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1174. Petroleum Industry -- Summary

[Includes all costs incurred for drilling and equipping wells to point of completion as productive wells or abandonment after drilling becomes unproductive. Based on sample of operators of different size drilling establishments. For definitions, see below}

 
Item Unit 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
 
Crude oil producing wells (Dec.31)..................................................... 1,000 531 517 508 497 498 500 499 507 517 531 548 557 580 603 621 647 623 620 612 603 602 614 594 584 582 574 574 573 562 554
  Daily output per well ..................................................... Bbl. 18.0 18.1 18.4 18.3 17.6 16.8 16.3 16.4 17.0 16.3 15.9 15.4 14.9 14.4 14.3 13.9 13.9 13.5 13.5 12.6 12.2 12.1 12.1 11.7 11.4 11.4 11.3 11.3 11.1 10.7
 
Completed wells drilled, total ..................................................... 1,000 20.61 19.05 20.23 19.76 24.02 29.36 31.65 35.86 39.24 41.54 57.73 74.05 68.59 62.07 70.42 58.55 32.87 28.60 25.95 22.70 26.50 24.45 19.66 21.23 17.87 17.75 19.71 24.39 21.39 16.95
  Crude oil ..................................................... 1,000 12.21 11.19 10.69 9.53 12.79 15.97 16.60 17.58 18.01 19.53 30.88 40.96 36.77 35.10 40.41 33.44 18.01 15.24 12.78 9.60 11.54 11.18 8.26 7.91 6.15 7.09 7.83 10.01 6.76 4.65
  Gas .............................. 1,000 3.53 3.50 4.78 5.87 5.95 6.88 8.06 10.57 12.64 13.35 15.25 17.65 16.85 12.97 15.61 12.98 7.72 7.30 7.82 8.83 10.36 8.99 7.79 9.47 8.81 7.78 8.73 10.79 11.53 9.93
  Dry ..................................................... 1,000 4.87 4.36 4.76 4.37 5.28 6.52 6.99 7.70 8.59 8.66 11.60 15.44 14.97 14.01 14.40 12.13 7.13 6.06 5.35 4.26 4.60 4.28 3.61 3.86 2.90 2.88 3.15 3.59 3.10 2.37
 
Average depth per well 1..................................................... Feet 4,610 4,480 4,590 4,686 4,248 4,284 4,213 4,404 4,421 4,373 4,171 4,210 4,227 4,008 4,131 4,229 4,253 4,362 4,588 4,591 4,653 4,777 5,158 5,388 5,731 5,505 5,506 5,552 6,060 6,067
Average cost per well 1..................................................... $1,000 95 95 106 117 139 178 192 227 280 331 368 454 514 372 327 349 365 280 355 362 384 422 383 427 483 513 496 604 769 (NA)
Average cost per foot 1..................................................... Dollars 18.84 19.03 20.76 22.50 28.93 36.99 40.46 46.81 56.63 67.70 77.02 94.30 108.73 83.34 71.90 75.35 76.88 58.71 70.23 73.55 76.07 82.64 70.27 75.30 79.49 87.22 88.92 107.83 128.97 (NA)
 
Crude oil production, total ..................................................... Mil. bbl 3,518 3,454 3,446 3,361 3,203 3,057 2,968 3,009 3,178 3,121 3,138 3,129 3,157 3,171 3,241 3,274 3,168 3,047 2,971 2,779 2,685 2,707 2,617 2,499 2,432 2,394 2,360 2,355 2,282 2,163
    Per day......................................................................... 1,000 bbl 9,180 9,032 8,998 8,784 8,375 8,007 7,776 7,875 8,353 8,181 8,210 8,176 8,261 8,688 8,879 8,971 8,680 8,349 8,140 7,613 7,355 7,417 7,171 6,847 6,662 6,560 6,465 6,452 6,252 5,925
  Value at wells..................................................... Bil. dol 11.2 11.7 11.7 13.1 22.0 23.4 24.3 25.8 28.6 39.4 67.7 99.4 90.0 83.1 83.9 78.9 39.6 46.9 37.4 44.1 53.8 44.8 41.8 35.6 32.1 35.0 43.6 40.6 24.8 33.7
  Average price per barrel..................................................... Dollars 3.18 3.39 3.39 3.89 6.87 7.67 8.19 8.57 9.00 12.64 21.59 31.77 28.52 26.19 25.88 24.09 12.51 15.40 12.58 15.86 20.03 16.54 15.99 14.25 13.19 14.62 18.46 17.23 10.87 15.56
 
