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1126. Crops--Production, Supply, and Disappearance

[Marketing year beginning May 1 for hay, June 1 for wheat, August 1 for cotton and rice, September 1 for soybeans, corn, and sorghum. Acreage, production, and yield of all crops periodically revised on basis of census data]

 
Acreage (mil.)-- Yield Farm Disappearance
per Farm value Total Ending
   Crop and year Planted Harvested acre Production price 1 (mil. dol.) supply 2 stocks
Total 3 Exports
 
Corn for grain: Bu. Mil. bu. $/bu. Mil. bu. Mil. bu. Mil. bu. Mil. bu.
  1984 80.5 71.9 107 7,672 2.63 20,085 8,680 7,032 1,850 1,648
  1985 83.4 75.2 118 8,876 2.23 19,522 10,534 6,494 1,227 4,040
  1986 76.6 68.9 119 8,226 1.50 12,541 12,267 7,385 1,492 4,882
  1987 66.2 59.5 120 7,131 1.94 14,108 12,016 7,757 1,716 4,259
  1988 67.7 58.3 85 4,929 2.54 12,661 9,191 7,260 2,026 1,930
  1989 72.3 64.8 116 7,532 2.36 17,897 9,464 8,120 2,368 1,344
  1990 74.2 67.0 119 7,934 2.28 18,192 9,282 7,761 1,725 1,521
  1991 76.0 68.8 109 7,475 2.37 17,864 9,016 7,915 1,584 1,100
  1992 79.3 72.1 132 9,477 2.07 19,723 10,584 8,471 1,663 2,113
  1993 73.2 62.9 101 6,338 2.50 15,841 8,472 7,621 1,328 850
  1994 78.9 72.5 139 10,051 2.26 22,832 10,910 9,352 2,177 1,558
  1995 71.5 65.2 114 7,400 3.24 24,118 8,974 8,548 2,228 426
  1996 79.2 72.6 127 9,233 2.71 25,149 9,672 8,789 1,797 883
  1997 79.5 72.7 127 9,207 2.43 22,352 10,099 8,791 1,504 1,308
  1998 80.2 72.6 134 9,759 1.94 18,922 11,085 9,298 1,981 1,787
  1999 77.4 70.5 134 9,437 1.90 17,950 11,239 9,500 1,950 1,739
 
Soybeans: Bu. Mil. bu. $/bu. Mil. bu. Mil. bu. Mil. bu. Mil. bu.
  1984 67.8 66.1 28.1 1,861 5.84 10,748 2,037 1,721 598 316
  1985 63.1 61.6 34.1 2,099 5.05 10,581 2,415 1,879 740 536
  1986 60.4 58.3 33.3 1,943 4.78 9,263 2,478 2,042 757 436
  1987 58.2 57.2 33.9 1,938 5.88 11,391 2,375 2,073 804 302
  1988 58.8 57.4 27.0 1,549 7.42 11,488 1,855 1,673 527 182
  1989 60.8 59.5 32.3 1,924 5.69 10,916 2,108 1,869 622 239
  1990 57.8 56.5 34.1 1,926 5.74 11,042 2,169 1,840 557 329
  1991 59.2 58.0 34.2 1,987 5.58 11,092 2,319 2,041 684 278
  1992 59.2 58.2 37.6 2,190 5.56 12,168 2,471 2,179 770 292
  1993 60.1 57.3 32.6 1,870 6.40 11,950 2,170 1,961 589 209
  1994 61.6 60.8 41.4 2,515 5.48 13,756 2,731 2,396 838 335
  1995 62.5 61.5 35.3 2,174 6.72 14,617 2,516 2,333 851 183
  1996 64.2 63.3 37.6 2,380 7.35 17,440 2,575 2,444 882 131
  1997 70.0 69.1 38.9 2,689 6.47 17,373 2,826 2,626 873 200
  1998 72.4 70.4 38.9 2,741 4.93 13,494 2,944 2,596 801 348
  1999 73.8 72.5 36.5 2,643 4.75 12,451 2,994 2,694 940 300
 
