40 41 41 44 46 43 47 42 43 39 37 34 36 36 34 32
  West Virginia............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 144 109 122 113 129 115 131 128 130 136 145 154 169 167 162 131 162 163 170 174 171 156
  Wyoming............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 7 24 95 103 108 112 131 141 137 147 164 172 184 194 190 210 237 264 278 282 314 335
  Other States............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 44 76 140 148 149 144 156 162 166 173 181 183 187 180 188 189 195 192 192 195 196 203
 
World production............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 3,295 3,665 4,200 4,217 4,376 4,423 4,671 4,905 5,028 5,137 5,239 5,325 5,356 5,029 5,019 4,921 5,008 5,126 5,185 5,172 5,043 (NA)
  Percent U.S. of world................................... Percent 18.6 17.9 19.8 19.5 19.1 17.7 19.2 18.0 17.7 17.9 18.1 18.4 19.2 19.8 19.9 19.2 20.6 20.2 20.5 21.1 22.2 (NA)
 
COKE
Production 4............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 66.30 57.21 46.13 42.80 28.10 25.80 30.60 28.44 25.50 28.00 29.00 28.10 27.62 24.10 23.41 23.18 22.69 23.75 23.08 22.12 20.04 20.02
Imports............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 0.15 1.82 0.66 0.53 0.12 0.04 0.58 0.58 0.33 0.92 2.69 2.31 0.77 1.10 1.74 2.16 3.34 3.82 2.54 3.14 3.83 3.22
Exports............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 2.48 1.27 2.07 1.17 0.99 0.67 1.05 1.12 1.00 0.57 1.09 1.09 0.57 0.74 0.64 1.06 0.99 1.36 1.62 1.27 1.13 0.90
Consumption............................................................................. Mil. sh. tons 63.21 53.69 41.28 44.05 25.78 29.85 29.74 29.06 24.73 27.65 30.02 28.93 27.82 24.22 24.80 24.70 25.56 25.90 23.97 24.02 23.03 22.44


NA Not available. Z Less than $500,000.
1 Includes bituminous coal, lignite, and anthracite.
2 All domestic production data for 1970 and 1975 are for mines producing 1,000 short tons or more per year; thereafter, data are for all mines.
3 Includes some categories not shown separately.
4 Includes beehive coke.

Source: 1970 and 1975, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook; thereafter, U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review; International Energy Annual; Coal Industry, annual and Quarterly Coal Report.

http://www.eia.doe.gov/fuelcoal.html

* Definitions

Anthracite: The highest rank of coal; used primarily for residential and commercial space heating. It is a hard, brittle, and black lustrous coal, often referred to as hard coal, containing a high percentage of fixed carbon and a low percentage of volatile matter. The moisture content of fresh-mined anthracite generally is less than 15 percent. The heat content of anthracite ranges from 22 to 28 million Btu per short ton on a moist, mineral-matter-free basis. The heat content of anthracite coal consumed in the United States averages 25 million Btu per short ton, on the as-received basis (i.e., containing both inherent moisture and mineral matter). Note: Since the 1980's, anthracite refuse or mine waste has been used for steam electric power generation. This fuel typically has a heat content of 15 million Btu per short ton or less.

Bituminous Coal: A dense coal, usually black, sometimes dark brown, often with well-defined bands of bright and dull material, used primarily as fuel in steam-electric power generation, with substantial quantities also used for heat and power applications in manufacturing and to make coke. Bituminous coal is the most abundant coal in active U.S. mining regions. Its moisture content usually is less than 20 percent. The heat content of bituminous coal ranges from 21 to 30 million Btu per ton on a moist, mineral-matter-free basis. The heat content of bituminous coal consumed in the United States averages 24 million Btu per ton, on the as-received basis (i.e., containing both inherent moisture and mineral matter).

Coal: A readily combustible black or brownish-black rock whose composition, including inherent moisture, consists of more than 50 percent by weight and more than 70 percent by volume of carbonaceous material. It is formed from plant remains that have been compacted, hardened, chemically altered, and metamorphosed by heat and pressure over geologic time.