  Lower 48 states..................................................... Mil. bbl 3,434 3,374 3,373 3,289 3,132 2,987 2,905 2,840 2,729 2,610 2,548 2,541 2,538 2,546 2,612 2,608 2,487 2,331 2,235 2,095 2,037 2,051 1,992 1,921 1,863 1,853 1,851 1,882 1,853 1,779
  Alaska..................................................... Mil. bbl 84 80 73 72 70 70 63 169 449 511 590 587 619 626 629 666 681 716 736 684 647 656 626 577 569 542 508 473 429 383
  Onshore..................................................... Mil. bbl 2,942 2,839 2,840 2,771 2,659 2,559 2,507 2,580 2,763 2,732 2,760 2,751 2,751 2,735 2,773 2,819 2,710 2,611 2,536 2,367 2,290 2,279 2,173 2,046 1,931 1,838 1,789 1,753 1,664 1,650
  Offshore..................................................... Mil. bbl 576 615 606 590 543 497 461 429 415 389 377 377 405 437 468 456 458 437 435 411 395 428 445 453 500 557 570 602 618 513
 
Imports: Crude oil ..................................................... Mil. bbl 483 614 809 1,184 1,269 1,498 1,930 2,414 2,320 2,379 1,921 1,605 1,273 1,215 1,250 1,168 1,525 1,706 1,864 2,133 2,151 2,110 2,220 2,477 2,578 2,639 2,740 3,002 3,178 3,135
  Refined petroleum products..................................................... Mil. bbl 765 819 922 1,099 962 712 739 800 733 707 601 584 593 629 734 681 746 731 838 809 775 673 659 669 706 586 719 707 731 717
 
Exports: Crude oil ..................................................... Mil. bbl 5.1 0.4 0.4 0.7 1.1 2.2 2.9 18.3 57.7 85.8 104.8 83.2 86.1 59.9 66.1 74.5 56.2 55.1 56.6 51.8 39.8 42.3 32.5 35.8 36.1 34.7 40.2 39.4 40.2 43.1
 
Proved reserves ..................................................... Bil. bbl 39.0 38.1 36.3 35.3 34.2 32.7 30.9 31.8 31.4 29.8 29.8 29.4 27.9 27.7 28.4 28.4 26.9 27.3 26.8 26.5 26.3 24.7 23.7 23.0 22.5 22.4 22.0 22.5 21.0 (NA)
 
Operable refineries..................................................... Number 276 272 274 268 273 279 276 282 296 308 319 324 301 258 247 223 216 219 213 204 205 202 199 187 179 175 170 164 163 159 252
  Capacity (Jan. 1)..................................................... Mil. bbl 4,387 4,694 4,851 4,979 5,241 5,460 5,563 5,986 6,223 6,366 6,566 6,796 6,530 6,154 5,891 5,716 5,643 5,683 5,811 5,712 5,683 5,723 5,731 5,519 5,486 5,632 5,595 5,639 5,734 5,935
  Refinery input, total..................................................... Mil. bbl 4,289 4,424 4,632 4,891 4,752 4,829 5,183 5,603 5,647 5,563 5,117 4,920 4,694 4,617 4,792 4,814 5,077 5,106 5,245 5,296 5,325 5,307 5,340 5,482 5,482 5,555 5,654 5,807 5,891 5,880
    Crude oil..................................................... Mil. bbl 3,968 4,088 4,271 4,537 4,427 4,541 4,898 5,329 5,380 5,347 4,920 4,552 4,296 4,267 4,395 4,380 4,643 4,690 4,836 4,891 4,895 4,855 4,895 4,968 5,063 5,099 5,179 5,351 5,435 5,406
    Natural gas plant liquids..................................................... Mil. bbl 277 285 303 299 274 259 266 245 234 186 168 190 190 168 183 186 175 172 186 183 172 172 172 179 172 172 164 153 146 135
    Other liquids..................................................... Mil. bbl 44 51 62 55 51 26 22 26 33 29 29 179 208 183 212 248 259 245 223 223 259 281 274 336 252 285 307 303 310 339
 
