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32. 1997 Economic Census
X Not applicable. NA Not available.
1 1987 Standard Industrial Classification, see text, section 13.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bulletin 2481 and Employment and Earnings, March and June issues.
http://stats.bls.gov:80/datahome.htm Current Employment Statistics (CES) Survey
The establishment payroll survey, known as the Current Employment Statistics (CES) survey, is administered to a monthly sample of nearly 400,000 business establishments nationwide. The primary statistics derived from the survey are monthly estimates of employment, hours, and earnings for the Nation, States, and major metropolitan areas. Preliminary national estimates for a given reference month are typically published on the first Friday of the following month, in conjunction with data derived from a separate survey of households, the Current Population Survey (CPS). The CPS is the source of statistics on the activities of the labor force, including unemployment and the Nation's unemployment rate.
The establishment survey produces nonfarm payroll estimates for: all employees, women workers, production workers, average weekly hours, average hourly earnings (constant dollar and current dollar), average weekly earnings, average overtime, index of aggregate hours and payrolls, and diffusion indexes. All data are available not seasonally adjusted, and some data are available seasonally adjusted.
Employment, except for national Federal Government estimates, is the total number of persons on establishment payrolls employed full or part time who received pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th day of the month. Temporary and intermittent employees are included, as are any workers who are on paid sick leave, on paid holiday, or who work during only part of the specified pay period. A striking worker who only works a small portion of the survey period, and is paid, would be included as employed under the CES definitions. Persons on the payroll of more than one establishment are counted in each establishment. Data exclude proprietors, self-employed, unpaid family or volunteer workers, farm workers, and domestic workers. Persons on layoff the entire pay period, on leave without pay, on strike for the entire period or who have not yet reported for work are not counted as employed. Government employment covers only civilian workers.
Federal Government employment represents the number of persons who were employed during the last full pay period of the month. These data are provided by the Office of Personnel Management (OPM). Federal government statistics are for civilian U.S. workers only. Overseas installations are excluded from the CES survey, as are all military personnel. In addition, the following agencies are excluded: the Central Intelligence Agency, the National Security Agency, and the Defense Intelligence Agency.
National estimates of average weekly hours and average hourly earnings are made for the private sector, with detail for about 500 private industries as well as for overtime hours in manufacturing.
Hours and earnings are derived from reports of gross payrolls and corresponding paid hours for production workers, construction workers, or nonsupervisory workers in the service sector. The payroll for workers covered by the CES survey is reported before deductions of any kind, e.g. for old-age and unemployment insurance, withholding tax, union dues or retirement plans. Included in the payroll reports is pay for overtime, vacations, holidays and sick leave paid directly by the firm. Bonuses, commisions, and other types of non-wage cash payments are excluded unless they are earned and payed regularly (at least once a month). Employee benefits paid by the employer, as well as tips and payments in kind, are excluded.
Total hours during the pay period include all hours worked (including overtime hours), and hours paid for holidays, vacations, and sick leave. Total hours differs from the concept of scheduled hours worked. The average weekly hours reflects effects of numerous factors such as unpaid absenteeism, labor turnover, part-time work, strikes, and fluctuations in work schedules for economic reasons. Overtime hours in manufacturing are collected where overtime premiums were paid if hours were in excess of the number of straight time hours in a workday or workweek.
These tables are based on figures supplied by the United States Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce and are subject to revision by the Census Bureau.
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