Coke (coal): A solid carbonaceous residue derived from low-ash, low-sulfur bituminous coal from which the volatile constituents are driven off by baking in an oven at temperatures as high as 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit so that the fixed carbon and residual ash are fused together. Coke is used as a fuel and as a reducing agent in smelting iron ore in a blast furnace. Coke from coal is grey, hard, and porous and has a heating value of 24.8 million Btu per short ton.

Lignite: The lowest rank of coal, often referred to as brown coal, used almost exclusively as fuel for steam-electric power generation. It is brownish-black and has a high inherent moisture content, sometimes as high as 45 percent The heat content of lignite ranges from 9 to 17 million Btu per ton on a moist, mineral-matter-free basis. The heat content of lignite consumed in the United States averages 13 million Btu per ton, on the as-received basis (i.e., containing both inherent moisture and mineral matter).

Subbituminous Coal: A coal whose properties range from those of lignite to those of bituminous coal and used primarily as fuel for steam-electric power generation. It may be dull, dark brown to black, soft and crumbly, at the lower end of the range, to bright, jet black, hard, and relatively strong, at the upper end. Subbituminous coal contains 20 to 30 percent inherent moisture by weight. The heat content of subbituminous coal ranges from 17 to 24 million Btu per ton on a moist, mineral-matter-free basis. The heat content of subbituminous coal consumed in the United States averages 17 to 18 million Btu per ton, on the as-received basis (i.e., containing both inherent moisture and mineral matter).

Coal Exports: Amount of U.S. coal shipped to foreign destinations, as reported in the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census, "Monthly Report EM 545."

Coal Imports: Amount of foreign coal shipped to the United States, as reported in the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, "Monthly Report IM 145."

Number of Mines: The number of mines, or mines collocated with preparation plants or tipples, located in a particular geographic area (State or region). If a mine is mining coal across two counties within a State, or across two States, then it is counted as two operations. This is done so that EIA can separate production by State and county.

Surface Mine: A coal mine that is usually within a few hundred feet of the surface. Earth and rock above or around the coal (overburden) is removed to expose the coalbed, which is then mined with surface excavation equipment such as draglines, power shovels, bulldozers, loaders, and augers. Surface mines include: area, contour, open-pit, strip, or auger mine.

Underground Mine: A mine where coal is produced by tunneling into the earth to the coalbed, which is then mined with underground mining equipment such as cutting machines and continuous, longwall, and shortwall mining machines. Underground mines are classified according to the type of opening used to reach the coal, i.e., drift (level tunnel), slope (inclined tunnel), or shaft (vertical tunnel). * Coal Surveys

Quarterly Coal Consumption Report - Manufacturing Plants (Form EIA-3)

Form EIA-3 is used to survey U.S. manufacturers that consume 1,000 tons or more of coal per year for all uses other than coke production. Data on manufacturers' coal stocks, receipts, prices, and consumption are reported.

In order to identify under-coverage problems, the data from this survey are compared with shipments to manufacturers reported on EIA's "Coal Distribution Report," Form EIA-6. At present, the coal receipts reported by manufacturers on Form EIA-3 cover approximately 99 percent of the coal shipments to manufacturers on Form EIA-6. Consequently, the coal consumption data gathered on the Form EIA-3 do not represent the total consumption at manufacturing plants.

Current year data from this survey are preliminary and unrevised in the January - March, April - June, and July - September issues of the Quarterly Coal Report (DOE/EIA-0121). In the October - December issue, any revisions necessary for the entire year are applied and the data are considered final.

The respondent list of manufacturers for Form EIA-3 is compared with lists of coal-consuming manufacturing plants from State Air Quality and Energy Offices. When new respondents are found, they are added to the survey mailing list. (View Form EIA-3 and instructions at http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/surveys/formeia-3.pdf)

Annual Coal Quality Report - Manufacturing Plants (Form EIA-3A)

Form EIA-3A contains questions on the origin of coal (State or country), the quantity of coal receipts, the Btu, sulfur and ash content of the coal receipts, and the basis used to determine the coal quality data. The threshold for the annual collection is manufacturing plants that consume in excess of 1,000 short tons of coal per year.(View Form EIA-3A and instructions at http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/surveys/formeia-3a.pdf)

Coke Plant Report (Form EIA-5)