  Refinery output, total..................................................... Mil. bbl 4,420 4,563 4,774 5,055 4,928 4,993 5,358 5,793 5,829 5,752 5,336 5,106 4,887 4,796 4,993 5,019 5,300 5,340 5,482 5,537 5,574 5,570 5,621 5,763 5,763 5,836 5,957 6,117 6,216 6,209
    Motor gasoline..................................................... Mil. bbl 2,081 2,179 2,292 2,383 2,321 2,380 2,497 2,566 2,617 2,497 2,369 2,336 2,314 2,314 2,354 2,343 2,464 2,497 2,540 2,540 2,540 2,548 2,577 2,665 2,621 2,723 2,759 2,825 2,880 2,898
    Jet fuel..................................................... Mil. bbl 303 303 310 314 307 318 336 354 354 369 365 354 358 372 412 434 471 489 500 511 544 526 511 518 529 518 555 566 558 573
    Distillate fuel oil..................................................... Mil. bbl 894 913 960 1,029 975 967 1,066 1,197 1,157 1,150 971 953 953 898 978 982 1,022 996 1,044 1,059 1,066 1,080 1,084 1,142 1,168 1,153 1,212 1,237 1,248 1,245
    Residual fuel oil..................................................... Mil. bbl 259 274 292 354 391 453 504 639 610 617 577 482 391 310 325 321 325 325 339 347 347 339 325 307 303 288 266 259 277 256
    Liquefied petroleum gases..................................................... Mil. bbl 128 131 131 135 124 113 124 128 128 124 120 113 99 120 131 142 153 164 183 201 183 197 223 215 223 237 241 252 245 252
    Asphalt and road oil Mil. bbl 157 164 164 175 172 150 142 157 175 172 142 124 120 135 142 146 150 157 161 153 164 157 153 164 164 172 168 175 183 183
    Petroleum coke Mil. bbl 110 110 120 131 124 128 131 135 135 139 135 142 150 153 161 164 186 186 197 197 201 208 219 226 226 230 241 252 259 259
    Still gas Mil. bbl 175 172 186 190 190 190 197 208 219 219 212 208 201 201 204 212 234 234 245 248 245 237 241 237 241 237 237 241 241 241
    Other products..................................................... Mil. bbl 321 314 325 343 329 296 361 405 434 475 445 394 307 292 285 270 299 288 277 274 285 277 292 285 288 285 277 307 325 307
 
  Utilization rate ..................................................... Percent 92.6 90.9 92.3 93.9 86.6 85.5 87.8 89.6 87.4 84.4 75.4 68.6 69.9 71.7 76.2 77.6 82.9 83.1 84.7 86.6 87.1 86.0 87.9 91.5 92.6 92.0 94.1 95.2 95.6 92.7


NA Not available. Z Less than 1/2 unit of measure.
1 Source: American Petroleum Institute, Joint Association Survey on Drilling Costs, annual.

Source: Except as noted, U.S. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review, Petroleum Supply Annual, U.S. Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Reserves.

http://www.eia.doe.gov/fuelpetroleum.html

* Definitions

Barrel (petroleum): A unit of volume equal to 42 U. S. gallons.

