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1046. State Legislation--Alcohol and Road Safety Laws: Various Years-



     
Alcohol legislation Mandatory belt-use law Graduated Licensing Law
 
Adminis- Zero Alcohol Minimum Night-
5_DIGIT trative BAC tolerance ignition Enforce- Seating Gradu- instruc- time
    State FIPS license limit 2 limit inter- ment positions ated tional driving Unrestricted
CODE revo- for lock licensing Permit restric- license
cation minors 3 device 4 Law Period tions minimum age
since 1
 
Alabama 01000 1996 .08 .02 No Secondary Front No None No 16 yrs.
Alaska 02000 1983 .10 .00 Yes Secondary All Yes None No 16 yrs.
Arizona 04000 1992 .10 .00 No Secondary Front No None No 16 yrs.
Arkansas 05000 1995 .10 .02 Yes Secondary Front No None No 16 yrs.
California 06000 1989 5 .08 .01 6 Yes Standard All Yes 6 mo. Yes 17 yrs.
Colorado 08000 1983 .10 .02 6 Yes Secondary Front Yes 3 mo. No 16 yrs.
Connecticut 09000 1990 .10 .02 No Standard 7 Front Yes 6 mo. No 16 yrs. & 4 mo.
Delaware 10000 Yes .10 .02 6 Yes Secondary Front Yes 6 mo. Yes 16 yrs. & 10 mo.
District of Columbia 11000 Yes .08 .00 No Standard All 8 No None No 16 yrs.
Florida 12000 1990 .08 .02 Yes Secondary Front Yes 6 mo. Yes 18 yrs.
Georgia 13000 1995 .10 .02 6 Yes Standard 7 Front Yes 12 mo. Yes 18 yrs.
Hawaii 15000 1990 .08 .02 No Standard Front No None No 15 yrs. & 3 mo.
Idaho 16000 1994 .08 .02 Yes Secondary Front No None No 16 yrs.
Illinois 17000 1986 .08 .00 Yes Secondary Front Yes 3 mo. Yes 17 yrs.
Indiana 18000 Yes .10 .02 Yes Standard Front Yes 2 mo. Yes 18 yrs.
Iowa 19000 1963 .10 .02 Yes Standard Front Yes 6 mo. Yes 17 yrs.
Kansas 20000 1988 .08 .02 Yes Secondary Front No None No 16 yrs.
Kentucky 21000 No .10 .02 No Secondary All No None No 16 yrs. & 6 mo.
Louisiana 22000 1984 .10 .02 Yes Standard 7 Front Yes 3 mo. Yes 17 yrs.
Maine 23000 1984 .08 .00 6 Yes 9 Secondary All No None No 16 yrs.
Maryland 24000 1989 10 .10 .01 Yes Standard 7 11 Front 12 Yes 4 mo. Yes 17 yrs. & 7 mo.
Massachusetts 25000 1994 .08 .02 No Standard All Yes 6 mo. Yes 18 yrs.
Michigan 26000 No .10 .02 Yes Secondary 7 Front Yes 6 mo. Yes 17 yrs.
Minnesota 27000 1976 .10 .01 No Secondary 7 Front Yes 6 mo. No 17 yrs.
Mississippi 28000 1983 .10 .02 No Secondary Front No None No 16 yrs.
Missouri 29000 1987 .10 .02 6 Yes Standard 7 Front No None No 16 yrs.
Montana 30000 No .10 .02 Yes Secondary All No None No 15 yrs.
Nebraska 31000 1993 .10 .02 Yes Secondary Front No None Yes 17 yrs.
Nevada 32000 1983 .10 .02 6 Yes Secondary All No None No 16 yrs.
New Hampshire 33000 1994 .08 .02 No No (NA) Yes 3 mo. Yes 18 yrs.
New Jersey 34000 No .10 .01 No Secondary Front 13 Yes 6 mo. 14 Yes 18 yrs.
New Mexico 35000 1984 .08 .02 Yes Standard 15 Front 8 No None No 15 yrs.
New York 36000 16 1994 .10 .02 6 Yes Standard 7 Front Yes (NA) Yes 17 yrs.
North Carolina 37000 1983 .08 .00 Yes Standard Front Yes 12 mo. Yes 16 yrs. & 6 mo.
North Dakota 38000 1983 .10 .02 Yes Secondary Front No 3 mo. No 16 yrs.
Ohio 39000 1993 .10 .02 Yes Secondary Front Yes 6 mo. Yes 17 yrs.
Oklahoma 40000 1983 .10 .00 Yes Standard Front No None No 16 yrs.
Oregon 41000 1983 .08 .00 Yes Standard All No None No 16 yrs.
Pennsylvania 42000 No .10 .02 No Secondary Front Yes (NA) Yes 17 yrs.
Rhode Island 44000 No .10 .02 6 Yes Secondary All Yes 6 mo. Yes 17 yrs. & 6 mo.
South Carolina 45000 1998 .10 .02 No Secondary 7 Front Yes 3 mo. Yes 16 yrs. & 3 mo.
South Dakota 46000 No .10 .02 No Secondary Front Yes 6 mo. Yes 16 yrs.
Tennessee 47000 No .10 .02 Yes Secondary 7 Front No 3 mo. No 16 yrs.
Texas 48000 1995 .10 .00 6 Yes Standard Front No None No 16 yrs.
Utah 49000 1983 .08 .00 Yes Secondary Front No None No 16 yrs.
Vermont 50000 16 1969 .08 .02 No Secondary All No None No 16 yrs.
Virginia 51000 1995 .08 .02 Yes Secondary Front Yes 6 mo. No 18 yrs.
Washington 53000 17 1994 .08 .02 Yes Secondary All No None No 16 yrs.
West Virginia 54000 1981 .10 .02 Yes Secondary 11 Front No None No 16 yrs.
Wisconsin 55000 1988 18 .10 .00 6 Yes Secondary 7 Front No None No 16 yrs.
Wyoming 56000 1973 .10 .02 No Secondary Front No None No 16 yrs.




NA Not available.
1 Year original law became effective, not when grandfather clauses expired.
2 Blood alcohol concentration that constitutes the threshold of legal intoxication.
3 Blood alcohol concentration that constitutes "zero tolerance" threshold for minors less than 21 years old unless noted.
4 Legislation for instruments designed to prevent drivers from starting their cars when breath alcohol content is at or above a set point.
5 Commercial driver with BAC of .04 or more.
6 Primarily for repeat offenders, but may also be applied to first time offenders under certain circumstances.
7 Required for certain ages at all seating positions.
8 Legislation pending.
9 Secondary for 19 and older, standard for under 19.
10 BAC of .07 is prima facie evidence of DUI (MD); BAC of .05 - .10 constitutes driving while ability impaired (NY).
11 Excluding front center seat.
12 Legislation becomes efective 7/1/99.
13 Legislation becomes efective 1/1/01.
14 Waived for new drivers age 21 and older.
15 Belt use required in rear seat if lap/shoulder belt is available.
16 Revocation by judicial action (NY) or Department of Motor Vehicles (VT).
17 Updated law effective 1/1/99.
18 .08 after second DUI conviction.

Source: National Safety Council, Itasca, IL, Accident Facts (copyright). http://www.nsc.org/lrs/statstop.htm



https://allcountries.org/uscensus/1046_state_legislation_alcohol_and_road_safety.html

These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.

Copyright © 2006 Photius Coutsoukis and Information Technology Associates, all rights reserved.