  Sh. Mil. sh. Mil. sh. Mil. sh. Mil. sh. Mil. sh.
Hay: tons tons $/ton tons tons tons tons
  1984 (NA) 61.4 2.45 151 4 5 72.70 10,204 171 144 (NA) 27
  1985 (NA) 60.5 2.46 149 4 5 67.60 9,437 176 149 (NA) 27
  1986 (NA) 62.3 2.49 155 4 5 59.70 8,611 182 150 (NA) 32
  1987 (NA) 60.1 2.45 147 4 5 65.00 8,845 180 153 (NA) 27
  1988 (NA) 64.8 1.94 126 4 5 85.20 10,457 153 135 (NA) 18
  1989 (NA) 62.7 2.31 145 4 5 85.40 11,197 162 135 (NA) 27
  1990 (NA) 61.0 2.40 146 4 5 80.60 10,462 173 146 (NA) 27
  1991 (NA) 61.8 2.46 152 4 5 71.20 10,006 179 151 (NA) 28
  1992 (NA) 58.9 2.49 147 4 5 74.30 10,436 175 154 (NA) 21
  1993 (NA) 59.7 2.46 147 4 5 84.70 10,957 168 146 (NA) 22
  1994 (NA) 58.8 2.55 150 4 5 86.70 11,114 172 151 (NA) 21
  1995 (NA) 59.8 2.58 154 4 5 82.20 11,042 175 154 (NA) 21
  1996 (NA) 61.2 2.45 150 4 5 95.80 12,723 171 153 (NA) 17
  1997 (NA) 61.1 2.50 153 4 5 100.00 13,250 170 148 (NA) 22
  1998 (NA) 60.1 2.53 152 4 5 84.60 11,607 174 149 (NA) 25
  1999 (NA) 63.2 2.52 159 4 5 77.00 10,901 184 (NA) (NA) (NA)
 
Wheat: Bu. Mil. bu. $/bu. Mil. bu. Mil. bu. Mil. bu. Mil. bu.
  1984 79.2 66.9 38.8 2,595 3.39 8,797 4,003 2,578 1,421 1,425
  1985 75.5 64.7 37.5 2,424 3.08 7,374 3,865 1,960 909 1,905
  1986 72.0 60.7 34.4 2,091 2.42 5,044 4,017 2,196 999 1,821
  1987 65.8 55.9 37.7 2,108 2.57 5,498 3,945 2,684 1,588 1,261
  1988 65.5 53.2 34.1 1,812 3.72 6,684 3,096 2,394 1,415 702
  1989 76.6 62.2 32.7 2,037 3.72 7,542 2,761 2,225 1,232 536
  1990 77.0 69.1 39.5 2,730 2.61 7,184 3,303 2,435 1,069 868
  1991 69.9 57.8 34.3 1,980 3.00 5,957 2,889 2,414 1,282 475
  1992 72.2 62.8 39.3 2,467 3.24 8,010 3,012 2,481 1,354 531
  1993 72.2 62.7 38.2 2,396 3.26 7,812 3,036 2,467 1,228 568
  1994 70.3 61.8 37.6 2,321 3.45 8,007 2,981 2,475 1,188 507
  1995 69.0 61.0 35.8 2,183 4.55 9,787 2,757 2,381 1,241 376
  1996 75.1 62.8 36.3 2,277 4.30 9,782 2,746 2,302 1,002 444
  1997 70.4 62.8 39.5 2,481 3.38 8,287 3,020 2,298 1,040 722
  1998 65.8 59.0 43.2 2,547 2.65 6,781 3,373 2,427 1,042 946
  1999 62.8 53.9 42.7 2,302 2.55 5,904 3,343 2,346 1,050 997
 
  Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil. Mil.
Cotton: Lb. bales 6 cents/lb. bales 6 bales 6 bales 6 bales 6
  1984 11.1 10.4 600 7 13.0 57.8 3,604 15.8 11.8 6.2 8 4.1
  1985 10.7 10.2 630 7 13.4 56.3 3,628 17.6 8.4 2.0 8 9.3
  1986 10.0 8.5 552 7 9.7 52.4 2,449 19.1 14.1 6.7 8 5.0
  1987 10.4 10.0 706 7 14.8 64.3 4,555 19.8 14.2 6.6 8 5.8
  1988 12.5 11.9 619 7 15.4 56.6 4,190 21.2 13.9 6.1 8 7.1
  1989 10.6 9.5 614 7 12.2 66.2 3,878 19.3 16.5 7.7 8 3.0
  1990 12.3 11.7 634 7 15.5 68.2 5,076 18.5 16.5 7.8 8 2.3
  1991 14.1 13.0 652 7 17.6 58.1 4,913 20.0 16.3 6.6 8 3.7
  1992 13.2 11.1 700 7 16.2 54.9 4,274 19.9 15.5 5.2 8 4.7
  1993 13.4 12.8 606 7 16.1 58.4 4,521 20.8 17.3 6.9 8 3.5
  1994 13.7 13.3 708 7 19.7 72.0 6,797 23.2 20.6 9.4 8 2.7
  1995 16.9 16.0 537 7 17.9 76.5 6,575 21.0 18.3 7.7 8 2.6
  1996 14.7 12.9 705 7 18.9 70.5 6,408 21.4 22.0 7.0 8 3.9
  1997 13.9 13.4 673 7 18.8 66.2 5,976 22.8 22.8 7.5 8 3.9
  1998 13.4 10.7 625 7 13.9 61.7 4,120 18.2 18.2 4.3 8 3.9
  1999 14.9 13.4 608 7 17.0 47.1 3,836 21.0 21.0 5.7 8 4.6
 