Form EIA-5, a quarterly report of coal receipts, carbonization, and stocks, and of coke and breeze production, distribution, and stocks, is used to survey all U.S. coke plants. The respondent list for this survey is updated by continuous monitoring of the industry literature. Current year data from this survey are preliminary and unrevised in the January - March, April - June, and July - September issues of the Quarterly Coal Report (DOE/EIA-0121). In the October - December issue, any revisions necessary for the entire year are applied and the data are considered final. (View Form EIA-5 and instructions http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/surveys/formeia-5.pdf)

Annual Coal Quality Report - Coke Plants (Form EIA-5A)

Form EIA-5A is an annual survey, which collects data on the origin of coal (State or country), the quantity of coal receipts, the volatile matter, sulfur and ash content, and the basis used to determine the coal quality data. There is no threshold for this form. Current year data from this survey are considered final in the Coal Industry Annual (DOE/EIA-0584). (View Form EIA-5A and instructions at http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/surveys/formeia5a.pdf)

Coal Distribution Report (Form EIA-6A)

Form EIA-6A is an annual survey of all U.S. companies (producers and/or distributors) that own or purchase and distribute more than 50,000 short tons of coal annually. For the States of Arkansas, Maryland, Oklahoma, and the anthracite portion of Pennsylvania, the threshold is 10,000 short tons annually. Data on coal production and purchases, distribution by consumer category, and method of transportation are reported. The data gathered on the Form EIA-6A represent only the domestic coal distributed; therefore, imported coal distributed during the year is not included.

The respondent list for this survey is updated by comparing it with lists of coal producers from the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. Also, new respondents are frequently identified on Form EIA-6A itself when other companies are named as sources of coal purchases. Current year data from this survey are considered final in the Coal Industry Annual (DOE/EIA-0584). (View Form EIA-6A and instructions at http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/surveys/formeia6.pdf)

Coal Production Report (Form EIA-7A)

The Energy Information Administration (EIA) began collecting annual coal production data on October 1, 1977. From 1977 through the 1997 data collection cycle, coal production and identification data were collected on Form EIA-7A, "Coal Production Report," from companies that produced, processed, or prepared coal. All other data collected on Form EIA-7A were reported for only those companies that owned a mining operation that produced, processed, or prepared 10,000 short tons or more of coal during the year and preparation plants with 5,000 or more employee hours. Data collected on this form included: coal reserves, coal disposition, value, direct labor hours, number of production days worked, average length of a production shift, average number of miners per shift, average number of shifts per day, and coal bed information (bed name, thickness, coal rank).

Beginning with the 1998 data collection cycle, Form EIA-7A was revised and is used to survey U.S. companies that owned a mining operation that produced, processed, or prepared 10,000 short tons or more of coal during the year and preparation plants with 5,000 or more employee hours. Companies with operations falling under these thresholds are not required to report; however, identification and production data are obtained from the U.S. Department of Labor, Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), Form 7000-2, "Quarterly Mine Employment and Coal Production Report." (See description below.) For mining operations within the threshold, Form EIA-7A collects data on identification, coal beds, reserves, capacity, disposition, and value. Coal production, number of miners and number of employee hours data for these mining operations are obtained from MSHA Form 7000-2. Data from the Form EIA-7A are considered final at the time of publication. (View Form EIA-7A: for mines only at http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/surveys/formeia7amine.pdf; for co-located mine and preparation plant/tipple at http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/surveys/formeia7atip.pdf; for preparation plant or other facility at http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/surveys/formeia7aprep.pdf; instructions at http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/page/surveys/eia7ainst.pdf)

Quarterly Mine Employment and Coal Production Report (MSHA Form 7000-2)

MSHA Form 7000-2 is a quarterly survey of all mining operations in the United States. EIA, through a Cooperative Agreement with MSHA to reduce respondent burden, receives quarterly data on coal production, number of miners and number of employee hours reported for U.S. coal mines. The EIA and MSHA edit these data and incorporate updates reported by the mines during the reporting year. Data from this survey are reported by EIA as quarterly coal production data in the Quarterly Coal Report, and the data are considered by EIA to be final when published in the Coal Industry Annual.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1183_coal_and_coke_summary.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.