Crude Oil (Including Lease Condensate): A mixture of hydrocar- bons that exists in liquid phase in underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Included are lease condensate and liquid hydrocarbons pro- duced from tar sands, gilsonite, and oil shale. Drip gases are also included, but topped crude oil (residual oil) and other unfinished oils are excluded. Where identifiable, liquids produced at natural gas processing plants and mixed with crude oil are likewise excluded.

Crude Oil Refinery Input: The total crude oil put into processing units at refineries.

Crude Oil Stocks: Stocks of crude oil and lease condensate held at refineries, in pipelines, at pipeline terminals, and on leases. perature is the mean of the maximum and minimum temperatures for a 24- hour period.

Distillate Fuel Oil: A general classification for one of the petroleum fractions produced in conventional distillation operations. Included are products known as No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 fuel oils and No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 diesel fuels. It is used primarily for space heating, on- and off- highway diesel engine fuel (including railroad engine fuel and fuel for agricultural machinery), and electric power generation.

Motor Gasoline: A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydro- carbons, with or without small quantities of additives, obtained by blending appropriate refinery streams to form a fuel suitable for use in spark- ignition engines. Motor gasoline includes both leaded and unleaded grades of finished motor gasoline, blending components, and gasohol.

Natural Gas Plant Liquids (NGPL): Natural gas liquids recovered from natural gas in processing plants and, in some situations, from natural gas field facilities, as well as those extracted by fractionators. Natural gas plant liquids are defined according to the published speci- fications of the Gas Processors Association and the American Society for Testing and Materials as follows: ethane, propane, normal butane, isobutane, pentanes plus, and other products from natural gas process- ing plants (i. e., products meeting the standards for finished petroleum products produced at natural gas processing plants, such as finished motor gasoline, finished aviation gasoline, special naphthas, kerosene, distillate fuel oil, and miscellaneous products).

Offshore: That geographic area that lies seaward of the coastline. In general, the coastline is the line of ordinary low water along with that portion of the coast that is in direct contact with the open sea or the line marking the seaward limit of inland water.

Oil Well: A well completed for the production of crude oil from one or more oil zones or reservoirs. Wells producing both crude oil and natural gas are classified as oil wells.

Operable Refineries: Refineries that were in one of the following three categories at the beginning of a given year: in operation; not in operation and not under active repair, but capable of being placed into operation within 30 days; or not in operation, but under active repair that could be completed within 90 days.

Proved Reserves, Crude Oil: The estimated quantities of all liquids defined as crude oil that geological and engineering data demonstrate with reasonable certainty to be recoverable in future years from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions.

Refinery Input: The raw materials and intermediate materials proc- essed at refineries to produce finished petroleum products. They include crude oil, products of natural gas processing plants, unfinished oils, other hydrocarbons and alcohol, motor gasoline and aviation gasoline blending components, and finished petroleum products.

Refinery Output: The total amount of petroleum products produced at a refinery. Includes petroleum consumed by the refinery. Refinery (petroleum): An installation that manufactures finished petroleum products from crude oil, unfinished oils, natural gas liquids, other hydrocarbons, and alcohol.

Residual Fuel Oil: The heavier oils that remain after the distillate fuel oils and lighter hydrocarbons are distilled away in refinery opera- tions and that conform to ASTM Specifications D396 and D975. Included are No. 5, a residual fuel oil of medium viscosity; Navy Spe- cial, for use in steam- powered vessels in government service and in shore power plants; and No. 6, which includes Bunker C fuel oil and is used for commercial and industrial heating, for electricity genera- tion, and to power ships. Imports of residual fuel oil include imported crude oil burned as fuel.

Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR): Petroleum stocks maintained by the Federal Government for use during periods of major supply in- terruption.

*



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1174_petroleum_industry_summary.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.