Potatoes: Cwt. Mil. cwt. $/cwt. Mil. cwt. Mil. cwt. Mil. cwt. Mil. cwt.
  1985 1.4 1.3 299 407 3.92 1,568 322 9 292 10 9 20
  1986 1.2 1.2 296 362 5.03 1,808 333 9 303 10 11 18
  1987 1.3 1.3 301 389 4.38 1,682 337 9 306 10 13 18
  1988 1.3 1.3 283 356 6.02 2,144 336 9 300 10 16 20
  1989 1.3 1.3 289 370 7.36 2,717 349 9 314 10 17 18
  1990 1.4 1.4 293 402 6.08 2,431 347 9 310 10 17 20
  1991 1.4 1.4 304 418 4.96 2,043 378 9 340 10 19 19
  1992 1.3 1.3 323 425 5.52 2,336 377 9 334 10 24 19
  1993 1.4 1.3 326 430 6.17 2,637 401 9 356 10 25 20
  1994 1.4 1.4 339 469 5.58 2,590 414 9 360 10 31 22
  1995 1.4 1.4 323 445 6.77 2,992 424 9 365 10 37 22
  1996 1.5 1.4 350 499 4.91 2,425 448 9 391 10 35 22
  1997 1.4 1.4 345 467 5.64 2,623 441 9 379 10 38 23
  1998 1.4 1.4 343 476 5.56 2,633 447 9 381 10 43 23
  1999 1.4 1.3 359 478 5.84 2,783 466 9 388 10 55 23
 
Tobacco: 11 Lb. Mil. lb. $/lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb. Mil. lb.
  1984 (NA) 0.8 2,183 1,728 5 1.81 3,121 5,545 1,621 666 3,924
  1985 (NA) 0.7 2,197 1,511 5 1.65 2,486 5,435 1,620 620 3,815
  1986 (NA) 0.6 2,001 1,164 5 1.52 1,772 4,978 1,572 591 3,406
  1987 (NA) 0.6 2,028 1,189 5 1.57 1,870 4,514 1,689 573 2,827
  1988 (NA) 0.6 2,160 1,370 5 1.65 2,261 4,196 1,569 555 2,604
  1989 (NA) 0.7 2,016 1,367 5 1.71 2,335 3,971 1,678 582 2,343
  1990 (NA) 0.7 2,218 1,626 5 1.74 2,827 3,969 1,796 631 2,149
  1991 (NA) 0.8 2,179 1,664 5 1.77 2,951 3,814 1,591 640 2,191
  1992 (NA) 0.8 2,195 1,722 5 1.78 3,059 3,913 1,590 630 2,299
  1993 (NA) 0.7 2,161 1,613 5 1.75 2,831 3,913 1,436 538 2,474
  1994 (NA) 0.7 2,359 1,583 5 1.76 2,779 4,057 1,604 523 2,320
  1995 (NA) 0.7 1,914 1,270 5 1.82 2,305 3,742 1,516 534 2,226
  1996 (NA) 0.7 2,072 1,519 5 1.88 2,854 3,728 1,697 628 2,031
  1997 (NA) 0.8 2,137 1,787 5 1.80 3,217 3,744 1,494 532 2,250
  1998 (NA) 0.7 2,062 1,480 5 1.83 2,701 3,739 1,440 539 2,298
  1999 (NA) 0.6 1,980 1,275 5 1.83 2,329 3,566 (NA) (NA) (NA)
 
Rice, rough: Lb. Mil. cwt. $/cwt. Mil. cwt. Mil. cwt. Mil. cwt. Mil. cwt.
  1984 2.8 2.8 4,954 139 8.04 1,118 187 123 62 65
  1985 2.5 2.5 5,414 135 6.53 882 202 125 59 77
  1986 2.4 2.4 5,651 133 3.75 499 213 162 84 51
  1987 2.4 2.3 5,555 130 7.27 942 184 153 72 31
  1988 2.9 2.9 5,514 160 6.83 1,092 195 168 86 27
  1989 2.7 2.7 5,749 155 7.35 1,134 186 159 77 26
  1990 2.9 2.8 5,529 156 6.68 1,047 187 163 71 25
  1991 2.9 2.8 5,731 159 7.58 1,201 189 162 66 27
  1992 3.2 3.1 5,736 180 5.89 1,057 213 174 77 39
  1993 2.9 2.8 5,510 156 7.98 1,247 202 177 75 26
  1994 3.4 3.3 5,964 198 6.78 1,337 232 200 98 31
  1995 3.1 3.1 5,621 174 9.15 1,587 213 188 82 25
  1996 2.8 2.8 6,120 172 9.96 1,690 207 180 77 27
  1997 3.1 3.1 5,897 183 9.70 1,756 219 192 87 28
  1998 3.3 3.3 5,669 188 8.89 1,687 226 204 85 22
  1999 3.6 3.6 5,908 210 6.00 1,257 243 204 87 40
 
Sorghum for grain: Bu. Mil. bu. $/bu. Mil. bu. Mil. bu. Mil. bu. Mil. bu.
  1984 17.3 15.4 56.4 866 2.32 2,139 1,154 854 297 300
  1985 18.3 16.8 66.8 1,120 1.93 2,243 1,421 870 178 551
  1986 15.3 13.9 67.7 939 1.37 1,322 1,490 746 198 743
  1987 11.8 10.5 69.4 731 1.70 1,179 1,474 811 232 663
  1988 10.3 9.0 63.8 577 2.27 1,337 1,239 800 311 440
  1989 12.6 11.1 55.4 615 2.10 1,288 1,055 835 303 220
  1990 10.5 9.1 63.1 573 2.12 1,221 793 651 232 143
  1991 11.1 9.9 59.3 585 2.25 1,331 727 674 292 53
  1992 13.2 12.1 72.6 875 1.89 1,667 928 753 277 175
  1993 9.9 8.9 59.9 534 2.31 1,235 709 662 202 48
  1994 9.8 8.9 72.7 646 2.13 1,324 693 622 223 72
  1995 9.4 8.3 55.6 459 3.19 1,395 530 512 198 18
  1996 13.1 11.8 67.3 795 2.34 1,986 814 766 205 47
  1997 10.1 9.2 69.2 634 2.21 1,409 681 632 212 49
  1998 9.6 7.7 67.3 520 1.66 905 569 504 197 65
  1999 9.3 8.5 69.7 595 1.65 971 660 605 225 55
 
Barley: Bu. Mil. bu. $/bu. Mil. bu. Mil. bu. Mil. bu. Mil. bu.
  1984 12.0 11.2 53.4 598 2.29 1,372 795 547 72 247
  1985 13.2 11.6 51.0 590 1.98 1,133 844 517 20 327
  1986 13.0 12.0 50.8 609 1.61 994 942 606 134 336
  1987 10.9 10.0 52.4 521 1.81 967 869 548 121 321
  1988 9.8 7.6 38.0 290 2.80 775 622 425 79 196
  1989 9.1 8.3 48.6 404 2.42 968 614 453 84 161
  1990 8.2 7.5 56.1 422 2.14 912 596 461 81 135
  1991 8.9 8.4 55.2 464 2.10 997 624 496 94 129
  1992 7.8 7.3 62.5 455 2.04 946 595 444 80 151
  1993 7.8 6.8 58.9 398 1.99 813 621 482 66 139
  1994 7.2 6.7 56.2 375 2.03 784 580 467 66 113
  1995 6.7 6.3 57.2 359 2.89 1,029 513 413 62 100
  1996 7.1 6.7 58.5 392 2.74 1,081 529 419 31 109
  1997 6.7 6.2 58.1 360 2.38 862 510 390 74 119
  1998 6.3 5.9 60.0 352 1.98 687 502 360 28 142
  1999 5.2 4.8 59.2 282 2.05 553 454 327 30 127




NA Not available.
1 Except as noted, marketing year average price. U.S. prices are computed by weighting U.S. monthly prices by estimated monthly marketings and do not include an allowance for outstanding loans and government purchases and payments.
2 Comprises production, imports, and beginning stocks.
3 Includes feed, residual, and other domestic uses not shown separately.
4 Prices are for hay sold baled.
5 Season average prices received by farmers. U.S. prices are computed by weighting state prices by estimated sales and include an allowance for outstanding loans and government purchases, if any, for crops under government programs.
6 Bales of 480 pounds, net weight.
7 State production figures, which conform with annual ginning enumeration with allowance for cross-state ginnings, rounded to thousands and added for U.S. totals.
8 Stock estimates based on Census Bureau data which results in an unaccounted difference between supply and use estimates and changes in ending stocks.
9 Covers potatoes used for table use, frozen and canned products, chips, and dehydration.
10 Covers fresh potatoes, chips, frozen and dehydrated products.
11 Flue-cured and cigar wrapper, crop year July-June; all other types October-September. Farm-sales-weight basis.

Source: Production--U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Service. In Crop Production, annual; and Crop Values, annual. Supply and disappearance--U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Feed Situation, quarterly; Fats and Oils Situation, quarterly; Wheat Situation, quarterly; Tobacco Situation, quarterly; Cotton and Wool Outlook Statistics, periodic; and Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates, periodic. All data are also in Agricultural Statistics, annual; and Agricultural Outlook, monthly.

http://www.usda.gov/nass/



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1126_crops_production_supply_and_disappearance.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

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